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Leadership Strategies for Safe Schools
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Leadership Strategies for Safe Schools

Second Edition
Edited by:


April 2009 | 192 pages | Corwin

Leadership Solutions

"The book emphasizes a proactive, preventive approach to building safe schools through education programs. The interweaving of character education, conflict resolution, peer mediation, and diversity training is powerful."
—Kathy Bohan, Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology
Northern Arizona University

"A solid resource for educators, with proven methods for creating safe schools. Includes a number of useful supplemental materials, from forms to guidelines and plans."
—Jeffrey Daniels, Associate Professor of Counseling Psychology
West Virginia University

Develop a proactive—not reactive—approach to school safety!

Students learn best when they are in a safe and supportive environment. Elizabeth A. Barton guides principals, administrators, and teachers through the process of creating a proactive, student-centered school safety program. Updated to reflect current research, especially related to marginalized students, the second edition of Leadership Strategies for Safe Schools offers new case studies, vignettes, and strategies from needs assessment to program evaluation, and provides detailed information about how to implement programs for:

  • Character education and development
  • Conflict resolution
  • Peer mediation
  • Diversity education

Empower your students through educational experiences that help them gain respect for cultural differences, practice enhanced problem-solving skills, and build healthier social relationships in and out of the classroom.


 
Introduction
The Problem of School Safety  
The Need for a Proactive Approach to School Safety  
Strategies for Creating Safe Schools  
Organization of the Book  
What’s New in the Second Edition  
 
1. Creating a Safe School
Defining a Safe School  
Persistently Dangerous School Indicators  
Indicators of a Safe School  
Factors Associated With School Violence  
Characteristics of Youth Offenders  
 
2. Setting the Foundation
The School Safety Team  
Composition of the School Safety Team  
The Role of Assessment in School Safety  
Developing the School Safety Assessment Tool  
Content of the School Safety Assessment Tool  
Assessment Areas  
Area 1 – Cultural and Personal Characteristics  
Area 2 – Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes  
Area 3 – Social Environment  
Area 4 – Political Environment  
Physical Environment  
Techniques for Measuring School Needs  
The Argument for Focus Groups  
School Safety Plan  
Environmental Safety  
Student Education  
School Policies and Procedures  
School-Community Partnerships  
Developing School Safety Plan Strategies  
Vision  
Statement of Need  
Goals and Objectives  
Timeline for Implementation of the School Safety Plan  
Procedures for Plan Review  
Implementing the School Safety Plan  
Evaluating Safety Plan Effectiveness  
 
3. Positioning Character Development in School Curricula
Effects of Character on Safe Schools  
Character Education  
History of Character Education  
The Character Education Controversy  
Current Trends in Character Education  
Moral Content vs. Moral Thought Processes  
Cognitive Development and Character Education  
Connecting Character Education to Conflict Resolution Education  
Strategies for Implementing Character Education  
Curriculum  
Environment  
Offering Opportunities for Student Action  
Potential Pitfalls in Character Education  
Successful Character Education Programs  
 
4. Implementing Conflict Resolution Education
The Fourth R: Resolution  
Goals of Conflict Resolution Education  
Building Students’ Self-Awareness  
Self-Esteem  
Anger Management  
Perspective Taking and Empathy  
Empathy and Perspective Taking  
Enhancing Students’ Interpersonal Interactions  
Communication Skills  
Active Listening Techniques  
Paraphrasing  
Clarification  
Reflection  
Encouragement and Validation  
Summary  
I Messages  
Assertiveness  
Constructive Conflict Resolution Strategies  
The Nature of Conflict: Theoretical Background  
Approaches to Conflict Resolution Education  
Process Approach  
Curriculum Infusion Approach  
Language Arts  
History and Geography  
Math  
Music and Art  
Professional Development Requirements of Conflict Resolution Education  
Involving Family Members in Conflict Resolution Education  
Models of Effective Conflict Resolution Education Programs  
 
5. Peer Mediation Programming
Students Helping to Create Safe Schools  
Goals and Process of Mediation  
Theoretical Foundation of Peer Mediation  
School Staff Involvement in Peer Mediation Programs  
Implementing Peer Mediation Programs  
Selecting Students for Peer Mediation Training  
Selecting Mediation Program Coordinators  
Training Peer Mediators  
Conducting the Peer Mediation Program  
Mediation Referrals and Requests  
Mediation Location and Time  
Potential Problems and Solutions Encountered in Peer Mediation Programming  
Creating Family and Community Partnerships  
Application of the Mediation Model  
Models of Effective Peer Mediation Programming  
 
6. Integrating Diversity Into Conflict Resolution Programs
Safe Schools Appreciate Differences  
Goals of Diversity Education  
Connections Between Diversity and Conflict Resolution Education Programs  
Effect of Culture on Communication Skills  
Communication Skills and Diversity Education  
Conflict Resolution Strategy Selection  
Strategies for Diversity Education  
Cooperative Learning Groups  
Direct Anti-bias Education  
Circle Game Activity  
Verbal and Nonverbal Cues Activity  
School as a Culture Exercise  
Mythdrama Technique  
Cultural Connections  
Discussing Differences  
Guidelines for Implementing Diversity Education  
Positive Techniques  
Potential Pitfalls to Avoid  
Models of Effective Diversity Education Programs  
 
7. Evaluating School Safety Programs
Evaluation: A Necessary Component of School Safety  
The Role of the Evaluator  
What Should the Evaluation Measure?  
Evaluating Student Education Programs  
Evaluating Policies and Procedures  
Evaluating School-Community Partnerships  
Evaluating the Environment  
Mechanisms for Evaluating School Safety Programs  
Process Evaluation vs. Outcome and Impact Evaluation  
 
Appendix
A: Sample School Safety Handbook Table of Contents and General Emergency Management Plan  
B: Sample School Safety Information Policy Agreement  
C: Resources  
 
References
 
Index

“The book emphasizes a proactive, preventive approach to building safe schools through education programs. The interweaving of character education, conflict resolution, peer mediation, and diversity training is powerful.”

Kathy Bohan, Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology
Northern Arizona University

“A solid resource for educators, with proven methods for creating safe schools. Includes a number of useful supplemental materials, from forms to guidelines and plans.”

Jeffrey Daniels, Associate Professor of Counseling Psychology
West Virginia University

The second edition of Leadership Strategies for Safe Schools contains a number of modifications that will better assist school leaders with assessing, developing, implementing, and evaluating proactive strategies for safe schools. Case studies, scenarios, and classroom activities have been added throughout the book to provide real-life examples of the concepts and strategies presented. Research has been updated throughout, with a particular emphasis on marginalized populations, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender/transsexual (LGBT) adolescents.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Introduction

Chapter 1: Creating a Safe School


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