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Qualitative Data Analysis

Qualitative Data Analysis
A Methods Sourcebook

Fourth Edition

January 2019 | 408 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
“This comprehensive, practical, user-friendly book provides a wealth of data analysis strategies that are essential for any qualitative research. It is a must-have tool book for moving from data analysis to writing for publication!”
Guofang Li, University of British Columbia, Canada  

Miles, Huberman, and Saldaña’s Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook is the authoritative text for analyzing and displaying qualitative research data. The Fourth Edition maintains the analytic rigor of previous editions while showcasing a variety of new visual display models for qualitative inquiry. Graphics are added to the now-classic matrix and network illustrations of the original co-authors. Five chapters have been substantially revised, and the appendix’s annotated bibliography includes new titles in research methods. Graduate students and established scholars from all disciplines will find this resource an innovative compendium of ideas for the representation and presentation of qualitative data. As the authors demonstrate, when researchers “think display,” their analyses of social life capture the complex and vivid processes of the people and institutions studied.

List of Displays
Preface to the Fourth Edition
A Note on This Revision

About the Authors
Chapter 1. Introduction
The Purpose of This Book

The Nature of This Book

Our Orientation

An Approach to Qualitative Data Analysis

The Nature of Qualitative Data

Our View of Qualitative Data Analysis

Suggestions for Readers

Closure and Transition

Chapter 2. Research Design and Data Management

Loose Versus Tight Research Designs

Displaying the Conceptual Framework

Methodologies (Genres) of Qualitative Research

Formulating Research Questions

Defining the Case

Sampling: Bounding the Collection of Data


Linking Qualitative and Quantitative Data

Data Management Issues Bearing on Analysis

Closure and Transition

Chapter 3. Ethical Issues in Analysis

Agreements With Study Participants

Ethical Issues

Ethical Conflicts and Dilemmas

Closure and Transition

Chapter 4. Fundamentals of Qualitative Data Analysis

First Cycle Codes and Coding

First Cycle Coding Examples

Coding Craft and Design

Structure and Unity in Code Lists

Definitions of Codes

Second Cycle Coding—Pattern Codes

From Codes to Patterns


Analytic Memoing

On Visual Data

Hypotheses, Assertions, and Propositions

Within-Case and Cross-Case Analysis

Closure and Transition

Chapter 5. Designing Matrix, Network, and Graphic Displays

Display Format Options

Timing of Display Design

Entering Matrix, Network, and Graphic Data

Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions From Matrix, Network, and Graphic Displays

The Methods Profiles

Closure and Transition

Chapter 6. Methods of Exploring

Exploring Field Work in Progress

Exploring Variables

Exploring Reports in Progress

Closure and Transition

Chapter 7. Methods of Describing

Describing Participants

Describing Variability

Describing Action

Closure and Transition

Chapter 8. Methods of Ordering

Ordering by Time

Ordering Processes

Ordering by Cases

Closure and Transition

Chapter 9. Methods of Explaining

Antecedent Conditions, Mediating Variables, and Outcomes

On Explanation and Causation

Explaining Interrelationship

Explaining Change

Explaining Causation

Closure and Transition

Chapter 10. Methods of Predicting

Methods of Predicting

Closure and Transition

Chapter 11. Drawing and Verifying Conclusions

Tactics for Generating Meaning

Tactics for Testing or Confirming Findings

Standards for the Quality of Conclusions

Analytic Documentation

Closure and Transition

Chapter 12. Writing About Qualitative Research

Audiences and Effects

Voices and Styles

Writing Examples and Recommendations

Traditional Presentation Modes

Progressive Presentation Modes

On Theses and Dissertations

Closure and Transition

Chapter 13. Closure
Qualitative Analysis at a Glance


Final Advice

Appendix: An Annotated Bibliography of Qualitative Research Methods Resources


Student Study Site


The open-access Study site includes:

Downloadable worksheets, templates, and Appendices from the book.

A selected bibliography of SAGE journal articles compiled by author Johnny Saldana.

“Excellent book! Each chapter transitions into another just like qualitative researchers transitioning from constructing a research question to following up with methodological decisions to study the phenomenon.”

Karthigeyan Subramaniam
University of North Texas

“This comprehensive, practical, user-friendly book provides a wealth of data analysis strategies that are essential for any qualitative research. It is a must-have tool book for moving from data analysis to writing for publication!”

Guofang Li
University of British Columbia

“This easy to follow text provides detailed discussions supported by visual displays for each step of the research process. Several examples provide different perspectives; advice and recommendations guide the researcher.”

Sheila J. Foley
Bay Path University

Excellent and thorough text on Qualitative Data Analysis.

Dr Stacy Kula
Teacher Education Dept, Azusa Pacific University
February 26, 2022

Wide range of discussion of qualitative data analysis techniques and strategies

Dr R. L'Heureux Lewis-McCoy
Humanities / Social Science Dept, New York Univ-Steinhardt
March 23, 2020

Miles, Huberman, and Saldaña offer strategic advice and helpful examples for the myraid of ways we can approach qualitative data analysis.

Kate Guthrie
School Of Education, Piedmont College-Athens Ctr
February 18, 2021
Key features


  • Maintains the systematic and rigorous methods while employing more accessible language.
  • Now includes graphics as a display mode for research’s evolving methods of visual representation.
  • Expands beyond educational research to include representation from studies in sociology, nursing, health care, business, and other fields.
  • Several new displays to the collection have been added based on the work of fellow scholars who have used Miles and Huberman’s original methods.
  • All citations/references have been updated and the appendix's annotated bibliography has been revised with new titles in qualitative research methods.


  • Each method of data display and analysis is described in detail, with practical suggestions for adaptation and use.
  • Vivid examples from a host of disciplines show the application of qualitative research methods in real-world settings.
  • Comprehensive coverage and a hands-on, practical approach make this a seminal treatment of the topic. 

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