Advances in Mechanical Engineering

Advances in Mechanical Engineering

2015 Impact Factor: 0.640
2015 Ranking: 104/132 in Engineering, Mechanical | 48/58 in Thermodynamics
2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data

Advisory Board
Ramanarayanan Balachandran University College London, UK
Ismet Baran University of Twente, Netherlands
Filippo Berto Università degli Studi di Padova, Italy
Seung-Bok Choi Inha University, Korea
Seiichiro Katsura Keio University, Japan
Michal Kuciej Bialystok University of Technology, Poland
Jose R. Serrano Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain
Liyuan Sheng Peking University, China
Moran Wang Tsinghua University, China
Norman Wereley University of Maryland, USA
Zhaowei Zhong Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

eISSN: 16878140 | ISSN: 16878140 | Current volume: 9 | Current issue: 4
Advances in Mechanical Engineering is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of mechanical engineering.

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Publication in the journal is subject to a one-time article processing charge (APC). The APC serves to support the journal and ensures that your article will be freely available online in perpetuity under a Creative Commons licence.

The APC currently is 2000 USD (+ VAT where applicable*) for each article accepted after peer review. The APC is payable on acceptance in USD or GBP.

For general information on Open Access at SAGE and Open Access FAQs, please visit this page.

Submissions should be made online at

Please direct any other enquiries to

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

*The article processing charge (APC) is payable upon acceptance after peer review and is subject to value added tax (VAT) where applicable. If the paying author/institution is based in the European Union, to comply with European law, VAT must be added to the APC. Providing a VAT registration number will allow an institution to avoid paying this tax, except for UK institutions. Payments can be made in GBP or USD. 

Advances in Mechanical Engineering (AIME) is a JCR Ranked, peer-reviewed, open access journal which publishes a wide range of original research and review articles. The journal Editorial Board welcomes manuscripts in both fundamental and applied research areas, and encourages submissions which contribute novel and innovative insights to the field of mechanical engineering.

All submitted articles considered suitable for AIME are subjected to rigorous peer review to ensure the highest levels of quality. Original papers which provide an important contribution to the development of mechanical engineering and report on significant developments in the field are encouraged. The review process is carried out as quickly as possible to minimise any delays in the online publication of articles.

AIME aims to advance the understanding of mechanical engineering by providing a platform for the publication of unique contributions in the field of mechanical engineering across a variety of topics, including, but not limited to:

Engineering Materials and Technology Biomedical Engineering
Stress Analysis, Structures Mechanics of Materials and Solid Mechanics
Fatigue Mechanisms and Machines
Dynamics and Control Reliability
Mechanics Mechatronics and Information Technology
Vehicle Engineering Micro- and Nano- Mechanical Systems
Fluid Mechanics Fuel and Combustion
Aerodynamics Acoustics, Vibration and Noise
Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer Composites
Systems and Design Metallurgy
Manufacture Metrology
Surfaces and Interfaces Robotics and Automation
Tribology Robotics and Rehabilitation
Turbomachinery Smart Structures
Combustion Engines Energy Harvesting
Numerical Simulations Applied mathematical modelling
Finite Element, Volume and Difference Methods Optimization
Real Time and Time Delay Systems


This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Editorial Board
Ibrahim Abdalla Jubail University College, Saudi Arabia
Muhammad T. Akhtar The University of Electro-Communications, Japan
M. Affan Badar Indiana State University, USA
Luis Baeza Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain
Adib Becker University of Nottingham, UK
Noël Bruntiere Université de Poitiers, France
Mustafa Canakci Kocaeli University, Turkey
Fakher Chaari Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Sfax, Tunisia
Chin-Lung Chen Lee-Ming Institute of Technology, Taiwan
Yong Chen Dalian Jiaotong University, China
Kai Cheng Brunel University, UK
Long Cheng Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Hyung Hee Cho Yonsei University, Republic of Korea
Ahmet S. Dalkilic Yildiz Technical University, Turkey
Elsa de Sá Caetano Universidade do Porto, Portugal
Francisco D. Denia Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain
Thirumalisai S. Dhanasekaran GE Aviation, USA
Alexandar Djordjevich City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Farzad Ebrahimi Imam Khomeini International University, Iran
Ali Fatemi University of Toledo, USA
Mario L. Ferrari Università di Genova, Italy
Nicolas M. Garcia Aracil Universidad Miguel Hernandez de Elche, Spain
Luís Godinho University of Coimbra, Portugal
Rahmi Guclu Yildiz Technical University, Turkey
Tian Han University of Science and Technology Beijing, China
Ishak Hashim Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
Jiin Y. Jang National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
Sang-Wook Kang Hansung University, Republic of Korea
Chan Kang-Cheung The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Yaguo Lei Xi’an Jiaotong University, China
Yangmin Li The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Zhijun Li South China University of Technology, China
Cheng-Xian Lin Florida International University, USA
Xichun Luo Strathclyde University, UK
Seyed N. Mahmoodi University of Alabama, USA
Oronzio Manca Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Italy
Ramiro Martins Universidade do Porto, Portugal
Francesco Massi Università di Roma, Italy
Hua Meng Zhejiang University, China
Roslinda Nazar Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
Nikolaos Nikitas University of Leeds, UK
Hiroshi Noguchi Kyushu University, Japan
J. Paulo Davim University of Aveiro, Portugal
Crinela Pislaru University of Huddersfield, UK
Jiahu Qin University of Science and Technology of China, China
Xiaotun Qiu Qualcomm Incorporated, USA
Hamid Reza University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Pedro A.R. Rosa University of Lisbon, Portugal
David R. Salgado Universidad De Extremadura, Spain
Mohammad R. Salimpour Isfahan University of Technology, Iran
Sunetra Sarkar Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India
Pietro Scandura University of Catania, Italy
Xi Shi Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
Seiichi Shiga Gunma University, Japan
Chow-Shing Shin National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Andrea Spagnoli University of Parma, Italy
Anand Thite Oxford Brookes University, UK
Takahiro Tsukahara Tokyo University of Science, Japan
Shan-Tung Tu East China University of Science and Technology, China
Junwu Wang Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Zuankai Wang City University of Hong, Hong Kong
Hongwei Wu University of Hertfordshire, UK
Jia-Jang Wu National Kaohsiung Marine University, Taiwan
Gang Xiao Zhejiang University, China
Gongnan Xie Northwestern Polytechnical University, China
Ruey-Jen Yang National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
Xiao-Jun Yang China University of Mining and Technology, China
Jianqiao Ye Lancaster University, UK
Chun-Liang Yeh Feng Chia University, Taiwan
Davood Younesian UC Berkeley, USA
Bo Yu China University of Petroleum, China
Jianbo Yu Tongji University, China
Daxu Zhang Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
Min Zhang Tsinghua University, China
Ling Zheng Chongqing University, China
  • Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS)
  • Clarivate Analytics: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE)
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • EBSCO: Engineering Source
  • EBSCO: IET Inspec
  • ProQuest Engineering Collection
  • TEMA Technology & Management
  • This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. Open Access
    2. Article Types
    3. Editorial Policies
      3.1 Peer Review Policy and Workflow
      3.2 Concurrent Submission
      3.3 Authorship
      3.4 Acknowledgements
      3.5 Funding Acknowledgement
      3.6 Declaration of conflicting interests
      3.7 Citations
    4. Publishing Policies
      4.1 Publication Ethics
      4.1.1 Plagiarism
      4.2 Journal contributor's publishing agreement
      4.3 Permissions
    5. Publication Fees
    6. Preparing your manuscript
      6.1 File Types
      6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      6.3 Submitting additional material
      6.4 Article Layout
      6.5 Journal Layout
      6.6 Reference Style
      6.7 English language editing services
      6.8 Keywords and abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
      6.9 Corresponding author contact details
    7. Submitting your manuscript
    8. After acceptance
      8.1 Proofs
      8.2 E-Prints
      8.3 SAGE production
      8.4 Continuous Publication
      8.5 Creative Commons Licenses
    9. Further information

    1. Open Access

    Advances in Mechanical Engineering is an Open Access publication; all articles are freely available online immediately upon publication. All articles are rigorously peer-reviewed, and brought to publication as rapidly as possible. Journal costs are covered by Article Processing Charges (APC) paid by the author/institution/funder upon acceptance of their manuscript (more information below). There is no charge for submitting a paper to Advances in Mechanical Engineering.

    For general information on Open Access at SAGE and Open Access FAQs, please visit this page.

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    2. Article Types

    Original Research Article: Describes a piece of complete or substantially complete research, or some aspect of design development, or engineering education
    Review Article: A critical review of the state-of-the-art with examples of applications in design and profitable manufacture without extensive analysis
    Special Issue Article:  This may be an Original Research Article or a Review Article that is appropriate for the subject matter of the Special Issue. Any article deemed not to be appropriate for the subject matter of a Special Issue will be considered for standard publication


    1. In general, Original Articles and Review Papers should not normally exceed 5000 words (with up to 10 illustrations). Longer articles will be considered, however, as our criterion is that the content justifies the length of the article.

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    3. Editorial Policies

    3.1 Peer Review Policy and Workflow

    Once a manuscript is submitted for publication, the manuscript is checked by the journal’s editorial office to ensure that it is suitable to go through the normal peer review process. Once this is done, the manuscript is sent to an appropriate Editor based on the subject of the manuscript and the availability of the Editors. All manuscripts shall be handled by an Editor who is not from the same institute as any of the manuscript’s authors.

    If the Editor finds that the manuscript may not be of sufficient quality to go through the normal peer review process, or that the subject of the manuscript may not be appropriate for the journal’s scope, the manuscript shall be rejected with no further processing.

    If the Editor finds that the submitted manuscript is of sufficient quality and falls within the scope of the journal, they should assign the manuscript to at least two external reviewers for peer-review who make recommendations on the suitability of the articles for publication.
    When all reviewers have submitted their reports, the Editor can make one of the following editorial recommendations:

    • Accept
    • Minor Revision
    • Major Revision
    • Reject

    If the Editor recommends “Accept”, the manuscript is accepted for publication.

    If the Editor recommends “Minor Revision”, the authors are notified to prepare and submit a final copy of their manuscript with the required minor revisions suggested by the reviewers along with a detailed reply to the reviewer comments. The Editor reviews the revised manuscript after the minor revisions have been made by the authors. Once the Editor is satisfied with the final manuscript, the manuscript can be accepted.

    If the Editor recommends “Major Revision,” the recommendation is communicated to the authors. The authors are expected to revise their manuscripts in accordance with the changes recommended by the reviewers and to submit their revised manuscript in a timely manner. Authors are requested to upload a detailed reply to the reviewer comments along with the revised version of their manuscript. Once the revised manuscript is submitted, the Editor can then make an editorial recommendation which can be “Accept”, “Minor Revision”, or “Reject.”

    If the Editor recommends rejecting the manuscript, the rejection is immediate. Also, if the majority of the reviewers recommend rejecting the manuscript, the rejection is immediate.

    The editorial workflow gives the Editors the authority to reject any manuscript because of inappropriateness of its subject, lack of quality, or incorrectness of its results. The Editor cannot assign himself/herself as an external reviewer of the manuscript. This is to ensure a high-quality, fair, and unbiased peer-review process of every manuscript submitted to the journal, since any manuscript must be recommended by two or more external reviewers along with the Editor in charge of the manuscript in order for it to be accepted for publication in the journal.

    We are committed to providing timely assessment of articles and authors are informed of the publication decision as soon as possible.

    The name of the Editor recommending the manuscript for publication is published with the manuscript to indicate and acknowledge their invaluable contribution to the peer-review process and the indispensability of their contributions to the running of the journals.

    It should be noted that our refereeing process, common to many other publishers, is single-blind, that is, the referees remain anonymous and their identities are not released to authors. The referees, however, are informed of the authors’ names and affiliations.

    3.2 Concurrent Submission

    In order to ensure sufficient diversity within the authorship of the journal, authors will be limited to having two manuscripts under review at any point in time. If an author already has two manuscripts under review in the journal, he or she will need to wait until the review process of at least one of these manuscripts is complete before submitting another manuscript for consideration. This policy does not apply to Editorials or other non-peer reviewed manuscript types.

    3.3 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

    3.4 Acknowledgements

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests, any notes and your References.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an `Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    3.5 Funding Acknowledgement

    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), Advances in Mechanical Engineering additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for funding acknowledgement guidelines.

    Where no specific funding has been provided for the research we ask that corresponding author uses the following sentence: “This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.”

    3.6 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Advances in Mechanical Engineering to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
    Please include any declaration at the end of your manuscript after any acknowledgements and prior to the references, under a heading ‘Conflict of interests’

    If there is no conflict of interests, authors should state that “The author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.”

    3.7 Citations

    Authors should use only citations that are relevant to their manuscripts and which directly and significantly contribute to the scholarly content of the paper. Addition of citations, including those suggested by reviewers, which are not relevant to the work is strongly discouraged. Any citation(s) added to your manuscript at the revision stage should be accompanied by an explanation of why these are the most relevant to the submitted manuscript. Authors should not include citations to their own (or their associates') work merely to increase their (or their associates') citation count or to enhance the visibility of their or their associates' work.

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    4. Publishing Policies

    4.1 Publication Ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    4.1.1 Plagiarism

    Advances in Mechanical Engineering and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    4.2 Journal contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement.  Advances in Mechanical Engineering publishes manuscripts under a Creative Commons by Attribution license (CC BY) which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced. For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page.

    4.3 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. N.B. If an author is using their own work they will still require permission if they did not retain copyright of the previously published article.  Papers will not be accepted for publication without the correct permissions. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    5. Publication Fees

    If, after peer review, your manuscript is accepted for publication, a one-time article processing charge (APC) is payable. This APC covers the cost of publication and ensures that your article will be freely available online in perpetuity under a Creative Commons licence. 

    The article processing charge (APC) is $2,000 (+VAT where applicable*).

    *If the paying party is based in the European Union, to comply with European law, value added tax (VAT) must be added to the APC. Providing a VAT registration number will allow an institution to be exempt from paying this tax, except for UK institutions.

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    6. Preparing your manuscript

    6.1 File types

    Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  
    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour.

    Mathematical: All vectors and matrices should be shown in bold type. Avoid confusion between ambiguous characters and take care to ensure that subscripts and superscripts are clear. Numbers below 10 should be written out in the text unless used in conjunction with units (e.g. three apples, 4 kg). Full points (not commas) should be used for decimals. For numbers less than one, a nought should be inserted before the decimal point. Equations should be numbered sequentially throughout the document, with labels on the right hand side of the page.

    6.3 Submitting additional material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, AV files) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.

    6.4 Article Layout

    Title and Authorship Information
    The following information should be included
    •           Paper title
    •           Full author names
    •           Full institutional mailing addresses
    •           Email addresses

    The manuscript should contain an abstract. The abstract should be self-contained and citation-free and should not exceed 200 words.

    This section should be succinct, with no subheadings.

    Materials and Methods
    This part should contain sufficient detail so that all procedures can be repeated. It can be divided into subsections if several methods are described.

    Results and Discussion
    This section may each be divided by subheadings or may be combined.

    This should clearly explain the main conclusions of the work highlighting its importance and relevance.

    6.5 Journal Layout

    Advances in Mechanical Engineering conforms to the SAGE house style.  Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style.

    6.6 Reference Style

    Advances in Mechanical Engineering adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE Vancouver to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Vancouver output file here

    6.7 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using the services offered by SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    6.8 Your Title, Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online

    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    6.9 Corresponding Author Contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors.

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    7. Submitting your manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines will be returned.

    Advances in Mechanical Engineering is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

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    8. On acceptance and publication

    8.1 Proofs

    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author. Any accompanying queries should be answered within 3 days of receipt so that publication is not delayed.

    8.2 E-Prints

    The PDF of your article will be available for download on the journal website after publication.

    8.3 SAGE Production

    At SAGE we work to the highest production standards. We attach great importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication ( We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in Advances in Mechanical Engineering with SAGE. 

    8.4 Continuous Publication

    One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an Open Access journal is the speed to publication. With no issues to fill and no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time it will be completely free to view and download. Check the ‘Latest Articles’ tab on the journal website for the latest published content.

    8.5 Creative Commons Licenses

    Articles in Advances in Mechanical Engineering are freely available under Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY) which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced.

    For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page

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    9. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office as follows:

    Peer Review Manager
    SAGE Publications Ltd
    1 Oliver's Yard, 55 City Road
    London, EC1Y 1SP


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