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A Comprehensive Approach

Second Edition


February 2019 | 432 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Drawing from the most up-to-date research and emerging issues, Victimology: A Comprehensive Approach is an accessible, student-friendly text that provides students with an overview of the causes and consequences of victimization and the responses to those causes. Renowned authors and researchers Leah E. Daigle and Lisa R. Muftic use a consistent framework throughout to help readers understand why people are victimized, as well as how the criminal justice system and other social services interact with victims and each other. The focus on causes and responses equips students with the foundational knowledge needed to apply key concepts to real-life situations. Emphasizing the impact of trauma on individuals and opportunities for prevention, this supportive text offers incisive discussions of recurring victimization and the victim-offender overlap with a global focus. The streamlined Second Edition explores emerging topics within this growing field, including immigration and victimization, bullying, homicides and sexual assaults involving LGBTQ persons, school shootings, and more.
Chapter 1: Introduction to Victimology
What Is Victimology?  
The History of Victimology: Before the Victims’ Rights Movement  
Victimology Across the Globe  
The Role of the Victim in Crime: Victim Precipitation, Victim Facilitation, and Victim Provocation  
The History of Victimology: The Victims’ Rights Movement  
Contributions of the Victims’ Rights Movement  
Victimology Today  
Chapter 2: Extent, Theories, and Factors of Victimization
Measuring Victimization  
Theories and Explanations of Victimization  
Chapter 3: The Victim–Offender Overlap
The Link Between Victimization and Offending  
Explaining the Link Between Victimization and Offending  
The Victim–Offender Overlap and Specific Types of Victimization  
Chapter 4: Consequences of Victimization
Physical Consequences  
Psychological Consequences  
Behavioral Reactions  
Economic Costs  
System Costs  
Vicarious Victimization  
Fear of Crime  
Chapter 5: Recurring Victimization
Types of Recurring Victimization  
Extent of Recurring Victimization  
Characteristics of Recurring Victimization  
Risk Factors for Recurring Victimization  
Theoretical Explanations of Recurring Victimization  
Consequences of Recurring Victimization  
Chapter 6: Victims' Rights and Remedies
Victims' Rights  
Financial Remedy  
Remedies and Rights in Court  
Chapter 7: Homicide Victimization
Defining Homicide Victimization  
Measurement and Extent of Homicide Victimization  
Risk Factors for and Characteristics of Homicide Victimization  
Different Types of Homicide Victimization  
Victim Precipitation  
Indirect (Secondary) Victimization  
Legal and Community Responses to Homicide Victimization  
Chapter 8: Sexual Victimization
What Is Sexual Victimization?  
Measurement and Extent of Sexual Victimization  
Risk Factors for and Characteristics of Sexual Victimization  
Characteristics of Sexual Victimization  
Responses to Sexual Victimization  
Consequences of Sexual Victimization  
Special Case: Sexual Victimization of Males  
Special Case: Sexual Victimization of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Queer and Transgender People  
Special Case: Social Media and the Internet as Tools of Sexual Victimization  
Legal and Criminal Justice Responses to Sexual Victimization  
Prevention and Intervention  
Chapter 9: Intimate Partner Violence
Defining Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse  
Measurement and Extent  
Who Is Victimized?  
Risk Factors and Theories for Intimate Partner Violence  
Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence  
Why Abusive Relationships Continue  
Criminal Justice System Responses to Intimate Partner Violence  
Legal and Community Responses and Prevention  
Chapter 10: Victimization at the Beginning and End of Life
Child Maltreatment  
Elder Maltreatment  
Chapter 11: Victimization of Special Populations
Victimization of Persons With Disabilities  
Who Is Victimized?  
Patterns of Victimization  
Risk Factors for Victimization for Persons With Disabilities  
Responses to Victims With Disabilities  
Victimization of Persons With Mental Illness  
Victimization of the Incarcerated  
Chapter 12: Victimization at School and Work
Victimization at School  
Victimization at School: Grades K–12  
Victimization at School: College  
Victimization at Work  
Chapter 13: Contemporary Issues in Victimology
Victims of Hate Crimes  
Victims of Human Trafficking  
Victims of Terrorism  
Identity Theft Victimization  

“Daigle and Muftic’s Victimology offers a thorough state-of-the-art review of victimology. It is required reading for both junior and senior scholars interested in learning about the causes and consequences of victimization across the life-course.”

Eric Connolly
Sam Houston State University

“A solid, well-written, reasonably priced textbook that does well in covering the basics in the field of victimology.”

Barbara Carson
Minnesota State University

“For an undergraduate course, this is the most thorough text I have seen for victimology. I would recommend it over others because it has a clear scope and sequence, easily identifiable learning objectives, and excellent ancillary materials.”

Martha Earwood
University of Alabama at Birmingham

“This textbook is a comprehensive overview of the study of victimization. It provides students with a detailed look at the field of victimology in terms of the nature and extent of victimization, as well as explanations and responses to victimization. It is extremely well written and accessible to students. I appreciate the authors’ incorporation of current literature and detailed description of key concepts in the field. I highly recommend it for undergraduate victimology courses.”

Christina Policastro
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Key features

  • A renewed focus on a trauma-informed approach has been incorporated throughout to better situate victimization as a form of trauma.
  • A separate section on prevention, included in each chapter, highlights what can be done to reduce victimization.
  • Emerging topics within the growing field of victimology are explored, such as immigration and victimization, bullying, homicides and sexual assaults involving LGBTQ persons, school shootings, and more.
  • The use of social media and the internet as tools of sexual victimization is examined within the context of recent events, such as the #MeToo movement and the rise of revenge porn.
  • Updated statistics provide students with the most up-to-date research and scholarly thinking in the field.
  • The authors have reorganized and streamlined the text to home in on the key issues in victimology.


  • Each chapter consistently defines and measures a type of victimization, explores its characteristics, risk factors, and consequences of victimization, and concludes with the responses taken by the legal system, the criminal justice system, and other social services.
  • An overarching focus on the extent, causes, and responses to victimization equips students with the foundational knowledge needed to apply key concepts to real-life situations.    
  • A focus on international issues and a global perspective throughout the text offer students a comparative view for key topics and issues in victimology.
  • A Victimology in the News boxed feature helps students apply chapter concepts to contemporary news stories.
  • Research projects and findings within each chapter, both in Focus on Research boxes and throughout the narrative, highlight the connection and impact research has had in the field of victimology.
  • Case Studies illustrate key concepts and connect students to individuals who are victims and perpetrators of crime.

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ISBN: 9781544344126