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The New World of Police Accountability
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The New World of Police Accountability

Third Edition


January 2019 | 264 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
The subject of police accountability includes some of the most important developments in American policing: the control of officer-involved shootings and excessive use of force, citizen complaints and the best procedures for handling them,  allegations of racial discrimination, early intervention systems to monitor officer behavior, and police self-monitoring efforts. The Third Edition of The New World of Police Accountability provides an original and comprehensive analysis of some of the most important developments in policing over the past twenty years with a keen and incisive perspective. Esteemed authors and policing researchers, Samuel Walker and Carol A. Archbold provide readers with a comprehensive description of the most recent developments and an analysis of what works, what reforms are promising, and what has proven unsuccessful. The book offers detailed coverage of critical incident reporting, pattern analysis of critical incidents, early intervention systems, internal and external review of citizen complaints, and federal consent decrees.

The New World of Police Accountability, Third Edition is designed as a supplement for undergraduate and graduate policing courses. The book will also be of interest to scholars, police officials, citizen oversight officials, and community activists.

 
PART I: INTRODUCTION
 
1. A National Police Crisis
Ferguson 2014: The Shooting of Michael Brown  
A National Police Crisis  
The New Conversation About Policing and Police Reform  
The Challenge of Police Accountability  
A Definition of Police Accountability  
PTSR: A Framework for Accountability  
Basic Themes in the New Police Accountability  
The Challenge Ahead: Reasons for Hope, Reasons for Caution  
 
2. The Accomplishments and Limits of Traditional Police Reforms
Introduction  
The Police Professionalization Movement  
The Courts and Police Reform  
Legislative and Professional Strategies for Police Reform  
Conclusion: The Lessons of Past Reforms  
PART II: THE ELEMENTS OF THE NEW POLICE ACCOUNTABILITY  
 
3. The “Heart Of The Matter”: Controlling Police Officer Use of Force
Introduction  
Administrative Rulemaking: The Basic Model for Controlling Officer Conduct  
Controlling Police Use of Deadly Force  
Police Use of Less Lethal Force  
Controlling Police Use of Physical Force  
The Reporting and Investigation of Use of Force  
De-Escalation as a Strategy for Limiting Use of Force  
How Accountability-related Reforms Can Transform the Police Subculture  
Conclusion  
 
4. Controlling Critical Incidents
Introduction  
Controlling Pedestrian Stops and Frisks  
“Driving While Black:” Traffic Stops and the Racial Profiling Controversy  
Vehicle Pursuits: Reducing the Risks  
Officer Foot Pursuits: Reducing the Risks  
The Deployment of Canines: Reducing the Harms  
Reducing Gender-Related Bias in Policing  
Responding to Mental Health-Related Incidents  
Achieving Bias-Free Policing  
Ensuring Office Integrity  
Ensuring Officer Wellness  
Guaranteeing Peoples’ First Amendment Rights  
Conclusion  
 
5. Public Complaints and Police Accountability
Introduction  
A Short History of Public Complaints, Internal; Review Units, and External Review Agencies  
Basic Issues on Complaints and Complaint Investigations  
The Public Complaint Review Process  
Accepting, Recording, Screening, and Classifying Complaints  
Investigating Complaints  
The Disposition of Complaints  
Ensuring the Quality of the Complaint Process  
Staffing and Managing the Complaint Process  
Evaluating the Complaint Process  
Conclusion  
 
6. Early Intervention Systems
Introduction  
The Background and Development of the EIS Concept  
Basic Issues in Early Intervention Systems  
The Basic Requirements of an EIS  
Components of an EIS  
The Challenge of Implementing an EIS  
Impacts of an Early Intervention System  
The Effectiveness of Early Intervention Systems  
The Experiences and Perceptions of EIS Police Managers  
Conclusion  
 
7. External Review
Introduction  
Basic Features of Police Auditors and Inspectors General  
The Work of the Inspector General for the NYPD  
The San Jose Independent Police Auditor  
The Los Angeles Police Commission and Inspector General  
The Washington, DC Office of Police Complaints  
A Lost Agency: The Special Counsel to the Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department  
Blue Ribbon Commissions  
Strengths and Limits of External Review  
Another Lost Program: The Collaborative Reform Initiative  
Conclusion  
 
PART III. CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN ACCOUNTABILITY
 
8. Increasing Accountability with Risk Management
What is Risk Management?  
Risk Management, Police Liability, and Accountability  
Early Intervention Systems and Risk Management  
The Prevalence of Risk Management in American Policing  
Research on Risk Management in Policing  
Barriers to the Implementation of Risk Management  
Overcoming Barriers to Implementation: The Case of Risk Management in Medicine  
Innovative Risk Management in Risk Management in Medicine: The “Checklist”  
Checklists and Policing: Could it Work?  
Legalized Accountability and Police Reform  
Insurance Companies as Accountability Agents  
Looking Ahead: The Future of Risk Management in Policing  
 
9. Police Accountability and Technology
Introduction  
Video Recording Devices Used by the Public  
Using Apps to Report Police Misconduct  
Video Recording Devices Used by the Police  
Compliance with Body Worn Activation Policies  
Perceptions of Police Body Worn Cameras  
Using Social Media to Inform the Public of Police Misconduct  
Increasing Police Accountability with Open Data  
The Future of Technology and Police Accountability  
 
PART IV. THE FUTURE OF POLICE ACCOUNTABILITY
 
10. The Future of Police Accountability
The National Police Crisis and its Impact  
Progress: “Best Practices” Today  
Threats to the Future of Police Accountability  
Final Thoughts  

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