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Psychology and Law
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Psychology and Law
Research and Practice

Second Edition


December 2018 | 496 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Psychology and Law: Research and Practice, 2nd Edition offers the definitive perspective on the practical application of psychological research to the law. Curt R. Bartol and Anne M. Bartol emphasize throughout the text the various roles psychologists and other mental health professionals can play. Insight is offered into the application of psychology in criminal and non-criminal legal matters. Topics such as family law, mental health evaluations, police interrogation, jury selection and decision making, involuntary civil commitment, and various civil capacities are included. This comprehensive book examines complex material in detail and explains it in an easy-to-read way. The authors emphasize the major contributions psychological research has made to the law, and encourage critical analysis through examples of court cases, high-profile current events, and research.

New to This Edition
  • The new edition has been significantly reorganized to more closely align with the progression through the court system.
  • A new chapter on children, adolescents, and the criminal law (Chapter 8) is now included.
  • Thirty-two new boxes are included, which fall under three themes: case studies, research projects, and contemporary topics. Most boxes now include questions for discussion or further thought.
  • New court cases and statutes have been integrated into chapters as relevant.
  • Increased coverage of contemporary issues like telepsychology, neuropsychology, adversarial allegiance, and actuarial instruments used in bail and sentence decision-making.
  • Updated coverage of adolescent capability and criminal culpability in the eyes of the courts.
  • Greater emphasis on Steinberg’s dual system model, and increased coverage of adolescent neuroplasticity.
  • Increased coverage of child welfare evaluations and parental alienation syndrome, which has gained attention in some family courts but has not been documented in the psychological research.
  • More coverage of juvenile interrogation, false confessions, and plea bargaining.
  • More in-depth descriptions of U.S, Supreme Court cases and how they affect the research and practice of psychology.
  • Emphases on differences between duty to warn and duty to protect and the wide variations in state laws that reference these duties.
  • Discussion of risk communication and the various models proposed for that purpose.
  • More emphasis on research in jury and judicial decision-making, including discussion of implicit and explicit bias.
  • Addition of over 300 recent research findings on topics related to psychology and law.
 
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Goals and Definitions  
Psychology and Law: Three Approaches  
Ways of Knowing and the Methods of Science  
Ethical Guidelines  
Psychology and the Law: A Challenging Alliance  
Defining and Classifying Law  
Psychology and Law: Some Differences  
Summary and Conclusions  
Key Concepts  
 
CHAPTER 2: PSYCHOLOGY AND THE COURTS: AN OVERVIEW
Organization of the Courts  
Federal Courts  
State Courts  
Specialized Courts  
Pre-trial Stage  
Trial Stage  
Disposition Stage  
Appellate Stage  
Summary and Conclusions  
Key Concepts  
 
CHAPTER 3. THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE PROCESS
Overview of Profiling  
Paths to Admission of Evidence  
Investigative Interviewing and Interrogation  
Detection of Deception  
The Interrogation Process  
The Psychology of False Confessions  
Summary and Conclusions  
Key Concepts  
 
CHAPTER 4. EYEWITNESS EVIDENCE
A Brief Word on Research Methodology  
Human Perception and Memory  
Estimator and System Variables  
Eyewitness Estimator Variables  
Eyewitness System Variables  
Perserving the Integrity of the System  
Pre-Trial Identification Methods  
Lineup Procedures and Lineup Research  
Show-Ups  
Summary and Conclusions  
Key Concepts  
 
CHAPTER 5. THE TRIAL JURY
Overview of the Trial Jury  
Jury Research  
Jury Selection  
Scientific Jury Selection (SJS)  
Jury Size and Decision Rule  
Decision Rule  
Jury’s Role During Trial  
Capital Sentencing Instructions: A Special Issue  
Jury Nullification  
Summary and Conclusions  
Key Concepts  
 
CHAPTER 6. JURY AND JUDICIAL DECISION MAKING
The Jury Decision-Making Process  
Jury Deliberation Style  
Influences on Jury Decision Making  
Extra-Evidentiary Factors  
Deciding on Death Sentence: A Special Issue  
Damage Awards in Civil Cases: Another Special Issue  
Judicial Decision Making  
Summary and Conclusions  
Key Concepts  
 
CHAPTER 7. COMPETENCIES AND CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY
Competency to Stand Trial  
Competency Assessment Instruments  
Competency Restoration  
Competency to be Executed  
Insanity  
Clinical Assessment of Criminal Responsibility  
Special Conditions and Unique Defenses  
Summary and Conclusions  
Key Concepts.  
 
CHAPTER 8. CHILDREN, ADOLESCENTS, AND THE CRIMINAL LAW
Brief History and Overview of Juvenile Court  
Adolescent Development as it Pertains to the Law  
Adolescent Competence and Culpability  
Juvenile Competency  
Juvenile Interrogation and False Confessions  
Plea Bargaining  
Children as Witnesses  
Summary and Conclusions  
Key Concepts  
 
CHAPTER 9. PSYCHOLOGY AND FAMILY LAW
The Modern Family Court  
Changes in Family Court in Recent Years  
Divorce and Child Custody  
Attempts at Improving the BIC Standard  
Psychological Effects of Divorce and Custodial Arrangements  
Roles of Mental Health Professionals in Child Custody  
Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)  
Contemporary Special Issues in Custody Decision Making  
Summary and Conclusions  
Key Concepts  
 
CHAPTER 10. INVOLUNTARY CIVIL COMMITMENT
A Brief History  
Modern Commitment Statutes  
Civil Commitment Proceedings  
Duty to Warn or Protect  
Research on Dangerousness  
Involuntary Outpatient Commitment  
Voluntary Commitments  
Informed Consent and the Right to Refuse Treatment  
Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders  
Summary and Conclusions  
Key Concepts  
 
CHAPTER 11. PSYCHOLOGY IN CIVIL LITIGATION
Civil Capacities  
End of Life Issues  
Psychology in the Employment Sphere  
Wrongful Death and Personal Injury Suits  
Psychology in the Educational Sphere  
 
CHAPTER 12. PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT AND THE LAW
Assessment in Civil Cases  
Forensic Classifications of Assessment and Testing  
Clinical Measures and Assessment Techniques  
Forensically Relevant Instruments  
Forensic Assessment Instruments  
Forensic Evaluations in Delinquency Cases  
Summary and Conclusions  
Key Concepts  
 
CASES CITED
 
REFERENCES
 
GLOSSARY
 
NAME INDEX
 
TOPIC INDEX

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