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Trauma, Violence, & Abuse

Trauma, Violence, & Abuse

eISSN: 15528324 | ISSN: 15248380 | Current volume: 25 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: 5 Times/Year

Trauma, Violence, & Abuse (TVA), peer-reviewed and published five times per year, is a review journal devoted to organizing, synthesizing, and expanding knowledge on all forms of trauma, abuse, and violence. Dedicated to professionals and advanced students, TVA is intended to compile knowledge that clearly affects practice, policy, and research. Reviewed literatures may come from the social or behavioral sciences or the law.

A practitioner-oriented journal, TVA publishes review manuscripts that cover a body of empirical research and legal analyses, including briefs, which are based on research, laws, and case outcomes. Reviews must be based on a sufficient body of research or legal findings to warrant a review.


Trauma, Violence, & Abuse (TVA) is devoted to organizing, synthesizing, and expanding knowledge on all forms of trauma, abuse, and violence. This peer-reviewed, online journal is practitioner oriented and will publish only reviews of research and law review articles. TVA is dedicated to professionals and advanced students who work with any form of trauma, abuse, and violence. It is intended to compile knowledge that clearly affects practice, policy, and research.

TVA publishes reviews of research studies. We also publish legal analyses, which include reviews of case outcomes, laws, or the research upon which the analyses are based. Reviews must be based on a sufficient number of studies to justify synthesis. Reviewed literatures may come from the social or behavioral sciences or the law.

Reviews of issues related to trauma, violence, and/or abuse are not appropriate unless they are based on a comprehensive review of research. TVA does not publish case studies or reports on individual research studies.

Jon R. Conte, PhD University of Washington, USA
Managing Editor
Candace Conte University of Washington, USA
Editorial Board
Jacquelyn C. Campbell Johns Hopkins University, USA
Mary Ann Dutton Psychiatry,Georgetown University Medical Center, USA
Carlo Garofalo University of Perugia, Italy
Richard Gelles University of Pennsylvania, USA
Gail Goodman University of California, Davis, USA
Simon Hackett Durham University, UK
Katherine Iverson Women's Health Sciences Division of the National Center for PTSD, Boston Healthcare System, USA
Susan Kelley Georgia State University, USA
Mary P. Koss University of Arizona, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, USA
Samara McPhedran Griffith University, Australia
Angela Moreland Medical University of South Carolina, USA
Pamela B. Teaster Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, USA
Jane Wood University of Kent, Canterbury, UK
Elizabeth A. Yeater University of New Mexico, USA
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  • TVA accepts comprehensive reviews of research or legal reviews that address any aspect of trauma, violence or abuse. Reviews must be based on a sufficient number of studies to justify synthesis.  Reviewed literatures may come from the social or behavioral sciences or the law.

    Each manuscript must:

    • be prepared using APA style, and be no longer than 40 double-spaced pages, including references, tables, and figures;
    • include an abstract of up to 250 words describing the topic of review, method of review, number of research studies meeting the criteria for review, criteria for inclusion, how research studies were identified, and major findings;
    • begin with a clear description of the knowledge area that is being researched or reviewed and its relevance to understanding or dealing with trauma, violence, or abuse;
    • provide a clear discussion of the limits of the knowledge that has been reviewed;
    • include two summary tables: one of critical findings and the other listing implications of the review for practice, policy, and research;
    • include a discussion of diversity as it applies to the reviewed research.*

    All manuscripts are peer reviewed and should be submitted with a letter indicating that the material has not been published elsewhere and is not under review at another publication. Manuscripts should be submitted electronically to where authors will be required to set up an online account on the SAGE Track system powered by ScholarOne. Inquiries may be made by email at

    Authors who would like to refine the use of English in their manuscript might consider using the services of a professional English-language  editing company. We highlight some of these companies at

    Please be aware that SAGE has no affiliation with these companies and makes no endorsement of them. An author's use of these services in no way guarantees that his or her submission will ultimately be accepted. Any arrangement an author enters into will be exclusively between the author and the particular company, and any costs incurred are the sole responsibility of the author.

    Please note:

    Reviews of issues related to trauma, violence, and/or abuse are not appropriate for TVA unless they are based on a comprehensive review of research. TVA does not publish case studies or reports on individual research studies. 

    TVA does not respond to author inquiries regarding the interest of the journal in their manuscript or on the suitability of their manuscript for TVA. The mission and parameters of TVA are clearly stated above and TVA assumes that authors are in the best position to know if their work is consistent with the aims and scope of the journal.

    *Journal policy on addressing diversity in manuscripts:
    TVA requires all submissions to include a discussion of diversity as it applies to the reviewed research (e.g., nature of the sample, limitations of the measurement). The discussion should address the body of knowledge reviewed as it addresses or fails to address issues of diversity. Diversity concerns are not a criteria for publication but must be addressed. The nature of the discussion and amount of space devoted to the discussion is the responsibility of the author(s).

    TVA understands diversity to include all aspects of human differences such as socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity, language, nationality, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, religion, geography, ability, age, and culture.

    Diversity as a core value embodies inclusiveness, mutual respect, and multiple perspectives and serves as a catalyst for expanding knowledge and practice with all human beings. While science seeks knowledge that can be generalized, it must appreciate that specific findings, while important in understanding the unique experiences of individuals or groups, are not necessarily applicable to all.

    Manuscript Preparation

    Manuscripts should be prepared using the APA Style Guide, and should be no longer than 40 double-spaced pages, including references, tables, and figures. Text must be in 12-point Times New Roman font. Block quotes may be single-spaced. Manuscripts must include margins of 1 inch on all sides and pages must be numbered sequentially. All files should be in Word (.docx or .doc).

    The manuscript should include five major sections (in this order): Title Page, Abstract, Main Body (blinded, with all author names and identifying information removed for peer review), References, and Author Biographies.

    Sections in a manuscript may include the following (in this order): (1) Title page, (2) Abstract, (3) Keywords, (4) Text, (5) Notes, (6) References, (7) Tables, (8) Figures, (9) Appendices, and (10) Author Biographies.

    1. Title page must be uploaded as a separate file. Please include the following:

    Full article title

    Acknowledgments and credits

    Each author’s complete name and institutional affiliation(s)

    Grant numbers and/or funding information

    Conflict of interests, if any

    Corresponding author (name, address, phone/fax, e-mail)

    2. Abstract. Copy and paste the abstract (150 to 250 words) into the space provided, headed by the full article title. Omit author names. Abstract must describe the topic of the review, method of review, number of research studies meeting the criteria for review, criteria for inclusion, how research studies were identified, and major findings.

    3. Keywords. 5-7 keywords must be included in the manuscript.

    4. Text. Begin text headed by the full article title. Text must be blinded, with all author names and other identifying information removed, for peer review.

    a. Headings and Subheadings. Subheadings should indicate the organization of the content of the manuscript. Generally, three heading levels are sufficient to organize text.

    Level 1: centered, boldface, upper & lowercase

    Level 2: flush left, boldface, upper & lowercase

    Level 3: indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period

    Level 4: indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period

    Level 5: indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period

    b. Citations. For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation. Each corresponding citation must have identical spelling and year. Each text citation must include at least two pieces of information: author(s) and year of publication. Following are some examples of text citations:

    (i) Unknown Author: To cite works that do not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. For example, “The findings are based on the study of students learning to format research papers” ("Using XXX," 2001)

    (ii) Authors with the Same Last Name: Use first initials with the last names to prevent confusion. For example, “L. Hughes, 2001; P. Hughes, 1998.”

    (iii) Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: For two sources by the same author in the same year, use lowercase letters (a, b, c) with the year to order the entries in the reference list. The lower-case letters should follow the year in the in-text citation. For example, “Research by Freud (1981a) illustrated that…”

    (iv) Personal Communication: For letters, e-mails, interviews, and other person-to-person communication, citation should include the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. For example, E. Clark, personal communication, January 4, 2009. Do not include personal communication in the reference list.

    (v) Unknown Author and Unknown Date: For citations with no author or date, use the title in the signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.d." (for "no date"). For example, “The study conducted by the students and research division discovered that students succeeded with tutoring” (Tutoring and APA, n.d.).

    5. Notes. If explanatory notes are required for your manuscript, insert a number formatted in superscript following almost any punctuation mark. Footnote numbers should not follow dashes ( — ), and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses. The footnotes should be added at the bottom of the page after the references. The word “Footnotes” should be centered at the top of the page.

    6. References. Basic rules for the reference list:

    • The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order according to the authors’ last names.
    • If there is more than one work by the same author, order them according to their publication date – oldest to newest (therefore a 2008 publication would appear before a 2009 publication).
    • When listing multiple authors of a source use “&” instead of “and.”
    • Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if there is one, and any proper names – i.e., only those words that are normally capitalized.
    • Italicize the title of the book, the title of the journal/serial and the title of the web document.
    • Manuscripts submitted to TVA should strictly follow the current APA style guide.
    • Every citation in text must have the detailed reference in the Reference section.
    • Every reference listed in the Reference section must be cited in text.
    • Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there.

    Here are a few examples of commonly found references. For more examples, please check the APA style guide:


    Book with place of publication: Airey, D. (2010). Logo design love: A guide to creating iconic brand identities. Berkeley, CA: New Riders.

    Book with editors & edition: Collins, C., & Jackson, S. (Eds.). (2007). Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand society. South Melbourne, Australia: Thomson.

    Book with author & publisher are the same: MidCentral District Health Board. (2008). District annual plan 2008/09. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Author.

    Chapter in an edited book: Dear, J., & Underwood, M. (2007). What is the role of exercise in the prevention of back pain? In D. MacAuley & T. Best (Eds.), Evidence-based sports medicine (2nd ed., pp. 257-280). Malden, MA: Blackwell.


    Journal article with more than one author (print): Gabbett, T., Jenkins, D., & Abernethy, B. (2010). Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(6), 578-583.

    Journal article – 8 or more authors: Crooks, C., Ameratunga, R., Brewerton, M., Torok, M., Buetow, S., Brothers, S., … Jorgensen, P. (2010). Adverse reactions to food in New Zealand children aged 0-5 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1327). Retrieved from

    Internet Sources:

    Internet – no author, no date: Pet therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from htttp://

    Internet – Organisation / Corporate author: SPCA New Zealand. (2011). Your dog may be dying from the heat [Press release]. Retrieved from

    Examples of various types of information sources:

    Act (statute / legislation): Copyright Act 1994. (2011, October 7). Retrieved from

    Blog post: Liz and Ellory. (2011, January 19). The day of dread(s) [Web log post]. Retrieved from

    Brochure / pamphlet (no author): Aging well: How to be the best you can be [Brochure]. (2009). Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health.

    Conference Paper: Williams, J., & Seary, K. (2010). Bridging the divide: Scaffolding the learning experiences of the mature age student. In J. Terrell (Ed.), Making the links: Learning, teaching and high quality student outcomes. Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the New Zealand Association of Bridging Educators (pp. 104-116). Wellington, New Zealand.

    DVD / Video / Motion Picture (including Clickview & Youtube): Gardiner, A., Curtis, C., & Michael, E. (Producers), & Waititi, T. (Director). (2010). Boy: Welcome to my interesting world [DVD]. New Zealand: Transmission.

    Magazine: Ng, A. (2011, October-December). Brush with history. Habitus, 13, 83-87.

    Newspaper article (no author): Little blue penguins homeward bound. (2011, November 23). Manawatu Standard, p. 5

    Podcast (audio or video): Rozaieski, B. (2011). Logan cabinet shoppe: Episode 37: Entertainment center molding [Video podcast]. Retrieved from

    Software (including apps): UBM Medica.(2010). iMIMS (Version1.2.0) [Mobile application software].Retrieved from

    Television programme: Flanagan, A., & Philipson, A. (Series producers & directors). (2011). 24 hours in A & E [Television series]. Belfast, Ireland: Channel 4.

    Thesis (print): Smith, T. L. (2008). Change, choice and difference: The case of RN to BN degree programmes for registered nurses (Master’s thesis). Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.

    Thesis (online): Mann, D. L. (2010). Vision and expertise for interceptive actions in sport (Doctoral dissertation, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia). Retrieved from

    Non-English reference book, title translated in English: Real Academia Espanola. (2001). Diccionario de la lenguaespanola [Dictionary of the Spanish Language] (22nded.). Madrid, Spain: Author

    IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the points above for references. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article. In case of any question, please contact the journal editor at

    7. Tables. They should be structured properly. Each table must have a clear and concise title. When appropriate, use the title to explain an abbreviation parenthetically, for example, Comparison of Median Income of Adopted Children (AC) v. Foster Children (FC).

    8. Figures. They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and must include figure captions. Figures will appear in the published article in the order in which they are numbered initially. The figure resolution should be at least 300dpi at the time of submission.

    IMPORTANT: PERMISSION - The author(s) are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures or materials before they are published in TVA. A copy of the written permission must be included with the manuscript submission.

    9. Appendices. They should be lettered to distinguish from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”). Cross-check text for accuracy against appendices.

    10. Author Biographies. Author(s) are required to send a 40-60 word biography for publication at the end of the article. A sample biography is given below:

    Jessica Shaw, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the School of Social Work at Boston College. Her research focuses on community responses to sexual assault and emphasizes improving community systems through collaborative, multidisciplinary efforts. She is interested in using evaluation as a tool to initiate and support policy-level change and improvement and in identifying mechanisms to translate research into practice.

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