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Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology

Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology

Experience with SAGE edge

February 2018 | 424 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology provides an interesting and energetic introduction to research methods that connects the concepts to real field research and practices. Guiding students through the process of research, this refreshing new text features a number of running cases woven throughout the book for a comprehensive understanding of the design and purpose of research. With contemporary examples, authors Callie Rennison and Timothy C. Hart introduce concepts as well as practical research strategies used in criminal justice to show how a research question can become a policy that changes criminal justice practices for the better. Using a distinct, student-driven approach, Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology moves at a perfect pace for introductory students first discovering the ins and outs of research in criminology and criminal justice, focusing on the practical application of data collection and analysis in the field.


Chapter 1: Why Study Research Methods?
Introduction: What Is Research Methods?  
Why Is Research Methods Important?  
Typical Stages of Research  
The Essential Role of Ethics in Research  
Researcher Case Studies and a Roadmap  
Chapter 2: Identifying a Topic, Purpose, and Research Question
Introduction: Identifying a Topic, Purpose, and a Research Question  
Why Identify a Topic, Purpose and Research Question?  
How to Identify a Research Topic?  
How to Identify the Purpose/Goal of Research  
Gathering More Information and Refining the Topic  
How to Construct the Research Question  
Common Pitfalls When Developing Topics, Purposes and Research Questions  
Ethical Considerations when Developing your Topic, Purpose and Research Question  
IRB Expert – Sharon Devine, JD, Phd  
Chapter 3: Conducting a Literature Review
Introduction: Conducting a Literature Review  
A Roadmap: How to Conduct a Literature Review  
About Sources  
Finding Primary or Original Sources  
Writing the Literature Review  
Common Pitfalls of Literature Reviews  
Ethics and the Literature Review  
Literature Review Expert – Sean McCandless, PhD  
Chapter 4: Concepts, Conceptualization, Operationalization, Measurement, Variables, and Data
Introduction: Concepts, Conceptualization, Operationalization, Measurement, Variables, and Data  
Why Focus on Concepts, Conceptualization, Operationalization, Measurement, Variables, and Data?  
What are Concepts?  
What is Conceptualization?  
What is Operationalization?  
What are Variables?  
What are Measures?  
What are Data?  
Overview of the Road from Concepts to Variables  
Common Pitfalls in Concepts, Conceptualization, Operationalization, Measurement, Variables, and Data in Research Design  
Ethics Associated with Concepts, Conceptualization, Operationalization, Measurement, Variables, and Data  
Concepts, Conceptualization, Operationalization, Measurement, Variables, and Data Expert – Brenidy Rice  
Chapter 5: Sampling
Why is Sampling Important?  
What is Sampling?  
Populations and Sample  
Census or a Sample?  
Unit of Analysis  
Ecological Fallacy  
Individualist Fallacy  
Choosing a Sampling Approach  
How Large Should My Sample Be?  
Common Pitfalls Related to Sampling  
Ethics Associated with Sampling  
Chapter 6: Research Using Qualitative Data
Sampling Expert – Sam Gallaher, PhD  
Introduction: Research Using Qualitative Data  
Why Conduct Research Using Qualitative Data?  
What is Research using Qualitative Data?  
Considerations: Research using Qualitative Data  
Approaches Used to Gather Qualitative Data  
Recording Qualitative Data  
Organizing and Analyzing Qualitative Data  
Common Pitfalls in Research Using Qualitative Data  
Ethics Associated with Research Using Qualitative Data  
Qualitative Data Research Expert – Carol Peeples  
Chapter 7: Survey Research
Introduction: Survey Research  
Why Conduct Survey Research?  
What Are Surveys?  
General Steps in Survey Research  
Surveys across Research Purposes  
How are Surveys Distributed?  
Designing Your Own Survey  
Survey Administration  
Easy To Use Survey Software  
Common Pitfalls in Survey Research  
Ethical Considerations in Survey Research  
Surveying Expert: Bridget Kelly  
Chapter 8: Experimental Research
Introduction: Experimental Research  
Why Conduct Experimental Research?  
What is Experimental Research?  
True Experiments  
Beyond True Experiments  
Pre-Experimental Research  
Quasi-Experimental Research  
Natural Experiments  
Common Pitfalls in Experimental Research  
Ethics and Experimental Research  
Experimental Research Expert: Chris Keating, PhD  
Chapter 9: Research Using Secondary Data
Introduction: Research using Secondary Data  
Why Conduct Research Using Secondary Data?  
What Are Secondary Data?  
Frequently Used Secondary Data  
Disadvantages of Using Secondary Data  
Reporting Findings from Secondary Data Analysis  
Common Pitfalls in Secondary Data Analysis  
Ethics Associated with Secondary Data Analysis  
Secondary Data Expert: Jenna Truman, PhD  
Chapter 10: GIS and Crime Mapping
Introduction: Research Using GIS and Crime Mapping Techniques  
Why Conduct Research Using GIS and Crime Mapping Techniques?  
What is GIS?  
What is Crime Mapping and Analysis?  
Crime Analysis in Academic Research  
Reporting Findings from GIS and Crime Mapping Studies  
Common Pitfalls in GIS and Crime Mapping Analysis  
Common Pitfalls in GIS and Crime Mapping Analysis  
GIS and Crime Mapping Expert: Henri Buccine-Schraeder  
Chapter 11: Evaluation Research
Introduction: Evaluation Research  
Why Use Evaluation Research?  
What is Evaluation Research?  
Types of Evaluation Research  
Distinctive Purposes of Evaluation and Basic Research  
Characteristics of Effective Evaluations  
Common Pitfalls in Evaluation Research  
Ethics Associated with Evaluation Research  
Evaluation Research Expert – Michael Shively, PhD  
Chapter 12: Analysis and Findings
Introduction: Analysis and Findings  
Why Analysis?  
How Should Data Be Analyzed?  
Analysis of Quantitative Data  
Qualitative Data Analysis  
Data Analysis Software  
Alternative Analytic Approaches  
Reporting Findings from Your Research  
Common Pitfalls in Data Analysis and Developing Findings  
Ethics Associated With Analyzing Your Data and Developing your Findings  
Analysis and Findings Expert: Sue Burton  
Chapter 13: Making your Research Relevant
Introduction: Making your Research Relevant  
Why Conduct Policy Relevant Research?  
What is Policy Relevant Research?  
What is Policy?  
Who are Policy Makers?  
The Policy Process  
Challenges of Getting Research to Policy Makers  
Maximizing Chances of Producing Policy Relevant Research  
Common Pitfalls in Producing Policy Relevant Research  
Ethics and Conducting Policy Relevant Research  
Policy Expert – Katie TePas  
Chapter 14: Research Methods as a Career
Introduction: Research Methods as a Career  
Why Research Methods as a Career?  
Where Do I Get Started?  
Career Search Documents  
Public vs. Private Sector Jobs  
Where to Look for a Career  
Interviewing Well  
Pitfalls and Career Searches  
Ethics and Career Searches  
Research Methods as a Career Expert: Nora Scanlon, M.A.  


Student Study Site

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  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
  • Carefully selected chapter-by-chapter video and multimedia content    which enhance classroom-based explorations of key topics
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter.
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SAGE edge for Instructors supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

  • Test banks that provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess the students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course.
  • Lecture Notes summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help with preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • Chapter-specific discussion questions to help launch engaging classroom interaction while reinforcing important content
  • Carefully selected chapter-by-chapter video and multimedia content  which enhance classroom-based explorations of key topics

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ISBN: 9781506347813