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Correctional Boot Camps:
Military Basic Training or a Model for Corrections?

Edited by:


February 2004 | 344 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Published in Association with American Society for Public Administration, Section on Public Administration Research

Published in Association with ACJS, ASC

Published in Association with ASA

Published in Association with American Correctional Association

Boot camps have developed over the past two decades into a program that incorporates a military regimen to create a structured environment. While some critics of this method of corrections suggest that the confrontational nature of the program is antithetical to treatment, authors Doris Layton MacKenzie and Gaylene Styve Armstrong present research knowledge and personal discussions with community leaders that offer insight into both the strengths and weaknesses of this controversial form of corrections.

Correctional Boot Camps: Military Basic Training or a Model for Corrections? provides the most up-to-date assessment of the major perspectives and issues related to the current state of boot camps. The book goes beyond cursory examinations of the effectiveness of boot camps, presenting an in-depth view of a greater variety of issues. Correctional Boot Camps examines empirical evidence on boot camps drawn from diverse sources including male, female, juvenile, and adult programs from across the nation.

The book explores empirical research on both the punitive and rehabilitative components of the boot camp model and the effectiveness of the "tough on crime" aspects of the programs that are often thought of as punishment or retribution, in lieu of a longer sentence in a traditional facility. Thus, offenders earn their way back to the general public more quickly because they have paid their debt to society by being punished in a short-term, but strict, boot camp.

Correctional Boot Camps is a comprehensive textbook for undergraduate and graduate students studying corrections and juvenile justice. The book is also a valuable resource for correctional professionals interacting with offenders.


D.L. MacKenzie
Chapter 01. Introduction.
 
SECTION I: THE BOOT CAMP MODEL
G.S. Armstrong
Chapter 02. Boot Camps as a Correctional Option.
D. L. MacKenzie & D. G. Parent
Chapter 03: Boot Camp Prisons for Young Offenders
D. L. MacKenzie & A. Rosay
Chapter 04. Correctional Boot Camps for Juveniles.
 
SECTION II: THE DEBATE ABOUT BOOT CAMPS
D.L. MacKenzie, L. A. Gould, L. M. Riechers & J. W. Shaw
Chapter 05. Shock incarceration: Rehabilitation or retribution?
D. L. MacKenzie & C. Souryal
Chapter 06. A "Machiavellian" perspective on the development of boot camp prisons: A debate.
 
SECTION III: THE ENVIRONMENT OF BOOT CAMPS
D. L. MacKenzie, G. J. Styve, and A. Gover
Chapter 07. Performance Based Standards for Juvenile Corrections
G. J. Styvey, D. L. MacKenzie, A. R. Gover, and O. Mitchell
Chapter 08. Perceived Conditions of Confinement: A National Evaluation of Boot Camps and Traditional Facilities
A. R. Gover, D. L. MacKenzie, and G. Styve
Chapter 09. Boot Camps and Traditional Correctional Facilities for Juveniles: A Comparison of the Participants, Daily Activities and Environments
O. Mitchell, D. L. MacKenzie, A. R. Gover, and G. J. Styve
Chapter 10. The Environment and Working Conditions in Juvenile Boot Camps and Traditional Facilities
 
SECTION IV. Inmate Adjustment and Change during Incarceration
D. L. MacKenzie, D. B. Wilson, G. S. Armstrong, and A. R. Gover
Chapter 11: The Impact of Boot Camps and Traditional Institutions on Juvenile Residents: Perceptions, Adjustment, and Change
D. L. MacKenzie and C. Souryal
Chapter 12. Inmate Attitude Change During Incarceration: A Comparison of Boot Camp with Traditional Prison
 
SECTION V. Impact on Future Criminal Activities
D. L. MacKenzie, R. Brame, D. JcDowall, and C. Souryal
Chapter 13. Boot Camp Prisons and Recidivism in Eight States
D. L. MacKenzie, D. B. Wilson, and S. B. Kider
Chapter 14. Effects of Correctional Boot Camps on Offending
 
SECTION VI. Adjustment in the Community
D. L. MacKenzie and R. Brame
Chapter 15. Shock Incarceration and Positive Adjustment during Community Supervision
D. L. MacKenzie, J. W. Shaw, and C. Souryal
Chapter 16. Characteristics Associated with Successful Adjustment to Supervision
 
SECTION VII. Special Offender Populations in Boot Camps
D. L. MacKenzie and H. Donaldson
Chapter 17. Boot Camp Prisons for Women Offenders
J. S. Shaw and D. L. MacKenzie
Chapter 18. Shock Incarceration and Its Impact on the Lives of Problem Drinkers
J. W. Shaw and D. L. MacKenzie
Chapter 19. The One-Year Community Supervision Performance of Drug Offenders and Louisiana DOC-Identified Substance Abusers Graduation from Shock Incarceration
 
SECTION VIII. System Level Impacts
D. L. MacKenzie and A. Piquero
Chapter 20. The Impact of Shock Incarceration Programs on Prison Crowding
 
SECTION IX. The Future
D.L. MacKenzie and G. S. Armstrong
Chapter 21. Where Do We Go From Here?

"The primary strength of the book is that it provides a fairly comprehensive reader for researchers, teachers, and students interested in a detailed examination of boot camps. In addition, it consolidates a wide variety of articles that discuss the topic of correctional boot camps in one easily accessible location. Consequently, readers interested in the topic of correctional boot camps will walk away from this book with a more detailed knowledge about correctional boot camps then when began and, as such, will find the book a worthwhile read."

David C. May
Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond
Key features
The most up-to-date and comprehensive assessment of the major perspectives and issues related to the current state of boot camps.

A comprehensive approach to boot camp programs that goes beyond cursory examinations of effectiveness with an in-depth approach to a greater variety of issues. This book will act as a resource guide containing many of the most cited findings on boot camps in the research literature.

Superior quality of data analysis for those chapters representing experimental approaches to the understanding of boot camps.

Empirical evidence on boot camps drawn from a variety of sources including male, female, juvenile, and adult programs from across the nation.

Primary author is the foremost expert on boot camps and is uniquely able to provide insight and perspectives from firsthand research knowledge, and personal discussions with community leaders and policy makers.  

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