RELC Journal
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RELC Journal

A Journal of Language Teaching and Research


Editors
Alvin Pang SEAMEO RELC, Singapore
Marie Alina Yeo SEAMEO RELC, Singapore

eISSN: 1745526X| ISSN: 00336882|Current volume: 46|Current issue: 1 Frequency: 3 Times/Year


RELC Journal is published on behalf of the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organisation (SEAMEO) Regional Language Centre (RELC), located in Singapore. It presents information and ideas on theories, research, methods and materials related to language learning and teaching. The journal welcomes contributions that have in mind the common professional concerns of both the practitioner and the researcher, providing a bridge between theory and practice.

SEAMEO RELC promotes an approach to research on language and language–related concerns with particular reference to education, especially, although not exclusively, in Southeast Asia. Within this framework the journal welcomes contributions in such areas of current enquiry as first and second language learning and teaching, language and culture, discourse analysis, language planning, language testing, multilingual education, stylistics and translation. The broadening of scope will be reflected in articles that will present more ‘state of the art’ surveys, as well as theoretical conceptualizations that contribute fresh insights into the multidisciplinary field of language in education. With the directions that are now being taken in language issues in education, reporting findings is only part of the task; there has to be a critical look at the methodologies used in these studies and the theories used to support the research.

As part of our service to teachers and researchers, one section of the Journal will continue to be devoted to book reviews and a compilation of books ‘received’.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

Electronic Access:

RELC Journal is available electronically on SAGE Journals Online at http://rel.sagepub.com

 

The RELC Journal is a fully peer-reviewed international journal that publishes original research and review articles on language education.

The aim of this Journal is to present information and ideas on theories, research, methods and materials related to language learning and teaching. Within this framework the Journal welcomes contributions in such areas of current enquiry as first and second language learning and teaching, language and culture, discourse analysis, language planning, language testing, multilingual education, stylistics, translation and information technology. The RELC Journal, therefore, is concerned with linguistics applied to education and contributions that have in mind the common professional concerns of both the practitioner and the researcher.

Innovation in Practice Editor
Jack Richards SEAMEO, RELC
Editorial Board
Helena Agustien Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Alexander Arguelles American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Mahmood Reza Atai Kharazmi University, Iran
Jayanti Banerjee University of Michigan, USA
Rakesh Bhatt University of Illinois, USA
Wolfgang Butzkamm Aachen University, Germany
Xia Chao Duquesne University, USA
Anna Ching-Shyang Chang Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Irina Elgort Victoria University Wellington, New Zealand
Neil England University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Thomas Farrell Brock University, Canada
Flora D. Floris Petra Christian University, Indonesia
Joseph Foley Assumption University, Thailand
Peter Freebody University of Sidney, Australia
Claudia Harsch University of Warwick, UK
David Hirsh University of Sydney, Australia
Songthama Intachakra Thammasat University, Thailand
Shinichi Izumi Sophia University, Japan
Jeremy Jones University of Canberra, Australia
Usha Lakshmanan Southern Illinois University, USA
David C.S. Li Hong Kong Institute of Education
Shaofeng Li University of Auckland, New Zealand
Beng Soon Lim Singapore Institute of Management, Singapore
Benedict Lin University of Nottingham Ningbo, China
Tatsuhiko Matsushita University of Tokyo, Japan
Lindsay Miller City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Jeffrey Mok National University of  Singapore, Singapore
Stephen Moore Macquarie University, Australia
Jonathan Newton Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Paroo Nihalani Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Willy Renandya NIE, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Michael P.H. Rodgers The University of Nottingham, UK
Andrew Scown RMIT University, Australia
Lim Beng Soon University of Malaya, Malaysia
Phiona Stanley University of New South Wales, Australia
Abdel Halim Sykes SIM University, Singapore
Jennifer Tan Universiti Brunei Darussalam
Zia Tajeddin Allameh Tabataba'i University, Iran
Peter Tan National University of  Singapore, Singapore
Melchor Tatlonghari Philippine Normal University, Philippines
Dr. Phillip A. Towndrow National Institute of Education, Singapore
Xiaomei Wang University of Malaya, Malaysia
Christopher Ward English Language Institute of Singapore, Singapore
Stuart Webb Western University, Canada
Chan Yue Weng SEAMEO RELC, Singapore
Poh Wha Yeow SEAMEO RELC, Singapore
Cynthia White Massey University, New Zealand
Lindy Woodrow University of Sydney, Australia
Henny Zacharias-Lim Satya Wacana Christian University, Indonesia
Lawrence Zang University of Auckland, New Zealand
Peter Yongqi Gu Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
International Advisory Committee
Ma Bautista De La Salle University, Philippines
James D. Brown University of Hawaii, USA
Anne Burns Macquaire University, Australia
Ronald Carter University of Nottingham, UK
Jim Cummins OISE, Canada
Rod Ellis University of Auckland, New Zealand
Nobuyuki Honna Aoyama Gakuin University, Japan
Tony T.H. Hung Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
John Joseph Edinburgh University, UK
Stephen Krashen University of Southern California, USA
Sandra McKay San Francisco State University, USA
Paul Nation Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
David Nunan University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Setyadi Setyapranata State University of Malang, Indonesia
Zawiah Yahya Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Academic Search Premier
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  • Language Teaching
  • Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts
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  • The Modern Language Journal
    1. Peer review policy
    2. Article types
    3. How to submit your manuscript
    4. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement
      4.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access
    5. Declaration of conflicting interests policy
    6. Other conventions
    7. Acknowledgments
      7.1 Funding acknowledgement
    8. Permissions
    9. Manuscript style
      9.1 File types
      9.2 Journal style
      9.3 Reference style
      9.4 Manuscript preparation
      9.4.1 Keywords and abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
      9.4.2 Corresponding author contact details
      9.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
      9.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
      9.4.5 English language editing services
    10. After acceptance
      10.1 Proofs
      10.2 E-Prints
      10.3 SAGE production
    11. Further information

    RELC Journal is published on behalf of the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organisation (SEAMEO) Regional Language Centre (RELC), located in Singapore. It presents information and ideas on theories, research, methods and materials related to language learning and teaching. The Journal welcomes contributions that have in mind the common professional concerns of both the practitioner and the researcher, providing a bridge between theory and practice.

     

    1. Peer review policy

    The RELC Journal is a fully peer-reviewed international journal that publishes original research and review articles on language education.

    All papers submitted to the RELC Journal are subject to double blind peer review by members of a carefully appointed editorial board.

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    2. Article types

    RELC Journal publishes original research, review articles and book review on language education. The Journal considers the following kinds of article for publication:

    1. Short Research Reports (6000 words excluding the abstract)

    The articles report research on language education or related areas that have pedagogical implications for rapid dissemination

    2. Viewpoint Articles (6000 words excluding abstract)

    The articles may provide

    1. a synthesis of an area of language education or some related areas
    2. brief overviews that address important new areas of general interest
    3. critiques - focused & provocative reviews that are followed by a number of invited commentaries, with concluding reply from the main author

    3. Book Reviews (800 words)

    The articles provide reviews on current books on language education and other areas related to language education. The principal aim of this column is to make the readers aware of recently published books of significance to the field.

    4. Guidelines (3000 words)

    In the vein of RELC's Guidelines (published between 1979-2007), this section will focus on practical ideas and suggestions intended for teachers about teaching techniques, curriculum and materials design, technology in language teaching, new developments in methodology and innovative classroom practice. Articles should not exceed 3000 words and should include:
    • abstract (maximum 80 words);
    • introduction
    • context
    • implementation
    • evaluation
    • lessons learnt
    • acknowledgements/references

    5. Conversations with Experts

    This section features an interview with a renowned professional in the field of TESOL.

    6. Reviews (1000 words)

    In addition to book reviews, we also invite reviews of apps, websites or other ICT based tools for language teaching and learning. Reviews should not exceed 1000 words.


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    3. How to submit your manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Manuscripts should be submitted online via RELC Journal SAGE Track site: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/relc

    If you are a new user, you will first need to create an account. Submissions should be made by logging in and selecting the Author Center and the 'Click here to Submit a New Manuscript' option. Follow the instructions on each page, clicking the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen. If at any stage you have any questions or require the user guide, please use the 'Online Help' button at the top right of every screen.

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    4. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement   

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright.† Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    RELC Journal and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the Journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

    4.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to non subscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    5. Declaration of conflicting interests

    Within your Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. The RELC Journal does not require a declaration of conflicting interests but recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    For more information please visit the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    6. Other conventions

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an `Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

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    7. Acknowledgements

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an ‘Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    7.1 Funding Acknowledgement

    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), RELC Journal additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.† All research articles should have a funding acknowledgement in the form of a sentence as follows, with the funding agency written out in full, followed by the grant number in square brackets:

    This work was supported by SEAMEO RELC [grant number xxx].

    Multiple grant numbers should be separated by comma and space. Where the research was supported by more than one agency, the different agencies should be separated by semi-colon, with ‘and’ before the final funder. Thus:

    This work was supported by SEAMEO RELC [grant numbers xxxx,]; the Educational Research Council [grant number yyy]; and the World Development Bank [grant number zzz].

    In some cases, research is not funded by a specific project grant, but rather from the block grant and other resources available to a university, college or other research institution. Where no specific funding has been provided for the research we ask that corresponding authors use the following sentence:

    This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    Please include this information under a separate heading entitled ‘Funding’ directly after any other Acknowledgements prior to your ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ (if applicable), any Notes and your References.

    For more information on the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers, please visit: http://www.rin.ac.uk/funders-acknowledgement.

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    8. Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, Please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    9. Manuscript style

    9.1 File types
    Only electronic files conforming to the Journal's guidelines will be accepted. The preferred format for the text and tables of your manuscript is Word DOC.† Please also refer to additional guideline on submitting artwork [and supplemental files] below.
    9.2 Journal style
    The RELC Journal conforms to the SAGE house style.† Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style.

    9.3 Reference style
    RELC Journal operates a SAGE Harvard reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE Harvard to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    9.4. Manuscript Preparation

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

    9.4.1 Your title, keywords and abstracts: helping readers find your article online
    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    9.4.2 Corresponding author contact details
    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    9.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable colour figures, these figures will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. If a charge applies you will be informed by your SAGE Production Editor. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    9.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
    RELC Journal does not currently accept supplemental files.

    9.4.5 English language editing services
    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service.† Visit http://www.sagepub.co.uk/authors/journal/submission.sp for further information.

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    10. After acceptance 

    10.1 Proofs
    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author.

    10.2 E-Prints
    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article. For further information please visit Offprints and Reprints on our Journal Author Gateway.

    10.3 SAGE Production
    At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication (http://online.sagepub.com/). We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in the RELC Journal with SAGE.

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    11. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office as follows:

    RELC Journal Editor,
    SEAMEO Regional Language Centre,
    30 Orange Grove Road,
    Singapore 258352
    E-mail: journal@relc.org.sg

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