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Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control
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Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control

Second Edition


December 2018 | 352 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control provides a sociological examination of deviance and social control in society. Derived from the same author team’s successful text/reader version, this concise and student-friendly resource uses sociological theories to illuminate a variety of issues related to deviant behavior and societal reactions to deviance. The authors briefly explain the development of major sociological theoretical perspectives and use current research and examples to demonstrate how those theories are used to think about and study the causes of deviant behavior and the reactions to it. Focusing on the application—rather than just the understanding—of theory, the Second Edition offers a practical and fascinating exploration of deviance in our society.
 
Foreword
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
Chapter 1. Introduction to Deviance
Introduction  
Conceptions of Deviance  
The Sociological Imagination  
The Importance of Theory and Its Relationship to Research  
Global Perspectives on Deviance  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites  
Ideas in Action  
Conclusion: Organization of the Book  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Recommended Resources  
 
Chapter 2. The Diversity of Deviance
Introduction  
Deviance and Its Varied Forms  
Physical Deviance and Appearance: Ideals of Beauty, Self-Harm, and Body Modification  
Relationships and Deviance  
Deviance in Cyberspace: Making Up the Norms as We Go  
Subcultural Deviance  
Elite Deviance, Corporate Deviance, and Workplace Misconduct  
Positive Deviance  
Global Perspectives on Types of Deviance  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: The Cases of Addiction, Prostitution, and Graffiti  
Ideas in Action: Guerrilla Gardening in Low-Income Areas  
Question: So Who Are the Deviants? Answer: It Depends on Whom You Ask  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 3. Researching Deviance
Introduction  
Methodological Approaches to Studying Deviance  
Content Analysis  
Secondary Data Sources  
Ethical Considerations in Studying Deviance  
Global Perspectives on Trials and Tribulations Involved in Researching Deviance Across the Globe  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Using Content Analysis to Study Deviants Among the Business Elite and Street Bikers  
Ideas in Action: Evaluating Programs and Policy  
Conclusion  
Endnote  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 4. Anomie/Strain Theory
Introduction  
Development of Anomie/Strain Theory  
Robert Merton and Adaptations to Anomie/Strain  
Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin, Differential Opportunity  
Albert Cohen, Delinquent Boys  
Robert Agnew, General Strain Theory  
Messner and Rosenfeld, Crime and the American Dream— Institutional Anomie Theory  
Application of Anomie and Strain Theories  
Critiques of Anomie and Strain Theories  
Global Perspectives on Anomie/Strain Theory  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: The Occupy Wall Street Movement  
Ideas in Action: Transforming Innovation Into Conformity and Legitimate Success  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 5. Social Disorganization Theory
Introduction  
Development of Social Disorganization Theory  
Shaw and McKay’s Study of Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas  
Critiques of Social Disorganization Theory  
Rebirth of Social Disorganization Theory  
Empirical Tests of Social Disorganization Theory  
Global Perspectives on Social Disorganization Theory  
Tests of Social Disorganization in Cities Outside the United States  
More Theoretical and Empirical Advances and Divergences: Social and Physical Disorder  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites With Social Disorganization Theory  
Ideas in Action: Programs and Policy From Social Disorganization and Broken Windows Perspectives  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Term  
 
Chapter 6. Differential Association and Social Learning Theories
Introduction  
Development of Differential Association Theory  
Development of Akers’s Social Learning Theory  
Social Structure and Social Learning  
Application of Differential Association and Social Learning  
Critiques of Differential Association and Social Learning Theories  
Cultural Deviance Theory and Subcultural Explanations of Deviance  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Dating Violence  
Ideas in Action: Programs and Policy From a Social Learning Perspective  
Global Perspectives on Testing Differential Association and Social Learning Theories Outside the United States  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 7. Social Control Theories of Deviance
Introduction  
Development of Social Control Theory  
Contemporary Additions to Social Control Theory  
Application of Social Control Theories  
Critiques of Social Control Theories  
Global Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control Theories  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: The Cases of Teenage Homelessness and Medical Deviance by Doctors  
Ideas in Action: Homeboy Industries  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 8. Labeling Theory
Introduction  
Development of Labeling Theory  
How the Labeling Process Works  
Labeling and Mental Illness  
Labeling and Delinquency  
Application of Labeling Theory  
Impact of Labeling Theory  
Critiques of Labeling Theory  
Global Perspectives on Labeling Theory  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Considering Drinking—and Not Drinking—on College Campuses  
Ideas in Action: The “I Have a Dream” Foundation—Instilling Positive Labels  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 9. Marxist and Conflict Theories of Deviance
Introduction  
Development of Marxist Theory  
Development of Conflict Theory  
Applications of Marxist and Conflict Theories  
Critiques of Marxist and Conflict Theories  
Global Perspectives on Deviance and Marxist/Conflict Theories  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Human Trafficking: Crossing Boundaries and Borders  
Ideas in Action: What Can Be Done About Human Trafficking?  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 10. Critical Theories of Deviance
Introduction  
Development of Feminist Criminology  
Development of Critical Race Theory  
Development of Peacemaking  
Critiques of Critical Theories  
Global Perspectives on Deviance and Critical Theories  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: The Cases of Pornography and Illegal Governmental Surveillance  
Ideas in Action: Navajo Peacemaking and Domestic Violence  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 11. Societal Responses to Deviance
Introduction  
Medicalization of Deviant Behavior  
Policing, Supervision, and the Impact of Incarceration on Disadvantaged Populations and Communities  
Total Institutions  
Correctional Facilities and the Purposes of Punishment  
Gresham Sykes and the Pains of Imprisonment  
Juvenile Correctional Facilities  
Reentry: Challenges in Returning to the Community After Time in an Institution  
Public Fear and Social Control: The Case of Sex Offenders  
Collateral Consequences: Effects on Communities and Families  
Global Perspectives on the Social Control of Deviance  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Considering How Money Can Matter in Local Jails  
Ideas in Action: College Programs in Prisons  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 12. Deviant Careers and Career Deviance
Introduction  
Development of a Deviant Career and Career Deviance Approach  
Getting Into Deviance: Onset of a Deviant Career  
Risk and Protective Factors for Onset  
Escalation, Persistence, and Specialization in Deviance  
Sex Offenders: Generalists or Specialists?  
The Case of Drinking and Driving  
Summary of Career Deviance: Specialists or Generalists?  
Getting Out of the Game: Desistance From Career Deviance  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Street Prostitutes Versus Elite Prostitutes  
Global Perspectives on Cross-Cultural Interest in Deviant Careers and Career Deviance  
Ideas in Action: Programs and Policy From a Career Deviance and Deviant Career Perspective  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Glossary
 
References and Additional Reading
 
Index

“This is a comprehensive textbook that covers many of today’s theories used to explain deviance. It is easy to read and understand. A well written textbook.”

Egbert Zavala
The University of Texas at El Paso

“This text is both student friendly and instructor friendly. It is current, comprehensive, and application based. Though this text is also a sociological examination of deviance and social control, it is organized in a way that compliments criminal justice courses. I very much like the application proposed in this text.”

Dorinda L. Dowis
Columbus State University

“In lieu of spending specific chapters on specific deviant behaviors, the supplementary pedagogical materials embedded in the book fulfil this aspect without taking up room for the theoretical coverage, which is the primary purpose of the book. In other words, the book is grounded in theory and uses innovative pedagogies to illustrate the practicality of the theories. It is very well and clearly written, includes uniquely well illustrated content, the chapters are short but comprehensive, and it includes a critical and analytical approach to theories of deviance.”

Joachim Kibirige
Missouri Western State University

“…written in a lively, readable style. The textbook also integrates how theory and research are used to develop each other and how that can lead to social policies.”

Michael J. O’Connor
Upper Iowa University
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION:       

  • Key content on deviance and social control in a global context has been incorporated throughout the text to encourage students to further examine global issues in deviance and societal responses to deviant behavior in context. 
  • Key theoretical concepts have been expanded, and the new edition includes discussions of social constructionist conception, the looking-glass self, multicultural feminism, social control of mental illness, and restorative justice. 
  • Reflecting the impact of the digital world on our society, the new edition includes a closer look at the influence of the internet on deviance and subcultures and explores emerging topics such as the use of smartphones and social media, stigma management in the internet age, the #MeToo movement, and the effect of platforms like YouTube.
  • Demonstrating recent trends and events, the data has been updated throughout and recent events like the Trump Administration’s stance on transgender individuals serving in the military, The Unslut Project, and the Black Lives Matter movement are considered.
  • Pressing topics impacting society and students such as human trafficking, school shootings, and world energy consumption rates have been added.  
  • Introductory vignettes from each chapter have been updated to provide a strong starting point for each theory and topic.
  • Various sections, including “Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Suites,” “Deviance in Popular Culture,” and “Now YOU…,” have been updated to better orient students to the relevance of theory and research in understanding deviance and social control in modern society.

KEY FEATURES: 

  • Vivid chapter-opening vignettes provide students with relevant, real-world examples to spark stimulating discussions.
  • Deviance in Popular Culture sections offer several examples of films and/or television shows and encourage students to apply the concepts and theories to the behavior depicted.
  • Studies in Deviance sections offer brief overviews of recent, published studies on diverse types of deviant behavior.
  • Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites sections explore the impact of inequality, social class, and status on how individuals perceive and respond to deviance.
  • Ideas in Action sections highlight examples of current policies or programs designed to address deviant behaviors from the perspective(s) covered in each chapter and demonstrate the issues (or theories) discussed directly refer to real-life events that can affect anyone.
  • Global Perspectives on Deviance sections illustrate the wide range of deviance by covering examples of research, policies, and practices from around the world.
  • Now YOU...exercises at the end of each chapter challenge students to apply the material they have learned to specific questions or examples, enabling them to think critically about the material that has been covered. 
     

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