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Language Testing

Language Testing

2017 Impact Factor: 1.431
2017 Ranking: 44/181 in Linguistics
Source: Journal Citation Reports®, 2018 release, a Clarivate Analytics product

Carol Chapelle Iowa State University, USA
Luke Harding Lancaster University, UK

eISSN: 14770946 | ISSN: 02655322 | Current volume: 35 | Current issue: 3 Frequency: Quarterly

Listen to the official Language Testing podcast called Language Testing Bytes for free at

Language Testing is an international peer reviewed journal that publishes original research on language testing and assessment. Since 1984 it has featured high impact papers covering theoretical issues, empirical studies, and reviews. The journal's wide scope encompasses first and second language testing and assessment of English and other languages, and the use of tests and assessments as research and evaluation tools. Many articles also contribute to methodological innovation and the practical improvement of testing and assessment internationally. In addition, the journal publishes submissions that deal with policy issues, including the use of language tests and assessments for high stakes decision making in fields as diverse as education, employment and international mobility. The journal welcomes the submission of papers that deal with ethical and philosophical issues in language testing, as well as technical matters. Also of concern is research into the washback and impact of language test use, and ground-breaking uses of assessments for learning. Additionally, the journal wishes to publish replication studies that help to embed and extend our knowledge of generalisable findings in the field. Language Testing is committed to encouraging interdisciplinary research, and is keen to receive submissions which draw on theory and methodology from different fields of applied linguistics, as well as educational measurement, and other relevant disciplines.

Language Testing has now been accepted into the following Thomson Reuter’s indexes:

  • Arts and Humanities Citation Index
  • Social Sciences Citation Index
  • Journal Citation Reports/Social Sciences Edition
  • Social Scisearch

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Language Testing is a fully peer reviewed international journal that publishes original research and review articles on language testing and assessment.

It provides a forum for the exchange of ideas and information between people working in the fields of first and second language testing and assessment. This includes researchers and practitioners in EFL and ESL testing, and assessment in child language acquisition and language pathology.

In addition, special attention is focused on issues of testing theory, experimental investigations, and the following up of practical implications.

Podcast Editor
Glenn Fulcher University of Leicester, UK
Book Review Editor
Slobodanka Dimova University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Test Review Editor
Luke Harding Lancaster University, UK
Editorial Board
Vahid Aryadoust Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Khaled Barkaoui York University, UK
William Bonk Pearson, USA
Michelle Chalhoub-Deville University of North Carolina, USA
Inn-Chull Choi Korea University, South Korea
Deborah Crusan Wright State University, USA
Craig Deville Measurement Incorporated, USA
Thomas Eckes University of Bochum, Germany
Cathie Elder University of Melbourne, Australia
Gudrun Erickson University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Brian F. French Washington State University, USA
Glenn Fulcher University of Leicester, UK
Atta Gebril American University of Cairo, Egypt
April Ginther Purdue University, USA
Anthony Green University of Bedfordshire, UK
Ofra Inbar Tel-Aviv University and Beit Berl College, Israel
Talia Isaacs University College London, UK
Noriko Iwashita University of Queensland, Australia
Eunice Jang University of Toronto, Canada
Okim Kang University of Northern Arizona, USA
Ute Knoch University of Melbourne, Australia
Benjamin Kremmel University of Innsbruck, Austria
Hongli Li Georgia State University, USA
Zhi Li Paragon Testing Enterprises Inc., Canada
Fumiyo Nakatsuhara University of Bedfordshire, UK
Gary Ockey Iowa State University, USA
Spiros Papageorgiou Educational Testing Service, USA
Lia Plakans University of Iowa, USA
Miyuki Sasaki Nagoya City University, Japan
Yasuyo Sawaki Waseda University, Japan
Kathy Sheehan Educational Testing Service, USA
Bernard Spolsky Bar-Ilan University, Israel
Ruslan Suvorov University of Hawaii, USA
Jonathan Trace Keio University, Japan
Elvis Wagner Temple University, USA
Cyril Weir University of Bedfordshire, UK
Paula Winke Michigan State University, USA
Xiaoming Xi Educational Testing Service, USA
Jin Yan Shangahi Jiao Tong University, Chair of the National College English Testing Committee of China Higher Education Department, Ministry of Education, China
Xun Yan University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Guoxing Yu University of Bristol, UK
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  • IBZ: International Bibliography of Periodical Literature
  • IBZ: International Bibliography of Periodical Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Informationszentrum Für Fremdsprachenforschung (IFS)
  • Informationszentrum Für Fremdsprachenforschung (IFS)
  • International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences
  • International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Language Teaching
  • Linguistics Abstracts
  • Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts
  • MLA Abstracts of Articles in Scholarly Journals
  • MLA International Bibliography
  • Professional Development Collection
  • PsycINFO
  • PsycLIT
  • Psychology & Behavioral Sciences Collection
  • Social Science Abstracts
  • e-Psyche
  • e-Psyche (Ceased)
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Language Testing

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Language Testing will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Reference style
      4.5 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 ORCID
      5.2 Information required for completing your submission
      5.3 Permissions
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Online First publication
      6.3 Access to your published article
      6.4 Promoting your article
    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Language Testing, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope

    1.2 Article Types

    Language Testing publishes articles on the testing and assessment of language for a range of purposes, whether educational or professional, and in diverse contexts, including first language, second or foreign language, bilingual and/or multilingual situations. It also publishes articles reporting language project and programme evaluation which have theoretical implications for language testing. Equal preference is given to empirically based and theoretical articles. The former should report empirical research bearing upon theoretical issues, while the latter should offer a critical review and analysis of a theoretical issue that is of current interest to the field. Contributions discussing implications of theory or research for practical testing will also be considered favourably.

    Where possible and appropriate, authors should supply sufficient information, including test texts and items, to enable replication of investigations. Lack of statistically significant results, or difficulty in drawing clear conclusions, will not necessarily rule out publication of interesting contributions. Empirical papers that use significance testing should as a matter of course provide effect sizes.

    While book reviews are normally commissioned by the editors, offers to review recent publications will also be welcome. The editors also welcome ideas and suggestions from potential guest editors for special issues of the journal that focus on topical themes.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy


    Language Testing is a fully peer reviewed international journal that publishes original research and review articles on Language Testing and assessment.

    In order to ensure the publication of only the highest quality articles and reviews an objective process of peer reviewed is rigorously applied. Together with the editors, the referees play a vitally important role in maintaining the exceptionally high standards of the journal.

    Review Procedures

    All manuscripts are reviewed initially by the editors and only those papers that meet the standards of the journal, and fit within its aims and scope, are sent for outside review. Upon initial review, if one of the editors feels that a manuscript does not meet the required standards, the co-editor is sent an anonymous copy of the submission and asked to confirm the decision. Should the editors concur, the decision not to send for external review is final. Submissions that are rejected at this stage may not fit with the aims and scope of the journal, may not be sufficiently original, may contain serious methodological flaws, be unintelligible, or draw unwarranted conclusions from data presented.

    If the editors decide that a submission be sent for external review, it will be sent to at least two reviewers, and normally three. All manuscripts are sent anonymously in order to ensure unbiased consideration by the referees. Any other indications of authorship are removed in order to ensure that publication is not dependent upon irrelevant factors such as race, gender, religion, ethnicity or political commitment.

    Submissions are normally reviewed within 2 months of submission, although due to the rigorous blind peer review system this sometimes takes longer. Authors should expect a decision on a submission within 3 months.

    Commissioned Papers

    From time to time the editors may commission papers for Language Testing, normally for anniversary or special issues. Commissioned papers are sent for review by two or three external reviewers, and the reviews evaluated by the editors in the same way as for all other submissions. A commission therefore does not imply that the submission will be published.

    Book and Test Reviews

    Book and Test Reviews are commissioned by the book and test review editor respectively. Reviews represent the considered professional view of the expert in question, and publication is dependent upon review by the relevant editor and the co-editors of Language Testing. Reviews are not normally subject to the multiple-blind peer review system that is operated for all other submissions.

    Selection of Reviewers and Timelines

    The editors of Language Testing select reviewers from the international Editorial Board, or from the international Language Testing community, on the grounds of their expertise to judge the suitability for publication of the submission concerned. All reviewers are qualified and experienced academics with the highest possible reputation in their field, including, in many cases, a history of publishing in Language Testing.

    Reviewers are normally asked to complete reviews within six weeks of receiving a manuscript, although this may be longer depending upon a reviewer’s other commitments.

    Reviewer Guidelines

    Reviewers are asked to judge the suitability of submissions on the following criteria:

      • Published articles, empirical or theoretical, must be original and must make a significant contribution to knowledge in the field of language testing.
      • An article should relate reported findings or proposed theoretical contribution to existing knowledge. This is generally to be accomplished through a competent and critical review of the relevant literature.
      • Research articles, whether quantitative or qualitative in approach, should be based on new data collected and analysed in a rigorous and well-designed investigation. Reanalyses of “old” data may be used to support theoretical contributions.

    Decision Making

    Reviewers make recommend that a submission be (a) rejected, (b) revised and resubmitted, (c) accepted for publication with minor amendments, or (d) accepted for publication forthwith. In the case of (c) the editors may ask one or more of the reviewers to ‘sign off’ on amendments, or undertake this task themselves. When manuscripts are revised and resubmitted the editors make every attempt to ask the original reviewers to consider the manuscript again and evaluate it against the specific recommendations made in the first review. If for any reason a reviewer declines to take part in a second review, the editors will attempt to find a replacement reviewer.

    The final decision to publish or reject remains with the editors.

    Conflict of Interest

    If one of the editors, colleague or a student of an editor submits a manuscript to Language Testing, the co-editor steers the manuscript through the review process and keeps the names of the reviewers from the other. No editor takes any decisions or responsibility for the review process of their own work, or the work of a close colleague, student or friend.

    If a reviewer recognizes the author of a paper as a colleague, student or friend, they refuse to take part in the review process.

    Feedback to Reviewers

    Under normal circumstances, anonymous copies of all reviews are circulated to the reviewers within one month of a decision being taken on a manuscript, together with an indication of the decision made. This maintains an open and transparent process, and helps newer reviewers to understand the review process.

    Copies of reviews are not always circulated to reviewers of commissioned papers.

    Feedback to Authors

    Authors are provided with a decision on their manuscript together with anonymous copies of the reviews, usually within two weeks of a decision being made. Where manuscripts are accepted for publication subject to amendments, a timeline for making the amendments is agreed.

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    2.4 Funding

    Language Testing requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Language Testing encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Language Testing and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Language Testing offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    Article submissions should normally be between 4,000 and 8,000 words in length, inclusive of references and tables. Microsoft Word is the preferred word processor. Avoid unnecessary formatting and use a standard font for your text. Times New Roman/Times and Arial/Helvetica are preferred.

    Your affiliation in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was carried out, and that address must be retained as the main affiliation address. If you have changed affiliation since completing the research, your new affiliation will be indicated as a footnote to your name in an Author Note section.  Changes to affiliation after submitting your manuscript to LT should be considered as exceptional circumstances on an ad hoc basis and only if approved by the journal Editors and by the Publisher. Changes to affiliation cannot normally be made after the article is accepted. Changes to affiliation cannot be made after publication of the article in an issue of the journal.

    If you are in doubt about your affiliation, please contact LT editorial office at: Caitlin Cornell

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of the manuscript, including illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please use the guidelines of the American Psychological Association (APA.) For a summary of the guidelines, click here.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    Language Testing does not currently accept supplemental files.

    4.4 Reference style

    Language Testing operates an APA reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on APA to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Language Testing is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities ensuring that their work is recognised.

    We encourage all authors to add their ORCIDs to their SAGE Track accounts and include their ORCIDs as part of the submission process. If you don’t already have one you can create one here.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article’s impact with Kudos

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Language Testing editorial office as follows:

    Caitlin Cornell
    Language Testing Editorial Assistant

    Carol Chapelle
    Distinguished Professor of Liberal Arts and Sciences and Professor of TESL/applied linguistics
    Department of English
    Iowa State University
    39 Ross Hall
    Ames, IA 50011-1201

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