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Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology

Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology
Integrating Diversity With Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods

Fifth Edition

February 2019 | 576 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Updated to align with the American Psychological Association and the National Council of Accreditation of Teacher Education accreditation requirements.  

Focused on increasing the credibility of research and evaluation, the Fifth Edition of Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology: Integrating Diversity with Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods incorporates the viewpoints of various research paradigms into its descriptions of these methods. Students will learn to identify, evaluate, and practice good research, with special emphasis on conducting research in culturally complex communities, based on the perspectives of women, LGBTQ communities, ethnic/racial minorities, and people with disabilities. In each chapter, Dr. Donna M. Mertens carefully explains a step of the research process—from the literature review to analysis and reporting—and includes a sample study and abstract to illustrate the concepts discussed.  

The new edition includes over 30 new research studies and contemporary examples to demonstrate research methods including:

  • Black girls and school discipline: The complexities of being overrepresented and understudied (Annamma, S.A., Anyon, Y., Joseph, N.M., Farrar, J., Greer, E., Downing, B., & Simmons, J.)
  • Learning Cooperatively under Challenging Circumstances: Cooperation among Students in High-Risk Contexts in El Salvador (Christine Schmalenbach)
  • Replicated Evidence of Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Disability Identification in U.S. Schools (Morgan, et. al.)
  • Relation of white-matter microstructure to reading ability and disability in beginning readers (Christodoulu, et. al.)
  • Arts and mixed methods research: an innovative methodological merger (Archibald, M.M. & Gerber, N.)   
Chapter 1: An Introduction to Research and Ethical Practice
Why Bother?  
What is Research?  
Research Terminology  
Approach Taken in This Book  
Major Paradigms in Research: A Brief History of Research  
Constructivist Paradigm  
Transformative Paradigm  
Pragmatic Paradigm  
Politics, Legislation, and the Paradigms  
Contested Territory: Quality, Causality, and Objectivity  
Merging Paradigms - Across Differences  
Chapter 2: Evaluation
Defining Evaluation  
Distinguishing Research and Evaluation  
History of Models and Evaluation  
Resources and Processes for Conducting Evaluations  
Steps in Planning an Evaluation  
Standards for Critically Evaluating Evaluations  
Ethics and Evaluation: The Guiding Principles  
Questions for Critically Analyzing Evaluation Studies  
Chapter 3: Literature Review and Focusing the Research
Reasons for Doing Literature Reviews  
The Search Process  
Critical Analysis of Literature Reviews  
Questions for Critically Analyzing Literature Reviews  
Chapter 4: Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research
Importance of Experimental Design  
Research Designs and Threats to Validity  
Experimental, Quasi-Experimental, and Single-Group Designs  
Other Design Issues  
Challenges to Using Experimental Designs in Educational and Psychological Research  
Transformative Perspectives Regarding Experimental Research  
Postpositivist Rejoinder  
Final Thoughts  
Questions for Critically Analyzing Single-Group, Experimental, and Quasi-Experimental Designs  
Chapter 5: Causal Comparative and Correlational Approaches
Inherent Characteristics: Challenging Issues  
Causal Comparative Research  
Correlational Research  
Questions for Critically Analyzing Causal Comparative and Correlational Research  
Chapter 6: Survey Methods
Design Phase  
Sampling Plan  
Designing the Survey Instrument  
Pilot Testing the Questionnaire  
Language Differences between the Researcher and the Respondent  
Special Types of Questions  
Letter of Transmittal  
Conducting the Survey  
Data Analysis and Trouble Shooting Your Survey Instrument  
Questions for Critically Analyzing Survey Research  
Chapter 7: Single-Case Research
Quality Issues in Single-Case Research  
Design Options  
Data Analysis In Single-Case Research  
Questions for Critically Analyzing Single-Case Research  
Chapter 8: Qualitative Research and Action Research
Basis for Selection of Qualitative Methods  
Types of Qualitative Research  
Data Collection  
General Methodological Guidelines  
Translation Issues in Multilingual Contexts  
Qualitative Data Collection Methods  
Critically Analyzing Qualitative Research  
Questions for Critically Analyzing Qualitative Research  
Chapter 9: History, Narrative Study of Lives, and Autoethnography
Importance of Historical, Narrative, and Autoethnographic Research  
Types of Historical-Narrative Research  
Steps in Conducting Historical-Narrative Research  
Notes on Biographical Research  
Notes on Autoethnographic, Autobiographical/Self-Study Research  
Questions for Critically Analyzing Historical-Narrative Research  
Chapter 10: Mixed Methods Research
Definition and Characteristics  
Importance in Educational and Psychological Research  
Philosophical Assumptions and Mixed Methods Research  
Mixed Methods Design Options  
Questions for Critically Analyzing Mixed Methods Research  
Chapter 11: Sampling
Definition, Selection, and Ethics  
External Validity (Generalizability) or Transferability  
Defining the Population and Sample  
Identification of Sample Members  
Sampling Strategies  
Sampling Bias  
Access Issues  
Sample Size  
Ethics and Protection of Study Participants  
Questions for Critically Analyzing Sampling Strategies  
Chapter 12: Data Collection
Operationalizing Concepts  
Quantitative Measurements Topics  
Selection and Development of Quantitative Instruments  
Developing a Data Collection Instrument  
Qualitative Data Collection Methods  
Mixed Methods and Data Collection  
Standards for Judging Quality of Data Collection  
Questions for Critically Analyzing Data Collection  
Chapter 13: Data Analysis, Interpretation, and Use
Quantitative Analysis Strategies  
Qualitative Analytic Strategies  
Analytic and Interpretive Issues in Mixed Methods  
A Research Plan: The Management Plan and Budget  
Writing Research Reports  
Utilization of the Research Results  
Questions for Critically Analyzing Data Analysis and Interpretation  
Key features


  • Includes increased coverage of digital research throughout, with examples of research studies that use Twitter, Facebook, and digital data collection strategies.
  • Increased coverage of mixed methods studies as examples is used throughout so readers can see how mixed methods can be used with a wide range of research perspectives and methods.
  • Intersectionality is added as an essential part of effectively researching with marginalized communities.
  • The book aligns with the latest APA and NCATE accreditation standards by increasing the focus on issues related to cultural competency.
  • Ethics in research is addressed throughout, emphasizing its importance throughout the process of planning, conducting, and using research.
  • Critical issues that have arisen in society are addressed, including violence in schools, sexual abuse, disproportionately severe discipline practices with students of color, and strategies to support inclusion of people with disabilities.
  • More about the use of digital resources to disseminate and support the use of research findings is included.
  • Reporting and publication of research is aligned with the APA recommendations for quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research


  • Postpositivist, constructivist, transformative, and pragmatic paradigms discussed, showing how researchers’ views of the world underlie their choice of research approaches.
  • Conducting research in culturally complex communities emphasized throughout.
  • A step-by-step overview of the entire research process.
  • Detailed explanation of how to write a literature review and plan a dissertation.
  • Pedagogy that includes Extending Your Thinking throughout, providing opportunity for critical application of concepts.

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ISBN: 9781544333762