Psychology of Adjustment
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Psychology of Adjustment
The Search for Meaningful Balance

Experience with SAGE edge


© 2017 | 432 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Psychology of Adjustment: The Search for Meaningful Balance combines a student focus with state-of-the-art theory and research to help readers understand and adjust to life in a context of continuous change, challenge, and opportunity. Incorporating existential and third wave behavioral psychology perspectives, the authors emphasize the importance of meaning, mindfulness, and psychologically-informed awareness and skill. An inviting writing style, examples from broad ethnic, cultural, gender, and geographic areas, ample pedagogical support, and cutting-edge topical coverage make this a psychological adjustment text for the 21st century.

 
Preface
 
About the Author
 
PART 1- Perspectives and Processes
 
Chapter 1- Adjustment: A Life Process
Adjustment  
Defining Adjustment  
Determining Adjustment in Individuals  
Goodness of Fit  
Lack of Problems  
Positive Life Experiences  
Mind–Body Health  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Sleep Matters  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Biofeedback  
Types of Change  
Change Throughout Human Development  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Erikson’s Psychosocial Development—College to Midlife  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Positive Psychology  
Societal Change  
Perceptions of Change  
Change Can Be Stressful  
Positive and Negative Change Events  
Planned and Unplanned Change  
Comprehensibility of Change  
Traditions Contributing to Adjustment  
Interdisciplinary Approaches  
Psychoeducation  
Organization of This Book  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 2- Purpose in Life
Existential Psychology  
Change, Impermanence, and Awareness of Death  
Experimental Existential Psychology  
The Importance of Purpose and Meaning  
Coherence  
Purpose in Life  
Existential Hardiness  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Academic Hardiness and Grit  
Spirituality and Religion  
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Orientation (Individual and Social)  
ASPIRES (Assessment of Spiritual and Religious Sentiments)  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Five-Factor Theory of Personality  
Effects of Religion and Spirituality on Health  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Neurological Effects of Religious Belief  
Religion, Spirituality, and Meaning  
Note on Our Perspective  
Autonomy, Choice, and Free Will  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Creating Choice Conditions  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 3- Community Contexts
Mentoring  
Social Support  
Types of Social Support  
Social Networks  
Indegree Centrality and Brokerage  
Basic Rules of Networking  
Social Capital  
The Importance of Situation or Context  
Person by Situation Interactions  
Ecological Psychology and Behavioral Settings  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Context and Identity  
Discriminative Setting Stimuli  
Two Powerful Social Effects  
Conformity  
Obedience to Authority  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: In-Group, Out-Group  
Culture  
Collectivist Versus Individualistic Cultures  
Cultural Complexes  
Developmental Psychopathology  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Gene X Environment Interaction  
Resilience  
The Maturation and Socialization Process  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 4- Experience and Learning
Pavlovian Conditioning  
The Basics of Pavlovian Conditioning  
Preparedness in Behavior Acquisition  
Operant Conditioning  
Discriminative Stimulus  
Response, Behavior, or Operant  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Hebb’s Rule  
Consequences: Feedback, Reinforcement, Punishment, or Nothing  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Avoidance Learning  
Consequences That Are Predictable But Not Always There  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Premack Principle  
Shaping  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Self-Control  
Cognitive Behaviorism  
Social Learning  
Modeling  
Perceived Self-Efficacy  
Collective Efficacy  
Learning Probabilities (Statistical Learning  
Implicit and Explicit Learning  
Cognitive Development  
Jean Piaget  
Lev Vygotsky  
Active Learning  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 5- Mindfulness: A Path to Awareness
Mindfulness and Meditation  
Defining Mindfulness  
Defining Meditation  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Meditation Exercise  
History of Psychology and Mindfulness Research and Practice  
Origins of Mindfulness Practice  
Research on Meditation and Mindfulness  
Bridging Science and the Meditation Experience  
Mindfulness in Practice  
Mindfulness and Nonjudgmental Awareness  
Mindfulness Promoting Self-Regulation  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: A Week of Mindfulness  
Mindfulness Promoting Compassion  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Create a Loving-Kindness Meditation  
On the Mindful Path: Moving Toward Action  
The Beginning of Action and Change  
The Foundation for Action  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: What Do I Value?  
The Path to Change  
Moving Toward Commitment and Change  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 6- Stress, Health, and Well-Being
Stress  
Stressors  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Measuring Stress  
Stress Processes  
Stress Reactions  
Coping  
Emotion-Focused and Problem Solving–Focused Coping  
Active Coping and Avoidant Coping  
Coping With Controllable Versus Uncontrollable Stressors  
Coping With Culturally Related Stressors  
Microaggressions  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Examples of Microaggressions  
Culturally Relevant Coping  
Healthy Stress Management  
Social Support  
Physical Touch  
Meditation  
Exercise  
Self-Help  
Good Stress Versus Bad Stress  
Bad Stress  
Good Stress  
Growth Through Adversity  
Reframing  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Stress and Technology  
Health and Well-Being  
Diet and Nutrition  
Physical Activity and Exercise  
Avoiding Substance Use  
Conclusion  
 
PART 2- Applications
 
Chapter 7- Social Relationships
Friendship and Well-Being  
First Friendships  
Childhood Friendships  
Friendship and Diversity  
Friendships During Adolescence  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Similarity and Friendships  
Friendships and Social Media  
Adult Friendships  
Friendship Maintenance  
Building Blocks of Relationships  
Empathy and Compassion  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Teaching Compassion  
Altruism and Prosocial Behavior  
Loneliness  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 8- Romance and Intimacy
The Seeds of Romance  
Casual Sexual Arrangements  
Committed Partnerships  
Healthy Intimate Relationships  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Myths About Good Relationships  
Sexuality in Intimate Relationships  
Gay and Lesbian Relationships  
Intimacy Problems  
Infidelity  
Online Cheating Versus Off-Line Cheating  
To Cheat or Not to Cheat  
Relationship Violence  
Ending Relationships  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Predictors of Divorce  
Relationship Maintenance  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 9- School
School’s Importance in the Life of a Child  
Fundamentals of School Success in Preschool and Kindergarten  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Head Start  
Individual and Environmental Factors Related to Academic Success  
Self-Beliefs  
Motivation  
School Belonging  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Bullying  
Teacher Beliefs  
Teachers’ Encouragement and Praise  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Intelligence Testing  
School Climate  
School Size  
School Resources  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: School Dropout  
The College Experience  
First-Generation College Students  
Understanding College Success Factors  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: TRIO Programs  
Helping College Students Succeed  
Mentoring  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: How to Find and Gain a Mentor  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 10- Work and Vocation
The Psychological Importance of Work  
Work Across the Life Span  
Adolescence  
College  
Career Indecision  
First Job  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Involuntary Job Loss  
Midcareer  
Retirement  
Demographic Factors in Vocational Development  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: STEM Careers  
Theories of Vocational Decision Making  
Theory of Occupational Circumscription and Compromise  
Social Cognitive Career Theory  
Theory of Person–Environment Fit  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Holland’s Theory  
Rewards and Risks of Work  
Flow  
Job Stress  
Dealing With Work Stress  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 11- Money
The History of Money  
Learning About Money  
Developmental Aspects of Money  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Social Class  
Behavioral Economics  
Comparisons  
Two Decision-Making Processes  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Money’s Effect on Us  
Money Skills  
Buying  
Seeing Free Is Tempting  
Slowing Down and Thinking  
Shopping When Tired  
Anticipating Pleasure  
Determining the Worth of Things Bought and Things Lost  
Delaying the Pain  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Credit Cards and Loans  
Saving  
Parental Influence on Saving  
Identification With the Future Self  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Present–Future Similarity Test  
The Powerful Self  
Regular and Automatic Savings  
Money and Happiness  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 12- Aging
Life Expectancies  
Age-Related Changes  
Physical Changes  
Early Adulthood  
Middle Adulthood  
Older Adulthood  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: How Old Is Old?  
Cognitive Changes  
Early Adulthood  
Middle Adulthood  
Older Adulthood  
Socioemotional Changes of Aging  
Identity Changes  
Generativity and Meaning  
Sense of Control  
Social Support  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Decreasing Loneliness  
The Third Age  
Retirement  
Role Redefinition  
Finances  
Successful Aging  
Adjusting to Losses  
Grieving  
Aging in Place  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Retirement Communities and Nursing Homes  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 13- Dysfunction and Maladjustment
Section One: Mental Illness  
Supernatural, Somatogenic, and Psychogenic Explanations  
Mental Illness Today  
Anxiety Disorders  
Origins of Anxiety Disorders  
Mood Disorders  
Origins of Mood Disorders  
Psychotic Disorders  
Origins of Psychosis  
Eating Disorders  
Origins of Eating Disorders  
Substance Abuse Disorders and Addictions  
Origins of Addictions  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Suicide—The Most Drastic Choice  
Neurodevelopmental Disorders  
Attention Deficit Disorders  
Origins of Attention Deficit Disorders  
Autism Spectrum Disorder  
Origins of Autism Spectrum Disorder  
Section Two: Treatment of Mental Illness  
Early Treatment: Asylums  
Psychotherapy: A Psychogenic Approach  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: The Experience of Seeking Professional Help  
Psychosurgeries and Psychotropic Medications: Somatogenic Approaches  
Psychotropic Surgeries  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Brain Stimulation Therapies  
Psychotropic Medications  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: Making a Choice to Try Medication  
The Future of Mental Health  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 14- The Search for Balance and the Future
Personal Challenges of the Future  
The Dynamics of Person and Place  
Agency and Communion  
Personal Perspectives  
Societal Challenges of the Future  
Diversity  
Demographics of Age and Ethnicity  
Gender and Sexual Orientation  
Effects of Diversity  
Reducing Reactivity and Increasing Appreciation  
Travel  
RESEARCHING ADJUSTMENT: Multicultural Experience  
Classes  
Being Happy  
Common Goals  
Desire to Change  
Contact  
Loving Kindness Meditation  
Declassification, Reclassification, Individuation  
Changing Technologies  
A Brief History of Technology  
Technology Around the Globe  
Interpersonal Relationships  
Negative and Positive Effects of Today’s Technologies  
Narcissism  
Increasing Isolation  
Negative Self-Perceptions  
Internet Addiction  
ADJUSTMENT APPLICATION: Steps to Healthy Limits in the Use of Technology  
Positive Aspects of the Internet  
Conclusion  
ADJUSTMENT IN PRACTICE: The Power of the Narrative  
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Teaching Site

Instructor Teaching Site

 

SAGE edge for Instructors supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

 

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring one’s course.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Full-text SAGE journal articles support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter.
  • Video and multimedia links appeal to students with different learning styles.
Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

 

  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
  • A complete online action plan includes tips and feedback on progress throughout the course and materials, allowing students to enhance their learning experience.
  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • Web Exercises and meaningful web links facilitate student use of internet resources, further exploration of topics, and responses to critical thinking questions.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Full-text SAGE journal articles support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter.
Key features

KEY FEATURES: 

  • Chapter-opening stories in each chapter capture student curiosity and interest.
  • Research findings and complex topics are presented in a straightforward, easy-to-understand manner.
  • Applications in boxes and throughout the text provide useful insights for students.
  • Unique and timely cutting-edge topics, including existential issues of purpose and meaning, mindfulness, and money, resonate with today’s students.
  • Up-to-date and practical cognitive behavioral strategies help students develop skills for better relationships, school and work lives, and aging.
  • In-text learning aids, including Learning Objectives, Review Questions, Key Terms, Application boxes, Research Exploration boxes, and Elaboration boxes, help students master key concepts and skills. 

Sample Materials & Chapters

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ISBN: 9781506364346
ISBN: 9781483319285