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The Neuroradiology Journal

The Neuroradiology Journal


Editor-in-Chief
Professor Jaroslaw Krejza University of Maryland Medical Center, USA
Founding Editor
Prof. Marco Leonardi Bologna University, Italy
Editor - Asia-Pacific
Kei Yamada, M.D Kyoto Prefectural University, Japan
Managing Editor
Inder Pahal Kaplan Health, USA

Other Titles in:
Neuroimaging | Radiology | Stroke

eISSN: 23851996 | ISSN: 19714009 | Current volume: 31 | Current issue: 5
The Neuroradiology Journal (NRJ) is a clinical practice journal documenting the current state of diagnostic neuroradiology worldwide. NRJ publishes original clinical observations, descriptions of new techniques or procedures, case reports, and articles on the ethical and social aspects of related health care. Original research published in NRJ is related to the practice of neuroradiology. Submissions suitable for the Journal include observational studies, clinical trials, epidemiological work, reports on health services and outcomes, and advances in applied (translational) and/or basic research.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The Neuroradiology Journal (NRJ) publishes peer-reviewed manuscripts describing results of original research related to important advances in all aspects of diagnostic and interventional neuroradiology. The NRJ is a universal platform to facilitate international communication among a wide range of experts including clinicians, clinical researchers, neuroscientists, epidemiologists, engineers and information technologists.

Submissions of clinical trials, observational studies, descriptions of new techniques or procedures, new diagnostic algorithms, epidemiological work, reports on health services and outcomes, articles on the ethical and social aspects of neuroradiology related health care, advances in applied (translational) neuroscience, basic research studies across all species are suitable for the NRJ if they provide new insight into structure and function of central nervous system in health and disease.

The NRJ considers for publication high-quality reviews on the current status of knowledge in specific neuroradiological subjects and new, well-justified hypotheses that can link theoretical and technological innovations with practical clinical aspects.

The NRJ is committed to publishing high-quality peer-reviewed papers in both print and electronic media. The majority of editorial board members are national leaders in the field of neuroradiology, reflecting the fact that the NRJ also serves as an official journal of many national neuroradiological societies at the same time benefiting from publishing results of scientific studies from highly diverse populations.

Editorial Board
Patrizia Agati University of Bologna, Italy
Riyadh Alokaili King Abdulaziz Medical City, Saudi Arabia
Viken Babikan Boston University School of Medicine, USA
Umair Rashid Chaudhry Lahore General Hospital, Pakistan
Jerry Glikson University of Pennsylvania, USA
Rashad Hamdi Cairo University Hospital, Egypt
Edward Herskovits University of Maryland, USA
Robert Hurst University of Pennsylvania, USA
Ferenc A. Jolesz Harvard Medical School, USA
Erich Gunter Klein Medizinische Universität Graz, Austria
Peter LeRoux Lankenau Medical Center, USA
David Liebeskind UCLA Department of Neurology, USA
Elias R. Melhem University of Pennsylvania, USA
Vineet Mishra Scripps Clinic, USA
Alexander Norbash Boston University, USA
Wieslaw Nowinski University of Washington Medical Center, USA
Donald O'Rourke University of Pennsylvania, USA
James Provenzale Duke University Medical Center, USA
Norlisah Mohd Ramli University Malaya Medical Centre, Malaysia
Haris Sair Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, USA
Felix Wehrli University of Pennsylvania, USA
Kei Yamada Kyoto Prefectural University, Japan
Scientific Committee
Sossio Cirillo Seconda Università di Napoli, Italy
Kavoos Firouznia Imam Khomeini Hospital, Iran
Dorith Goldsher Rambam Medical Center, Israel
Wan-Yuo Guo Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
Francis Hui National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore
Benny Huwae  
Yuo Iizuka Toho University Ohashi Medical Center, Japan
Eric Günter Klein  
Sattam S. Lingawi King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Saudi Arabia
Jeyaledchumy Mahadevan  
Ljubomir Markovic Institut za Radiologiju VMA, Serbia
Zoran Milosevic University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Slovenia
Yuko Ono Ebina General Hospital, Japan
Julian Opincariu Romanian Scientific Committee, Romania
Rajendra V. Phadke Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, India
Marek Sasiadek Wroclaw Medical University, Poland
E.Turgut Tali Gazi University School of Medicine, Turkey
Jean Tamraz University Saint Joseph, Lebanon
Eduardo González Toledo Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, USA
Gjergji Vreto UHC Mother Theresa, Albania
Jerzy Walecki  
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  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: The Neuroradiology Journal 

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/nrj to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of The Neuroradiology Journal will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
      2.7 Clinical trials
      2.8 Reporting guidelines
      2.9 Data
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Reference style
      4.5 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 ORCID
      5.2 Information required for completing your submission
      5.3 Permissions
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Online First publication
      6.3 Access to your published article
      6.4 Promoting your article
    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to The Neuroradiology Journal, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article Types

    Original Research Articles are full-length research papers, which are favored by Neuroradiology Journal. Articles cover topics relevant to clinical studies, and may include both basic and experimental work.

    Review Articles are comprehensive, state-of-the-art papers focusing on important clinical problems and should address a specific topic in a scholarly manner. Such articles may be invited by the Editor or may be unsolicited reviews.

    Case Reports/Technical Notes should be educational and medically important. Although Neuroradiology Journal preferentially encourages submission of full-length Original Research Articles, the Journal will consider publication of a limited number of concise Case Reports and Technical Notes. 

    Editorials are usually invited by the Editor.

    Editorial Comments are specific comments on the articles published in Neuroradiology Journal and are usually invited by the Editor.

    Letters to the Editor contain constructive comments or criticism of a specific paper published by Neuroradiology Journal. Letters dealing with subjects of general interest within the field of Neuroradiology Journal, or personal opinions on a specific subject within the ambit of Neuroradiology Journal, may also be accepted.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Neuroradiology Journal adheres to a blinded peer review process in which the reviewer’s name is routinely withheld from the author unless the reviewer requests a preference for their identity to be revealed Papers are accepted on the understanding that they are subject to peer review, editorial revision, and, in some cases, comment by the Editors. Manuscripts are examined by independent peer reviewers. Articles and other material published in the Journal represent the opinions of the authors and should not be construed to reflect the opinions of the publisher.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors. Please also ensure that the order of the author list is correct at the point of submission.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published,
    4. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance”).

    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    2.4 Funding

    The Neuroradiology Journal requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of The Neuroradiology Journal to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.

    All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.

    2.7 Clinical trials

    The Neuroradiology Journal conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    2.8 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

    2.9 Data

    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    The Neuroradiology Journal requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles alongside their article submissions to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data. The editor can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the Editor-in-Chief Professor Jaroslaw Krejza at jkrejza@me.com

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    The Neuroradiology Journal and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    The Neuroradiology Journal offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Images, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.  

    Figures should be submitted online in .tiff format to: http://in.edmgr.com. The time required to send files will vary depending on the number of figures, but image resolution must not be reduced to decrease transmission time. When labeling the figures, please ensure that the label corresponds to the figure number.  Digital images (originals or images acquired by a scanner) must meet the following criteria:

      1. Black-and-white figures: Images must be acquired using the grey scale with a minimum resolution of 300 pixels per inch or 150 pixels per cm. Images must have a base of at least 8.1 cm for one item or a minimum base of 16.9 cm for several items.
      2. Color figures: Images must be acquired using the full color CMYK method with a minimum resolution of 300 pixels per inch or 150 pixels per cm. Images must have a base of at least 8.1 cm for one item or a minimum base of 16.9 cm for several items. The RGB method is recommended for video reproductions only, as the quality of printed figures is poor.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    Images in .jpg format are not acceptable as details tend to be lost upon scanning, even at high resolution. Image definition also depends on the enlargement factor. Thus, a large low-resolution image can be proportionally reduced (by 24%) for publication, thereby permitting optimal presentation in print. However, enlargement of a small high-resolution image will highlight all flaws, yielding a pixelated effect. Do not submit figures already paged in Word, PowerPoint, or other documents, or images inserted in web pages. Such images are of low resolution and are unsuitable for printing.

    Figures in .dcm (Dicom) format may be submitted as .dcm or .tiff files. The editorial office will process such images for printing. Illustrations may be compressed using the StuffIt, Aladdin, or Zip programs. Do not label an image with arrows, numbers, or letters, but rather indicate on a duplicate copy or a sketch where such indications are desired. 

    Authors are advised to refer to the Journal guidelines when formatting their work. Otherwise the editorial office may return a submission to the authors for improvement before any Editor is assigned.
    Provide figure legends on a separate sheet. Legends must be double-spaced, and figures must be numbered in the order cited in the text.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.

    4.4 Reference style

    The Neuroradiology Journal adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. View the SAGE Vancouver guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Vancouver EndNote output file.

    4.5 English language editing services

    The official language of Neuroradiology Journal is English. Most papers in Neuroradiology Journal have been written by non-native English speakers, and they will also be read by many non-native speakers. For the purposes of clarity, it is strongly recommended that authors not fluent in English have their manuscript professionally edited for English usage prior to submission. A professional editor will improve the English to ensure that author meaning is clear and to identify problems that require author review.

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    The Neuroradiology Journal is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/nrj to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities ensuring that their work is recognised.

    We encourage all authors to add their ORCIDs to their SAGE Track accounts and include their ORCIDs as part of the submission process. If you don’t already have one you can create one here.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article’s impact with Kudos

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the The Neuroradiology Journal editorial office as follows: 

    Professor Jaroslaw Krejza

    Editor-in-Chief

    Email: jkrejza@me.com

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