The American Journal of Sports Medicine
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The American Journal of Sports Medicine

2015 Impact Factor: 4.517
2015 Ranking: 3/82 in Sport Sciences | 3/74 in Orthopedics
2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data

EDITOR
Bruce Reider, MD Chicago, Illinois


eISSN: 15523365 | ISSN: 03635465 | Current volume: 45 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Monthly

View the 2016 Journals Subscription Package for The American Journal of Sports Medicine and Sports Health.

An invaluable resource for the orthopaedic sports medicine community, The American Journal of Sports Medicine is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, first published in 1972. It is the official publication of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM)! The journal acts as an important forum for independent orthopaedic sports medicine research and education, allowing clinical practitioners the ability to make decisions based on sound scientific information.

This journal is a must-read for:

  • Orthopaedic Surgeons and Specialists
  • Sports Medicine Physicians
  • Physiatrists
  • Athletic Trainers
  • Team Physicians
  • And Physical Therapists

Topics covered include:

  • ACL – injury & reconstruction
  • Arthroscopic techniques
  • Basic science relevant to clinical sports medicine, including the subjects of anatomy, biomechanics, and cell biology
  • Children & adolescents
  • Degenerative Joint Disease
  • Epidemiology of sports injuries
  • Female athletes
  • Imaging studies
  • Surgical techniques for the knee, shoulder, elbow, and ankle
  • Specific injuries including shoulder, knee and meniscus subjects
  • Rehabilitation & training
  • Sport specific subjects such as soccer, baseball and football issues
  • Treatment techniques

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM)

As a world leader in sports medicine education, research, communication and fellowship, The AOSSM is a national organization of orthopaedic surgeons specializing in sports medicine, including national and international sports medicine leaders. The AOSSM works closely with many other sports medicine specialists and clinicians, including family physicians, emergency physicians, pediatricians, athletic trainers and physical therapists, to improve the identification, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of sports injuries.

Formed in 1972 primarily as a forum for education and research, the AOSSM has grown from its modest initial membership of fewer than 100 to close to 3,000.

Through research and advances in surgical and rehabilitation techniques, orthopaedic sports medicine specialists have been able to treat and rehabilitate athletes whose injuries were once career-ending and put them back in the game. Members must demonstrate continuing active research and educational activities in the field of sports medicine. Such activities may include service as a team physician at any level of competition, educating persons involved with the health of athletes, service to local, regional, national and international competitions, and the presentation of scientific research papers at sports medicine meetings.

The unifying interest of the membership is their concern with the effects of exercise and the monitoring of its impact on active individuals of all ages, abilities and levels of fitness.

Visit www.aossm.org for more information.


The American Journal of Sports Medicine, founded in 1972, is the official publication of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine. It contains original articles addressed to orthopaedic surgeons specializing in sports medicine, and to team physicians, athletic trainers, and physical therapists focusing on the causes and effects of injury or disease resulting from or affected by athletic injury.

Editor-in-Chief
Bruce Reider, MD Chicago, Illinois
Associate Editors: Current Concepts
Timothy Foster, MD Boston, Massachusetts
Allen F. Anderson, MD Nashville, Tennessee
Bert R. Mandelbaum, MD Santa Monica, California
Associate Editors: Electronic Media and Randomized Trials
Brett D. Owens, MD Providence, Rhode Island
Associate Editors: Biomechanics
Braden C. Fleming, PhD Providence, Rhode Island
Associate Editors: Epidemiology and Statistics
James L. Carey, MD, MPH Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Associate Editors: Translational Biology
Scott A. Rodeo, MD New York, New York
Editor Emeritus
Robert E. Leach, MD; 1991-2001 Boston, Massachusetts
Founding Editor
Board of Trustees
Robert A. Stanton, MD, Chair Fairfield, Connecticut
Annunziato Amendola, MD Durham, North Carolina
Allen F. Anderson, MD Nashville, Tennessee
Robert A. Arciero, MD Farmington, Connecticut
Bernard R. Bach, MD Chicago, Illinois
Champ L. Baker, Jr., MD Columbus, Georgia
Diane L. Dahm, MD Rochester, Minnesota
Bruce Reider, MD Chicago, Illinois
Dean C. Taylor, MD Durham, North Carolina
Editorial Board
John P. Albright, MD Iowa City, Iowa
Louis C. Almekinders, MD Durham, North Carolina
Annunziato Amendola, MD Durham, North Carolina
Kyle Anderson, MD Southfield, Michigan
Jack T. Andrish, MD Cleveland, Ohio
Elizabeth A. Arendt, MD Minneapolis, Minnesota
Steven P. Arnoczky, DVM East Lansing, Michigan
Michael Askew, PhD Akron, Ohio
Alfred Atanda, MD Wilmington, Delaware
Olufemi R. Ayeni, MD, MSc, FRCSC Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Frederick M. Azar, MD Memphis, Tennessee
James Baldwin, MD Portland, Oregon
Phillipe Beaufils, MD Le Chesnay, France
Bruce D. Beynnon, PhD Burlington, Vermont
Barry P. Boden, MD Rockville, Maryland
Daniel V. Boguszewski, PhD Los Angeles, California
Charles H. Brown, Jr., MD Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Charles A. Bush-Joseph, MD Chicago, Illinois
Gianluca Camillieri, MD Rome, Italy
James E. Carpenter, MD Ann Arbor, Michigan
Chih-Hwa Chen, MD Taipei, Taiwan
Shiyi Chen, MD, PhD Shanghai, China
Moises Cohen, MD Sao Paulo, Brazil
John E. Conway, MD Ft. Worth, Texas
Louis E. DeFrate, PhD Durham, North Carolina
Marlene DeMaio, MD Portsmouth, Virginia
Ron L. Diercks, MD Groningen, the Netherlands
Patrick J. Djian, MD Paris, France
Jason L. Dragoo, MD Redwood City, California
Matej Drobnic, MD, PhD Ljubljana, Slovenia
Lars Engebretsen, MD, PhD Oslo, Norway
Paul Fadale, MD Providence, Rhode Island
Lutul D. Farrow, MD Garfield Heights, Ohio
Julian A. Feller, FRACS Richmond, Australia
Donald C. Fithian, MD El Cajon, California
Cristian A. Fontbote, MD Santiago, Chile
Freddie H. Fu, MD Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
William E. Garrett Jr., MD, PhD Durham, North Carolina
James G. Garrick, MD San Francisco, Calfornia
Pablo E. Gelber, MD, PhD Barcelona, Spain
Mark D. Grabiner, PhD Chicago, Illinois
Michael Elias Hantes, MD Larisa, Greece
Christopher D. Harner, MD Houston, Texas
Vojtech Havlas, MD, PhD Prague, Czech Republic
Richard J. Hawkins, MD Greenville, South Carolina
Stephen M. Howell, MD Sacramento, California
Christophe Hulet, MD Caen, France
Mark R. Hutchinson, MD Chicago, Illinois
Andreas B. Imhoff, MD Munich, Germany
Eiji Itoi, MD, PhD Sendai, Japan
Timo Jaakko Jarvela, MD, PhD Tampere, Finland
David Paul Johnson, MD, FRCSC(Orth) Bristol, United Kingdom
Robert J. Johnson, MD Burlington, Vermont
Mustafa Karahan, MD Istanbul, Turkey
Keith Kenter, MD Cincinnati, Ohio
Jin Goo Kim, MD, PhD Seoul, Korea
Seung-Ho Kim, MD, PhD Seoul, Korea
Donald T. Kirkendall, PhD Cary, North Carolina
Dieter Kohn, MD Homberg / Saar, Germany
Robert F. LaPrade, MD, PhD Vail, Colorado
Mario Victor Larrain, MD Buenos Aires, Argentina
Daniel Latt, MD, PhD Tucson, Arizona
Paulo Jose Llinas, MD Cali, Columbia
Michael Maloney, MD Rochester, New York
David F. Martin, MD Winston-Salem, North Carolina
John M. Marzo, MD Buffalo, New York
David R. McAllister, MD Los Angeles, California
Eric C. McCarty, MD Boulder, Colorado
Ian D. McDermott, MBBS, MS, FRCS London, United Kingdom
Edward R. McDevitt, MD Arnold, Maryland
Edward McFarland, MD Baltimore, Maryland
Jacques Menetrey, MD Geneva, Switzerland
Antonio C. Miguel, MD Mexico City, Mexico
Bruce S. Miller, MD Ann Arbor, Michigan
Mark D. Miller, MD Charlottesville, Virginia
Robert H. Miller, MD Memphis, Tennessee
Peter J. Millett, MD Vail, Colorado
Nicholas Mohtadi, MD, FRCS Calgary, Canada
Michael A. Oberlander, MD Alamo, California
John W. Orchard, MD, PhD, FACSP Kensington, Australia
Sam Oussedik, MBBS, FRCS(Tr&Orth) London, United Kingdom
Lonnie E. Paulos, MD Salt Lake City, Utah
Giancarlo Puddu, MD Rome, Italy
Per A. Renstrom, MD, PhD Stockholm, Sweden
Derek Rutherford, PT, PhD Halifax, Canada
Marc R. Safran, MD Stanford, California
Hatem G. Said, MD, FRCSI Assiut, Egypt
Sven U. Scheffler, MD Berlin, Germany
K. Donald Shelbourne, MD Indianapolis, Indiana
Margaret Smith, PhD St. Leonards, Australia
Gary S. Solomon, PhD Nashville, Tennessee
Mark E. Steiner, MD Boston, Massachusetts
Michael J. Stuart, MD Rochester, Minnesota
Laura Timmerman, MD Walnut Creek, California
Steve Tippett, PhD, PT, SCS, ATC Peoria, Illinois
Bruce C. Twaddle, MBChB, FRACS Auckland, New Zealand
Daniel C. Wascher, MD Albuquerque, New Mexico
Thomas L. Wickiewicz, MD New York, New York
Savio L-Y. Woo, PhD Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Kazunori Yasuda, MD, PhD Sapporo, Japan
Yi-Meng Yen, MD, PhD Boston, Massachusetts
Electronic Media Editorial Board
Michael Angeline, MD Lake Geneva, Wisconsin
Alfred Atanda, MD Wilmington, Delaware
Jonathan F. Dickens, MD Bethesda, Maryland
Alan M.J. Getgood, MD, FRCS London, Ontario, Canada
Thomas J. Kremen, MD Los Angeles, California
Aaron J. Krych, MD Rochester, Minnesota
Xinning Li, MD Boston, Massachusetts
David Wasserstein, MD, MSc Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Senior Editorial and Production Manager
Principal Reviewers
Rene Jorge Abdalla, MD, PhD São Paulo, Brazil
Ashraf Abdelkafy, MD Ismailia, Egypt
Geoffrey D. Abrams, MD  
Scott McDowell Adams, MD Ellicott City, Maryland
David W. Altchek, MD New York, New York
Masatoshi Amako, MD, PhD Saitama, Japan
Timothy Amann, DO  
Adam W. Anz, MD  
Rafael Arriaza Loureda, MD, PhD  
Champ L. Baker, MD  
Champ L. Baker III, MD Columbus, Georgia
Maurice Balke, MD Cologne, Germany
Keith M. Baumgarten, MD Sioux Falls, South Dakota
Sanjeev Bhatia, MD  
Patrick M. Birmingham, MD Chicago, IL, USA
Leslie J. Bisson, MD Amherst, New York
James P. Bradley, MD  
Matthew Brick, MBchB, FRACS(Ortho) Auckland, New Zealand
Mats Brittberg, MD Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden
Barrett S. Brown, MD Houston, Texas
Brandon J. Bryant, MD Portsmouth, Virginia
Aydin Budeyri, MD  
Jiwu Chen, MD  
Paul C. Chin, MD, PhD  
William Ciccone, MD  
Steven Brad Cohen, MD  
Amber Collins, PhD  
Tracey Covassin, PhD, ATC East Lansing, Michigan
Jeffrey N. Davila, MD Washington, D.C.
Derik L. Davis, MD Baltimore, Maryland
Louis E. DeFrate, PhD Durham, North Carolina
Marco Kawamura Demange, MD, PhD  
Dinesh Dhanaraj, MD, MSPH  
Arsh S. Dhanota, MD  
Aman Dhawan, MD New Brunswick, NJ, USA
Jonathan F. Dickens, MD Bethesda, Maryland
Lee H. Diehl, MD Durham, NC, USA
Jeffrey R. Dugas, MD Birmingham, Alabama
Mohamed ElAttar, MBBCh, MD Zagazig, Egypt
Hussein A. Elkousy, MD Houston, Texas
Pieter J. Erasmus, MBChB, MMed(Ortho)  
Douglas A. Evans, MD Maywood, IL, USA
Giuseppe Filardo, MD, PhD Bologna, Italy
Kyle Flik, MD Albany, New York
Robert August Gallo, MD Hershey, Pennsylvania
Trevor Gaskill, MD Portsmouth, Virginia
Charles J. Gatt, MD Somerset, New Jersey
C. David Geier Jr, MD Charleston, SC, USA
James Warner Genuario, MD Lone Tree, Colorado
Michael S. George, MD Houston, Texas
Peter G. Gerbino II, MD Monterey, California
Alan M.J. Getgood, MD, FRCS London, Ontario, Canada
Thomas J. Gill III, MD Boston, Massachusetts
Andreas H. Gomoll, MD Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
John A. Grant, MD, PhD Saint John, Canada
John R. Green, MD Seattle, Washington
Letha Y. Griffin, MD, PhD Atlanta, Georgia
Joseph H. Guettler, MD Bingham Farms, Michigan
Ravi K. Gupta, MBBS, MS, DNB  
Frank Winston Gwathmey Jr, MD  
Kyle E. Hammond, MD Atlanta, Georgia
Bryan T. Hanypsiak, MD Scarsdale, New York
Joshua David Harris, MD Houston, Texas
Brian Michael Haus, MD  
Roderich Heikenfeld, MD Herne, Germany
Camilo P. Helito, MD  
R. Frank Henn III, MD  
Iftach Hetsroni, MD  
Sherwin S.W. Ho, MD Chicago, IL, USA
Barb Hoogenboom, MHS, EdD Grand Rapids, Michigan
Joseph Horton, MD Alamogordo, New Mexico
Omer A. Ilahi, MD Houston, Texas
Timothy J. Jackson, MD  
Scott Geoffrey Kaar, MD  
Richard W. Kang, MD Chicago, Illinois
Juri Toomas Kartus, MD, PhD Trollhättan, Sweden
Rajeev Kelkar, PhD Sunnyvale, California
Zachery Y. Kerr, PhD, MPH  
Najeeb Khan, MD San Marcos, California
Thomas P. Knapp, MD  
Masahiko Kobayashi, MD, PhD Kyoto, Japan
Hideyuki Koga, MD, PhD Tokyo, Japan
Damian C. Kosempa, MD Greenfield, Wisconsin
David Kovacevic, MD  
Marc Stephen Kowalsky, MD  
Martin L. Lazarus, MD Evanston, Illinois
Lance E. LeClere, LCDR MC USN San Diego, California
Mark Jason Lemos, MD Burlington, Massachusetts
James P. Leonard, MD Orland Park, Illinois
Steven D. Levin, MD Evanston, Illinois
Nicola Lopomo, PhD  
Olaf Lorbach, MD Homburg/Saar, Germany
C. Benjamin Ma, MD  
Richard (Shen-Ying) Ma, MD  
Travis G. Maak, MD Salt Lake City, Utah
Nicola Maffulli, MD, PhD Baronissi, Italy
Robert A. Magnussen, MD, MPH Columbus, OH, USA
Scott D. Mair, MD Lexington, Kentucky
Eric Makhni, MD, MBA  
Krishna Mallik, MD Scottsdale, Arizona
Robert C. Manske, PT, DPT, MEd, SCS, ATC, CSCS Wichita, Kansas
Kevin Marberry, MD Kirksville, Missouri
Matthew S. Marcus, MD  
Craig S. Mauro, MD  
Augustus D. Mazzocca, MD  
Timothy R. McAdams, MD Los Altos Hills, California
Malachy P. McHugh, PhD New York, New York
Patrick J. McMahon, MD  
Gregory J. Menio, MD East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania
Deana Mercer, MD  
Giuseppe Milano, MD Rome, Italy
Thomas K. Miller, MD Roanoke, Virginia
Allan K. Mishra, MD Menlo Park, California
Yu Mochizuki, MD Hiroshima, Japan
William D. Murrell, MD Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Volker Musahl, MD Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Carl W. Nissen, MD  
Joo Han Oh, MD, PhD  
James Michael Paci, MD  
Sang Eun Park, MD, PhD Seoul, South Korea
Thilo Patzer, MD Dusseldorf, Germany
Andrew T. Pennock, MD San Diego, California
Frank Petrigliano, MD  
Frank Pettrone, MD Arlington, Virginia
Ferris M. Pfeiffer, PhD  
Daniel T. Phelan, MD  
Halit Pinar, MD Izmir, Turkey
John Polousky, MD  
Matthew Posner, MD West Point, New York
Marcelo P. Prado, MD  
Victor R. Prisk, MD  
Bart Rask, MD Hillsboro, Oregon
Arthur C. Rettig, MD  
John-Paul H. Rue, MD  
Keun Jung Ryu, MD  
Tim Saier, MD Murnau, Germany
Lucy J. Salmon, PhD  
Jaspal S. Sandhu, MBBS, MS(Orth), FASM Amritsar, India
Mark S. Schickendantz, MD Cleveland, Ohio
Stephen Seward, DPT, MPT Fort Gordon, Georgia
Orrin H. Sherman, MD New York, NY, USA
Seth L. Sherman, MD Columbia, Missouri
Mark Siegel, MD Cincinnati, Ohio
Lorenzo Silvestri, MD Evergreen, Colorado
Domenick J. Sisto, MD Sherman Oaks, California
Mark Slabaugh, MD Aviano, Italy
David H. Sohn, MD Toledo, Ohio
Sabrina M. Strickland, MD  
Charles C. Stroud, MD Macomb, Michigan
Misty Suri, MD New Orleans, Louisiana
Timothy N. Taft, MD Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Reha N. Tandogan, MD  
Samir G. Tejwani, MD Corona Del Mar, California
Georgios Nikolaos Tzoanos, MD  
Willem M. Van Der Merwe, MD Cape Town, South Africa
Rene Verdonk, MD, PhD  
Peter S. Vezeridis, MD, MMS  
Dharmesh Vyas, MD, PhD Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Russell F. Warren, MD New York, New York
Stephen C. Weber, MD  
Merrick Wetzler, MD  
Dieter Christian Wirz, MD  
Thomas Y. Wu Oxnard, California
Bertram Zarins, MD  
Miltiadis H. Zgonis, MD Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Alan Zhang, MD  
  • CABI: Abstracts on Hygiene and Communicable Diseases
  • CABI: CAB Abstracts
  • CABI: Global Health
  • CINAHL
  • EMBASE
  • Focus On: Sports Science & Medicine
  • Index Medicus
  • InfoTrac (full text)
  • Leisure, Recreation and Tourism Abstracts
  • MEDLINE
  • Ovid: Allied and Complementary Medicine Database
  • SafetyLit
  • Science Citation Index Expanded (Web of Science)
  • Scopus
  • Thomson Reuters: BIOSIS Previews
  • Thomson Reuters: Biological Abstracts
  • Thomson Reuters: Current Contents - Clinical Medicine
  • Thomson Reuters: Science Citation Index
  • World Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology Abstracts (in CAB Abstracts Database)
  • The editor of AJSM, Bruce Reider, can be contacted via email at breider@ajsm.org.

    The American Journal of Sports Medicine is the official publication of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine. Manuscripts must not be under simultaneous consideration by any other publication, before or during the peer-review process. Papers presented at AOSSM meetings must be submitted to the Journal for first rights of refusal. Authors are responsible for submitting papers of presentations directly to the Journal. Articles published in AJSM may not be published elsewhere without written permission from the publisher.

    Manuscripts should cite any other work by one or more of the co-authors that is relevant to the subject matter of the current submission or that used any of the same subjects, animals, or specimens being reported in the current submission. This includes manuscripts that are currently under preparation, are being considered by journals, are accepted for publication, or already published. In any of these cases, the relationship to the current submission should be made clear.

    All review articles (such as systematic reviews and meta-analyses) submitted will be considered for the Current Concepts section. Authors with ideas for current concepts should contact the associate editor, Timothy Foster, MD, to find out if AJSM has recently published a review article on that topic of if there is a similar submission in progress. Contact Dr Foster at currentconcepts@ajsm.org to inquire about your idea, or submit already completed papers directly to the journal at http://ajsm-submit.highwire.org.

    Submit manuscripts online at http://ajsm-submit.highwire.org

    Download the AJSM Submission Guidelines

    Download the AJSM Ethics Policies
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