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Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy
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Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy
A Multicultural Perspective

Seventh Edition


May 2011 | 776 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

CourseSmart

Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy provides future mental health practitioners with a solid foundation in the theoretical concepts of the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, enabling them to take these theories directly into clinical practice and to assist them in examining present-day counseling and therapy from a practical culture-centered perspective while simultaneously respecting traditional individual approaches to the field. The book is unique among other texts in that it fully integrates neuroscience and a multicultural approach, which is demonstrated throughout every chapter and reflects the need for mental health practitioners to have a heightened level of cultural competence and understanding of neuroscience in the future.

 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
Part I. An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories and Practices
 
1. Past Influences, Present Trends, and Future Challenges in Counseling and Psychotherapy
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #1  
Introduction  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
The Individual Perceptions and Meaning Making Quadrant  
The Behavioral/Physical/Neurological Quadrant  
The Societal/Professional Quadrant  
The Scientist-Practitioner  
The Cultural Community Quadrant  
The Interfacing of the Integral Quadrants  
Linking Theory to Practice  
Summary  
 
2. Neuroscience
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #2  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
Neuroscience: The Missing Link in Counseling  
Acknowledging the Resistance to Neuroscience  
What Are Neurotransmitters?  
Helping Strategies That Promote Healthy Neurotransmitters  
Understanding the Complexity of Linking People's Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviors to Various Parts of the Brain  
Using Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories to Promote Positive Brain Changes  
Neuroscience Research Findings and Psychodynamic Therapy Theories  
Neuroscience Research Findings and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Theories  
Cultural Neuroscience  
Trauma and Other Threats to One's Well-Being: Multicultural and Neurological Considerations  
Summary  
 
3. The Multidimensional Nature of Multicultural Counseling and Therapy
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #3  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
The Multicultural and Feminist Counseling Movements  
RESPECTFUL Counseling and Therapy  
Professional Ethics and Multicultural Competence  
The Community Counseling Theory (CCT): A Multifaceted Approach to Counseling and Development  
Summary  
 
4. Using Narrative and Microskills in Counseling and Therapy: Foundations of the Intentional Interview
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #4  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
The Five-Stage Interview: A Viable Model for All Theories  
Theories of Counseling and Therapy as Stories and Narratives  
Microskills: An Integrative Foundation for Counseling and Therapy  
Influencing Skills and Strategies  
Focusing: Internal and External Attribution  
Limitations and Practical Implications of the Microskills Framework  
Narrative Therapy: Storytelling in the Process of Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Narrative Therapy, Microskills, and Other Theoretical Models  
Summary  
 
Part II. Introduction to the First, Second, and Third Forces in Counseling and Psychotherapy
 
5. The Psychodynamic Tradition: Theoretical Constructs and Practical Applications
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #5  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Indroduction  
Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalytic Counseling and Therapy: An Overview  
Freud's Psychoanalytic Worldview  
Freud's Stages of Development: The Roots of Behavior, Emotion, and Thought  
Other Key Freudian/Psychoanalytic Concepts  
Attachment Theory  
Adult Resistant and Avoidant Defense Mechanisms  
Recent Neuroscience Research on Attachment Theory  
Psychodynamic Counseling and Therapy Strategies: Applications for Practice  
Practical Implications and Limitations of Psychodynamic Methods  
Summary  
Professional Development Extension  
 
6. Adlerian and Jungian Counseling and Therapy
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #6  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
Alfred Adler and Individual Psychology  
Adler's Theory of Individual Psychology  
The Adlerian Worldview  
The Teleological Nature of Humankind  
Social Interest, Personal Competence, Superiority, and Belongingness  
Other Key Adlerian Concepts  
Adlerian Counseling and Therapy Startegies: Applications for Practice  
Practical Implications and Limitations of Jung's Theory  
Carl Jung and Analystical Psychology  
The Jungian Worldview  
The Personal Unconscious  
Expanding Jungian Concepts Through Multicultural Psychodynamic Theory  
The Family Unconscious  
The Family and the Collective Cultural Unconscious  
Therapeutic Implications  
Jungian Counseling and Therapy Strategies: Applications for Practice  
Practical Implications and Limitations of Jung's Theory  
New Directions in Psychodynamic Counseling and Therapy: Interpersonal Therapy  
Summary  
 
7. Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling and Therapy
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #7  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Indroduction  
The Evolution of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: An Overview of Behaviorism  
Classical Conditioning Theory: Pavlov and Watson  
Operant Conditioning Theory: B. F. Skinner  
Social Learning Theory: Albert Bandura  
Behavioral Counseling and Therapy Strategies: Applications for Practice  
Functional Analysis: The A-B-C's of Behavior  
Pinpointing Behavior  
The Cognitive Revolution  
Meichenbaum's Theory of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  
Aaron Beck, Cognitive Therapy, and Automatic Thoughts  
Neuroscientific Support for Beck?s Theory  
Multicultural and Feminist Approaches to CBT  
CBT Strategies: Applications for Practice  
New Directions in CBT: Mindfulness Counseling and Therapy  
Practical Implications and Limitations of CBT  
Summary  
 
8. Rational-Emotive Behavioral Therapy and Reality Therapy
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #8  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
Cognition and the Cognitive-Behavioral Force  
Albert Ellis and Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy  
Central Theoretical Constructs and Techniques of REBT  
Integration of Theory and Action  
REBT and Multicultural Factors  
Linking Neuroscience With REBCT  
Limitations and Practical Implications of Ellis's Theory  
William Glasser and Reality Therapy  
Central Theoretical Constructs of Reality Therapy  
Glasser's Theory in Action  
Glasser's Criticisms of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders  
Reality Therapy and Multicultural Counseling  
Innovative Technological Developments: New Directions for CBT and Reality Therapy  
Limitations and Practical Implications of Glasser?s Theory  
Summary  
 
9. The Existential- Humanistic Tradition
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #9  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
The Existential-Humanistic Worldview  
The Rogerian Revolution: Carl Rogers's Theoretical Worldview  
Expanding Self-Actualization Theory  
The Influence of Rogers  
Spirituality, Multiculturalism, and Existential-Humanistic Counseling  
New Directions in Client-Centered Counseling and Therapy: Motivational Interviewing  
Limitations and Practical Implications of the Existential-Humanistic Tradition  
Summary  
 
10. Logotherapy and Gestalt Counseling
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #10  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
Viktor Frankl and Logotherapy: An Overview  
Central Theoretical Constructs of Logotherapy  
Logotherapy Strategies: Applications for Practice  
Logotherapy, Spirituality, and Medicine  
Multicultural Implications of Logotherapy: Promoting Psychological Liberation  
Fritz Perls and Gestalt Therapy  
Central Theoretical Constructs and Techniques  
Gestalt Techniques  
Individualism and Other Cultural/Contextual Considerations  
Critiquing Perls's Work from Multicultural and Feminist Perspectives  
Limitations and Practical Implications of the Existential-Humanistic Tradition  
Summary  
 
Part III. Exploring New Forces in the Evolution of Counseling and Psychotherapy
 
11. Feminist Counseling and Therapy (FCT)
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #11  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
The Feminist Counseling and Therapy Movement: An Overview  
Developing a New Psychology of Women  
The FCT Worldview  
Self in Relation: The Importance of Relational Considerations  
Dealing With Sexism in Counseling and Therapy  
Feminist Identity Development Theory  
Working Intentionally With Women in Counseling and Therapy  
Intentionally Focusing on Women's Strengths  
Feminist and Multicultural Counseling and Therapy  
Relational-Cultural Theory  
Summary  
 
12. Multicultural Counseling and Therapy
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #12  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
Multicultural Counseling and Therapy as Metatheory  
Building a More Expansive View of Counseling and Therapy  
Being Mindful of Multiple Identities, Contexts, and Experiences  
Introspective Developmental Counseling  
Cultural/Racial Identity Development Theory  
Implications of Practitioners' White Cultural/Racial Identity Development  
Co-Constructing Culturally Appropriate Techniques and Strategies in MCT  
Applying MCT With Culturally Different Clients  
General Guidelines for Working With Persons in Specific Groups  
MCT Practice and Multiple Helping Roles  
Network Therapy  
The Liberation of Consciousness  
Paulo Freire's Theory of Psychological Liberation  
Quinones-Rosado's Consciousness-in-Action Theory  
Using the Consciousness-in-Action Model in Individual Counseling  
Limitations and Practical Implications of MCT  
Summary  
 
13. Positive Psychology/Wellness Counseling and Brief/Solution-Focused Therapy
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #13  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
The Wellness Counseling Model  
The Essential Self  
The Coping Self  
The Social Self  
The Creative Self  
The Physical Self  
Implementing a Personal/Contextual Approach to Wellness Counseling  
Brief/Solution-Focused Therapy and Wellness Counseling  
Limitations and Practical Implications of Brief/Solution-Focused Therapy and Positive Psychology/Wellness Counseling  
Summary  
 
14. Developmental Counseling and Therapy: Integrative Theory and Practice
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #14  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
The Integrative Worldview of Developmental Counseling and Therapy  
Comparing Ivey's DCT Model and Lane's levels of Awareness Theory  
Piagetian Cognitive Stages Related to Client Assessment  
DCT Styles and Cultural Identity Development Theory  
Lane's Research on Emotions  
DCT's Approach to Treatment Planning  
The Unique Narrative Strategies of DCT  
Toward the Future: DCT, Neuroscience, Wellness, Health Psychology, Multiculturalism, and Prevention  
Limitations and Practical Implications of the DCT Integrative Approach  
Summary  
 
15. Basic Foundations of Family Counseling and Therapy: Theoretical Foundations and Translations to Practice
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #15  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
Origins of a Family Perspective in Counseling and Psychotherapy  
The Systemic Worldview  
Central Constructs of Family Counseling and Therapy  
Multicultural Issues in Family Counseling and Therapy  
Major Family Counseling and Therapy Theories  
Bowen Family Therapy: An Illustrative First-Force Perspective  
Structural Family Therapy: An Illustrative Second-Force Perspective  
Symbolic/Experiential Family Therapy: Illustrative Third-Force Perspective  
Systemic Cognitive-Developmental Therapy: Illustrative Fourth-Force Perspective  
Limitations of Family Counseling and Therapy  
Summary  
 
16. Identifying Your Own Integrated Approach to Counseling and Therapy
Chapter Goals  
Vignette #16  
An Integral Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Introduction  
The Search for the "Best" Theory  
The Foundational Chapters: Basic to All Theories  
Searching for Theoretical Integration  
Multicultural Counseling and Therapy as the Theoretical Fourth Force  
A Summary of the Major Theoretical Forces of Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Embracing Research as Scientific Practitioners  
Constructing Your Own View or Theory of Counseling and Therapy  
 
References
 
Author Index
 
Subject Index
 
About the Authors

"Greatest strengths of the Ivey et al. text are 1) clearly links contemporary theories of counseling as evolving out of the “Major Forces in Psychology over time; 2) presents well-established principles [fundamentals] of counseling within a therapeutic context utilizing cultural intentionality; 3) explores the four major forces within psychology that established the foundation for therapeutic practice with sufficient depth and breath; 4) clearly examines fundamental assessment devices and intervention strategies as they emerged out each major force in psychology as presented in specific counseling models; 5) adequately differentiates the divergent approaches in counseling as depicted within each major force in psychology in a way that captures the “Whole of the Human Condition” as opposed to incompatible versions of reality."

Steven Dinsmore
Wayne State College

"The strength of the Ivey et al. text is that it integrates multicultural issues into each chapter and utilizes multicultural examples to explore different theories. This integration is coupled with the specific discussion of multicultural theory as a theory in and of itself. This multidimensional approach to multiculturalism champions the current thinking of our time which celebrates an integrative and infused perspective."

Nicole Hill
Idaho State University

"It brings a fresh perspective (postmodern, multiple perspectives, multicultural intentionality — concepts not addressed in my text and other similar texts) to understanding theories of counseling and psychotherapy."

Claire Sham Choy
California State University, Fresno

"I strive to make multiculturalism a central theme in all of my classes, yet I often feel like I’m floundering and lacking in support. Within this textbook, I feel like I have the support I need to give these issues the attention they deserve."

Dr. Lisa Cromer
University of Northern Colorado

"Finally, a textbook that centralizes multicultural-feminist-social justice movements and positive psychology (as well as constructivism and postmodernism) without tacking them on to the end! A terrific book for a course in theories or in multicultural counseling."

Sharon Horne, Ph.D
The University of Memphis

"The multicultural-feminist-social justice movement paradigm fully addresses a multicultural plus perspective. Often typical of other texts is a lack of emphasis of this topic. This multicultural plus perspective is an asset to this text. [...] Finally a textbook that emphasizes the new Positive Psychology movement! The more I read this text, the more I like it."

Meredyth G. Fellows
West ChesterUniversity of Pennsylvania

"After reading Ivey et al., I sensed that, finally, one text could bring to together harmoniously nearly all the varied, if not disparate, theoretical voices of the counseling profession. In doing so, the book reads like a gifted ensemble sounds. Second, the individual parts of the book balance depth and breadth. Finally, the authors provide the student with a solid working model for counseling."

James Korcuska
University of South Dakota

Excellent in covering the theories with application and skills

Dr Lynette Henry
Counseling and Development, George Mason University
May 29, 2016

Haven't taught this course yet, but the text appears comprehensive, and does not appear overwhelming. Appreciate the DVD and PPT resources, as well.

Dr Thomas Craney
Psychology Dept, Mount St Marys University
April 15, 2015

A good resource/overview text for a theories course and written at a graduate level.

Dr Jeff Landine
Education, Univ of New Brunswick - Fredericton
November 24, 2013
Key features

New to the Seventh Edition

  • Chapter 2 on Neuroscience has been added, and neuroscience theories and research findings are infused throughout the book.
  • Professional Development Extension (PDE) features stimulate students' thinking about innovative ways that theories can be used in varying settings with culturally diverse groups of people.
  • New comprehensive framework—Integral Theory of the Evolution of Counseling and Psychotherapy—synthesizes information and helps students view clients through a multidimensional lens.
  • Expanded previous discussions of professional ethics and the role of mental health professionals as scientist-practitioners
  • Increased coverage of legal issues, technology, and on the counseling relationship
  • Added coverage of narrative counseling and brief, solution focused counseling.
  • Completely new theories described in this edition include integral theory of counseling and psychotherapy, community counseling, interpersonal therapy, motivational interviewing, and mindfulness counseling and therapy.
  • This updated edition provides more focus on case illustrations.

Key Features

  • Takes the distinct approach of Multiculturalism to promote new thinking about counseling and therapy processes with cultural considerations placed in the center of attention
  • Access to podcasts for all of the chapters in the book
  • Accompanying DVD provides short video clips that are designed for the reader to expand and synthesize information presented in all of the chapters.
  • Many practical exercises are included to ensure cultural and professional competency
  • Focus on visual elements such as photos, charts, and summary tables
  • Activity boxes and transcripts throughout the text aid student comprehension and link it to practice
  • A large focus on multicultural, feminist, and postmodern approaches gives students state of the art information on the latest thinking in the field.
  • Research Exhibits updates students on the trends in research and summarizes new research that is shaping the field.

For instructors

Review and Desk copies for this title are available digitally via VitalSource.

Request e-review copy

If you require a print review copy, please call: (800) 818-7243 ext. 6140 or email textsales@sagepub.com.

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