You are here

Due to global supply chain disruptions, we recommend ordering print titles early.

 

Research Methods for Psychological Science
Share

Research Methods for Psychological Science



August 2021 | 480 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Written by experimental research expert, Dr. William J. Ray, Research Methods for Psychological Science introduces students to the principles and practice of conducting research in psychology in an engaging, story-telling format. Ray helps students understand how research increases our understanding of ourselves and our environment and how logic and best practices can increase our understanding of human behavior. Whether their future roles will be researchers, consumers of research, or informed citizens, students will learn the importance of developing testable hypotheses, how to evaluate new information critically, and the impact of research on ourselves and our society. Based on Ray’s influential textbook, Methods Toward a Science of Behavior and Experience, the book offers up-to-date pedagogy, structure, and exercises to reinforce the student’s learning experience.

 
Preface
 
About the Author
 
Introduction
 
Chapter 1 • What Is Science?
Learning Objectives

 
Science as a Way of Knowing

 
The Scientific Approach

 
Studying Behavior and Experience

 
 
Chapter 2 • Introduction to the Methods of Science
Learning Objectives

 
Naturalistic Observation

 
The Correlational Approach

 
The Experimental Method

 
Logic and Inference: The Detective Work of Science

 
Scientific Observation: The Raw Data of Science

 
 
Chapter 3 • Developing the Hypothesis
Learning Objectives

 
Making Our Hypotheses Concrete

 
Making Our Hypotheses Logical

 
Creating Testable Research Hypotheses and the Problem of Measurement

 
The Scientist’s Guide to Having an Idea

 
Tools for Library Research

 
 
Chapter 4 • Ethics
Learning Objectives

 
Ethical Considerations of Psychological Experimentation

 
Ingredients of the Initial Scientist–Participant Dialogue

 
The Rights of the Research Participant and the Responsibilities of the Experimenter

 
Deception Studies

 
Animals as Subjects

 
 
Chapter 5 • Description of Behavior Through Numerical Representation
Learning Objectives

 
Measurement

 
Measurement and Statistics

 
Measures of Central Tendency

 
Measures of Variability

 
Pictorial and Transforming Numerical Data

 
Measures of Association

 
 
Chapter 6 • Inferential Statistics: Making Statistical Decisions
Learning Objectives

 
Probability

 
The Normal Distribution

 
Hypothesis Testing

 
 
Chapter 7 • Testing the Hypothesis: A Conceptual Introduction
Learning Objectives

 
The Context of Experimentation: An Example

 
Types of Variation

 
Statistical Hypothesis Testing

 
Threats to Internal Validity

 
Conclusion

 
 
Chapter 8 • Control: The Keystone of the Experimental Method
Learning Objectives

 
Control Achieved Through Participant Assignment and Selection

 
Randomization

 
Control Achieved Through Experimental Design

 
Control as Related to the Logic of Experimentation

 
 
Chapter 9 • Applying the Logic of Experimentation: Between-Subjects Designs
Learning Objectives

 
Between-Subjects Design Terminology

 
Factorial Design

 
Factorial Designs: The Logic of Experimentation and the Interaction Effect

 
 
Chapter 10 • Extending the Logic of Experimentation: Within-Subjects and Matched-Subjects Approaches
Learning Objectives

 
Within-Subjects Designs

 
Mixed Designs

 
Matched-Subjects Designs

 
 
Chapter 11 • The Ecology of the Experiment: The Scientist and Research Participant in Relation to Their Environments
Learning Objectives

 
Ecology

 
Experimenter Factors

 
Subject Factors

 
Cultural and Social Bias

 
 
Chapter 12 • Quasi-Experimental, Correlational, and Naturalistic Observational Designs
Learning Objectives

 
Doing Research in the Real World: Closed and Open Systems

 
Quasi-Experimental Designs

 
Correlational Procedures

 
Naturalistic Observations

 
 
Chapter 13 • Single-Subject Designs
Learning Objectives

 
History of Single-Subject Designs

 
Case Study Designs

 
Experimental Single-Subject Designs

 
Alternative Types of Single-Subject Research

 
 
Chapter 14 • Questionnaires, Survey Research, and Sampling
Learning Objectives

 
Survey Question Construction and Formats

 
Methods of Administering a Survey

 
Sampling

 
 
Chapter 15 • Sharing the Results
Learning Objectives

 
Communication With Other Scientists: The Scientific Article

 
Publishing Your Article

 
 
Chapter 16 • Beyond Method
Learning Objectives

 
Dimensions of Research

 
Limitations to Finding Answers

 
Science as a Complex Human Process

 
Science as a Means of Transcendence

 
 
Glossary
 
References

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site
edge.sagepub.com/raymethods1e


For additional information, custom options, or to request a personalized walkthrough of these resources, please contact your sales representative.


LMS cartridge included with this title for use in Blackboard, Canvas, Brightspace by Desire2Learn (D2L), and Moodle

The LMS cartridge makes it easy to import this title’s instructor resources into your learning management system (LMS). These resources include:

  • Test banks
  • Editable chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides
  • Lecture notes
  • All tables and figures from the textbook 
Don’t use an LMS platform?

You can still access all of the same online resources for this title via the password-protected Instructor Resource Site.
Key features

KEY FEATURES:

  • The latest information in the field—from research on COVID behaviors to social media to the open science movement—is presented along with key background information on history and ethics to show students where psychology research is going and where it has been.
  • A unique chapter on research ecology contextualizes research within the greater information ecosystem.
  • A storytelling approach filled with numerous examples keeps students engaged.
  • A logical organization that walks through the steps of developing a hypothesis, designing a study, analyzing the results, and sharing the results, matches the research process students will see in published reports and will use if they conduct their own research.
  • In-depth coverage of the scientific method focuses on generating testable hypotheses.
  • An up-to-date chapter on surveys captures the latest information on survey tools and techniques.
  • Scientific Resources and Techniques boxes provide hands-on tips for conducting research.
  • Chapter Outlines and Summaries preview where each chapter is going and recap key points.
  • Concept Checks throughout the chapters allow students to test themselves along their reader journeys and ensure understanding.
  • Key Terms and Concepts grouped by subject highlight the progression of information within each chapter.
  • Chapter-ending Review Questions ensure knowledge is retained, while Discussion Questions and Projects offer additional opportunities for students to develop their understanding of the research process.