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Twenty-Four Stories From Psychology

Twenty-Four Stories From Psychology

August 2019 | 272 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

A good story sets the stage for engaged learning.


Nowhere is this more important than in foundational courses, such as Introductory or History of Psychology. By weaving foundational and modern characters across a historical landscape, John Hogan’s Twenty-Four Stories from Psychology captivates readers with the rich stories- the who, what, where, why and how- for many of the major theories and colorful characters who have shaped the development of Psychology as a field.

1. The Witches of Salem, Massachusetts: 1692
Background and the Initial Episodes

Accusations and Death Sentences

Fictional Accounts

Understanding the Causes of the Epidemic

In the Final Analysis

2. Victor, The Wild Boy of Aveyron
The First Sightings

Victor in Paris

Teaching Victor

Victor's Mental Ability

Diagnosing Victor

Speech and Socialization

The Experiment Ends

Lessons from Victor's Treatment

3. Phineas Gage: The Man with a Hole in his Head
The Accident

Gage's Accident Becomes More Widely Known

Franz Gall and Phrenology

The Change in Personality

Gage's Later Years

After His Death

The Legacy of Phineas Gage


Phineas Gage Today

The Memorial

4. Hypnosis and Hysteria: Mesmer, Charcot, and the "Country Bumpkins"
Mesmer and Hypnosis in the Nineteenth Century

Jean-Martin Charcot


Ambroise-Auguste Leibault and Hippolyte Bernheim: The "Country Bumpkins"

Flaws in the System: Alfred Binet at La Salpetriere

The Success of the Nancy School

5. The Mysterious Case of Anna O.
Breuer's Case Study

Anna O.'s Identity Revealed

Did Freud Lie?

Anna O.'s Later Years

6. Clever Hans, the Wonder Horse
The Venue and the Repertoire

The Investigations

What Hans Learned

How Could Observers Have Been So Wrong About Hans?

7. Francis Galton: Explorer, Eugenicist, and Accidental Psychology
Child Genius

Travel and Adventure

Return to England

Charles Darwin and the Origin of Species

Understanding Heredity

The Questionnaire Method


The FInal Years

Galton's Legacy

8. A Man and His Dogs: The Story of Ivan Pavlov
A Difficult Beginning

The Movement into Science

Research on Salivation

Classical Conditioning

Criticisms of Pavlov's Research

Attitude Toward Psychology

Contributions to Mental Health

The Later Years

9. Hermann Rorschach and His (In)Famous Test
Early Life

Establishing a Career

Russia and Beyond

The Test


After Rorschach's Death

Curious Uses of the Rorschach

Criticisms of the Rorschach

The Rorschach Today

10. The Casa Di Bambini: Maria Montessori and Her Method
Beginning a Career

The Casa dei Bambini

Principles for the Classroom

Learning "Explosions"

Montessori's Influence Spreads

Montessori in the United States

Political Unrest

The Final Years

Evaluating Montessori and Her Movement

11. Sigmund Freud's Only Visit to America
The Invitation

The Clark Conference

The Journey to America

Clark University and the Lectures

Immediately After the Conference

The Impact of the "Freud Conference"

Return to Vienna and Freud's Final Days

Clark University Today

12. Hugo Munsterberg: Pioneer Applied Psychologist, Torn BEtween Two Worlds

Munsterberg at Harvard

Forensic Psychology

Industrial/Organizational Psychology

Other Contributions

Germany, World War I, and Growing Problems

Munsterberg's Place in History

13. Mary Whiton Calkins: An Academic Pioneer in Search of a Doctoral Degree
Early Education

Calkins Moves into Psychology

Calkins at Harvard

Wellesley and Harvard Redux

The Legacy of Mary Whiton Calkins

14. Henry Goddard, Deborah Kallikak, and That Terrible Family of Hers
The Kallikak Family

Henry H. Goddard

Martin Kallikak and His Ancestors

Criticisms of the Study

The Real Name of the Kallikak Family


Impact of the Kallikak Family

A Final Note

15. Little Albert: Teaching a Child to be Afraid
John B. Watson and Behaviorism

The Study

Ethics and Little Albert

Further Criticisms of the Little Albert Study

The Case of Peter

Watson and Rayner After the Experiment

Whatever Became of Little Albert?

Looking Back at Albert B.

16. WHen Geniuses Grow Up: The Terman Gifted Study
Terman's Background

The Binet-Simon Scales

The Longitudinal Study

Initial Results

The Gifted at Mid-Life and Beyond

A Few of the Notable Participants

Limitations of the Study

The Gifted Today

17. The Minnesota Starvation Study
Background of the Study

The Proposed Study

The Volunteers

The Study Begins

Six Months of Starvation

The Final Phase Begins

Maslow's Theory of Needs

Food and the War

After the Study

18. The Burt Affair: Fraud or Political Ideology?
Burt's Background

Burt's Twin Studies

The Controversy Begins

The Tide Changes

Fraud or Political Ideology?

19. Talking to Animals: The Story of Nim Chimpsky
Nim Chimpsky

Getting Organized

The Experiment Begins

Nim at Delafield

Another Transition for Nim

Back to Oklahoma

Criticisms of the Research

20. From Dolla Play to the Supreme Court: The Legacy of Kenneth B. Clark
Panama to New York

The Doll Studies

The Road to the Supreme Court

After Brown v. the Board of Education

The American Psychological Association

The Final Years

21. Challenging Societal Norms on Homosexuality: The Story of Evelyn Hooker
Setting the Stage

Sam From

The Study

Presenting the Findings


The Final Years

22. In Praise of Love: Harry Harlow and His Monkeys
Finding a Profession

Early Research

The Affection Experiments Begin

Sex and Motherhood

The Isolation Experiments

Personal Life

Criticisms and Contributions

23. The Shocking Dr. Milgram

The Experiment Begins

Criticisms of His Research

After the Obedience Studies

The Move to the City University of New York

Final Years and Summary Thoughts

24. The Murder of Kitty Genovese
The Murder

Initial Report

Social Scientists and the "Bystander Effect"

The Parable of the 38 Witnesses

Winston Mosely

The Aftermath

Final Thoughts on the Genovese Tragedy


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