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The Handbook of Cross-Cultural Management Research
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The Handbook of Cross-Cultural Management Research


© 2008 | 592 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Renowned international experts Peter B. Smith, Mark F. Peterson, and David C. Thomas, editors of the The Handbook of Cross-Cultural Management, have drawn together scholars in the field of management from around the world to contribute vital information from their cross-national studies to this innovative, comprehensive tome. Chapters explore links between people and organizations, providing useful cultural perspectives on the most significant topics in the field of organizational behavior—such as motivation, human resource management, and leadership —and answering many of the field's most controversial methodological questions.


Key Features
  • Presents innovative perspectives on the cultural context of organizations: In addition to straightforward coverage of structures and processes, this Handbook addresses locally distinctive, indigenous views of organizational processes from around the world and considers the interplay of climate and wealth when analyzing how organizations operate.
  • Offers an integrated theoretical framework: At the start of each substantive section, the Editors provide context for the upcoming chapters by discussing how prevalent cultures in different parts of the world place emphasis on particular aspects of organizational processes and outcomes.
  • Boasts a global group of contributing scholars: This Handbook features contributing authors from around the world who represent an outstanding mix of respected, long-standing scholars in cross-cultural management as well as newer names already impacting the literature.
  • Provides an authoritative agenda for the future development of the field: All chapters conclude with a list of promising avenues for further research and a focus on issues that remain unresolved.


Intended Audience
This Handbook is an ideal resource for researchers, instructors, professionals, and graduate students in fields of business, management, and psychology.


Mark F. Peterson, Peter B. Smith, and David C. Thomas
Chapter 1: Introduction
The Essence of Culture: Systems of Values, Beliefs and Meanings  
Links between People and Organizations  
Organizational Structures and Processes  
Managing a Multiple Nation Workforce  
Mark F. Peterson and Robert E. Wood
Chapter 2: Cognitive Structures and Processes in Cross-Cultural Management
Motives and Motivation Processes  
Personality Constructs  
Cognitive Perspectives for Cross-Cultural Management Research  
Conclusions From Cognitive Theory  
Research Agenda  
Mark F. Peterson and Peter B. Smith
Chapter 3: Social Structures and Processes in Cross-Cultural Management
Nations as Cultures  
How is Culture Created, Maintained, and Disseminated?  
Where Should Cultural Boundaries Be Drawn?  
Individuals Within Social Structures: Roles, Rules, and Norms  
Kwok Leung
Chapter 4: Methods and Measurements in Cross-Cultural Management
Methodological Challenges in Cross-Cultural Management Research  
Cross-Cultural Equivalence  
Design of Cross-Cultural Studies  
Establishing Causality in Cross-Cultural Management Research  
Methodological Issues in International Management Research  
Emerging Methodological Issues in Cross-Cultural Management Research  
Xu Huang
Chapter 5. Motivation and Job Satisfaction across Nations: How Much Do We Really Know?
The Theoretical Challenge to Universal Motivation Theories  
Empirical Evidence of Cross-National Variability  
In Defense of Universalist Motivation Theories  
How Much Do We Really Know?  
S. Arzu Wasti
Chapter 6: Organizational Commitment: Complication or Clarification
Dimensions of Organizational Commitment  
Antecedents of Organizational Commitment  
Outcomes of Organizational Commitment  
Rene Schalk and Joseph Soeters
Chapter 7. Psychological Contracts around the Globe: Cultural Agreements and Disagreements
Introduction  
Characteristics of Psychological Contracts  
The World as One Culture and as Many  
Aspects of Cross-Cultural Differences in Psychological Contracts  
Conclusions and Suggestions for Future Research  
Ronald Fischer
Chapter 8. Organizational Justice and Reward Allocation
Dimensions of Justice  
Distributive Justice  
Interpersonal Justice  
Justice Perceptions  
Areas for Future Development  
Kerr Inkson and Svetlana Khapova
Chapter 9. International Careers
Introduction  
The Special Nature of Careers in International Contexts  
Contextual Influences on International Careers  
Migration and International Careers  
Two Types of International Career  
Current Issues in International Careers  
Larry Jiing-Lih Farh, Rick Hackett, and Zhi-Jun Chen
Chapter 10. Organizational Citizenship in the Global Context
National Culture  
Criteria for Selecting Studies for Review  
Review of the Literature  
The Influence of National Culture on the Construct Domain of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour  
The Influence of National Culture on Differences in Organizational Citizenship Behaviour  
Moderating Effects of National Culture on Predictor- Organizational Citizenship Behaviour Relationships  
Moderating Effects of National Culture on Organizational Citizenship Behaviour -Outcome Relationships  
Future Research Direction  
Mila Lazarova and Michelle Lowe
Chapter 11. Work and Family: Research in Cross-National and International Contexts
Expatriate Work/Family Research  
Research across Different National Contexts  
Comparative Work/Family Research  
Conclusions and Directions for Future Research  
David C. Thomas and Stacey R. Fitzsimmons
Chapter 12. Cross Cultural Skills and Abilities: From Communication Competence to Cultural Intelligence
Effective Intercultural Interactions  
The Historical Basis for Studying Cross-Cultural Skills and Abilities  
Models of Intercultural Effectiveness  
A Typology of Cross-Cultural Skills and Abilities  
Conclusion  
Zeynep Aycan
Chapter 13. Cross-Cultural Approaches to Leadership
Theoretical Approaches to Leadership in Cultural Context  
A Critical Review of Cross-Cultural Leadership Research  
Culture as a Main Effect Influencing Leadership  
Culture as a Moderator of the Relationship between Leadership and Outcomes  
Culture as a Source of Meaning: The Case of Paternalistic Leadership  
Ping Fing Fu and Jun Liu
Chapter 14. Cross-Cultural Influence Strategies and Power Sources
Introduction  
The Existing Literature: A General Review  
A New Approach  
Conclusion  
Nir Halevy and Lilach Sagiv
Chapter 15. Teams Within and Across Cultures
Multicultural Teams  
The Cultural Group Approach  
The Dynamic Constructivist Approach  
Unresolved Issues and Opportunities for Research  
Jeanne Brett adn Susan Crotty
Chapter 16. Culture and Negotiation
The Dimensional Approach to Studying Cultural Effects on Negotiations  
The Cultural Group Approach  
The Dynamic Constructivist Approach  
Unresolved Issues and Opportunities for Research  
Miriam Erez and Efrat Shokef
Chapter 17. The Culture of Global Organizations
The Nature of Multinational Enterprises  
Culture as a Multi-Level Dynamic Construct  
A Global Work Culture  
An Empirical Examination of the Global Work Culture Value Typology  
Summary and Discussion  
Jon Lervik
Chapter 18. Knowledge Management and Knowledge Transfer in Multinational Enterprises: Cultural and Institutional Perspectives
Introduction  
Cross-Cultural Perspectives  
Neo-Institutionalism  
Discussion and Conclusion  
Peter B. Smith
Chapter 19. Indigenous Aspects of Management
Societal Systems of Capitalism  
More Specific System Elements  
Emic Approaches  
Strengthening the Contribution from Indigenous Studies  
Evert van de Vliert
Chapter 20. Climate, Wealth, and Organization
Climate and National Culture in Organizations  
Climate-Wealth Foundation of Organization Construction  
Climato-Economic Niches of Organizational Structures  
Climato-Economic Niches of Organizational Strategies  
Three Tentative Conclusions  
Three Remaining Puzzles  
Chris Brewster and Wolfgang Mayrhofer
Chapter 21. Comparative Human Resource Management Policies and Practices
Comparing HRM around the Globe  
Explaining the Differences in Comparative HRM: Culture and Institutions  
Evidence of Convergence?  
Conclusions  
Rosalie Tung and Arup Varma
Chapter 22. Expatriate Selection and Evaluation
Introduction  
Expatriate Selection  
Expatriate Evaluation  
Discussion  
Mustafa Özbilgin
Chapter 23. Global Diversity Management
Introduction  
Historical Development of the Diversity Management Concept  
Single-Nation Diversity Management Research  
Global Diversity Management: From Practice to Theory  
Discussion  
Richard Brislin, Brent Macnab, and Farzana Nayani
Chapter 24. Cross-Cultural Training: Applications and Research
Goals of Cross-Cultural Training  
The Need for Cross-Cultural Training  
Historical Development of Cross-Cultural Training  
Development of Cross-Cultural Training Methods  
Types of CCT Programs  
CCT Effectiveness  
Recommendations for Future CCT Research  
Final Thoughts, Practical Recommendations and Future Considerations  
Davina Vora
Chapter 25. Managerial Roles in the International Context
Typologies of Managerial Roles  
Role Theory and Boundary Spanning Theory  
A Contingency Approach  
Areas for Future Research  
Günter K. Stahl
Chapter 26. Cultural Dynamics and Impact of Cultural Distance within Mergers and Acquisitions
Cultural Variations in Mergers and Acquisitions  
Beyond the Cultural Distance Paradigm: Research into the Performance Effects of Cultural Differences in Mergers and Acquisitions  
Linking Cultural Differences to Integration Outcomes: Theoretical Perspectives on the Role of Culture in Mergers and Acquisitions  
The Impact of Cultural Differences on Post-Merger Performance: An Integrative Model  
Open Questions and Future Research Directions  
Key features
  • Provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of research into cross-cultural aspects of management.
  • Emphasizes review and evaluation of recent research.
  • Organized on a framework based on the manner in which prevalent cultures around the globe accentuate specific aspects of organizational process, with effects on local organizational outcomes.
  • Conceived and directed by editors who have been active researchers in the field of cross-cultural management for the past two decades.

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ISBN: 9781412940269
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