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Overcoming Unintentional Racism in Counseling and Therapy
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Overcoming Unintentional Racism in Counseling and Therapy
A Practitioner's Guide to Intentional Intervention

Second Edition


March 2005 | 288 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Any counselor or therapist, regardless of race, background, or motive, can engage in unintentional acts of racism. In so doing, they may inadvertently sabotage their own efforts and perpetuate the very problems they seek to overcome. Overcoming Unintentional Racism in Counseling and Therapy, Second Edition examines the dynamics and effects of racism in counseling with an emphasis on the insidiousness of unintentional racism.

Workable solutions and practical alternatives are proposed with the goal of eliminating unintentional racism. Numerous supporting clinical examples are included in order to help counselors gain new insights into their operational practices and to modify any behaviors that may interfere with a helpful intervention. The Second Edition also provides a new section on the policies and practices of agencies and other institutions in the mental health system unintentionally resulting in service disparities. Macro-system and micro-system interventions are proposed to overcome these disparities. 

Key Features:
  • The only book that addresses unintentional racism in counseling and therapy.
  • Offers a superb balance of theory and practice.
  • Provides problem identification and workable solutions to individual and institutional racism.

Overcoming Unintentional Racism in Counseling and Therapy is ideally suited as a supplemental text for theoretical courses in counseling, counseling techniques, practicum, multicultural counseling, and professional seminars.

 
Acknowledgments
Acknowledgments

Acknowledgments
Acknowledgments
 
Preface
 
PART I: EXAMINING the COUNSELOR'S UNINTENTIONAL RACISM
 
Ch. 1. Minority Clients as Victims
Understanding the Victim  
Racism in Counseling and Therapy  
Factors Contributing to Counselor Racism  
Chapter Summary  
 
Ch. 2. Fifteen Propositions
Propositions  
Chapter Summary  
 
Ch. 3. What Is Racism?
Racism Defined  
A Behavioral Model  
Chapter Summary  
 
Ch. 4. Models of Mental Health
The Deficit Model  
The Medical Model  
The Conformity Model  
The Biopsychosocial Model  
Chapter Summary  
 
Ch. 5. Judgmental and Inferential Errors
Why Is Clinical Decision Making Difficult?  
Four Types of Decisions  
Prevalent Judgmental Errors  
Chapter Summary  
 
Ch. 6. Defensive Racial Dynamics
Ten Race-Related Defense Mechanisms  
Chapter Summary  
 
PART II: OVERCOMING THE COUNSELOR'S UNINTENTIONAL RACISM
 
Ch. 7. Counseling Idiographically
Five Principles  
The Case of Ricardo Garcia  
The Case of Ricardo Garcia  
Chapter Summary  
 
Ch. 8. Setting Culturally Relevant Goals
Process Goals  
Outcome Goals  
Chapter Summary  
 
Ch. 9. Making Better Clinical Decisions
General Decision-Making Strategies  
Personal Debiasing Strategies  
Chapter Summary  
 
Ch. 10. Managing Resistance
Understanding Resistance  
Client Responses in Counseling  
Strategies to Manage Resistance  
Chapter Summary  
 
Ch. 11. Terminating Effectively
Reducing the Chances of Premature Termination  
Concluding Each Session Effectively  
Recycling or Referring When Appropriate  
Evaluating Counseling Outcomes  
Recommending Alternative Modalities  
Following Up When Counseling Is Over  
Preventing Relapse  
Chapter Summary  
 
PART III: EXAMINING AND OVERCOMING THE UNINTENTIONAL RACISM OF THE MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEM
 
Ch. 12. Racist Practices of Institutions
Consequences of Unintentional Institutional Racism  
Causes of Unintentional Institutional Racism  
Categories of Unintentional Institutional Racism  
Chapter Summary  
 
Ch. 13. Macrosystem Interventions
Practice-Based Minority Research  
Mental Health Care Reform  
Multicultural Training  
Chapter Summary  
 
Ch. 14. Microsystem Interventions
A Core Ideology That Embraces Diversity  
Integrated Service Networks  
Consultation  
Prevention and Health Promotion  
Action Research  
Affirmative Action  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Summary  
References  
 
Index
About the Author  

"Taking an action-oriented approach, [Ridley] challenges counselors 'to examine the relationship between their behavior toward minority groups and the consequences of that behavior'... Many of his case study vignettes are helpful."

Patricia M. Berliner
American Psychological Association
PsycCRITIQUES

"This book is both powerful and sobering.  It would serve as an excellent textbook for multicultural counseling classes.  It could also be a resource for counselors who are critically examining their therapeutic work with minority clients or for institutions evaluating the services provided to these clients.  Numerous examples throughout the book illustrate Ridley's points and help the text to come alive.  This book and its message will be needed as long as minority clients have negative experiences in counseling due to counselors' unintentional racism."

Kimberly Wagner
Indiana University-Bloomington
Counseling Today
Key features
The only book that addresses unintentional racism in counseling and therapy. It offers a superb balance of:
  • theory and practice  
  • problem identification and workable solutions  
  • individual and institutional racism 

 


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