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Research Methods in Psychology
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Research Methods in Psychology
Investigating Human Behavior

Third Edition


September 2018 | 512 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Research Methods in Psychology: Investigating Human Behavior, the exceptional text by Paul G. Nestor and Russell J. Schutt, illustrates the process of research from start to finish with an intuitive conceptual framework. Drawing from research stories as helpful illustrations, the text provides students with the foundational knowledge they need to then design, conduct, and present their findings. The fully updated third edition includes expanded coverage of correlational, quasi-experimental, and qualitative design to provide students with more guidance on these increasingly popular methods.
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgements
 
About the Authors
 
PART I: RESEARCH FUNDAMENTALS
 
1. Uncommon Sense and the Scientific Method
Biases in Thinking  
The Scientific Method  
Psychological Research in the Public Square  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
2. The Research Process
Can Money Buy You Happiness?  
Research Approach  
Research Tool Box  
Evaluating and Critiquing Research  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
3. Literature Review in Research
The Brain on Marijuana  
Literature Review in Research  
Framework for Literature Review  
Advanced Literature Reviews  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
4. Ethics in Behavioral Research
Historical Background  
Ethical Principles  
Institutional Review Board  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
5. Conceptualization and Measurement
What Is Happiness?  
Theoretical Constructs  
Levels of Measurement  
The Special Case of Psychometrics  
Evaluating Measures  
The Logic of Measurement Validity  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
6. Samples and Generalizations
Testing before Learning  
Sample Planning  
Sampling Methods  
Sampling Error  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
II. RESEARCH DESIGNS
 
7. Are You a Maximizer of a Satisficer?
Correlational Research  
Correlation, Confounds, and Control Variables  
Decision-Making Strategies in a College Student Sample  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
8. In Search of Causality: True Experiments
Mental Calisthenics for the Brain?  
Theory and Experimentation  
Three Prongs of Causation  
Single-Factor Experiment  
Theater of Independent Variables  
Measurement and Control  
Validity in Experiments  
Can Causality Be Established?  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
9. Experimental Design and Hypothesis Testing
Does Exercise Make You Smarter?  
Basic Experimental Designs  
Two Options in Assigning Participants  
Null Hypothesis Significance Testing  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
10. Complex Research Designs
Multifactorial Designs  
Within-Subjects Experiment  
The 2 x 2 Logic  
The Between-Subjects Experiment  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
11. Quasi-Experimental and Nonexperimental Designs
The Good and the Bad of Media Multitasking  
Quasi-Experimental Designs  
Nonequivalent-Control-Group Designs  
Before-and-After Designs  
Quasi-Experiments of Media Multitasking  
Quasi-Experiments of 9/11 Memories  
Quasi-Experimental Research of Culture and Cognition  
Developmental Studies  
Nonexperimental Research  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
12. Small-N and Single-Subject Designs
Foundations of Small-N Designs  
Measuring Targets of Intervention  
Types of Small-N and Single-Subject Designs  
Analyzing Small-N and Single-Subject Designs  
Internal Validity  
Generalizability  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
13. Survey Research
How Happy Are You  
Designing Surveys  
Writing Survey Questions  
Combining Questions in Indexes and Scales  
Designing Questionnaires  
Organizing Surveys  
A Comparison of Survey Designs  
Analyzing Surveys  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
14. Qualitative Methods
Fundamentals of Qualitative Research  
Methods for Collecting Qualitative Data  
Qualitative Interviewing  
Participant Observation  
Systematic Observation  
Focus Groups  
Qualitative Data Analysis  
Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
III. RESEARCH PRODUCTS
 
15. Quantitative Data Analysis
Does Needing Help = Getting Help?  
Statistical Approach  
Univariate Distributions  
Descriptive Statistics  
Inferential Statistics  
The Ethics of Statistics  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
16. Essentials of APA Report Writing
APA Format  
Report Organization in APA Format  
Literature Review  
Poster Presentation  
Conclusions  
End of Chapter  
 
Appendix A: Summaries of Frequently Cited Research Articles
 
Appendix B: Questions to Ask About a Research Article
 
Appendix C: How to Read a Research Article
 
Appendix D: Proportions of Area Under Standard Normal Curve
 
Appendix E: Critical Values for t Distribution
 
Appendix F: Critical Values of F
 
Appendix G: Critical Values of Chi-Square
 
Appendix H: Critical Values of the Correlation Coefficient
 
Appendix I: Table of Random Numbers
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Exhibit Credits
 
Index

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