Journal of Applied Gerontology publishes articles in all subdisciplines of gerontology whose findings, conclusions, or suggestions have clear and sometimes immediate applicability to the problems encountered by older persons well as articles that inform research and the development of interventions. Read original studies by distinguished authors with comprehensive coverage of areas of gerontological practice and policy including:
- Death and dying
- Physical activity
- Ethnicity and aging
- Technology and care
- Advanced directives
- Long-term services and support
- Mental health
- Retirement planning
Discussions, Information, and Ideas
Unique in focus, Journal of Applied Gerontology fills a void in the existing literature on gerontology by continually enhancing the dissemination and utilization of knowledge in this fast-growing field. The journal publishes findings, recommendations, and promising ideas which have significance for older persons everywhere. Offering you more than thought-provoking articles and in-depth Special Issues, each volume features a range of discussions, information and ideas, including
- An annual title/author index for easy reference
- Contributions from leading researchers in the field
- Methods for applying research to practice
This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
... is the official journal of the Southern Gerontological Society. The Journal of Applied Gerontology features articles that focus on research applications intended to improve the health and quality of life of older persons or to enhance our understanding of age-related issues that will eventually lead to such outcomes. We construe application to include original investigations or meta-analyses/systematic reviews that have significant clinical, policy, and/or practice implications. Rigorous studies of theoretical, conceptual, or methodological issues pertaining to research application are also welcome.
Journal of Applied Gerontology is also highlighting submissions in three areas that will advance the state-of-the-art in applied gerontological/geriatric research:
- studies that employ mixed methodologies (i.e., the integration of qualitative and quantitative data);
- efforts that translate evidence-based research to clinical practice; and
- policy evaluations that apply evaluation principles and methods to examine the implementation and effectiveness of a government or institutional policy or program.
Because the circulation and intended audience of the Journal of Applied Gerontology is global and diverse, contributions from international scholars and across disciplines are encouraged.
|Julie T. Robison||University of Connecticut, USA|
|Malcolm P. Cutchin, 2007-2011||Wayne State University, USA|
|Joseph E. Gaugler, 2011-2017||University of Minnesota, USA|
|Wiley P. Mangum, 1982-1985||University of South Florida, USA|
|William J. McCauley, 1992-1995||George Mason University, USA|
|Jim Mitchell, 2003-2007||East Carolina University, USA|
|Larry L. Mullins, 1999-2003||Auburn University, USA|
|Thomas A. Rich (deceased)||University of South Florida, USA|
|Graham D. Rowles, 1995-1999||University of Kentucky, USA|
|Miles E. Simpson, 1986-1992||North Carolina Central University, USA|
|Christine Bailey||University of Connecticut, USA|
|Keith A. Anderson||The University of Texas at Arlington, USA|
|Ganesh Babulal||Washington University in St. Louis, USA|
|Chanee Fabius||Johns Hopkins University, USA|
|Carrie Henning-Smith||University of Minnesota USA|
|Christopher M. Kelly||University of Nebraska Omaha, USA|
|Katherine Ornstein||Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, USA|
|Molly Perkins||Emory University School of Medicine, USA|
|Kathleen Abrahamson||Purdue University, USA|
|Robert Applebaum||Miami University, USA|
|Thomas Arcury||Wake Forest School of Medicine, USA|
|Liat Ayalon||Bar-Ilan University, Israel|
|Shoshana Bardach||Dartmouth College, USA|
|Alexis Bender||Emory University, USA|
|Caroline Bergeron||Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Canada|
|Diane Berish||Pennsylvania State University, USA|
|Ellen Brown||Florida International University, USA|
|Laura Brown||University of Manchester, USA|
|Nicholas Castle||West Virginia University, USA|
|Susan M. Chambre||Bernard M Baruch College, New York, USA|
|Lin Chen||Fudan University, China|
|David A. Chiriboga||University of South Florida, USA|
|Namkee Choi||University of Texas at Austin, USA|
|Constance Coogle||Virginia Commonwealth University, USA|
|Jennifer Craft Morgan||Georgia State University, USA|
|Malcolm P. Cutchin||Wayne State University, USA|
|Sara S. Czaja||Weill Cornell Medicine, USA|
|Holly Dabelko-Schoeny||Ohio State University, USA|
|Unai Diaz-Orueta||Maynooth University, Ireland|
|David Dosa||Brown University, USA|
|Elise Eifert||University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA|
|Fayron Epps||Emory University, USA|
|Mary Gallant||University at Albany, SUNY, USA|
|Joseph E. Gaugler||University of Minnesota, USA|
|R. Turner Goins||Western Carolina University, USA|
|Ann Gruber-Baldini||University of Maryland, USA|
|Cindy Gruman||Lewin Group, USA|
|M. Aaron Guest||Arizona State University, USA|
|John Harris||University of Pittsburgh, USA|
|Sean Huang||Georgetown University, USA|
|Shannon Jarrott||The Ohio State Univeristy, USA|
|Candace Kemp||Georgia State University, USA|
|Laura Keyes||University of North Texas, USA|
|Jennifer Kinney||Miami University, USA|
|Mariya Kovaleva||University of Nebraska Medical Center, USA|
|Jung Kwak||The University of Texas at Austin, USA|
|Yeonjung Lee||University of Calgary, Canada|
|Nan Lu||Renmin University, China|
|Terry Lum||The University of Hong Kong, China|
|Heather Menne||Research Triangle Institute, International|
|NanSook Park||University of South Florida, USA|
|Cynthia Peden-McAlpine||University of Minnesota, USA|
|Lindsay Peterson||University of South Florida, USA|
|Jason L. Powell||The University of Chester, UK|
|R. Colin Reid||University of British Columbia, Canada|
|Graham Rowles||University of Kentucky, USA|
|Miriam Ryvicker||Visiting Nurse Service of New York, USA|
|Hari Sharma||University of Iowa, USA|
|Jane Strommen||North Dakota State University, USA|
|Allison Warren||VA Connecticut/Yale University, USA|
|Judith Weissman||New York University, USA|
|Katherine Wild||Oregon Health and Science University, USA|
|Ishan C. Williams||University of Virginia, USA|
|Bei Wu||New York University, USA|
|Jong-Sung Yoon||University of South Dakota, USA|
|Faika Zanjani||Virginia Commonwealth University, USA|
Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Journal of Applied Gerontology
Journal of Applied Gerontology is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics
Journal of Applied Gerontology recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
Please read the guidelines below then visit Journal of Applied Gerontology's submission site http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jag to upload your manuscript. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Authors will be required to set up an online account on the SAGE Track system.
There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that Journal of Applied Gerontology may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy.
If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.
- What do we publish?
1.1 Aims & Scope
1.2 Article types
1.3 Submission Blinding
1.4 Submission Format
1.5 Writing your paper
- Editorial policies
2.1 Peer review policy
2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
2.6 Research ethics and research participant consent
2.7 Reporting guidelines
2.8 Clinical trials
2.9 Research data
- Publishing policies
3.1 Publication ethics
3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
3.3 Open access and author archiving
- Preparing your manuscript
4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
4.3 Supplementary material
4.4 Reference style
4.5 English language editing services
- Submitting your manuscript
5.2 Information required for completing your submission
- On acceptance and publication
6.1 SAGE Production
6.2 Online First publication
6.3 Access to your published article
6.4 Promoting your article
- Further information
Before submitting your manuscript to Journal of Applied Gerontology, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.
Journal of Applied Gerontology is the official journal of the Southern Gerontological Society. It features articles that focus on research applications intended to improve the health and quality of life of older persons or to enhance our understanding of age-related issues that will eventually lead to such outcomes. We construe application to include original investigations or meta-analyses/systematic reviews that have significant clinical, policy, and/or practice implications. Rigorous studies of theoretical, conceptual, or methodological issues pertaining to research application are also welcome.
Journal of Applied Gerontology is highlighting submissions in three areas that will advance the state-of-the-art in applied gerontological /geriatric research: 1) studies that employ mixed methodologies (i.e., the integration of qualitative and quantitative data); 2) efforts that translate evidence-based research to clinical practice; and 3) policy evaluations that apply evaluation principles and methods to examine the implementation and effectiveness of a government or institutional policy or program. Journal of Applied Gerontology has a global and diverse circulation and intended audience; contributions from international scholars and across disciplines are encouraged.
Authors who wish to have their manuscripts considered as a highlighted mixed method, translational, or policy evaluation study should indicate this in a cover letter to the Editor-in-Chief.
To facilitate blind review, manuscripts and abstracts with no identifiers must be accompanied by a separate title page document with title, author(s), and affiliation(s), including complete mailing and e-mail address(es), Conflict of Interest (COI) statement, IRB protocol/human subjects approval numbers acknowledgements and funders. See sections 2.5, 2.6 and 4.1 below for further details.
The blinded manuscript should contain no identifiers (including but not limited to author name(s) or initials, institutions, Institutional Review Board (IRB) name or institution, protocol numbers, Conflicts of Interest (COI) statements, acknowledgments, funders, HIPAA identifiers or references to author(s)’ previously published work that would reveal authors’ identity). These required items will be added after manuscript acceptance.
Manuscripts submitted will be reviewed initially by editorial staff for conformance to blind review and formatting requirements.
Manuscripts must use the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) (7th edition) format. See section 4 below for details on preparing your manuscript.
Please note the importance of bias-free language. Journal of Applied Gerontology has adopted the American Psychological and American Medical Associations Manuals of Style recommendation to avoid the terms "elderly/elders" and "seniors" and instead use "older adult" or "older person." Please refer to the APA Manual's section on bias-free language and the Reframing Aging Quick Start Guide for more information.
Manuscripts accepted for publication are subject to stylistic editing with the edited draft sent to the corresponding author for final review.
The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.
1.5.1 Make your article discoverable
When writing your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select keywords, see this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.
Journal of Applied Gerontology adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties. Decisions on manuscripts will be made as rapidly as possible. Authors should expect to have reviewer’s comments within approximately 6 weeks. In general, Editors will seek advice from two or more expert reviewers about the scientific content and presentation of submitted articles.
Journal of Applied Gerontology is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.
The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.
All authors must consent for manuscript submission. Corresponding authors must verify that the list of authors includes all those who can legitimately claim authorship, including all people who:
(i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
(ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
(iii) Approved the version to be published,
(iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section on the title page. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.
2.3.1 Third party submissions
Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:
- Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
- Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
- Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.
Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.
2.3.2 Writing assistance
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section in the accepted version of the manuscript. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.
It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
Journal of Applied Gerontology requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading on the title page.
Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Journal of Applied Gerontology requires a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors.
Include a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement on the title page. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.
For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.
Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals,and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval on the title page. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number on the title page.
For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.
Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the participant(s) or a legally authorized representative in the methods section of the manuscript.
Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.
The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. If submitting a manuscript reporting a qualitative study, please refer to the COREQ checklist to ensure all relevant elements are described, and the completed COREQ checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline. Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.
Journal of Applied Gerontology conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.
The journal is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the SAGE Research Data policy pages.
Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:
- share your research data in a relevant public data repository
- include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, we encourage you to consider using the statement to explain why it cannot be shared.
- cite this data in your research
SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.
Journal of Applied Gerontology and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
3.1.2 Prior publication
If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor.
Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive license agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and license to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.
Journal of Applied Gerontology offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information on Open Access publishing options at SAGE please visit SAGE Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.
Manuscripts should be submitted in Microsoft Word.
An abstract of up to 150 words must be included with all submissions.
The manuscript text and references should be double-spaced with 1-inch margins. The body of the text must be under 6,000 words (including abstract and references). Brief research reports of up to 2,500 words (including abstract and references) are also welcome.
Tables and Figures may not exceed seven (7) pages. All tables and figures should be placed at the end of the text or uploaded in a separate file. Do not include tables or figures in the body of the text. Refer to each table or figure in the text and indicate where each table or figure should appear in the manuscript.
Additional appendices or other supplemental material may be submitted and are not included in the page limits; these materials will available online only and will not be copy-edited or typeset.
A separate title page must include the following: title, author(s) and affiliation(s), including complete mailing and e-mail address(es), Conflict of Interest (COI) statement, IRB protocol/human subjects approval numbers, acknowledgements and funders (see sections above for details on each element).
Figures supplied in color will appear in color online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For specifically requested color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article. Otherwise, figures will appear in black and white in the printed version. Please ensure all color figures will be interpretable if printed in black and white, if you do not plan to pay for color printing. Black & white patterns instead of or in addition to color may be used.
This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images, additional data tables or figures, completed reporting guidelines or checklists, etc.) alongside the full-text of the article. Supplemental material refers to files that were used to create the research (such as datasets) or additional pieces to the article that could not be included in the print version (such as audio / video material that is impossible to produce in print form). There may be instances, such as certain podcasts and videos, where they are not directly attributable to a specific piece of research.
Any material to be shared with reviewers must be blinded for the review process. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.
All supplemental material will be freely available online to all users, regardless of whether the user has access to the article the material relates to or not. From the article page, users will see a Supplemental material tab which when clicked, displays the Supplemental Material. Files will display in a downloadable list and will also display in a widget powered by Figshare, from which users can scroll through each individual supplemental material file, and download, share a link to, or cite the supplemental material. SAGE partners with Figshare, the industry leading open repository of research data. This partnership means that any supplemental material submitted to Journal of Applied Gerontology, with the exception of videos and podcasts, will be deposited to Figshare and be discoverable there, while also then being displayed next to the article.
Journal of Applied Gerontology adheres to the APA reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.
Authors who are not native English speakers are strongly advised to have the manuscript professionally edited for English usage and grammar. Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.
Journal of Applied Gerontology is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jag to login and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past, you likely already have an account. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.
As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.
The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.
Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed on your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorizing the change.
Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.
SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to Journal of Applied Gerontology editorial office as follows: firstname.lastname@example.org.
7.1 Appealing the publication decision
Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal. Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the Editor with a detailed written description of the error they believe occurred.
If an author believes the decision regarding their manuscript was affected by a publication ethics breach, the author may contact the publisher with a detailed written description of their concern, and information supporting the concern, at email@example.com