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SAGE Open Nursing

SAGE Open Nursing


eISSN: 23779608 | ISSN: 23779608 | Current volume: 4 | Current issue: 1

Journal Highlights

  • Indexed In: Emerging Science Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Publication is subject to payment of an article processing charge (APC)
  • Submit here

SAGE Open Nursing (SON) is a peer-reviewed open access journal which covers all aspects of nursing and patient care across the various nursing specialties and related disciplines. Please see the Aims and Scope tab for further information.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Submission Information

Submit your manuscript today at

Please see the Submission Guidelines tab for more information on how to submit your article to the journal.

Open access article processing charge (APC) information

Publication in the journal is subject to payment of an article processing charge (APC). The APC serves to support the journal and ensures that articles are freely accessible online in perpetuity under a Creative Commons license.

The APC for this journal is currently $445 USD, discounted from the full rate of $895 USD.

The article processing charge (APC) is payable only if your article is accepted after peer review, before it is published. The APC is subject to taxes where applicable. Tax-exempt status can be indicated by providing appropriate registration numbers when payment is requested. Please see further details here.


Please direct any queries to

Why Publish Open Access with SON

  • Visibility and Impact: Anyone anywhere in the world can read, use and cite your research
  • Compliance with Funder Mandates: Articles are published immediately and are made freely available
  • Rigorous Standards: Double-blind peer review policy and use of two expert reviewers
  • Flexibility: No page limits or page charges, and authors can publish full data sets, figures, tables, etc
  • Copyright: Authors retain copyright under a Creative Commons License

Useful Links

SAGE Open Nursing (SON) is a peer reviewed, open access journal that covers all aspects of nursing and patient care across the various nursing specialties and related disciplines. It seeks to be one of the world’s premier open access outlets for nursing, and serves as an inclusive voice in the areas of nursing research, education, administration, operations, leadership, and practice.

As such, SON does not limit content due to page budgets or thematic significance. Papers are subjected to rigorous peer review and are selected based on whether the research is sound and deserves publication.

Target Audience
Nursing students, nurses, nurse practitioner students, nurse practitioners, nurse managers and executives, as well as related disciplines such as healthcare administrators, nutritionists, psychologists, physician assistants, etc.

Article Types
Original research articles (quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research articles), quality improvement articles/reports, review articles, systematic reports, practice updates, case reports, letters to the editor, and commentaries.

Topics of Interest

  • Access to Care
  • Administration
  • Adolescent Medicine
  • Allergy/Immunology
  • Cardiology
  • Critical Care
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Endocrinology/Diabetes
  • Epidemiology/Public Health
  • Gastroenterology
  • Geriatrics/Gerontology
  • Health Promotion
  • Hematology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Informatics
  • Maternal/Fetal Care (OB/GYN)
  • Mental Health/Psychiatry
  • Neonatal Care
  • Nephrology
  • Neurology
  • Nursing Education
  • Nursing/Healthcare Administration
  • Nursing Workforce
  • Nutrition
  • Obstetrics/Gynecology
  • Occupational Health
  • Oncology
  • Operations
  • Patient Care
  • Patient Experience/Satisfaction
  • Pediatrics
  • Policy Writing
  • Psychology (Anxiety/Depression)
  • Pulmonary/Sleep Medicine
  • Rheumatology
  • Surgery
  • Telehealth
  • Women's Health
  • And more

View a selection of the latest papers published in SON

Manuscript Submission

Editorial Board
Martha A. Boulton, DNP, MSN, MS, BSN Changing Perspectives LLP, USA
Anna Breiburg, APRN-BC, RRT VA Palo Alto Health Care System, USA
Jacqueline Costello, DNP, MSN Ed, APRN, CPNP-PC East Carolina University Brody School of Medicine, USA
Lois Ewen, PhD, MSN Maryville University, USA
Monica Fletcher, OBE GlaxoSmithKline, UK
Maureen George, PhD, RN, AE-C, FAAN Columbia University School of Nursing, USA
Eleanor C. Hunt Western Governors University, USA
Linda Keilman, DNP, GNP-BC, FAANP Michigan State University, College of Nursing, USA
Jenna A. LoGiudice, PhD, CNM, RN Fairfield University, USA
Karissa Luckett, RN, BSN, MSW, CPHQ Joint Commission, USA
Theresa Maggitti, RN, BSN Johns Hopkins University, USA
Lisa M. Rebeschi, PhD, MSN, RN, CNE Southern Connecticut State University, USA
Miho Satoh, PhD Yokohama City University, Japan
Rita Sørly, PhD Norut Northern Research Institute, Norway
Anita Wilson, AAS, RN, BSN, MSN, ANP-C, FNP-C Washington University School of Medicine, USA
Nina Anne Zimmermann, MSN, APRN, ANP-BC, AE-C Maryville University, Catherine McAuley School of Nursing, USA
  • Clarivate Analytics: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • ProQuest
  • This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of SAGE Open Nursing will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    Please Read the Manuscript Submission Guidelines below before submitting your manuscript here:

    1. Open Access
    2. Article processing charge (APC)
    3. What do we publish?
      3.1 Aims & Scope
      3.2 Article types
      3.3 Writing your paper
      3.3.1 Making your article discoverable
    4. Editorial policies
      4.1 Peer Review Policy
      4.2 Authorship
      4.3 Acknowledgements
      4.3.1 Writing Assistance
      4.3.2 Statistical analyses
      4.4 Funding
      4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      4.6 Research ethics and patient consent
      4.7 Clinical Trials
      4.8 Reporting guidelines
      4.9 Data
    5. Publishing policies
      5.1 Publication ethics
      5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
    6. Preparing your manuscript
      6.1 Word processing formats
      6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      6.3 Supplementary material
      6.4 Reference style
      6.5 English language editing services
    7. Submitting your manuscript
      7.1 How to submit your manuscript
      7.2 Title, keywords and abstracts
      7.3 Information required for completing your submission
      7.4 ORCID
      7.5 Permissions
    8. On acceptance and publication
      8.1 SAGE Production
      8.2 Continuous publication
      8.3 Promoting your article
    9. Further information

    1. Open Access

    SAGE Open Nursing is an open access, peer-reviewed journal. Each article accepted by peer review is
    made freely available online immediately upon publication, is published under a Creative Commons
    license and will be hosted online in perpetuity. Publication costs of the journal are covered by the
    collection of article processing charges which are paid by the funder, institution or author of each
    manuscript upon acceptance. There is no charge for submitting a paper to the journal.

    For general information on open access at SAGE please visit the Open Access page or view our Open
    Access FAQs

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    2. Article processing charge (APC)

    If, after peer review, your manuscript is accepted for publication, a one-time article processing charge
    (APC) is payable. This APC covers the cost of publication and ensures that your article will be freely
    available online in perpetuity under a Creative Commons license.

    An introductory article processing charge (APC) of $445, discounted from the full rate of $895, is
    available for a limited time. Letters and Commentaries will not be charged an APC.

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    3. What do we publish?

    3.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to SAGE Open Nursing, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    3.2 Article Types

    3.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to
    further resources.  

    3.3.1 Making your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title,
    keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search
    engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article,
    write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway:
    How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

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    4. Editorial policies

    4.1 Peer review policy

    Following a preliminary triage to eliminate submissions unsuitable for SAGE Open Nursing all
    papers are sent out for review. The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two
    expert reviewers. SAGE Open Nursing utilizes a double-blind peer review process in which the
    reviewer and author’s names and information are withheld from the other. All manuscripts are
    reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining rigor. Reviewers make comments to the
    author and recommendations to the Editor who then makes the final decision.

    SAGE Open Nursing is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and
    as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify
    and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for SAGE Open Nursing can opt in to Publons in order
    to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile.
    Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the
    article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site.
    For more information visit the Publons website.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for
    possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by
    alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no
    involvement in the decision-making process.

    4.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing
    authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed
    to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all
    those who:

    (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition,
    analysis or interpretation of data,
    (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    (iii) Approved the version to be published,
    (iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public
    responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have
    participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the
    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the
    individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully
    meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone
    does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for
    authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International
    Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines
    for more information on

    4.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an
    Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person
    who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    4.3.1 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do
    not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors
    must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of
    input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.
    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate
    anonymous peer review

    4.3.2 Statistical analyses

    Where statistical analyses have been carried out please ensure that the methodology has been
    accurately described. In comparative studies power calculations are usually required. In research
    papers requiring complex statistics the advice of an expert statistician should be sought at the
    design/implementation stage of the study.

    4.4 Funding

    SAGE Open Nursing requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion
    under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE
    Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of
    funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the
    public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of SAGE Open Nursing to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all
    authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of
    your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists,
    please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations.

    4.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical
    Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct,
    Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals
    , and all papers
    reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant
    Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure
    that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the
    approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether
    participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in
    the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for
    patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally
    authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics
    committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has
    adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals
    published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.

    4.7 Clinical trials

    SAGE Open Nursing conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a
    WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a
    condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration
    number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    4.8 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type
    of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include
    a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should
    be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and metaanalyses
    should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed
    PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The
    EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.

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    5. Publishing policies

    5.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to
    refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the
    Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    5.1.1 Plagiarism

    SAGE Open Nursing and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other
    breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our
    authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally,
    we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be
    checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have
    plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with
    insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve
    the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum
    (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of
    the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal

    5.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published, it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE
    journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be
    considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in
    doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s
    Publishing Agreement. SAGE Open Nursing publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons
    . The standard license for the journal is Creative Commons by Attribution NonCommercial
    (CC BY-NC), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as
    the work is properly referenced and the use is non-commercial. For more information, you are
    advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page

    Alternative license arrangements are available, for example, to meet particular funder
    mandates, made at the author’s request. 

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    6. Preparing your manuscript

    6.1 Word processing formats

    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats
    for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted.
    Please also refer to additional guidelines on submitting artwork and supplemental files below.

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right
    hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and
    (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author

    6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please
    visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines

    Figures supplied in color will appear in color online.

    Photographic illustrations should be rendered with at least 300 dpi; please use CMYK color
    conversion if possible. Graphs made with Office software such as Microsoft Excel, can be
    provided in their original format to facilitate conversion into printable format with preserved
    quality. Any other line graphs/illustrations should preferably be provided in EPS format with a
    resolution of at least 600 dpi to prevent ragged lines when printed. A figure image should be at
    least 160 mm in width at the appropriate resolution. For further guidance on how to prepare
    your digital image see

    Graphs and images that are unsuitable may be returned to the author for amendment, causing
    delay in publication.

    6.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.

    6.4 Reference style

    SAGE Open Nursing adheres to the APA reference style. Please review the guidelines on APA to
    ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    6.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript
    formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit
    SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information. 

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    7. Submitting your manuscript

    7.1 How to submit your manuscript

    SAGE Open Nursing is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review
    system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to
    login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to
    create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely
    that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript
    online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    7.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

    Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title,
    keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search
    engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your
    article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author
    Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online. 

    7.3 Information required for completing your submission

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and
    telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should
    be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the
    submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must
    match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the 
    required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files
    (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    7.4 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a
    supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique
    and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even
    those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as
    manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their
    professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this
    journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission
    during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID
    ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when
    prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD
    will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and
    only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work
    can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID
    to learn more.

    7.5 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any
    illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further
    information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our
    Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    8. On acceptance and publication

    If your paper is accepted for publication after peer review, you will first be asked to complete the
    contributor’s publishing agreement. Once your manuscript files have been check for SAGE Production,
    the corresponding author will be asked to pay the article processing charge (APC) via a payment link.
    Once the APC has been processed, your article will be prepared for publication and can appear online
    within an average of 30 days. Please note that no production work will occur on your paper until the
    APC has been received.

    8.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the
    production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be
    returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all
    author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and
    that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there
    are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign
    a form authorizing the change.

    8.2 Online publication

    One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an open access journal is the speed to
    publication. With no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully
    citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time
    it will be completely free to view and download for all. 

    8.3 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is
    as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help
    you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.
    In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich,
    share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximize your article’s impact
    with Kudos.

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    9. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission
    process should be sent to the SAGE Open Nursing editorial office as follows: 

    Tina Tolomeo, 

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