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Principles of Comparative Politics
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Principles of Comparative Politics

Third Edition
Experience with SAGE edge


March 2017 | 888 pages | CQ Press
Principles of Comparative Politics offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to comparative inquiry, research, and scholarship. In this thoroughly revised Third Edition, students now have an even better guide to cross-national comparison and why it matters. The new edition retains a focus on the enduring questions with which scholars grapple, the issues about which consensus has started to emerge, and the tools comparativists use to get at the complex problems in the field.

Among other things, the updates to this edition include a thoroughly-revised chapter on dictatorships that incorporates a discussion of the two fundamental problems of authoritarian rule: authoritarian power-sharing and authoritarian control; a revised chapter on culture and democracy that includes a more extensive examination of cultural modernization theory and a new overview of survey methods for addressing sensitive topics; a new section on issues related to electoral integrity; an expanded assessment of different forms of representation; and a new intuitive take on statistical analyses that provides a clearer explanation of how to interpret regression results. Examples from the gender and politics literature have been incorporated into various chapters, the Problems sections at the end of each chapter have been expanded, a! nd the empirical examples and data on various types of institutions have been updated. Online videos and tutorials are available to address some of the more methodological components discussed in the book. The authors have thoughtfully streamlined chapters to better focus attention on key topics.
 
Preface
 
PART I. WHAT IS COMPARATIVE POLITICS?
 
1. INTRODUCTION
Overview of the Book  
The Approach Taken in This Book  
Key Concepts  
 
2. WHAT IS SCIENCE?
What Is Science?  
The Scientific Method  
An Introduction to Logic  
Myths about Science  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Problems  
 
3. WHAT IS POLITICS?
The Exit, Voice, and Loyalty Game  
Solving the Exit, Voice, and Loyalty Game  
Evaluating the Exit, Voice, and Loyalty Game  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Preparation for the Problems  
Problems  
 
PART II. THE MODERN STATE: DEMOCRACY OR DICTATORSHIP?
 
4. THE ORIGINS OF THE MODERN STATE
What Is a State?  
Somalia and Syria: Two Failed States  
The Contractarian View of the State  
The Predatory View of the State  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Preparation for the Problems  
Problems  
 
5. DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP: CONCEPTUALIZATION AND MEASUREMENT
Democracy and Dictatorship in Historical Perspective  
Classifying Democracies and Dictatorships  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Problems  
 
6. THE ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP
Classic Modernization Theory  
A Variant of Modernization Theory  
Some More Empirical Evidence  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Appendix: An Intuitive Take on Statistical Analyses  
Problems  
 
7. THE CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP
Classical Cultural Arguments: Mill and Montesquieu  
Does Democracy Require a Civic Culture?  
Religion and Democracy  
Experiments and Culture  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Problems  
 
8. DEMOCRATIC TRANSITIONS
Bottom-Up Transitions to Democracy  
Top-Down Transitions to Democracy  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Problems  
 
9. DEMOCRACY OR DICTATORSHIP: DOES IT MAKE A DIFFERENCE?
The Effect of Regime Type on Economic Growth  
The Effect of Regime Type on Government Performance  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Problems  
 
PART III. VARIETIES OF DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP
 
10. VARIETIES OF DICTATORSHIP
A Common Typology of Authoritarian Regimes  
The Two Fundamental Problems of Authoritarian Rule  
Selectorate Theory  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Problems  
 
11. PROBLEMS WITH GROUP DECISION MAKING
Problems with Group Decision Making  
Arrow’s Theorem  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Appendix: Stability in Two-Dimensional Majority-Rule Voting  
Problems  
 
12. PARLIAMENTARY, PRESIDENTIAL, AND SEMI-PRESIDENTIAL DEMOCRACIES
Classifying Democracies  
Making and Breaking Governments in Parliamentary Democracies  
Making and Breaking Governments in Presidential Democracies  
Making and Breaking Governments in Semi-Presidential Democracies  
A Unifying Framework: Principal-Agent and Delegation Problems  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Problems  
 
13. ELECTIONS AND ELECTORAL SYSTEMS
Elections and Electoral Integrity  
Electoral Systems  
Legislative Electoral System Choice  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Problems  
 
14. SOCIAL CLEAVAGES AND PARTY SYSTEMS
Political Parties: What Are They, and What Do They Do?  
Party Systems  
Where Do Parties Come From?  
Types of Parties: Social Cleavages and Political Identity Formation  
Number of Parties: Duverger’s Theory  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Problems  
 
15. INSTITUTIONAL VETO PLAYERS
Federalism  
Bicameralism  
Constitutionalism  
Veto Players  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Problems  
 
PART IV. VARIETIES OF DEMOCRACY AND POLITICAL OUTCOMES
 
16. CONSEQUENCES OF DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS
Majoritarian or Consensus Democracy?  
The Effect of Political Institutions on Fiscal Policy  
Electoral Laws, Federalism, and Ethnic Conflict  
Presidentialism and Democratic Survival  
Conclusion  
Key Concepts  
Problems  
 
References
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resources Site

SAGE edge for Instructors supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions
Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Author-created online tutorials that walk students through how to use many of the methods they come across in the book 
  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material
  • And much more!

Principles of Comparative Politics is a very comprehensive, rigorous, and detailed text. It is logically and effectively organized, across and within chapters. One of its strengths is the way the text discusses the strengths and weaknesses of different types of institutions and introduces students to debates in the literature. I will continue to assign the textbook so students are made to engage with the heated and continuing debates in political science.”

Tayna Bagashka
University of Houston

“It is both my opinion and a majority of students’ opinion that Principles of Comparative Politics clearly and concisely presents and describes theories and concepts. From my experience, the book is clearer than most of the alternatives focused on Comparative Politics. From the student’s experience, the book is clearer than many similar texts they have read in Political Science and other disciplines. I believe the book manages to cover many of the relevant themes in Comparative Politics within a logical and interesting framework; as part of a more relevant discussion of the differences in democracy and dictatorships.” 

Nick Clark
Susquehanna University

“The key strength to Principles of Comparative Politics is the theoretical approach. This is the best undergraduate text I have found within both Comparative and International Relations for introducing the scientific method and recent research. I feel that students leave this textbook understanding what political science truly is and what differentiates this field from area specialists. In addition, the book also acts as a comprehensive primer to rational choice theory, and is a great text to be used as a supplement to a rational choice class if looking for a substantive example.” 

Christine Mele
University of Arkansas

“After more than 20 years in the profession, Principles of Comparative Politics is truly the first textbook that will pave the way to establish norms on how to teach Introduction to Comparative Politics.  Traditional method is outdated and too historical.  This textbook provides an introduction to the ‘science of politics.’”

Emizet Kisangani
Kansas State University
Key features
NEW TO THIS EDITION:
  • A new intuitive take on statistical analyses and a clearer explanation of how to interpret regression results are included.
  • A thoroughly-revised chapter on culture and democracy includes a more extensive discussion of cultural modernization theory and a new overview of survey methods for addressing sensitive topics.
  • A revised chapter on dictatorships incorporates a principal-agent framework for understanding authoritarian institutions.
  • Examples from the gender and politics literature have been incorporated into various chapters.
  • Empirical examples and data on various types of institutions have been updated.
  • End of chapter problems have been revised and expanded to address new topics.
  • Multiple chapters have been streamlined to highlight key explanations and offer more coherent overview of literature.
  • Online videos and tutorials address some of the more methodological components addressed in the book.
KEY FEATURES:
  • Big questions that motivate the field are front and center, and organize the book:
    • Why do some countries have democratic regimes and other have dictatorships?
    • Does the type of a country’s regime affect the well-being of its citizens?
    • How do governments form and what determines the type of governments that take office?
  • Cases and examples are drawn from a variety of countries–not just “the usual suspects”–and are incorporated into the chapters.
  • Clear and abundant explanations of scientific method and game theory with built-in exercises show students how, not just what, and helps bolster the books’ focus on explanation and analysis, not just description.
  • A set of maps allow students to visualize the geographic distribution of various key institutions around the world.
  • The book's outstanding pedagogy includes chapter opener overviews, bolded key terms and a marginal glossary, more than 250 tables and figures, numerous photos and maps, end of chapter questions and problem sets, and a broader set of works cited.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 2

Chapter 7


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ISBN: 9781506318127