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The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery

The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery

Published in Association with The American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery

eISSN: 23747722 | ISSN: 07488068 | Current volume: 35 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Quarterly
The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery (AJCS) is the official publication of the American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery and is published quarterly in both print and online formats. The Journal features state-of-the-art cosmetic surgery procedures, topics and breakthroughs, all are written by distinguished experts in their respective fields. The Journal maintains a tradition of excellence in publishing original manuscripts relating to each area within cosmetic surgery, including Otolaryngology, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Dermatology, Obstetrics/Gynecology, General Surgery, Ophthalmology and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Peer-reviewed manuscripts reflect the highest quality and leading edge of knowledge.

The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery features state-of-the-art cosmetic surgery procedures, topics and breakthroughs, all are written by distinguished experts in their respective fields. The Journal maintains a tradition of excellence in publishing original manuscripts relating to each area within cosmetic surgery, including Otolaryngology, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Dermatology, Obstetrics/Gynecology, General Surgery, Ophthalmology and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Peer-reviewed manuscripts reflect the highest quality and leading edge of knowledge.

Section Editors
Marco N. Barusco, MD Maitland, FL, USA
Guillermo Blugerman, MD Argentina
Paul Carniol, MD Summit, NJ, USA
Angelo Cuzalina, MD, DDS Tulsa, OK, USA
Elie M. Ferneini, MD, DMD, MHS, MBA, FACS Cheshire, CT, USA
Peter Gaido, Esq Chicago, IL, USA
Robert F. Jackson, MD Marion, IN, USA
Doohi Lee, MD Plano, TX, USA
Zahid Niazi, MD Elk Grove, CA
Fran Nigrello Boca Raton, FL, USA
Marco Pelosi, II, MD Bayonne, NJ, USA
Marco Pelosi, III, MD Bayonne, NJ, USA
John G. Rose, MD Madison, WI, USA
Neil Sadick, MD Sadick Dermatology, USA
Leslie Serchuck, MD, MA, MBE Philadelphia, PA, USA
Robert Shumway, MD La Jolla, CA, USA
Howard A. Tobin, MD Abilene, TX, USA
Basic Science Consultants
Daniel R. Jeske, PhD Riverside, CA, USA
Susannah Kassmer, PhD New Haven, CT, USA
Teresa Piccollo, MD, PhD Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Kathryn Spankenbel, MD Mount Kisco, NY, USA
Book Reviews
Harry Galoob, MD Ardmore, OK, USA
Literature Reviews
Husain Ali Khan, MD Atlanta, GA, USA
James Koehler, MD, DDS Tulsa, OK, USA
Faisal A. Quereshy, MD, DDS Cleveland, OH, USA
Neil Sadick, MD Sadick Dermatology, USA
International Editorial Advisory Board
Guillermo Blugerman, MD Argentina
Loek Habbema, MD Netherlands
Beatrice Lafarge, MD France
Riad Roomi, MD United Arab Emirates
Mohan Thomas, MD India
Richard B. Aronsohn, MD Los Angeles, CA, USA
Editors Emeritus
James B. Bridenstine, MD Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Jane A. Petro, MD, FACS Jamaica Plain, MA, USA
Melvin A. Shiffman, MD Tustin, CA, USA

Manuscript Submission Guidelines: The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery

This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

This Journal recommends that authors follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Due to domain security settings, e-mail addresses hosted by AOL and Yahoo may experience errors receiving correspondence from ScholarOne Manuscripts, including correspondence relating to submitted manuscripts. 

Please read the guidelines below then visit The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of AJCS will be reviewed.

As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in AJCS and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.


1. Article types

Both original and educational manuscripts about cosmetic surgery designed for cosmetic surgeons in academic and community environments are included in The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery. The various article types accepted by the journal are as follows:


Original Article: Basic Science

Original Article: Clinical Science

Case Report

Topical Review

Book Review

Meeting Abstracts


Letter to the Editor


2. Editorial policies


2.1 Peer review policy


The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.


2.2 Authorship

Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

(i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,

(ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,

(iii) Approved the version to be published.

Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.


2.3 Acknowledgements

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair that provided only general support.

2.3.1 Writing assistance

Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance”).

It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

Since this peer review process is Double-Blind, please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.


2.4 Funding


The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests


It is the policy of The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.


For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.

2.6 Research ethics and patient consent


Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.


Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.


For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.


For case reports, in terms of patient privacy, authors are required to follow the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants. Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published.


All animal research submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.

2.7 Clinical trials

The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.]

2.8 Reporting guidelines

The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flow chart as a cited figure, and a completed CONSORT checklist as a supplementary file.


Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.


2.9 Data


SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles. If there is external data that you feel is necessary to support your article, please submit it through SAGEtrack as a data supplement with your article. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research.

3. Publishing Policies

3.1 Publication ethics

SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway


3.1.1 Plagiarism

The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked using duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement

Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

3.3 Open access and author archiving

The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

3.4 Permissions

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

4. Preparing your manuscript

4.1 Word processing formats

Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines

Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

4.3 Supplementary material

This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc.) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.


4.4 Article Structure

All original articles submitted to The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery will have to conform to the structured content below, submitted in a Word doc (docx) file.


Why did you start?

Hypothesis to be proven.

What is being researched?

Question being addressed.


Materials and Methods:

What did you do?

Include number of patients, sex, etc, and how selected.

Surgical technique.



What answers did you get (give data)?

What complications arose?



What do the results mean?

Impact of previous studies (relationship to present study).

Data of new trial in relation to totality (include prior articles).

Answer to the question in the introduction.



Conclusions should be placed after the Discussion as a separate section.

The first page of the manuscript should contain the title of the paper and the author’s address, phone number, fax number, e-mail address, and academic position or clinic name. The second page of the manuscript is the Abstract, which follows the format of the body of the manuscript in condensed form.



Each manuscript must include a structured abstract of no more than 400 words, divided into the following subheadings: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions or Discussion.



Acknowledgments of grant support and of the assistance of others in the study or in the preparation of the manuscript should be made in a separate paragraph following the text and preceding the references (see Authorship).



References must be cited in consecutive numerical order at first mention in the text and arranged numerically, not alphabetically, on a page titled “References.” The author is responsible for the accuracy of the references. Material cited in the reference list as “in press” must have been accepted for publication, not merely submitted for review. Ibid references are not permitted. Use Index Medicus abbreviations for journal titles. Unpublished data and personal communications should not be included in the reference list; rather, this information may be included in the text, with pertinent identification (A. Author, unpublished data) or (B. Author, personal communication). The unpublished data of others and personal communications may be used only when written authorization from the data owner or communicator is submitted with the original manuscript. On the reference page, list all authors’ last names followed by initials when there are 6 or fewer; if there are 7 or more authors, list the first 3 authors, followed by a comma and et al.

4.5 Reference style


The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery adheres to the AMA reference style.


4.6 English language editing services

Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

5. Submitting your manuscript

5.1 How to submit your manuscript

The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

5.3 Corresponding author contact details

Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.


6. On acceptance and publication


6.1 SAGE Production

Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.

6.2 Access to your published article

SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

6.3 Online First publication

Online First allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a final journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our Online First Fact Sheet

7. Further information

Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the AJCS editorial office as follows:


Individual Subscription, Print Only

Individual Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

Institutional Subscription, E-access

Institutional Subscription, Print Only

Institutional Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, E-access Plus Backfile (All Online Content)

Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, Combined Plus Backfile (Current Volume Print & All Online Content)

Institutional Backfile Purchase, E-access (Content through 1998)

Individual, Single Print Issue

Institutional, Single Print Issue