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Science and Technology of Welding and Joining

Science and Technology of Welding and Joining

Published in Association with Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining

eISSN: 17432936 | ISSN: 13621718 | Current volume: 29 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: 8 Times/Year

Science and Technology of Welding and Joining is an international peer-reviewed journal covering both the basic science and applied technology of welding and joining.

Its comprehensive scope encompasses all welding and joining techniques (brazing, soldering, mechanical joining, etc.) and aspects such as characterisation of heat sources, mathematical modelling of transport phenomena, weld pool solidification, phase transformations in weldments, microstructure-property relationships, welding processes, weld sensing, control and automation, neural network applications, and joining of advanced materials, including plastics and composites.

Founding Editor
Professor Tarasankar DeBroy Pennsylvania State University, USA
Editors
Professor Amitava De IIT Bombay, India
Professor Wei Zhang The Ohio State University, USA
Associate Editor
Professor John Francis The University of Manchester, UK
Editorial Board
Professor S. Suresh Babu University of Tennessee, USA
Professor Swarup Bag Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India
Professor Allison Beese Pennsylvania State University, USA
Professor Thomas Clarke LAMEF-UFRGS, Brazil
Professor Gour G. Roy Indian Institute of Technology, India
Professor Supriyo Ganguly Cranfield University, UK
Dr. Xuesong Gao Ohio State University, USA
Professor Adrian Gerlich University of Waterloo, Canada
Dr. K. Ichikawa Nippon Steel Corporation, Japan
Dr. Cheolhee Kim Samsung SDI, Korea
Professor H. Kokawa Tohoku University, Japan
Professor T. Koseki University of Tokyo, Japan
Professor Sindo Kou University of Wisconsin, USA
Dr. Amit Kumar ExxonMobil, USA
Dr. Wenya Li Northwestern Polytech University, China
Dr. Yongbing Li Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
Professor Yulong Li Northwestern Polytechnical University, China
Dr. Thomas J. Lienert Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA
Professor Stephen Liu Colorado School of Mines, USA
Dr. Zongyi Ma Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Dr. M. Maalekian AIM Metals & Alloys L.P, Canada
Professor Peter Mayr Technical University of Munich, Germany
Professor Rajiv S. Mishra University of North Texas, USA
Professor Tuhin Mukherjee Iowa State University, USA
Dr. R. Nandan MEMC Electronic Materials Inc., USA
Professor John Norrish University of Wollongong, Australia
Professor João Pedro Oliveira Nova University of Lisbon, Portugal
Professor Todd A. Palmer Pennsylvania State University, USA
Professor Michael Rethmeier BAM Fed Inst Mat Res & Testing, Germany
Professor Tony Reynolds University of South Carolina, USA
Professor Yutaka Sato Tohoku University, Japan
Dr. Amir Shirzadi The Open University, UK
Dr. John Siefert Electrical Power Research Institute, USA
Dr. Nguyen Van Anh Cranfield University, UK
Dr. John W. Elmer Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA
Professor Huiliang Wei Nanjing University of Science and Technology, China
Professor Peng-Sheng Wei National Sun Yat-Sen University, China
Professor Aiping Wu Tsinghua University, China
Professor ChuanSong Wu Shandong University, China
Dr. R. Xin Chongqing University, China
Professor YuMing Zhang University of Kentucky, USA
Editor Emeritus
Professor Sir Harry Bhadeshia University of Cambridge, UK
Dr Stan David Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA
Past Editorial Board Members
Dr S. Bhole Ryerson University, Canada
Dr P. Colegrove Colbotic Automation, Australia
Dr C. E. Cross Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA
Professor J. Dupont Lehigh University, USA
Dr A. Hirose Osaka University, Japan
Dr L. Karlsson ESAB AB, Sweden
Dr I. M. Richardson Delft University, Netherlands
Dr M. L. Santella Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA
Dr L.E Svensson University West, Sweden
Dr P Woolin TWI Ltd, UK
Professor J. R. Yang National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Dr N. Yurioka Nippon Steel Corporation, Japan
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  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Science and Technology of Welding and Joining

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below and then visit the Journal’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/stw to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.

    Sage disseminates high-quality research and engaged scholarship globally, and we are committed to diversity and inclusion in publishing. We encourage submissions from a diverse range of authors from across all countries and backgrounds.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Science and Technology of Welding and Joining will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that Science and Technology of Welding and Joining will consider submissions of papers that have been posted on preprint servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper to a preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the Journal. If your paper is accepted, you will need to contact the preprint server to ensure the final published article link is attached to your preprint. Learn more about our preprint policy here.

    If you have any questions about publishing with Sage, please visit the Sage Journal Solutions Portal.

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
      2.7 Research data
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplemental material
      4.4 Reference style
      4.5 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 ORCID
      5.2 Information required for completing your submission
      5.3 Permissions
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Online First publication
      6.3 Access to your published article
      6.4 Promoting your article
    7. Further information
      7.1 Appealing the publication decision

     

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope:

    Science and Technology of Welding and Joining is an international peer-reviewed journal covering both the basic science and applied technology of welding and joining.

    Its comprehensive scope encompasses all welding and joining techniques (brazing, soldering, mechanical joining, etc.) and aspects such as characterisation of heat sources, mathematical modelling of transport phenomena, weld pool solidification, phase transformations in weldments, residual stress and distortion, microstructure-property relationships, in-service performance (e.g., creep), welding processes, weld sensing, control and automation, neural network applications, and joining of advanced materials, including plastics and composites. The similarities between additive manufacturing (AM) and fusion welding have made this journal an appropriate venue to discuss the recent progress made in AM.

    Criteria for desk rejection of manuscripts:

    (i) Contents unrelated to the aims and scope of STWJ.

    (ii) Absence of significant new conclusions.

    (iii) Failure to justify why the work was needed.

    (iv) Routine test results unrelated to substantive new conclusions.

    (v) Substantive overlap with prior publications.

    (vi) The manuscript is poorly prepared.

    1.2 Article types

    Research Article

    Review Article

    Short Communications

    Short perspectives

    Important notes: in the following description, display items refer to figures, tables, and hybrid visuals that contains both pictures, data and text. These display items should be embedded into the main text at appropriate places and also shown individually at the end of the document. A paper exceeding the word limit or the limit in the number of display items summarized below for each type of article will be returned for rewriting without further review. Additionally, it is recommended that the title should contain no more than 16 words and should not contain unnecessary abbreviations or jargon to improve the paper’s appeal to a broad audience.

    Research Article

    Should be written with the following elements in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text (e.g., introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion); acknowledgments; declaration of interest statement; references; appendices (as appropriate)

    Should be no more than 5000 words, inclusive of:

    • Abstract (an unstructured abstract of 120 words)
    • References

    Should have no more than 8 display units.

    Review Article

    Should be written with the following elements in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text (e.g., introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion); acknowledgments; declaration of interest statement; references; appendices (as appropriate)

    Should be no more than 10000 words, inclusive of:

    • Abstract (an unstructured abstract of 200 words)
    • References

    The number of display units should be appropriate for the scope of the review article.

    For “Research Article” and "Review Article”, authors can submit an additional “supplemental document". The “supplemental document” should be a standalone document and can have a single section or multiple sections. All figures and tables in the “supplemental document” should have appropriate captions and numbered as Figure S1, Figure S2, ....., Table S1, Table S2, .....and so on. These figures and tables should be discussed in the "supplemental document", and should only be cited in the main manuscript where it is necessary to inform readers of the connections. The “supplemental document” can also have a short reference list, if required.

    Short communications

    Should be written with the following elements in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text (e.g., introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion); acknowledgments; declaration of interest statement; references; appendices (as appropriate)

    Should be no more than 1500 words, inclusive of:

    • Abstract (an unstructured abstract of 120 words)
    • References

    Should not contain more than 4 display items

    Short perspectives

    Preferably less than 3500 words, inclusive of:

    • Abstract (an unstructured abstract of 120 words or less)
    • References

    Should have no more than 6 display units.

    Please visit our Sage Author Gateway for guidance on producing visual and/or video abstracts.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    Visit the Sage Author Gateway for general advice on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance your article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Sage does not permit the use of author-suggested (recommended) reviewers at any stage of the submission process, be that through the web-based submission system or other communication.

    Reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Our policy is that reviewers should not be assigned to a paper if:

    • The reviewer is based at the same institution as any of the co-authors.
    • The reviewer is based at the funding body of the paper.
    • The author has recommended the reviewer.
    • The reviewer has provided a personal (e.g. Gmail/Yahoo/Hotmail) email account and an institutional email account cannot be found after performing a basic Google search (name, department and institution).

    The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two expert reviewers. Science and Technology of Welding and Joining utilizes a single-anonymised peer review process in which the reviewer’s name and information is withheld from the author. Reviewers may at their own discretion opt to reveal their names to the author in their review but our standard policy practice is for their identities to remain concealed. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining rigor. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to the Editor who then makes the final decision.

    Editors or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the Journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    Special issue manuscripts are managed by an external Guest Editor(s) who will handle the peer review process of each submission. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to the Guest Editor who then makes the final decision in consultation with the Editors as necessary.

    Science and Technology of Welding and Joining is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Web of Science (previously Publons). Web of Science is a third-party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for Science and Technology of Welding and Joining can opt in to Web of Science in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Web of Science website.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    1. The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:
    2. Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    3. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    4. Approved the version to be published,
    5. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    Per ICMJE recommendations, it is best practice to obtain consent from non-author contributors who you are acknowledging in your paper.                                                         

    2.3.1 Third party submissions
    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    • Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
    • Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
    • Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, Sage reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.3.2 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Science and Technology of Welding and Joining requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Science and Technology of Welding and Joining to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.\

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Science and Technology of Welding and Joining does not publish papers reporting human and/or animal studies.

    2.7 Research data

    The Journal is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the Sage Research Data policy pages.

    Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:

    • Share your research data in a relevant public data repository
    • Include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, use the statement to confirm why it cannot be shared.
    • Cite this data in your research

    Peer reviewers may be asked to peer review the research data prior to publication.

    • Peer reviewers may be asked to assess compliance with the research data policy
    • Peer reviewers may be asked to assess research data files

    If you need to anonymize your research data for peer review, please refer to our Research Data Sharing FAQs for guidance.

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    3. Publishing policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Science and Technology of Welding and Joining and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement

    Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information, please visit the Sage Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Science and Technology of Welding and Joining offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. A LaTex template is available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplemental material

    This Journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc.) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files.

    4.4 Reference style

    Science and Technology of Welding and Joining adheres to the Sage Vancouver reference style. View the Sage Vancouver guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the Sage Vancouver EndNote output file.

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the Journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Science and Technology of Welding and Joining is hosted on Editorial Manager. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/stw to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the Journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    We encourage all authors and co-authors to link their ORCIDs to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. We collect ORCID IDs during the manuscript submission process and your ORCID ID then becomes part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal Sage Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Science and Technology of Welding and Joining editorial office as follows:

    Professor Tarasankar DebRoy: debroy@psu.edu  

    Professor Amitava De: amit@iitb.ac.in

    Professor Wei Zhang: zhang.3978@osu.edu   

    Professor John Francis: John.Francis@manchester.ac.uk

    7.1 Appealing the publication decision

    Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal. Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the Editor with a detailed written description of the error they believe occurred.

    If an author believes the decision regarding their manuscript was affected by a publication ethics breach, the author may contact the publisher with a detailed written description of their concern, and information supporting the concern, at publication_ethics@sagepub.com

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