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Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics
Using Microsoft Excel 2016

Fourth Edition

February 2016 | 544 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Based on Neil J. Salkind’s best-selling text,

*Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics*, this adapted Excel 2016 version presents an often intimidating and difficult subject in a way that is clear, informative, and personable. Researchers and students will appreciate the book's unhurried pace and thorough, friendly presentation. Opening with an introduction to Excel 2016, including coverage of how to use functions and formulas, this edition also shows students how to install the Excel Data Analysis Tools option to access a host of useful analytical techniques. The book walks readers through various statistical procedures, beginning with simple descriptive statistics, correlations, and graphical representations of data, and ending with inferential techniques, analysis of variance, and a new introductory chapter on working with large datasets and data mining using Excel.**Available with****Perusall****—an eBook that makes it easier to prepare for class**

*Perusall*is an award-winning eBook platform featuring social annotation tools that allow students and instructors to collaboratively mark up and discuss their SAGE textbook. Backed by research and supported by technological innovations developed at Harvard University, this process of learning through collaborative annotation keeps your students engaged and makes teaching easier and more effective. Learn more.Part I: Yippee! I’m in Statistics

Chapter 1: Statistics or Sadistics? It’s Up to You

Why Statistics?

A Five-Minute History of Statistics

Statistics: What It Is (and Isn’t)

Tooling Around With the Analysis ToolPak

What Am I Doing in a Statistics Class?

Ten Ways to Use This Book (and Learn Statistics at the Same Time!)

About Those Icons

Key to Difficulty Icons

Key to “How Much Excel” Icons

Little Chapter 1a. All You Need to Know About Formulas and Functions

What’s a Formula?

What’s a Function?

Little Chapter 1b. All You Need to Know About Using the Amazing Analysis ToolPak

A Look at the Analysis ToolPak

Don’t Have It?

Little Chapter 1c. Mac Lovers Rejoice! StatPlus: The Mac Alternative to the Analysis ToolPak

Little Chapter 1c. For Mac Lovers Who are Still using Version 2011: Rejoice!! And, for Mac Lovers Who are new to Version 2016, Rejoice More!!!

Part II: Sigma Freud and Descriptive Statistics

Chapter 2: Computing and Understanding Averages: Means to an End

Computing the Mean

Computing a Weighted Mean

Computing the Median

Computing the Mode

Using the Amazing Analysis ToolPak to Compute Descriptive Statistics

When to Use What

Chapter 3: Vive la Différence: Understanding Variability

Why Understanding Variability Is Important

Computing the Range

Computing the Standard Deviation

Computing the Variance

And Now... Using Excel’s VAR.S Function

The Standard Deviation Versus the Variance

Using the Amazing Analysis ToolPak (Again!)

Chapter 4: A Picture Really Is Worth a Thousand Words

Why Illustrate Data?

Ten Ways to a Great Figure (Eat Less and Exercise More?)

First Things First: Creating a Frequency Distribution

The Plot Thickens: Creating a Histogram

Fat and Skinny Frequency Distributions

Excellent Charts

Excellent Charts Part Deux: Making Charts Pretty

Other Cool Charts

Chapter 5: Ice Cream and Crime: Computing Correlation Coefficients

What Are Correlations All About?

Computing a Simple Correlation Coefficient

More Excel—Bunches of Correlations à la Excel

Using the Amazing Analysis ToolPak to Compute Correlations

Understanding What the Correlation Coefficient Means

As More Ice Cream Is Eaten... the Crime Rate Goes Up (or Association Versus Causality)

Other Cool Correlations

Chapter 6: Just the Truth: An Introduction to Understanding Reliability and Validity

An Introduction to Reliability and Validity

All About Measurement Scales

Reliability—Doing It Again Until You Get It Right

Validity—Whoa! What Is the Truth?

A Last, Friendly Word

Validity and Reliability: Really Close Cousins

Part III: Taking Chances for Fun and Profit

Chapter 7: Hypotheticals and You: Testing Your Questions

So You Want to Be a Scientist...

The Null Hypothesis

The Research Hypothesis

What Makes a Good Hypothesis?

Chapter 8: Are Your Curves Normal? Probability and Why It Counts

Why Probability?

The Normal Curve (aka the Bell-Shaped Curve)

Our Favorite Standard Score: The z Score

Part IV: Significantly Different: Using Inferential Statistics

Chapter 9: Significantly Significant: What It Means for You and Me

The Concept of Significance

Significance Versus Meaningfulness

An Introduction to Inferential Statistics

An Introduction to Tests of Significance

An Introduction to Tests of Significance

Chapter 10: Only the Lonely: The One-Sample Z-Test

Introduction to the One-Sample Z-Test

Computing the Test Statistic

Using the Excel Z.TEST Function to Compute the z Value

Chapter 11: t(ea) for Two: Tests Between the Means of Different Groups

Introduction to the t-Test for Independent Samples

Computing the Test Statistic

Using the Amazing Analysis ToolPak to Compute the t Value

Special Effects: Are Those Differences for Real?

Chapter 12: t(ea) for Two (Again): Tests Between the Means of Related Groups

Introduction to the t-Test for Dependent Samples

Computing the Test Statistic

Using the Amazing Analysis ToolPak to Compute the t Value

Chapter 13: Two Groups Too Many? Try Analysis of Variance

Introduction to Analysis of Variance

Computing the F-Test Statistic

Using the Amazing Analysis ToolPak to Compute the F Value

Chapter 14: Two Too Many Factors: Factorial Analysis of Variance—A Brief Introduction

Introduction to Factorial Analysis of Variance

The Main Event: Main Effects in Factorial ANOVA

Even More Interesting: Interaction Effects

Computing the ANOVA F Statistic Using the Amazing Analysis ToolPak

Chapter 15: Cousins or Just Good Friends? Testing Relationships Using the Correlation Coefficient

Introduction to Testing the Correlation Coefficient

Computing the Test Statistic

Chapter 16: Predicting Who’ll Win the Super Bowl: Using Linear Regression

What Is Prediction All About?

The Logic of Prediction

Drawing the World’s Best Line (for Your Data)

Computing the Regression Equation Using the Amazing Analysis ToolPak

How Good Is Our Prediction?

The More Predictors, the Better? Maybe

Chapter 17: What to Do When You’re Not Normal: Chi-Square and Some Other Nonparametric Tests

Introduction to Nonparametric Statistics

Introduction to One-Sample Chi-Square

Computing the Chi-Square Test Statistic

Other Nonparametric Tests You Should Know About

Chapter 18: Some Other (Important) Statistical Procedures You Should Know About

Post Hoc Comparisons

Multivariate Analysis of Variance

Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance

Analysis of Covariance

Multiple Regression

Logistic Regression

Factor Analysis

Data Mining

Path Analysis

Structural Equation Modeling

Chapter 19: A Statistical Software Sampler

Selecting the Perfect Statistics Software

What’s Out There

Chapter 20: (Mini) Data Mining: A Introduction to Getting The Most Out Of Your BIG Data

Part V: Ten Things You’ll Want to Know and Remember

Chapter 21: The Ten (or More) Best (and Most Fun) Internet Sites for Statistics Stuff

How About Studying Statistics in Stockholm?

Calculators Galore!

Who’s Who and What’s Happened

It’s All Here

HyperStat

Data? You Want Data?

More and More Resources

Plain, But Fun

Online Statistical Teaching Materials

And, of Course, YouTube...

Chapter 22: The Ten Commandments of Data Collection

Appendix A: Excel-erate Your Learning: All You Need to Know About Excel

Appendix B: Tables

Appendix C: Data Sets

Appendix D: Answers to Practice Questions

Appendix E: Math – Just the Basics

Appendix F: The Reward: The Brownie Recipe

### Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

** SAGE edge for Instructors** supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

**Test banks**provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding- Editable, chapter-specific
**PowerPoint**offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course^{®}slides **Lecture notes**summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions**Sample course syllabi**for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring one’s course**Chapter-specific discussion questions**help launch classroom interaction by prompting students to engage with the material and by reinforcing important content.- Lively and stimulating
**ideas for class activities**that can be used in class to reinforce active learning. The activities apply to individual or group projects. - EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text
**SAGE journal articles**have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter to encourage students to think critically **Multimedia content**includes original SAGE videos that appeal to students with different learning styles- A
**Course cartridge**with bonus quizzes provides easy LMS integration

Student Resource Site

__SAGE edge____ for Students__

**provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.**

- A complete online
**action plan**allows you to track your progress and enhance your learning experience **Learning objectives**reinforce the most important material- Mobile-friendly
**eFlashcards**strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts - Mobile-friendly practice
**quizzes**allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material - Meaningful
**web and video resources**facilitate further exploration of topics, and responses to critical thinking questions __EXCLUSIVE__! Access to full-text**SAGE journal articles**that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter**Data files**allow you to follow along with the exercises in the book