You are here

Applied Regression Analysis and Generalized Linear Models

Applied Regression Analysis and Generalized Linear Models

Third Edition

© 2016 | 816 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Combining a modern, data-analytic perspective with a focus on applications in the social sciences, the Third Edition of Applied Regression Analysis and Generalized Linear Models provides in-depth coverage of regression analysis, generalized linear models, and closely related methods, such as bootstrapping and missing data. Updated throughout, this Third Edition includes new chapters on mixed-effects models for hierarchical and longitudinal data. Although the text is largely accessible to readers with a modest background in statistics and mathematics, author John Fox also presents more advanced material in optional sections and chapters throughout the book. 

Available with Perusall—an eBook that makes it easier to prepare for class
Perusall is an award-winning eBook platform featuring social annotation tools that allow students and instructors to collaboratively mark up and discuss their SAGE textbook. Backed by research and supported by technological innovations developed at Harvard University, this process of learning through collaborative annotation keeps your students engaged and makes teaching easier and more effective. Learn more.
About the Author
1. Statistical Models and Social Science
1.1 Statistical Models and Social Reality  
1.2 Observation and Experiment  
1.3 Populations and Samples  
2. What Is Regression Analysis?
2.1 Preliminaries  
2.2 Naive Nonparametric Regression  
2.3 Local Averaging  
3. Examining Data
3.1 Univariate Displays  
3.2 Plotting Bivariate Data  
3.3 Plotting Multivariate Data  
4. Transforming Data
4.1 The Family of Powers and Roots  
4.2 Transforming Skewness  
4.3 Transforming Nonlinearity  
4.4 Transforming Nonconstant Spread  
4.5 Transforming Proportions  
4.6 Estimating Transformations as Parameters*  
5. Linear Least-Squares Regression
5.1 Simple Regression  
5.2 Multiple Regression  
6. Statistical Inference for Regression
6.1 Simple Regression  
6.2 Multiple Regression  
6.3 Empirical Versus Structural Relations  
6.4 Measurement Error in Explanatory Variables*  
7. Dummy-Variable Regression
7.1 A Dichotomous Factor  
7.2 Polytomous Factors  
7.3 Modeling Interactions  
8. Analysis of Variance
8.1 One-Way Analysis of Variance  
8.2 Two-Way Analysis of Variance  
8.3 Higher-Way Analysis of Variance  
8.4 Analysis of Covariance  
8.5 Linear Contrasts of Means  
9. Statistical Theory for Linear Models*
9.1 Linear Models in Matrix Form  
9.2 Least-Squares Fit  
9.3 Properties of the Least-Squares Estimator  
9.4 Statistical Inference for Linear Models  
9.5 Multivariate Linear Models  
9.6 Random Regressors  
9.7 Specification Error  
9.8 Instrumental Variables and Two-Stage Least Squares  
10. The Vector Geometry of Linear Models*
10.1 Simple Regression  
10.2 Multiple Regression  
10.3 Estimating the Error Variance  
10.4 Analysis-of-Variance Models  
11. Unusual and Influential Data
11.1 Outliers, Leverage, and Influence  
11.2 Assessing Leverage: Hat-Values  
11.3 Detecting Outliers: Studentized Residuals  
11.4 Measuring Influence  
11.5 Numerical Cutoffs for Diagnostic Statistics  
11.6 Joint Influence  
11.7 Should Unusual Data Be Discarded?  
11.8 Some Statistical Details*  
12. Non-Normality, Nonconstant Error Variance, Nonlinearity
12.1 Non-Normally Distributed Errors  
12.2 Nonconstant Error Variance  
12.3 Nonlinearity  
12.4 Discrete Data  
12.5 Maximum-Likelihood Methods*  
12.6 Structural Dimension  
13. Collinearity and Its Purported Remedies
13.1 Detecting Collinearity  
13.2 Coping With Collinearity: No Quick Fix  
14. Logit and Probit Models for Categorical Response Variables
14.1 Models for Dichotomous Data  
14.2 Models for Polytomous Data  
14.3 Discrete Explanatory Variables and Contingency Tables  
15. Generalized Linear Models
15.1 The Structure of Generalized Linear Models  
15.2 Generalized Linear Models for Counts  
15.3 Statistical Theory for Generalized Linear Models*  
15.4 Diagnostics for Generalized Linear Models  
15.5 Analyzing Data From Complex Sample Surveys  
16. Time-Series Regression and Generalized Leasr Squares*
16.1 Generalized Least-Squares Estimation  
16.2 Serially Correlated Errors  
16.3 GLS Estimation With Autocorrelated Errors  
16.4 Correcting OLS Inference for Autocorrelated Errors  
16.5 Diagnosing Serially Correlated Errors  
16.6 Concluding Remarks  
17. Nonlinear Regression
17.1 Polynomial Regression  
17.2 Piece-wise Polynomials and Regression Splines  
17.3 Transformable Nonlinearity  
17.4 Nonlinear Least Squares*  
18. Nonparametric Regression
18.1 Nonparametric Simple Regression: Scatterplot Smoothing  
18.2 Nonparametric Multiple Regression  
18.3 Generalized Nonparametric Regression  
19. Robust Regression*
19.1 M Estimation  
19.2 Bounded-Influence Regression  
19.3 Quantile Regression  
19.4 Robust Estimation of Generalized Linear Models  
19.5 Concluding Remarks  
20. Missing Data in Regression Models
20.1 Missing Data Basics  
20.2 Traditional Approaches to Missing Data  
20.3 Maximum-Likelihood Estimation for Data Missing at Random*  
20.4 Bayesian Multiple Imputation  
20.5 Selection Bias and Censoring  
21. Bootstrapping Regression Models
21.1 Bootstrapping Basics  
21.2 Bootstrap Confidence Intervals  
21.3 Bootstrapping Regression Models  
21.4 Bootstrap Hypothesis Tests*  
21.5 Bootstrapping Complex Sampling Designs  
21.6 Concluding Remarks  
22. Model Selection, Averaging, and Validation
22.1 Model Selection  
22.2 Model Averaging*  
22.3 Model Validation  
23. Linear Mixed-Effects Models for Hierarchical and Longitudinal Data
23.1 Hierarchical and Longitudinal Data  
23.2 The Linear Mixed-Effects Model  
23.3 Modeling Hierarchical Data  
23.4 Modeling Longitudinal Data  
23.5 Wald Tests for Fixed Effects  
23.6 Likelihood-Ratio Tests of Variance and Covariance Components  
23.7 Centering Explanatory Variables, Contextual Effects, and Fixed-Effects Models  
23.8 BLUPs  
23.9 Statistical Details*  
24. Generalized Linear and Nonlinear Mixed-Effects Models
24.1 Generalized Linear Mixed Models  
24.2 Nonlinear Mixed Models  
Appendix A
Author Index
Subject Index
Data Set Index


Companion Website
The companion website features data sets, data analysis exercises, Appendixes B,C,D, and errata.

The strength of this text is the unified presentation of several regression topics that provides the student with a global perspective on regression analysis.  The student is well served with this unified approach as it facilitates deeper research on any one topic with more advanced texts.

E. C. Hedberg, Arizona State University

This text is a one-stop shop for me for my first year stats sequence for students in our program. Those wanting the technical detail will be satisfied; those wanting an excellent explanation of these methods using real-world examples and approachable language will also be satisfied.

Corey S. Sparks, The University of Texas at San Antonio

I have enjoyed using previous editions of this text and look forward to using this edition. It covers all key topics, and quite a few advanced ones, in one well-written text.

Michael S. Lynch, University of Georgia


In summary, this is an excellent text on regression applications and methods, written with authority, lucidity, and eloquence. The second edition provides substantive and topical updates, and makes the book suitable for courses designed to emphasize both the classical and the modern aspects of regression.

Journal of the American Statistical Association (review of the second edition)


Even though the book is written with social scientists as the target audience, the depth of material and how it is conveyed give it far broader appeal. Indeed, I recommend it as a useful learning text and resource for researchers and students in any field that applies regression or linear models (that is, most everyone), including courses for undergraduate statistics majors…. The author is to be commended for giving us this book, which I trust will find a wide and enduring readership.

Journal of the American Statistical Association (review of the first edition)


[T]his wonderfully comprehensive book focuses on regression analysis and linear models… We enthusiastically recommend this book—having used it in class, we know that it is thorough and well-liked by students.

Chance (review of the first edition)

I loved it and students did too (well, as much as they will!)

Dr Erin M Hodgess
Computer Mathematical Sci Dept, Univ Of Houston-Downtown
May 10, 2016

The book covers regression only and not all the topics in regression. I need a book that covers both regression methods and design of experiments methods.

Mr Ahmed Almaskut
Human Kinetics, University Of Ottawa
June 25, 2015
Key features


  • A new Part IV on mixed-effects models for hierarchical and longitudinal data with chapters on linear mixed-effects models (Chapter 23) and nonlinear and generalized linear mixed-effects models (Chapter 24) provides readers with a basis for applying these models in practice, as well as for reading more extensive treatments of the subject.
  • A revised presentation of analysis-of-variance models includes a simplified treatment that allows readers to skip the more complex aspects of the topic if they wish.
  • An introduction to instrumental-variables estimation and two-stage least-squares regression has been added.
  • The book now includes a brief introduction to design-based inference for regression models fit to data from complex survey samples.
  • References have been updated.


  • The book is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in the social sciences (particularly sociology, political science, and psychology) and other disciplines that employ linear, generalized-linear, and related models for data analysis.
  • Each chapter ends with a summary and exercises.
  • An extensive website includes: appendices with background information on matrices, linear algebra, vector geometry, calculus, probability and estimation; datasets used in the book and for data-analytic exercises; and the data-analytic exercises themselves. 

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 7

Chapter 21

Preview this book

For instructors

Review and Desk copies for this title are available digitally via VitalSource.

Request e-review copy

If you require a print review copy, please call: (800) 818-7243 ext. 6140 or email

Select a Purchasing Option

Electronic version
Prices from
*180 day rental