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Twenty-Four Stories From Psychology
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Twenty-Four Stories From Psychology



August 2019 | 272 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

A good story sets the stage for engaged learning.

 

Nowhere is this more important than in foundational courses, such as Introductory or History of Psychology. By weaving foundational and modern characters across a historical landscape, John Hogan’s Twenty-Four Stories from Psychology captivates readers with the rich stories- the who, what, where, why and how- for many of the major theories and colorful characters who have shaped the development of Psychology as a field.


 
PRE-SCIENTIFIC PSYCHOLOGY
 
1. The Witches of Salem, Massachusetts: 1692
Background and the Initial Episodes

 
Accusations and Death Sentences

 
Fictional Accounts

 
Understanding the Causes of the Epidemic

 
In the Final Analysis

 
 
2. Victor, The Wild Boy of Aveyron
The First Sightings

 
Victor in Paris

 
Teaching Victor

 
Victor's Mental Ability

 
Diagnosing Victor

 
Speech and Socialization

 
The Experiment Ends

 
Lessons from Victor's Treatment

 
 
3. Phineas Gage: The Man with a Hole in his Head
The Accident

 
Gage's Accident Becomes More Widely Known

 
Franz Gall and Phrenology

 
The Change in Personality

 
Gage's Later Years

 
After His Death

 
The Legacy of Phineas Gage

 
Psychosurgery

 
Phineas Gage Today

 
The Memorial

 
 
THE EARLY YEARS
 
4. Hypnosis and Hysteria: Mesmer, Charcot, and the "Country Bumpkins"
Mesmer and Hypnosis in the Nineteenth Century

 
Jean-Martin Charcot

 
Hysteria

 
Ambroise-Auguste Leibault and Hippolyte Bernheim: The "Country Bumpkins"

 
Flaws in the System: Alfred Binet at La Salpetriere

 
The Success of the Nancy School

 
 
5. The Mysterious Case of Anna O.
Breuer's Case Study

 
Anna O.'s Identity Revealed

 
Did Freud Lie?

 
Anna O.'s Later Years

 
 
6. Clever Hans, the Wonder Horse
The Venue and the Repertoire

 
The Investigations

 
What Hans Learned

 
How Could Observers Have Been So Wrong About Hans?

 
 
7. Francis Galton: Explorer, Eugenicist, and Accidental Psychology
Child Genius

 
Travel and Adventure

 
Return to England

 
Charles Darwin and the Origin of Species

 
Understanding Heredity

 
The Questionnaire Method

 
Fingerprints

 
The FInal Years

 
Galton's Legacy

 
 
8. A Man and His Dogs: The Story of Ivan Pavlov
A Difficult Beginning

 
The Movement into Science

 
Research on Salivation

 
Classical Conditioning

 
Criticisms of Pavlov's Research

 
Attitude Toward Psychology

 
Contributions to Mental Health

 
The Later Years

 
 
9. Hermann Rorschach and His (In)Famous Test
Early Life

 
Establishing a Career

 
Russia and Beyond

 
The Test

 
Psychodiagnostics

 
After Rorschach's Death

 
Curious Uses of the Rorschach

 
Criticisms of the Rorschach

 
The Rorschach Today

 
 
10. The Casa Di Bambini: Maria Montessori and Her Method
Beginning a Career

 
The Casa dei Bambini

 
Principles for the Classroom

 
Learning "Explosions"

 
Montessori's Influence Spreads

 
Montessori in the United States

 
Political Unrest

 
The Final Years

 
Evaluating Montessori and Her Movement

 
 
11. Sigmund Freud's Only Visit to America
The Invitation

 
The Clark Conference

 
The Journey to America

 
Clark University and the Lectures

 
Immediately After the Conference

 
The Impact of the "Freud Conference"

 
Return to Vienna and Freud's Final Days

 
Clark University Today

 
 
12. Hugo Munsterberg: Pioneer Applied Psychologist, Torn BEtween Two Worlds
Beginnings

 
Munsterberg at Harvard

 
Forensic Psychology

 
Industrial/Organizational Psychology

 
Other Contributions

 
Germany, World War I, and Growing Problems

 
Munsterberg's Place in History

 
 
13. Mary Whiton Calkins: An Academic Pioneer in Search of a Doctoral Degree
Early Education

 
Calkins Moves into Psychology

 
Calkins at Harvard

 
Wellesley and Harvard Redux

 
The Legacy of Mary Whiton Calkins

 
 
14. Henry Goddard, Deborah Kallikak, and That Terrible Family of Hers
The Kallikak Family

 
Henry H. Goddard

 
Martin Kallikak and His Ancestors

 
Criticisms of the Study

 
The Real Name of the Kallikak Family

 
Afterwards

 
Impact of the Kallikak Family

 
A Final Note

 
 
15. Little Albert: Teaching a Child to be Afraid
John B. Watson and Behaviorism

 
The Study

 
Ethics and Little Albert

 
Further Criticisms of the Little Albert Study

 
The Case of Peter

 
Watson and Rayner After the Experiment

 
Whatever Became of Little Albert?

 
Looking Back at Albert B.

 
 
16. WHen Geniuses Grow Up: The Terman Gifted Study
Terman's Background

 
The Binet-Simon Scales

 
The Longitudinal Study

 
Initial Results

 
The Gifted at Mid-Life and Beyond

 
A Few of the Notable Participants

 
Limitations of the Study

 
The Gifted Today

 
 
ENTERING THE MODERN ERA
 
17. The Minnesota Starvation Study
Background of the Study

 
The Proposed Study

 
The Volunteers

 
The Study Begins

 
Six Months of Starvation

 
The Final Phase Begins

 
Maslow's Theory of Needs

 
Food and the War

 
After the Study

 
 
18. The Burt Affair: Fraud or Political Ideology?
Burt's Background

 
Burt's Twin Studies

 
The Controversy Begins

 
The Tide Changes

 
Fraud or Political Ideology?

 
 
19. Talking to Animals: The Story of Nim Chimpsky
Nim Chimpsky

 
Getting Organized

 
The Experiment Begins

 
Nim at Delafield

 
Another Transition for Nim

 
Back to Oklahoma

 
Criticisms of the Research

 
 
20. From Dolla Play to the Supreme Court: The Legacy of Kenneth B. Clark
Panama to New York

 
The Doll Studies

 
The Road to the Supreme Court

 
After Brown v. the Board of Education

 
The American Psychological Association

 
The Final Years

 
 
21. Challenging Societal Norms on Homosexuality: The Story of Evelyn Hooker
Setting the Stage

 
Sam From

 
The Study

 
Presenting the Findings

 
Criticisms

 
The Final Years

 
 
22. In Praise of Love: Harry Harlow and His Monkeys
Finding a Profession

 
Early Research

 
The Affection Experiments Begin

 
Sex and Motherhood

 
The Isolation Experiments

 
Personal Life

 
Criticisms and Contributions

 
 
23. The Shocking Dr. Milgram
Background

 
The Experiment Begins

 
Criticisms of His Research

 
After the Obedience Studies

 
The Move to the City University of New York

 
Final Years and Summary Thoughts

 
 
24. The Murder of Kitty Genovese
The Murder

 
Initial Report

 
Social Scientists and the "Bystander Effect"

 
The Parable of the 38 Witnesses

 
Winston Mosely

 
The Aftermath

 
Final Thoughts on the Genovese Tragedy

 

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