Understanding Terrorism
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Understanding Terrorism
Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues

Sixth
  • Gus Martin - California State University, Dominguez Hills
Experience with SAGE edge


September 2017 | 560 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

“[Gus Martin] has expertly curated the most important topics and sources in the field and put them together in an ideal manner to assist students in understanding the breadth and complexity of modern-day terrorism. Coupled with the instructor and student resources, this text is a perfect introduction to the field.”

—Ryan Vogel, Director of National Security Studies, Utah Valley University

 

Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues offers a multidisciplinary, comprehensive exploration of domestic and international terrorism that helps students develop the knowledge and skills needed to critically assess the expressions and underlying causes of terrorism.

 

The Sixth Edition has been updated with new information on terrorist attacks and organizations, as well as key topics such as failed states, the lone-wolf model, state terrorism, human rights violations, and cyberterrorism. Discussion of policies and counterterrorism has been augmented to help students understand the challenges, perspectives, and issues relevant to terrorism today.

 

Give your students the SAGE edge!

 

SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of free tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning. Learn more at edge.sagepub.com/martin6e.

 

 
Part I: Terrorism: A Conceptual Review
 
Chapter 1: Terrorism: First Impressions
Opening Viewpoint: The Ideology of Al-Qa'Ida  
First Considerations  
Conceptual Considerations: Understanding Political Violence  
The Past as Prologue: Historical Perspectives on Terrorism  
Chapter Perspective 1.1: The Gunpowder Plot of Guy Fawkes  
Terrorism and Criminal Skill: Three Cases From the Modern Era  
 
Chapter 2: The Nature of the Beast: Defining Terrorism
Opening Viewpoint: Are "Hate Crimes" Acts of Terrorism?  
Understanding Extremism: The Foundation of Terrorism  
Defining Terrorism: An Ongoing Debate  
Chapter Perspective 2.1: The Problem of Labeling the Enemy in the New Era of Terrorism  
A Definitional Problem: Perspectives on Terrorism  
The Political Violence Matrix  
Case in Point: The Orlando Mass Shooting-An Act of Terrorism and Hate Crime  
 
Chapter 3: Beginnings: The Causes of Terrorism
Opening Viewpoint: The Case of Carlos  
Political Violence as Strategic Choice  
Political Violence as the Fruit of Injustice  
Chapter Perspective 3.1: Women as Terrorists  
Chapter Perspective 3.2: Profiles of Violent Extremists: Leila Khaled and Abu Nidal  
Moral Justifications for Political Violence  
 
Part II: The Terrorists
 
Chapter 4: Terror from Above: Terrorism by the State
Opening Viewpoint: State Terrorism as Domestic and Foreign Policy  
The State as Terrorist: A State Terrorism Paradigm  
Violence Abroad: Terrorism as Foreign Policy  
Chapter Perspective 4.1: Calculation or Miscalculation? The Threat from Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Iraq Case  
Violence at Home: Terrorism as Domestic Policy  
Chapter Perspective 4.2: Cleansing Society  
The Problem of Accountability: Monitoring State Terrorism  
 
Chapter 5: Terror from Below: Terrorism by Dissidents
Opening Viewpoint: The Tupamaros  
The Rebel as Terrorist: A Dissident Terrorism Paradigm  
Chapter Perspective 5.1: Chechen Terrorism in Russia  
Warring Against the State: Antistate Dissident Terrorism  
Chapter Perspective 5.2: The Palestinian Movement  
Warring Against a People: Communal Terrorism  
Chapter Perspective 5.3: Child Soldiers  
Operational Shifts: Dissidents and the New Terrorism  
 
Chapter 6: Violence in the Name of the Faith: Religious Terrorism
Opening Viewpoint: The Journey of Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi  
Primary and Secondary Motives: The Idiosyncratic Quality of Religious Terrorism  
Chapter Perspective 6.1: Jihad: Struggling in the Way of God  
Historical Cases in Point: Fighting, Dying, and Killing in the Name of the Faith  
State-Sponsored Religious Terrorism in the Modern Era  
Chapter Perspective 6.2: Assault on Mumbai  
Dissident Religious Terrorism in the Modern Era  
The Future of Religious Terrorism  
 
Chapter 7: Violent Ideologies: Terrorism From the Left and Right
Opening Viewpoint: Racist Skinheads as a Supportive Environment  
Reactionaries and Radicals: The Classical Ideological Continuum  
Left-Wing Ideologies and Activism  
Chapter Perspective 7.1: Required Reading on the "New Left"  
Class Struggle and National Liberation: The Terrorist Left  
Right-Wing Activism and Extremism  
Race and Order: The Terrorist Right  
Chapter Perspective 7.3: Violent Reactionaries: Characteristics of the Extreme Right  
Violent Ideologies in the New Era of Terrorism  
 
Chapter 8: Terrorist Spillovers: International Terrorism
Opening Viewpoint: Terrorism in the Age of Globalization  
Chapter Perspective 8.1: The Changing Environment of International Terrorism  
Defining International Terrorism  
Chapter Perspective 8.2: The Benghazi Attack  
Globalized Revolution: Reasons for International Terrorism  
Globalized Solidarity: International Terrorist Networks  
Chapter Perspective 8.3: A Remarkable Example of International Terrorism: The Japanese Red Army and the Lod (Lydda) Airport Massacre  
The International Dimension of the New Terrorism  
Chapter Perspective 8.3: Beyond Al-Qa'ida  
Postscript: The "Stateless Revolutionaries"  
 
Chapter 9: Emerging Terrorist Environments: Gender-Selective Political Violence and Criminal Dissident Terrorism
Opening Viewpoint: ISIS Gender-Selective Terrorism  
Culture and Conflict: Gender Selected Victims of Terrorist Violence  
Protecting the Enterprise: Criminal Dissident Terrorism  
Chapter Perspective 9.1: Lebanon's Beka'a Valley  
Chapter Perspective 9.2: The Tri-Border Area of South America  
A Global Problem: Regional Cases of Criminal Dissident Terrorism  
 
Part III: The Terrorist Trade and Counterterrorism
 
Chapter 10: Tools of the Trade: Tactics and Targets of Terrorists
Opening Viewpoint: Actionable Intelligence: Israel and the Hunt for the Engineer  
The Purpose: Terrorist Objectives  
The Means: Terrorist Methods  
Chapter Perspective 10.1: The Al-Qa'ida "Terrorist Manual"  
The Focus: Terrorist Targets  
Chapter Perspective 10.2: The Symbolism of Targets: Terrorist Attacks Against the United States  
The Outcome: Is Terrorism Effective?  
Chapter Perspective 10.3: Tactical Horror: Digital, Video, and Audio Terrorism  
 
Chapter 11: The Information Battleground: Terrorist Violence and the Role of the Media
Opening Viewpoint: Media-Oriented Terror and Lebanon's Hezbollah  
Two Perspectives: The Media and Governments  
Understanding the Role of the Media  
Chapter Perspective 11.1: Delivering the Message  
Chapter Perspective 11.2: Al Jazeera  
A New Battleground: The War for the Information High Ground  
The Public's Right to Know: Regulating the Media  
Chapter Perspective 11.3: Self-Regulation and the American Media  
 
Chapter 12: The American Case: Terrorism in the United States
Opening Viewpoint: Lynching-Vigilante Communal Terrorism in the United States  
An Introduction to the American Case  
Background to Terrorism: Left-Wing Activism and Ideological Extremism in America  
Left-Wing Terrorism in the United States  
Chapter Perspective 12.1: Seeds of Terrorism: Radicals on the American Left  
Background to Terrorism: Right-Wing Activism and Ideological Extremism in America  
Chapter Perspective 12.2: Conspiracy Theories on the American Right  
Right Wing Terrorism in the United States  
Chapter Perspective 12.3: Seeds of Terrorism: Reactionaries on the American Right  
International Terrorism in the United States  
Chapter Perspective 12.4: The Anthrax Crisis: A Post 9/11 Anomaly  
 
Part IV: Securing the Homeland
 
Chapter 13: Counterterrorism: The Options
Opening Viewpoint: The Death of Osama Bin Laden  
Responding to Terror: The Scope of Options  
Warlike Operations: Counterterrorism and the Use of Force  
Chapter Perspective 13.1: Operation El Dorado Canyon  
Chapter Perspective 13.2: Hostage Rescues  
Operations Other Than War: Repressive Options  
Chapter 13.3: The Utility of Monitoring Social Networking Media  
Operations Other Than War: Conciliatory Options  
Applying the Rule of Law: Legalistic Options  
Chapter Perspective 13.4: The Role of the "International Police"  
 
Chapter 14: A New Era: Homeland Security
Opening Viewpoint: Data Mining by the U.S. National Security Agency  
Homeland Security in Perspective  
The American Case: Homeland Security in the United States  
Chapter Perspective 14.1: Waging War in the Era of the New Terrorism  
Civil Liberties and Securing the Homeland  
 
Chapter 15: What's Next? The Future of Terrorism
Opening Viewpoint: Carnivore and the Dawn of Internet Surveillance  
An Overview of Near-Term Projections  
The Future of Terrorism: Terrorist Environments in the 21st Century  
The Future of Terrorism: New Threats  
Controlling Terrorism: Ending Terrorist Campaigns and New Challenges  
Final Considerations: Terrorism in the United States  

Supplements

Student Resource Site

The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards reinforce understanding of key terms and concepts that have been outlined in the chapters.
  • Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to selected full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Carefully selected, web-based video resources feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
  • Web exercises and meaningful web links facilitate student use of internet resources, further exploration of topics, and responses to critical thinking questions.
Instructor Resouce Site

The password-protected Instructor Resource Site includes the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. Highlight essential content, features, and artwork from the book.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help with preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Sample course syllabi provide suggested models for use when creating the syllabi for your courses. 
  • Carefully selected, web-based video resources feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.

“Highly recommend. It is student friendly and easily taught.”

John Comiskey
Monmouth University, Department of Criminal Justice

“[Gus Martin] has expertly curated the most important topics and sources in the field and put them together in an ideal manner to assist students in understanding the breadth and complexity of modern-day terrorism.  Coupled with the instructor and student resources, this text is a perfect introduction to the field.”

Ryan Vogel
Director of National Security Studies, Utah Valley University

“Comprehensive and broad and covers most of the material needed for a class on terrorism. I recommend it.” 

Ibrahim Zabad
Assistant Professor of Political Science and Co-Director of the International Studies Program, St. Bonaventure University

“The latest edition of Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues by Gus Martin is a well-thought-out, detailed, scholarly work that is a must-read for students engaged in terrorism studies—either in the undergraduate or graduate level. Each chapter covers a specific topic key to understanding the terrorist threat, both domestic and international. The text has a wealth of student and instructor resources to enhance the learning experience.”

Daniel Cutrer
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

“This is a comprehensive textbook designed for students with no background on the subject and told through a voice that is both authoritative and easy to understand.”

Michael Loadenthal
Miami University of Oxford
Key features
KEY FEATURES:
  • Comprehensive Coverage: The book offers a broad multidisciplinary examination of contemporary terrorism that helps contextualize terrorism for students. Its thorough exploration of theory and history from a wide variety of perspectives ensures that readers develop a deep understanding of the current state of terrorism.
  • Accessible Style: The author explains theory and provides in-depth analysis in an accessible, engaging manner that helps readers develop the knowledge and skills they need.
  • Opening Viewpoints: At the beginning of each chapter, these boxes present relevant examples of theories and themes that will be discussed in the following chapter—grabbing readers’ attention and drawing them into the material.
  • Chapter in Perspective: Chapters incorporate focused presentations in special interest boxes that explore people, events, organizations, and movements that are relevant to the chapter.
  • Discussion Boxes: Each chapter concludes with discussion boxes that highlight controversial issues and pose challenging questions to stimulate critical thinking and debate.
  • Wide-ranging Illustration Program: A variety of photos, charts, graphs, and maps help students appreciate and understand the events and people covered in the book.

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ISBN: 9781506385815