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Research Methods in Psychology
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Research Methods in Psychology
Investigating Human Behavior

Third Edition
Experience with SAGE edge


October 2018 | 632 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Research Methods in Psychology: Investigating Human Behavior draws on fascinating stories to illustrate the entire research process within a unifying conceptual framework. Bestselling authors Paul G. Nestor and Russell K. Schutt present a clear and comprehensive introduction to the logic and techniques of research methods in psychology by employing a unique combination of two distinct yet complementary pedagogical techniques. First, chapters designed for experiential, hands-on studies put the student in the roles of researcher, participant, and consumer to bring concepts to life. Second, the findings of cognitive science guide the text in a way that is most conducive to learning. This novel approach serves as an effective way to make the world of psychological research fun and rewarding for students, in addition to allowing them to gain the foundational knowledge they need to design, conduct, and present research.


 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
PART I. RESEARCH FUNDAMENTALS
 
Chapter 1. Uncommon Sense and the Scientific Method
Biases in Thinking  
The Scientific Method  
Psychological Research in the Public Square  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 2. The Research Process
Can Money Buy You Happiness?  
Research Approach  
Research Toolbox  
Evaluating and Critiquing Research  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 3. Literature Review in Research
The Brain on Marijuana  
Literature Review in Research  
Framework for Literature Review  
Advanced Literature Reviews  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 4. Ethics in Behavioral Research
Historical Background  
Ethical Principles  
The Institutional Review Board  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 5. Conceptualization and Measurement
What Is Happiness?  
Theoretical Constructs  
Levels of Measurement  
The Special Case of Psychometrics  
Evaluating Measures  
The Logic of Measurement Validity  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 6. Samples and Generalizations
Sample Planning  
Sampling Methods  
Sampling Distributions  
Conclusion  
 
PART II. RESEARCH DESIGNS
 
Chapter 7. Considering Correlation: Are You a Maximizer or a Satisficer?
Are You a Maximizer or a Satisficer?  
Correlational Research  
Correlation, Confounds, and Control Variables  
Decision-Making Strategies in a College Student Sample: Maximizer or Satisficer?  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 8. In Search of Causality: True Experiments
Mental Calisthenics for the Brain?  
Single-Factor Experiment  
Theater of Independent Variables  
Measurement and Control  
Validity in Experiments  
Can Causality Be Established?  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 9. Experimental Design and Hypothesis Testing
Does Exercise Make You Smarter?  
Basic Experimental Designs  
Two Options in Assigning Participants  
Null Hypothesis Significance Testing  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 10. Complex Research Designs
Multifactorial Designs  
Within-Subjects Experiment  
Between-Subjects Experiment  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 11. Quasi-Experimental and Nonexperimental Designs
The Good and the Bad of Media Multitasking  
Quasi-Experimental Designs  
Nonequivalent-Control-Group Designs  
Before-and-After Designs  
Quasi-Experiments of Media Multitasking  
Quasi-Experiments of 9/11 Memories  
Quasi-Experimental Research of Culture and Cognition  
Developmental Studies  
Nonexperimental Research  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 12. Small-N and Single-Subject Designs
Foundations of Small-N Designs  
Measuring Targets of Intervention  
Types of Small-N and Single-Subject Designs  
Analyzing Small-N and Single-Subject Designs  
Internal Validity  
Generalizability  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 13. Survey Research
How Happy Are You?  
Considering Surveys  
Writing Survey Questions  
Combining Questions in Indexes and Scales  
Designing Questionnaires  
Organizing Surveys  
Analyzing Surveys  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 14. Qualitative Methods
Fundamentals of Qualitative Research  
Methods for Collecting Qualitative Data  
Qualitative Interviewing  
Participant Observation  
Systematic Observation  
Focus Groups  
Qualitative Data Analysis  
Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research  
Conclusion  
 
PART III. RESEARCH PRODUCTS
 
Chapter 15. Quantitative Data Analysis
Does Needing Help = Getting Help?  
Statistical Approach  
Univariate Distributions  
Descriptive Statistics  
Inferential Statistics  
The Ethics of Statistics  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 16. Essentials of APA Report Writing
APA Format  
Report Organization in APA Format  
Literature Review  
Poster Presentation  
Sample Paper  
Conclusion  
 
Appendix A: Summaries of Frequently Cited Research Articles
 
Appendix B: Questions to Ask About a Research Article
 
Appendix C: How to Read a Research Article
 
Appendix D: Proportions of Area Under Standard Normal Curve
 
Appendix E: Critical Values for t Distribution
 
Appendix F: Critical Values of F
 
Appendix G: Critical Values of Chi-Square
 
Appendix H: Critical Values of the Correlation Coefficient
 
Appendix I: Table of Random Numbers
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

SAGE edge for instructors supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring one’s course.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility in creating a multimedia presentation.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter. 
  • Multimedia content appeals to diverse learners and includes a carefully curated list of online supporting audio and video resources.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to help prepare for lectures and class discussions.
Student Study Site

SAGE edge for students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • SPSS exercises provide opportunities for additional practice.
  • Multimedia content appeals to diverse learners and includes a carefully curated list of online supporting audio and video resources.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter.
Key features
NEW TO THIS EDITION:
  • Expanded coverage of correlational, quasi-experimental, and qualitative design keeps readers informed on these increasingly popular methods.
  • Updated examples combining classic and cutting-edge research apply literature review in research to modern questions and debates.
  • Expanded coverage of rooting out error and myth with the scientific method from traditional narrative literature review to meta-analysis includes a 32-item survey used by researchers to measure “neuromyths” and show how they can be debunked by scientific evidence.
  • A new Chapter 3: Literature Review in Research show readers the different roles a literature review can play in research, including new sections on systematic literature reviews that reflect the rapidly increasing role of the Internet.
  • New content in Chapter 4: Ethics in Behavioral Research includes new examples of unethical practice and lessons from international and online research.
  • New content on the “replication crisis” provides lessons on the practices and techniques of research in psychology.

KEY FEATURES:

  • Case studies from psychological literature in each chapter are carefully deconstructed to illustrate the procedures, logic, and design of research.
  • An emphasis on cultural and developmental perspectives illuminates how culture shapes our thinking and how our thinking shapes culture.
  • Research in the News sections summarize scientific stories that students are then prompted to reflect on and evaluate.
  • Ethics in Action exercises encourage readers to apply ethics to a topic at hand.
  • Coverage of statistics emphasizes probabilistic reasoning in a student-friendly manner.

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