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As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review and publication process, Sage supports the adoption of CRediT (Contributor Roles Taxonomy) on our journals. CRediT is a high-level taxonomy, including 14 roles, which is used to describe each author’s individual contributions to the work. 

Please note:

  • The submitting author is responsible for listing the contributions of all authors at submission.
  • All authors are responsible for discussing and agreeing to their individual contributions prior to submission.
  • All authors are responsible for ensuring that the roles assigned are accurate.
  • All authors are responsible for ensuring that each author’s contributions collectively meet Sage’s authorship criteria.
  • Only those who meet Sage’s authorship criteria can be considered an author on a submitted paper.
  • Once a paper has been accepted, the author roles can’t be modified.

Sage’s authorship criteria

Sage’s authorship criteria aligns with the ICMJE guidance that to qualify for authorship each individual must:

1) Have made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the article; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the article; AND

2) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content; AND

3) Approved the version to be published; AND

4) Agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

The CRediT Roles

Instructions for Authors:  Choosing CRediT Roles

For all journals adopting CRediT, all parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. 

For journals adopting CRediT, to qualify for authorship each individual must have been responsible for:

1. At least one of the following (see blue rows in table above):

  • Conceptualization
  • Methodology
  • Formal Analysis
  • Investigation


2. At least one of the following (see yellow rows in table above): 

  • Writing – Original Draft Preparation
  • Writing – Review & Editing


  • However, any contributors with roles that do not constitute authorship (e.g. if Supervision, Funding Acquisition or Data curation was the sole contribution), or any author contributions not covered by the CRediT taxonomy, should be listed in the Acknowledgements.
  • When there is no acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work (e.g. for an Editorial) the first authorship criterion (‘substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work’) may be met by the roles 'Conceptualization' or 'Methodology'.
  • Authors should not include author contribution statements in the manuscript itself. Any author contribution statements will be overwritten with Sage’s standard CRediT contribution statement wording.

CRediT and Sage Track

Please see this video for an overview of how to select CRediT contributions when submitting your article in Sage Track:

For more information, please see the CRediT website.

Please email with your comments or queries.