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The Psychology of Women and Gender

The Psychology of Women and Gender
Half the Human Experience +

Ninth Edition
Companion Website

December 2017 | 528 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

A psychology of women textbook that fully integrates transgender research, issues, and concerns!

With clear, comprehensive, and cutting-edge coverage, The Psychology of Women and Gender: Half the Human Experience + delivers an authoritative analysis of classical and up-to-the-minute research from a feminist, psychological viewpoint. Authors Nicole M. Else-Quest and Janet Shibley Hyde examine the cultural and biological similarities and differences between genders, noting how they are often a result of inequality. The Ninth Edition emphasizes rigorous methodology and reviewing and evaluating empirical evidence, helping demystify the scientific process in this field of study. Hands-on applications through case studies that integrate research from other disciplines give students further experience with key issues. This proven resource equips students with a strong foundation for understanding the dynamic influences of gender, sexual orientation, and ethnicity in the context of psychology and society, along with strategies for thinking critically about popular culture and using psychological science to improve people’s lives and promote gender equality.


Chapter 1: Introduction
Why Study the Psychology of Women and Gender?  
Sex, Gender, Transgender, and Cisgender  
Sexism and Feminism  
Themes in the Psychology of Women and Gender  
FOCUS 1.1: Gender Equality Around the World and Transnational Feminism  
Sources of Bias in Psychological Research  
Feminist Alternatives to Biased Research  
Chapter Previews  
EXPERIENCE THE RESEARCH: Understanding Gender Bias in Psychological Research  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 2: Theoretical Perspectives on Gender
Psychoanalytic Theory  
Social Learning Theory  
Cognitive-Developmental Theory  
FOCUS 2.1: Feminist Reformulation of a Theory of Moral Development  
Gender Schema Theory  
Sociobiology and Evolutionary Psychology  
Social Role Theory  
Feminist Theories  
FOCUS 2.2: Feminist Theory in Psychology: Objectification Theory  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 3: Gender Stereotypes and Gender Differences
Gender Stereotypes  
Psychological Gender Differences  
FOCUS 3.1: Who Is More Narcissistic: Men or Women?  
The Gender Similarities Hypothesis  
EXPERIENCE THE RESEARCH: How Accurate Are People’s Beliefs About Gender Differences?  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 4: The Intersection of Gender and Ethnicity
Recurring Themes  
Ethnic Group Labels  
An Ethnic/Cultural Critique of Psychological Research  
Guidelines for Research With People of Color  
FOCUS 4.1: Racial Microaggressions  
Cultural Heritages of People of Color in the United States  
FOCUS 4.2: Gender and Islam  
Gender Roles and Ethnicity  
FOCUS 4.3: Affirmative Action  
Mental Health Issues  
Feminisms of Color  
EXPERIENCE THE RESEARCH: Gender Roles and Ethnicity on Prime Time  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 5: Gender and Communication
Verbal Communication  
Nonverbal Communication  
FOCUS 5.1: Gender and Electronic Communication  
How Women and Nonbinary People are Treated in Language  
Toward Nonsexist Language  
In Conclusion  
EXPERIENCE THE RESEARCH: Gender and Conversational Styles  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter 6: Gender and Emotion
Gender Stereotypes About Emotions  
FOCUS 6.1: Gender and the Politics of Emotion  
Gender and Emotional Experience and Expression  
Emotional Competence  
Emotions Beyond the Binary  
The Socialization of Gendered Emotions  
EXPERIENCE THE RESEARCH: The Gender Socialization of Emotions  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 7: Lifespan Development
FOCUS 7.1: Peer Sexual Harassment in the Schools  
Emerging Adulthood  
Later Adulthood  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 8: Abilities, Motivation, and Achievement
FOCUS 8.1: Gender Diversity and Athletics  
Motivation: Expectancy-Value Theory  
FOCUS 8.2: Achieving Women: Ellen Ochoa  
The Gender Gap in STEM  
EXPERIENCE THE RESEARCH: Gender and Computers  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestion for Further Reading  
Chapter 9: Gender and Work
Pay Equity and the Wage Gap  
FOCUS 9.1: Psychology and Public Policy: Employment Discrimination in the United States  
Gender Discrimination and Workplace Climate  
Leadership and the Glass Ceiling  
Work and Family Issues  
FOCUS 9.2: Psychology and Public Policy: Family Leave  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 10: Biology and Gender
FOCUS 10.1: Feminist Biology  
Basic Physiological Processes  
Sex Hormones  
FOCUS 10.2: Endocrine Disrupters  
The Brain  
FOCUS 10.3: Single-Sex Schooling and the Brain  
EXPERIENCE THE RESEARCH: Biology and Gender Differences in the Media  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 11: Psychology, Gender, and Health
Gender and Health  
FOCUS 11.1: Gender and Infectious Disease  
Reproduction and Health  
Breast Cancer  
FOCUS 11.2: Health at the Intersection of Gender and Disability  
HPV and Cervical Cancer  
Trans Health Issues  
EXPERIENCE THE RESEARCH: Women’s Experience of PMS  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 12: Gender and Sexuality
Psychological Aspects of Gender and Sexuality  
The Intersection of Gender and Race in Sexuality  
Sexual Disorders and Therapy  
FOCUS 12.1 Women’s Sexual Problems: A New View  
Gender Similarities  
EXPERIENCE THE RESEARCH: Gender Differences in Sexuality  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 13: Gender and Sexual Orientation
Queer Theory  
Stereotypes and Discrimination  
Lesbian Culture  
Sexual Orientation Development and Fluidity  
Mental Health Issues  
Why Do Women Become Lesbian, Bi, or Straight?  
Differences Between Lesbians and Gay Men  
The Intersection of Sexual Orientation and Ethnicity  
FOCUS 13.1: A Queer Woman Tells Her Story  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 14: Gender and Victimization
Intimate Partner Violence  
Sexual Harassment  
FOCUS 14.1: The Violence Against Women Act and Vulnerable Populations  
Human Trafficking  
Child Sexual Abuse  
Looking Forward  
EXPERIENCE THE RESEARCH: A Scale to Assess Views on the Causes of Rape  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 15: Gender and Mental Health Issues
FOCUS 15.1: The Politics of Psychiatric Diagnosis: Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder  
Alcohol- and Substance-Use Disorders  
Eating Disorders  
Sexism and Psychotherapy  
FOCUS 15.2: The Politics of Psychiatric Diagnosis: Gender Dysphoria  
FOCUS 15.3: Sexual Misconduct by Therapists  
Psychotherapeutic Approaches  
Addressing the Mental Health Needs of Women of Color  
Psychological Practice With Trans People  
EXPERIENCE THE RESEARCH: Gender Stereotypes and Psychotropic Drugs  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 16: The Psychology of Men and Masculinity
Masculinity and the Male Role  
The Gender Role Identity Paradigm  
The Gender Role Strain Paradigm  
Lifespan Development  
Male Sexuality  
Men of Color  
FOCUS 16.1 Myths About Male Sexuality  
Health Issues  
EXPERIENCE THE RESEARCH: Childhood Experiences of the Mother and Men’s Desire to Control Women  
Chapter Summary  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 17: Retrospect and Prospect
Future Research  
Feminism Revisited  
Re-visioning Theory  
FOCUS 17.1: Paradigms, Science, and Feminism  
The Continuing Feminist Revolution and Backlash  
Suggestions for Further Reading  


Instructor Resource Site
  • Sample syllabi—for semester and quarter courses—provide suggested models for instructors to use when creating the syllabi for their courses
  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank contains multiple choice, true/false, short answer and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course
  • Carefully crafted lecture notes follow the structure of each chapter and can be used alongside the PowerPoint slides, providing an essential reference and teaching tool for course lectures
  • Lively and stimulating chapter-specific activity ideas reinforce active learning and critical thinking, and can be used in individual or group settings in the classroom or assigned as homework

“I find the text to be very comprehensive and user friendly. Students will appreciate the conclusions” 

Mary-Theresa Howard
University of Ottawa

“The text is comprehensive and is written in a student friendly manner. The content is current (which speaks to students). I particularly like the research boxes that can be used as assignments. The way that it is presented, students can clearly see how the assignments fit into the text.”

Barbara Carl
The Pennsylvania State University, Capital College

“This book is not only up-to-date, but expands on topics that receive only cursory mention in other books. It also not only mentions non-binary gender identity and expression, but it does spend time on discussion specific issues.”

Jeannie DiClementi
Purdue University-Fort Wayne

“Very clear, well focused and easy to follow; Good historical overview of foundational knowledge.” 

Chivi Kapungu
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

“Well-balanced approach to gender, easy to read and comprehend. Very student friendly.”

LeAnne Forquer Epling
University of Pikeville
Key features


  • An intersectionality approach integrated throughout reflects a more prominent force in gender and women’s studies that has made its way into psychology.
  • Inclusion of research on transgender and gender-nonconforming people takes into account the many changes that have taken place since the last edition to keep readers up to date on the latest developments.
  • Language consistent with new approaches to gender that critique the gender binary aligns with 2017 norms and makes the book more trans-inclusive.
  • New and expanded content areas:

o    Queer theory

o    The development of transgender and gender nonconforming children

o    Meta-analytic findings on psychological gender differences

o    Human trafficking

o    Updates related to the DSM–5

o    Structural forces on gender, such as employment discrimination laws and the Violence Against Women Act

o    Feminist biology and evolutionary psychology

o    Immigration

o    Cisgenderism

o    Sexist and misgendering language

o    Infertility

o    Miscarriage

o    Gender-affirming therapies

o    Brain gender mosaic

o    Gender and infectious disease

o    Gender dysphoria

o    Social backlash


  • Chapter-opening outlines provide students with the structure of the chapter to aid in their cognitive processing of it.
  • Chapter-ending Experience the Research boxes give students active experiences with research in the psychology of women and gender through assignable exercises.
  • Focus boxes draw from research, theory, and case studies examining key issues in depth; topics range from health at the intersection of gender and disability, to gender diversity and athletics, and the politics of psychiatric diagnosis.
  • A marginal glossary in each chapter and a comprehensive glossary at the end of the book help students master the meaning of important terms in the field.
  • Accompanying online resources on a password-protected companion site include a test bank, PowerPoint slides, and an instructor’s manual to save instructors time in preparing for their courses.



Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1- Introduction

Chapter 11- Psychology, Gender, and Health

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ISBN: 9781506382821