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Preventing Prejudice

Preventing Prejudice
A Guide for Counselors, Educators, and Parents

Second Edition

March 2006 | 392 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
"A unique and refreshing book that tackles two of the most interrelated and problematic issues in our society: prejudice and racism.  The First Edition was unanimously acclaimed as a major contribution to the field and this second edition is destined to be a classic.  It represents one of the most clear, concise and honest looks at the origins, manifestations, dynamics and psychological costs of prejudice and racism written thus far.  This is truly a superb book that makes a major contribution to the field and should be read by everyone." -- Derald Wing Sue, Ph.D., Teachers College, Columbia University  

"This text is an authentic expression and plea that challenges each of us to build alliances across demographic boundaries in order to fight an insidious social disease.  Drs. Ponterotto, Utsey, and Pedersen succeed in dislodging us from our comfortable categories of intellectual, emotional, behavioral, and spiritual apathy, and invite us to transcend the amount of social disappointment and despair and strive towards a more hopeful and optimistic future." -- Thomas A. Parham, Ph.D., Distinguished Psychologist, Association of Black Psychologists                           

"A critical resource book for educators, counselors, and parents to learn more about how to handle prejudice, and should be required reading for all of us who work with diverse populations.  It is a powerful book that helps us to see that we can make a difference in fighting prejudice." --Nadya A. Fouad, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee

"An impressive, deliberate and problem-oriented second edition.  Prejudice has no boundaries and spares no one.  Preventing Prejudice offers hope and resources to all of us, counselors, educators, and parents.  We are all agents of change."
 --Patricia Arredondo, Ed.D., Arizona State University and President, American Counseling Association

The Second Edition of Preventing Prejudice: A Guide for Counselors, Educators, and Parents has been completely revised and expanded to provide the most up-to-date and extensive coverage of prejudice and racism available. The new edition of this bestselling text presents a comprehensive overview of these topics and also includes practical tools for combating prejudice development in children, adolescents, and adults.

Key Features:

  • Stresses the importance of critical role models: The text emphasizes the critical role counselors, educators, and parents must play in the fight against prejudice and racism. Pragmatic in nature, the book includes strategies that can be used by parents, teachers, and counselors in working to reduce prejudice across the lifespan.
  • Encourages healthy identity development: The text reviews an extensive body of empirical research on the link between identity development, prejudice, and mental health. The book summarizes racial, biracial, multiracial, and gay and lesbian identity models. A major new theory highlights the link of multicultural personality development to prejudice-free attitudes and behavior as well as to quality of life.
  •  Offers field-tested tools: The text provides concrete, easy to implement exercises on preventing prejudice and increasing multicultural awareness. In addition, the book includes a review of tests and instruments that measure prejudice and a list of films and books that serve as a resource guide for readers. The authors draw on theory and research in social, developmental, counseling, and cross-cultural psychology as well as in sociology and education.  

Intended Audience: This text is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses on prejudice and racism in the fields of multicultural education, counseling, social work, developmental psychology, and human development. It is also an ideal resource for teachers, counselors, administrators, managers, and parents.

Foreword by James M. Jones
Part I. Prejudice and Racism: Prevalence and Consequences
1. Understanding Prejudice and Racism
The Problem of Hate

Purpose and Focus of This Book

Some Important Definitions

Understanding Prejudice

Understanding Racism

Chapter Summary

2. Some Historical Background on the Origins and Evolution of Racial Prejudice
Prehistoric Roots of Racial Prejudice

Origins of Modern Racial Prejudice

Evolution of Racial Prejudice

Implications for Prejudice Reduction

Chapter Summary

3. Causes and Consequences of Racial Prejudice
Racism and White Americans

Racism and the Black Experience

Chapter Summary

Part II. Racial, Biracial, Multiracial, and Lesbian and Gay Identity Development and the Multicultural Personality
4. Person of Color (Minority) Identity Development, Mental Health, and Prejudice
Erikson's and Marcia's Models of Identity Development

Hardiman's Stages of Social Identity Development

General Models of Minority Identity Development

Race- and Ethnicity-Specific Models of Minority Identity Development

Integration of Identity Models and Relationship to Mental Health and Prejudice

Summary of Research Correlates of Identity Stages

5. European American (White) Racial Identity Development, Mental Health, and Prejudice
Hardiman's White Identity Development Model

Helms' White Racial Identity Model

Ponterotto's White Racial Consciousness Development Model

Rowe, Bennett, and Atkinson's White Racial Consciousness Model

Integrative Models of White Racial Identity

Why Is White Racial Identity Development Important? What Does the Research Say?

6. Biracial, Multiracial, and Gay or Lesbian Identity Development
Biracial and Multiracial Identity Development

Models of Biracial and Multiracial Identity Development

Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Development

Chapter Summary

7. Multicultural Personality Development
What Is the Multicultural Personality?

How Does the Multicultural Personality Relate to Broader Models of Personality?

Chapter Summary

Part III. Proactive Roles in Reducing Prejudice
8. Counselor Roles in Prejudice Reduction and Race Relations
Traditional Roles of the Counselor

Counselor Skills and Prejudice Prevention Work

Counselor Roles in Working With Prejudice

Chapter Summary

9. Teacher Roles in Prejudice Reduction
Teacher- and Student-Centered Strategies for Reducing Prejudice

Using Curricula and Instructional Techniques to Reduce Prejudice

Chapter Summary

10. Parent Roles in Prejudice Reduction
Children and Prejudice

Early Formation of Racial Attitudes and Preferences

How Do Parents, Peers, and Personality Influence Prejudice Levels in Children?

What Parents Can Do to Promote Tolerance in Their Children

Chapter Summary

Part IV. Practical Exercises for Multicultural Awareness and Prejudice Reduction
An Orientation to Practical Exercises for Multicultural Awareness and Prejudice Reduction

11. Race Relations in Elementary and Middle Schools
Exercise 1: The Label Game

Exercise 2: Patterns of Difference

Exercise 3: Symbols of Our Culture

Exercise 4: One Situation But Many Interpretations

Chapter Summary

12. Race Relations in High School
Exercise 5: Being Normal and Being Abnormal

Exercise 6: Stereotypes

Exercise 7: Personal Culture History

Exercise 8: Predicting the Decision of a Resource Person From the Community

Chapter Summary

13. Race Relations on the College Campus
Exercise 9: A Classroom Debate

Exercise 10: Analysis of a Newspaper Article Through Role Playing

Exercise 11: Designing a Multiethinic Simulation

Exercise 12: Lump Sum

Chapter Summary

14. Race Relations in the Community
Exercise 13: Critical Incidents

Exercise 14: The Intrapersonal Cultural Grid

Exercise 15: The Interpersonal Cultural Grid

Exercise 16: Outside "Experts"

Chapter Summary

Part V. Instruments and Resources for Prejudice Prevention Work
15. Assessments of Prejudice, Cultural Competence, Stressful Effects of Racism, Racial and Ethnic Identity, and the Multicultural Personality
Measures of Racism, Prejudice, and Homophobia

Measures of Multicultural Counseling Competence

Measures of Teachers' Multicultural Competence

Measures of the Stressful Effects of Racism

Measures of Racial and Ethnic Identity Development

Measures of the Multicultural Personality

Guidelines for Selecting Multicultural Instruments

16. A Race Awareness Resource Guide
National Organizations


Films and Videos

Popular Movies

Working With Films and Books

Chapter Summary

Appendix I: The Quick Discrimination Index (QDI)
Appendix II: Multicultural Counseling Knowledge and Awareness Scale (MCKAS)
Appendix III: Teacher Multicultural Attitude Survey (TMAS)
Appendix IV: Index of Race-Related Stress–Brief Version (IRRS-B)
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Authors

This book was excellent, and I hope Ponterotto writes an updated version. I would gladly use it for this and other courses. However, due to the shifts in cross-racial dynamics following an Obama presidency, I need to use a more recent primary text.

Dr Jesse Tauriac
Social Sciences Division, Lasell College
September 15, 2013

The various chapters were appropriate for our leadership students. The topics were an excellent avenue for critical thought and discourse.

Dr Brenda Marina
Ed Ldrshp Tech Hum Dvlpt Dept, Georgia Southern University
January 13, 2011
Key features
  • Provides an understanding of the roots, causes, and consequences of prejudice and racism on the individual and on society
  • Outlines effective exercises and programs aimed at increasing multicultural awareness
  • Reviews tools, assessments, and resources that can help counselors, educators, administrators, and parents increase tolerance and reduce prejudice
  • New edition includes expanded coverage and a more accessible writing style

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 3

Chapter 5

For instructors

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ISBN: 9781506319186

ISBN: 9780761928188

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