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Understanding Everyday Racism
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Understanding Everyday Racism
An Interdisciplinary Theory



© 1991 | 336 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
While there are numerous studies of racism and racial inequality at the macro-level of analysis, there has been little work done on the experience of everyday racism for black people. Philomena Essed's brilliant work fills this gap. This landmark volume compares contemporary racism in the United States and the Netherlands through in-depth interview data from more than 2,000 experiences of black women. As an interdisciplinary analysis of gendered social constructions of racism, it breaks new ground. Essed problematizes and reinterprets many of the meanings and everyday practices that the majority of society has come to take for granted. She addresses crucial but largely neglected dimensions of racism: How is racism experienced in everyday situations? How do black women recognize covert expressions of racism? What knowledge of racism do black women have, and how is this knowledge acquired? How do they challenge racism in everyday life? To answer these questions, over two thousand experiences of black women are analyzed within a theoretical framework that integrates the disciplines of macro- and micro-sociology, social psychology, discourse analysis, race relations theory, and women's studies. Samples include only black women with higher education. Many of their experiences of racism involve the "elite" among the dominant group. The book seriously challenges both the notion of Dutch tolerance and the idea that U.S. racism is a problem of the past. With this concept in mind, Understanding Everyday Racism is urgent reading. Essed's volume represents a landmark in the study of race and ethnicity and will interest researchers, lecturers, students, and professionals of discourse analysis, policy and women's studies, sociology, psychology, management, psychotherapy, and qualitative methodology. "Without getting bogged down in nit-picking about the definition of racism, the author has succeeded in presenting the true face of racism and has investigated the sociology and psychology of racism. A marvellously subtle and skillful report of everyday racism." --Counselling Psychology Quarterly "In this provocative book, Philomena Essed weaves insights from psychology, sociology, discourse analysis, and women's studies into an original and important new theoretical framework. She combines a phenomenological approach of describing the experiences of individuals with a structural account of inequality." --Contemporary Psychology "Racism remains a contested concept in both popular and scholarly discourse. Typically unaware of the extent of institutionalized racism, whites generally deny that racism exists. People of color typically see things differently and interpret the dominant group perspective as insensitive and insincere. Philomena Essed's groundbreaking volume, Understanding Everyday Racism tackles this ambiguity surrounding both popular and scholarly interpretations of racism and sheds considerable light on the difference between dominant and subordinate group views. . . . Essed's volume makes an extremely important and unique contribution to our understanding of contemporary racism." --Contemporary Sociology
 
PART ONE: TOWARDS AN INTEGRATION OF MACRO AND MICRO DIMENSIONS OF RACISM
 
Racism Today
The Social-political Context  
 
The Netherlands
 
Some Notes on Contemporary Racism in the US
 
Women and Racism
 
Black Women with Higher Education
 
Conceptualizing Racism as a Process
 
Racism
A Working Definition  
 
The Notion of Everyday Racism
 
PART TWO: METHODOLOGICAL QUESTIONS
 
Introduction
 
Methodology within Methodology
 
Accounts
 
The Interviewees
 
Interviewing
 
Method of Analysis
 
PART THREE: KNOWLEDGE AND COMPREHENSION OF EVERYDAY RACISM
 
Introduction
 
General Knowledge and Scenarios of Racism
 
Comprehending Racism
 
Subjective and Objective Assessments of the Comprehension of Racist Events
 
A Procedure for the Assessment of Racist Events
 
Assessing Real-life Explanations of `Unfair Treatment'
 
Relating Cognitive to Social Processes of Understanding
 
The Acquisition of Knowledge of Racism
 
Reconstructing Black Women's General Knowledge of Racism
 
PART FOUR: ANALYZING ACCOUNTS OF RACISM
 
Introduction
 
Analyzing Accounts of Racism
 
Knowledge About Racism as an Evaluative Category in Verbal Accounts
 
Heuristics, Interpretations and Evaluations in Reconstructions of Racist Events
 
Racist Complications in Job Applications
 
What happened?
Examples of Real-life Accounts  
 
Conclusions
 
PART FIVE: THE INTEGRATION OF RACISM IN EVERYDAY LIFE: THE STORY OF ROSA N.
 
Introduction
 
Rosa N.
A Fragmentary Representation of Everyday Racism  
 
The Process of Everyday Racism in the Experience of Rosa N.
 
The Macro Context of Experiences of Racism
 
Conclusions
Rosa N. and the Shared Experience of Racism  
 
PART SIX: THE STRUCTURE OF EVERYDAY RACISM
 
Racism as Conflict Maintaining Process
 
Hidden Agendas
The Dominations of Euro-American Values  
 
The Basic Agenda
Perpetuation of Exclusion and Subordination  
 
The Agenda of the Agenda
Problematizing those who Problematize Racism  
 
The Structure of Everyday Racism
 
CONCLUSIONS
 
APPENDICES
 
Appendix 1. Interview Guide
 
Appendix 2. General Statements about Racism
 
Appendix 3. `Rosa N. File'

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ISBN: 9780803942561

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