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Speaking About Writing
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Speaking About Writing
Reflections on Research Methodology



© 1994 | 308 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
"This is not a 'how-to-do' book; it is a 'why-to-do' book. What is powerful about these chapters is that they are theory driven, and they thus allow us as researchers to understand when and why particular methodologies are appropriate for investigating particular problems in particular situations. The book is, therefore, in an important sense, a 'why-you-shouldn't' book because the authors deliberate on how the motivating theory for research is tied to the theoretical grounds for choosing a methodology. The authors grasp and reflect on the need for a researcher to fully understand a methodology's power and its limitations. They urge researchers to consistently pose the questions: Why should I use this method? What does it yield? What lens does it provide for the problem I am investigating? What must I account for in employing it? "Speaking About Writing provides not only a range of methodologies to consider for the investigation of writing, but situating them in the context of one another enables the reader to consider the relative merits of each. Above all, the authors stress that research is driven by problems rather than methods, and that premise helps researchers consider what is potentially available through the tools provided by different methodologies." --William Smith, University of Pittsburgh Used as a comprehensive text and research tool, Speaking About Writing focuses on the issues involved in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data. The approach goes beyond mere quantitative/qualitative differences to examine and critique the very underpinnings and assumptions of the distinct methodologies. Distinguished scholars discuss different writing methods--stimulated recall, think-aloud analysis, retrospective analysis, and intervention analysis. Contributors in discourse analysis look at the ways in which individuals interact with other members of the writing community during a more extended writing process--problem discussion, draft feedback and revision, and teacher conferences. Finally, concluding chapters allow for responses from critics to earlier chapters in order to provide clarification and explanation. Speaking About Writing is the perfect text for scholars and students in written communication (composition and english), communication, research methods, and psychology (cognition).
Peter Smagorinsky
Introduction
Potential Problems and Problematic Potentials of Using Talk About Writing as Data About Writing Process  
 
PART ONE: THINK-ALOUD PROTOCOL ANALYSIS
Peter Smagorinsky
Think-Aloud Protocol Analysis
Beyond the Black Box  
Stephen P Witte and Roger D Cherry
Think-Aloud Protocols, Protocol Analysis, and Research Design
An Exploration of the Influence of Writing Tasks on Writing Processes  
Robert J Bracewell and Alain Breuleux
Substance and Romance in Analyzing Think-Aloud Protocols
James F Stratman and Liz Hamp-Lyons
Reactivity in Concurrent Think-Aloud Protocols
Issues for Research  
 
PART TWO: RETROSPECTIVE ACCOUNTS OF WRITING PROCESS
Stuart Greene and Lorraine Higgins
`Once Upon a Time'
The Use of Retrospective Accounts in Building Theory in Composition  
Deborah Swanson-Owens and George E Newell
Using Intervention Protocols to Study the Effects of Instructional Scaffolding on Writing and Learning
Anne DiPardo
Stimulated Recall in Research on Writing
An Antidote to `I Don't Know, It Was Fine'  
 
PART THREE: ANALYSIS OF COLLABORATIVE DISCOURSE
George Hillocks Jr
Interpreting and Counting
Objectivity in Discourse Analysis  
Melanie Sperling
Discourse Analysis of Teacher-Student Writing Conferences
Finding the Message in the Medium  
Elizabeth Hodges
What's All This Talk I Hear? Using Sociolinguistic Analysis to Locate and Map Themes in Teacher/Student Talk About Writing
 
PART FOUR: INTERVIEWS IN THE FIELD
Elaine Chin
Ethnographic Interviews and Writing Research
A Critical Examination of the Methodology  
 
PART FIVE: COUNTERPOINT
David N Dobrin
Whither Wisdom?
Robert J Bracewell
Withered Wisdom
A Reply to Dobrin  

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ISBN: 9780803952324