You are here

Research & Politics

Research & Politics

eISSN: 20531680 | ISSN: 20531680 | Current volume: 8 | Current issue: 1

Research and Politics (RAP) is a peer-reviewed, open access journal on research in political science and related fields through open access publication of the very best cutting-edge research and policy analysis. The journal provides a venue for scholars to communicate, rapidly and succinctly, important new insights to the broadest possible audiences while maintaining the highest standards of quality control. Please see the Aims and Scopes tab for further information. 

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Why publish in Research and Politics?

  • Publication in a journal that is indexed in Clarivate Analytics' ESCI
  • Rigorous peer review of your scholarly work
  • Rapid decision-making and an online-only continuous publication model ensure that research can be shared quickly
  • Open access format ensuring wide dissemination of highly-downloaded content

Open access article processing charge (APC) information

APCs for this journal are currently waived. R&P is reviewing and exploring opportunities for the journal and SAGE will be fully subsidising APCs during that time. In future an APC will be set at a level appropriate to the discipline, with an appropriate waiver and discount policy available for those authors who do not have the means to cover the APC. The journal website will be updated on introduction of an APC, but until then authors should assume APCs for R&P continue to be waived.

Submission information

Submit your manuscript today at

Please see the Submission Guidelines tab for more information on how to submit your article to this journal.


Please direct any inquiries to

Foundation Research and Politics

Foundation Research and Politics (RSIN 853035118) aims to support research in the area of political science and public administration by participating in the publication of scientific work. It therefore participates in the journal Research and Politics in facilitating its editorial work.

The board of the Foundation consists of:

  • · Bernard Steunenberg, chairperson;
    · Dimiter Toshkov, secretary and treasurer;
    · Gerald Schneider, member;
    · Erik Voeten, member;
    · Christian Skrede Gleditsch, member.

The board members do not receive any financial compensation for their activities for the Foundation.

Annually the board of the Foundation adopts an activity plan and budget, and approves the account for the past year. The most recent documents can be found here.

For information about the foundation, or any comments on its activities, you can write to

Visit the Research & Politics website for full information.

Research & Politics aims to advance systematic peer-reviewed research in political science and related fields through the open access publication of the very best cutting-edge research and policy analysis. The journal provides a venue for scholars to communicate rapidly and succinctly important new insights to the broadest possible audience while maintaining the highest standards of quality control.

Research & Politics is characterised by:

Quality – papers undergo rigorous external peer review with an extensive role for a highly-experienced group of Associate Editors. Research & Politics is selective and the editors will reject papers that are sound but which do not meet the highest standards. Research & Politics’ citation activity will be closely monitored and it will be prepared for submission to the Social Science Citation Index as soon as possible.

Brevity – research articles of up to 4,000 words and research notes of up to 2,000 words will focus on the key research findings.

Openness – no paywalls, so content is freely accessible online to all on the award-winning SAGE Journals platform and compatible with all existing open access mandates.

Speed – rapid decision-making and a online-only continuous publication model ensure that research can be shared quickly.

Transparency – emphasis on the provision of research data and methodology, as well as metrics to demonstrate the research impact of papers.

Innovation - priority is given to research that breaks new ground, is important across a wide range of subfields, and will likely influence political science in a distinctive fashion. In addition to research articles this advancement of knowledge can take the form of null-findings, forecasts, updates of seminal articles, critiques/replications or exploratory research.

Presentation – papers are copyedited and typeset to highest standards; online-only publication offers additional presentational possibilities including colour graphs and simulations.


Hanna Bäck Lund University, Sweden
Kevin Esterling University of California, Riverside, USA
Kristian Skrede Gleditsch University of Essex, UK
Christian Grose University of Southern California, USA
Jae-Jae Spoon University of Pittsburgh, USA
Bernard Steunenberg University of Leiden, Netherlands
Former Editors
Catherine de Vries University of Essex, UK
Scott McClurg Southern Illinois University, USA
Erik Voeten Georgetown University, USA
Associate Editors - Methodology and Modeling
Diana Kapiszewski Georgetown University, USA
Reuben Klein Stony Brook University, USA
Associate Editor - National and Subnational Politics
David Darmofal University of South Carolina, USA
Ruth Dassonneville Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada
Sarah Shair-Rosenfield Arizona State University, USA
Radoslaw Zubek University of Oxford, UK
Associate Editor - Areas
Venelin Ganev Miami University, USA
Frank Haege University of Limerick, Ireland
Timothy Hellwig Indiana University, USA
Daniel Hopkins University of Pennsylvania, USA
Michael Kaeding University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany
Ryan Kennedy University of Houston, USA
Matthew Kerby University of Manneheim, Germany
Thomas König University of Mannheim, Germany
Ellen Mastenbroek Radbound University, Netherlands
Ulrich Sedelmeier London School of Economics, UK
Associate Editor - Behavior
Tereza Capelos University of Birmingham, UK
Elias Dinas University of Oxford, UK
Andrew Eggers University of Oxford, UK
Lawrence Ezrow University of Essex, UK
Ingrid Haas University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
Jeffrey Karp Brunel University London, UK
Mark Kayser Hertie School of Governance, Germany
Heike Klüver University of Mannheim, Germany
Yanna Krupnikov Stony Brook University, USA
Matthew Thomas Pietryk Florida State University, USA
Michel Regenwetter University of Illinois, USA
Amber Wichowsky Marquette University, USA
Christopher Wlezien University of Texas at Austin, USA
Hyeok Yong Kwon Korea University, Korea
Associate Editor - Institutions
Tiffany Barnes University of Kentucky, USA
Elin Bjarnegård Uppsala University, Sweden
Ruth Dassonneville Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada
Justin Fox Washington University in St. Louis, USA
Sona Golder Pennsylvania State University, USA
Philip Habel University of Glasgow, UK
Indridi Indridason University of California, USA
James Johnson University of Rochester, USA
Robert Klemmensen University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Anthony McGann University of Strathclyde, UK
Matthijs Rooduijn University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Sarah Shair-Rosenfield Arizona State University, USA
Associate Editor - International Relations and Governance
Simon Bastow London School of Economics, UK
Antoaneta Dimitrova Leiden University, Netherlands
Han Dorussen University of Essex, Colchester, UK
Kristian Skrede Gleditsch University of Essex, UK
Jana Grittersova University of California, USA
Havard Hegre Uppsala University, Sweden
Michael Horowitz University of Pennsylvania, USA
Matthew Kroenig Georgetown University, USA
Bahar Leventoglu Political Science, Duke University, USA
Marc Lynch George Washington University, USA
Sara Mitchell Political Science, University of Iowa, USA
Will H. Moore Florida State University, USA
Jeremy Pressman University of Connecticut, USA
Gerald Schneider University of Konstanz, Germany
Nils Weidmann Political Science, University of Konstanz, Germany
Associate Editor - Public Policy and Public Administration
Arjen Boin Utrecht University, Netherlands
Thomas Braeuninger University of Mannheim, Germany
Zachary Greene University of Strathclyde, UK
Michael Herron Dartmouth College, USA
René Torenvlied University of Twente, Netherlands
Dimiter Toshkov Leiden University, Netherlands
Angelia Wilson University of Manchester, UK
Radoslaw Zubek University of Oxford, UK
Associate Editor - Law and Judicial Policies
Justin Fox Washington University in St. Louis, USA
Kirk Randazzo University of South Carolina, USA
Branislav Slantchev University of California-San Diego, USA
Anthony Smith University of California Irvine, USA
Marco Steenbergen University of Zurich, Switzerland
Associate Editor - Normative Theory and Ethics
Tiffany Barnes University of Kentucky, USA
Elin Bjarnegård Uppsala University, Sweden
Andreas Føllesdal University of Oslo, Norway
Advisory Board
Patrick Dunleavy London School of Economics & Political Science, UK
Scott Gates Political Science, University of Oslo & PRIO, Norway
Adrienne Héritier European University Institute, Italy
Gary King Harvard University, Cambridge, USA
Michael Laver New York University, USA
Helen Milner Princeton University, USA
Andrew Moravcsik Princeton University, USA
Wolfgang Müller University of Vienna, Austria
Mathias Risse Harvard University, USA
Rein Taagepera University of Tartu, Estonia
Jacques Thomassen University of Twente, Netherlands
  • Clarivate Analytics: Current Contents - Social & Behavioral Sciences
  • Clarivate Analytics: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)
  • Google Scholar: h-5 index - 11, h-5 median - 13
  • ProQuest: CSA Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Scopus

    1. Open Access
    2. Article processing charge (APC)
    3. Article Types
      3.1 Writing your paper
    4. Editorial policies
      4.1 Peer Review Policy
      4.2 Authorship
      4.3 Acknowledgements
      4.4 Funding
      4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    5. Publishing policies
      5.1 Publication ethics
      5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      5.3 Transparency, Openness and Replication Policy
    6. Preparing your manuscript
      6.1 Word processing formats
      6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      6.3 Supplementary material
      6.4 Reference style
      6.5 English language editing services
    7. Submitting your manuscript
      7.1 ORCID
      7.2 Information required for completing your submission
      7.3 Corresponding author contact details
      7.4 Permissions
    8. On acceptance and publication
      8.1 SAGE Production
      8.2 Continuous publication
      8.3 Promoting your article
    9. Further information

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submision site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Research & Politics will be reviewed. As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.
    The Journal may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy.
    If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

    1. Open Access

    Research & Politics is an open access, peer-reviewed journal. Each article accepted by peer review is made freely available online immediately upon publication, is published under a Creative Commons license and will be hosted online in perpetuity. Publication costs of the journal are covered by the collection of article processing charges which are paid by the funder, institution or author of each manuscript upon acceptance. There is no charge for submitting a paper to the journal.

    For general information on open access at SAGE please visit the Open Access page or view our Open Access FAQs.

    Back to top

    2. Article processing charge (APC)

    Research & Politics is a fully open access journal available to anyone with an internet connection.

    The Carnegie Corporation of New York grant has sponsored open access APCs for R&P authors from January 2016. Any articles published in the journal will continue to benefit from the current APC waiver as a result of this sponsorship. In future, an APC will be set at a level appropriate to the discipline, with an appropriate waiver and discount policy available for those authors who do not have the means to cover the APC. The journal website will be updated on introduction of an APC, but until then authors should assume APCs for R&P continue to be waived.

    Back to top

    3. Article types

    Research & Politics strongly encourages replication studies for publication and distinguishes between two submission formats: research articles and research notes. In addition to the research articles published on the website, Research & Politics will be publishing special issues.

    Research Articles

    The journal encourages short articles. Articles should normally not exceed 4,000 words including notes and references but excluding figures, tables and images or any supporting material that will appear as supplemental online appendices. The number of notes should not exceed 12. The main criterion for evaluating articles is that they contribute to our systematic knowledge about important substantive, theoretical, or methodological questions. Research articles can be - but are not limited to - articles that:

    • Offer new theoretical or normative arguments in a systematic way;
    • Analyze original data;
    • Re-analyze existing data in a novel fashion;
    • Analyze systematically current events;
    • Make predictions in politics;
    • Update seminal articles with new data;
    • Discuss newly collected data and how these can be used to advance our knowledge about important substantive or theoretical questions.

    Research Notes

    These should focus on a controversy in the literature, present a new empirical finding, or discuss the policy implications of recently gained insight. These notes have a limit of 2,000 words including notes and references but excluding figures, tables and images or any supporting material that will appear as supplemental online appendices. The number of notes should not exceed 8. Research Notes may also respond to or replicate existing research. These may include reports on null-results for cases where previously non-trivial statistical relationships were claimed.

    Replication studies

    In case of replication studies, Research & Politics invites authors to consider submitting a paper that is along the lines of one or more of the following replication types:

    Theoretical replication: The submitted article argues that the original theoretical model is missing at least one key element. The missing element(s) are addressed and included in the empirical analysis.

    Technical replication: The submitted article identifies faults in the original research design or analysis, thereby arguing that the original results might not hold; and/or

    Concept replication: The submitted article questions the validity of the original study. An alternative measurement or operationalisation is proposed which yields different substantive results.

    Once a replication study has been accepted to begin the review process, two reviewers will be selected and the author of the original manuscript will be notified. The author of the original study will be approached for a rejoinder, which will be reviewed (preferably a shorter paper of 2,000 words max).  The General Editor will review the response and will decide if the response will be published alongside the submitted replication study.


    Research & Politics allows authors to register their studies, but this is not an obligation. Registration might also be relevant for cases in which existing studies are re-analyzed (ideally by collecting new data, or re-analyzing existing datasets following closely the format of the original study), particularly of research published in this journal.  When possible, such studies are reviewed in two stages following the Registered Reports format.  In particular, the first stage of review is conducted prior to the data being collected or, for existing datasets, before the outcomes are observed: 

    1. On initial submission, authors should:
    • denote in the cover letter that the manuscript is a Registered Report submission and confirm that the data do not exist, or that the outcomes have not been observed.
    • include a full manuscript for the abstract, introduction, and methods without the results and discussion sections. 
    • disclose that the methods contain a complete analysis plan of what is to be included in the full article.

          2. If the submission passes initial review, then the authors will receive an in-principle acceptance prior to data collection or analysis of the outcomes.

          3. For the second stage of review, authors submit a complete manuscript.  Reviewers assess the extent to which the authors followed the preregistered design and/or analysis plan, and evaluate non-outcome relevant criteria (e.g., manipulation checks) to confirm whether the research was an effective test of the research question.  

    Special Issues

    Research & Politics may publish special issues. In the format of this journal,, a special issue is a bundle of closely related research papers on a specific topic. When published, these articles will be linked on our website.

    To initiate a special issue proposal, a lead-autor may submit a proposal to the Editors. This must discuss at least the following elements:

    1. Description of the main topic and focus of the special issues;
    2. A motivation for why a special issue would be relevant to our readers, and to what extent the special issue will promote novel findings and new insights. There should also be a brief motivation for why a special issue would be a better way of presenting these findings and insights needs to be included
    3. List of papers to be included with full author infomation, including their affiliation;
    4. Indication of when papers will be ready to be submitted;
    5. Indicate a scholar who is willing to serve as the Associate Editor for this special issue.

    After acceptance, the Editors select an Editor and Associate Editor who will guide the special issue. The same procedures and guidelines apply as for research articles for the review process or any other issues arising.

    Rejoinders and comments

    1. Comments on an article published in R&P or elsewhere
    If there is a paper reacting to an article published in R&P or elsewhere, the author(s) of the original article is/are invited to consider a comment. The author(s) will be informed the moment the reacting paper is received. However, the author will not be a formal reviewer or directly determine the decision whether to publish.

    If the author(s) of the original paper decide(s) to submit a response, this is also reviewed as it needs to meet scientific standards and contain sufficiently interesting material to merit publication. Upon publication of a respose, the discussion is closed. Any further discussion must be done elsewhere.

    2. Secondary or replication work on previous research
    In the case of secondary or replication work on previous research, the submitted article will be regarded as an original contribution (Article). Unless it is explicitly addresses the methodological issues with the original paper and replication, the work will be treated as a new submission. If the replication concerns a specific paper, the authors of the work discussed are informed and invited to comment (see our policy under point 1).

    If the article concerns a specific literature, scholars in that field are not informed. In that case we will follow the following procedure:
    i. When a comment from the author(sP whose work is being discussed is received, the comment is reviewed and send to the authors of the original contribution with the invitation to respond.
    ii. This comment (Comment 1) may be published after reviewing. If the author of the original contribution would like to respond, we review this Comment 2. The commenting author as well as the authors of the original article can comment during reviewing but they are not included in a decision about the paper. When published the discussion will be closed.
    iii. Furhter discussion can be done elsewhere. Only Article, Comment 1 and Comment 2 are published.

    IMPORTANT: Comments must be scholarly, understandable to outsiders, and of sufficient general interest to merit publication. Research & Politics reserves the right to make editorial suggestions and reject if we cannot reach agreement.

    3.1 Writing your paper
    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. 

          3.1.1 Making your article discoverable
         For more information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    Back to top

    4. Editorial policies

    4.1 Peer review policy

    Research & Politics operates a high-quality, quick, double-blind peer review process in which the reviewer's name is withheld from the author and the author's name from the reviewer. All submissions to Research & Politics are double-blind peer reviewed. Papers submitted by Associate Editors are submitted to double-blind peer review.

    Each paper is sent out to at least one external reviewer, but in comparison to most existing political science journals, the evaluative process is more heavily concentrated in the hands of the editorial team. The peer review process is as follows:

    • Vetting by the Editorial Office to ensure that the article conforms to the Research & Politics guidelines on length and style. This vetting process includes processing of papers using plagiarism software.
    • Review by a General Editor who will take a decision on whether to send it out for external review. If an article is deemed of insufficient quality or novelty it can be rejected by the General Editor in conjunction with an Associate Editor at this stage. The author will be informed of this decision with a brief note spelling out the reason for rejection. If the manuscript passes this stage, it will be reviewed.
    • The General Editor delegates the decision-making authority to an Associate Editor. Two external reviewers will be selected by the Associate Editor and the General Editor will make the final decision.
    • Reviewers are expected to respond in 30 days. Referee reports are typically 2 pages (or 500 words maximum). If the reviewer is unable to complete a review the journal applies the following policy:
      • If a reviewer indicates that she/he is unable to submit a report in the first or second week of this process, a new reviewer will be selected;
      • If a reviewer appears to be unable to submit a report after some time, the General Editor may decide that the Associate should provide his/her view on the manuscript in a brief report, which is submitted to the General Editor.

    A manuscript may be rejected on the basis of one negative review, especially if this review comes from one of the Associate Editors.

    In exceptional cases, a manuscript may be assigned a ‘revise and resubmit’. Such a decision will only be offered if there is a reasonable expectation that the author can meet the expectations set out in a letter with meaningful guidelines for improving the initial submission. Typically, a revised manuscript will only be reviewed by the Associate Editor or one of the referees.

    The editors will also continually assess the quality levels of the refereeing procedure and annually review the Associate Editors team to ensure that its range of expertise is aligned with submission and research trends.

    Our goal is to publish papers online within 25 working days of acceptance where possible.

    Previous Reviewer Comments

    Research & Politics permits authors whose papers are not accepted by one journal and who wish to submit their manuscripts to Research & Politics to request that the previous set of reviews be forwarded by the other journal. In such case[s], Research & Politics requires all reviews from the other journal. Authors should request that the editors of the other journal submit all reviews, subject to the original reviewers giving permission for their review to be shared with another journal. Without prior consent, reviews will not be used. The reviews and confirmation of reviewer permissions should be sent to the Research & Politics editorial office (mail: by the other journal. Research & Politics will not accept peer reports directly submitted by the author. Research & Politics is committed to ensuring that the identity of the original reviewers and the author are not revealed to either party, upholding double blind peer review. The editors or associate editors of Research & Politics will also commission additional peer review reports before making a decision, as indicated by our policy. The main advantages of this option are to reduce the workload on reviewers and to potentially speed up publication time.

    Please note that R&P does not ask reviewers who have previously reviewed a manuscript to excuse themselves, but we encourage reviewers who have seen a previous version of a manuscript to notify the editor. If no changes have been made to the manuscript following the previous review, then it may be appropriate to submit the same review. If the author has made revisions, then it may also be appropriate to treat the manuscript as akin to a resubmission, based on the previous review.

    Recommended Reviewers 

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of X peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    4.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    4.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    4.3.1 Third party submissions

    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    • Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
    • Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
    • Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    4.3.2 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance”).

    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    4.4 Funding

    Research & Politics requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Authors are required to state whether their contribution is based on independent research or not. Within your Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement, you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. Research & Politics additionally requires a declaration of conflicting interests to be included in the acknowledgements footnote. Good practice guidelines together with details of how to make a declaration of conflicting interest can be found on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    Each author should disclose any paid or unpaid positions as officer, director, or board member of relevant non-profit organizations or profit-making entities. A ‘relevant’ organization is one whose policy positions, goals, or financial interests relate to the article.

    If the research on which the contribution is based has been funded by others, either fully or partially, or has been made possible through the provision of resources without which the research could not have been done, the names of these organizations need to be stated in an Acknowledgement in a manner consistent with the Guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN). Please visit Funding Acknowledgements on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text. In the event that no funding has been received please state in your acknowledgements that: ‘This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.’

    For information on publication ethics we encourage our authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) website.

    Back to top

    5. Publishing policies

    5.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    5.1.1 Plagiarism

    Research & Politics and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    5.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published, it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement.  Research & Politics publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons licenses. The standard  license for the journal is Creative Commons by Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced and the use is non-commercial. For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page

    Alternative license arrangements are available, for example, to meet particular funder mandates, made at the author’s request.

    5.3 Transparency, Openness and Replication Policy

    Research & Politics complies with the Data Access and Research Transparency (DA-RT) statement and TOP Guidelines and, as such, endorses policies requiring authors to make as accessible as possible the empirical foundation and logic of inquiry of evidence-based research. Contributions based on qualitative and quantitative data must be well documented and, if data is collected by the author, well described.

    Research & Politics requires authors to delineate clearly the design and analytic procedures upon which their published claims rely. Authors have to identify and disclose the types and key aspects of the research design to every extent possible. Please see the Publication Types Policy for the different types of replication studies. The information will be sent to reviewers, revised alongside the paper in every round and published alongside the paper (as appendix or online supplement).If such materials are not published with the article, they must be shared to the greatest extent possible through a digital repository.

    Authors have to use data citation practices that identify a dataset’s author(s), title, date, version, and a persistent identifier ,for example a Digital Object identifier (DOI). In sum, we will require authors who base their claims on data created by others to reference and cite those data as an intellectual product of value.

    It is Research & Politicspolicy that authors submit detailed information on empirical analysis alongside their written article. Authors should upload at least the first four files listed below when they submit their article.

    • data set
    • syntax file(s) from the software that has been used for the analysis;
    • explanatory memo: explaining enclosed files/material and their content including help with regard to the analysis, which is important when non-standard techniques have been used; this may also apply to qualitative work; also some information on the software used for the analysis, including its version, is required;
    • log file(s): output with results from the software that has been used for the analysis;
    • Additional data analysis, including robustness analyses

    Authors must provide a separate readme PDF listing all included files and documenting the purpose and format of each file provided, as well as instructing a user on how the replication can be conducted.

    Making datasets publicly available is also a policy of Research & Politics. Authors should ensure that data is available at the time of publication through a recognised third party data repository and will be prompted to upload their data to Dataverse on acceptance of their article. The manuscript will not be moved through to Production until data is uploaded to a third party data repository and the link has been provided as instructed on acceptance. If cited data is restricted (e.g. classified, require confidentiality protections, were obtained under a non-disclosure agreement, or have inherent logistical constraints), authors must notify the editor at the time of submission. The editor shall have full discretion to follow their journal’s policy on restricted data, including declining to review the manuscript of granting an exemption with or without conditions. The editor shall inform the author of this decision prior to review.

    It is the responsibility of the author to make their data available via third party repository. It is preferred that data is uploaded to the Research & Politics Dataverse site, but other trusted digital repositories can be found below:

    *Note that there is a charge for using this service.

    Please make sure that your data does not contain variables with personal identifying information (PII), particularly IP Addresses and location georeferences, among others. Such data may not be published in a public archive.

    Research & Politics also requires authors to delineate clearly the analytic procedures upon which their published claims rely, and where possible provide access to all relevant analytic materials. If such materials are not published with the article, they must be shared to the greatest extent possible through a digital repository (above).

    Research & Politics encourages authors to use data citation practices that identify a dataset’s author(s), title, date, version, and a persistent identifier. In sum, we will require authors who base their claims on data created by others to reference and cite those data as an intellectual product of value.

    Researchers conducting experimental studies are encouraged to consider pre-registering their research design in advance with an established  registry, for example egap (Evidence in Governance and Politics, see

    Preregistration of Studies and Analysis Plans

    Research & Politics also publishes papers where authors indicate the conducted research was preregistered with an analysis plan in an independent, institutional registry (e.g.,,, Preregistration of studies involves registering the study design, variables, and treatment conditions. Including an analysis plan involves specification of sequence of analyses or the statistical model that will be reported.

    For preregistered studies, the following requirements apply:

    1. Authors must, in acknowledgments or the first footnote, indicate that research was preregistered in an independent, institutional registry (with name and link to its location) with an analysis plan;
    2. The author must:
      1. confirm in the text that the study was registered prior to conducting the research with links to the time-stamped preregistration(s) at the institutional registry, and that the preregistration adheres to the disclosure requirements of the institutional registry or those required for the preregistered badge with analysis plans maintained by the Center for Open Science.
      2. report all pre-registered analyses in the text, or, if there were changes in the analysis plan following preregistration, those changes must be disclosed with explanation for the changes clearly distinguish in text analyses that were preregistered from those that were not, such as having separate sections in the results for confirmatory and exploratory analyses (these changes are added as a separate document linked to the text of the main paper).

    Back to top

    6. Preparing your manuscript

    (i) Title page. The author must attach a separate file containing full title and subtitle (if any). Keep the title concise and informative. The title page must also include the corresponding author’s full contact information (including email address, mailing address, telephone number and institutional affiliation, as well as the names and institutional affiliations of all co-authors). Where appropriate, authors should also list their Twitter handles which will be used for the promotion of the paper if accepted. In some cases, especially when the paper is submitted together with a data set, including various instructions and supporting material that are stored elsewhere, the journal will rely on single blind reviewing if these materials contain the names of the authors or when these materials can be traced back to the possible authors. Also in these cases we want the submitted paper without personal identifiers as indicated above.

    (ii) Abstract. Up to 200 words; should briefly specify (a) the purpose of the paper, (b) the approach/design/methodology used, (c) the main findings of the paper; (d) the implications of these findings, including possible limitations. The abstract is not included in the article word limit.

    (iii) Keywords: A list of up to 6. Avoid general or plural terms; use only those abbreviations that are firmly established in political science.

    (iv) Main text. Word count should not exceed 4,000 words (Research Article) or 2,000 words (Research Note) including notes and references but excluding figures, tables, images and any supporting material that will appear as supplementary appendices (see below). Text should be clearly organized, with a clear hierarchy of headings and subheadings and quotations exceeding 40 words displayed, indented, in the text. Tables and Figures should be included in the main text. If placing the figures in the appropriate place is not possible for some reason, the author should explain why under 'Details & Comments' in the ScholarOne™ Manuscripts online system. All figures and tables should be clearly captioned and references in the text.

    End notes should be signalled by superscript number in the main text and listed at the end of the text before the references. The number of notes should not exceed 12 (Research Article) or 8 (Research Note). The number of references should not exceed 40 (Research Article) or 25 (Research Note).

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Endnotes and references may be single-spaced using the same font size as that used in the body of the manuscript.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. Acknowledgements, the Funding Statement and any Declaration of Conflicting Interest should appear at the end of your article prior to any notes and your references.

    (v) Data and Replication Information Meta-Document. Authors must provide a separate readme PDF listing all included files and documenting the purpose and format of each file provided, as well as instructing a user on how the replication can be conducted.

    (vi) Institutional or Human Subjects Review Board Approval (if applicable). This should be submitted as a separate document and will not count towards the article word limit. It will be reviewed by the General Editor and Associate Editor but not sent out for external review.

    (vi) Supplementary files (where appropriate). Research & Politics is able to host supplemental files online alongside the full-text of articles. The supplementary files should be submitted as separate files to make sure the words are not counted as part of the main document. 

    Where provided, supplemental files will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article and must be formatted in the same way as the article; accompanying text should not exceed 500 words except under exceptional circumstances and with the approval of the editors. This text is not included in the article word limit. Supplementary files should be uploaded in the “Data Upload” submission step. 
    Types of appendices accepted include:

    • Mathematical proofs;
    • Simulation code;
    • Description of an experiment used;
    • Details on the research design, including a discussion of alternatives or previously used designs
    • Audio/video files
    • Tables and figures

    A variety of file types are accepted for graphics, audio and video.
    SAGE also support video abstracts (Vidabs), short video introductions to articles which can be linked to from the Table of Contents pages. Please see the video abstract guidelines for more information.

    6.1 Word processing formats

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

    Figures supplied in color will appear in color online.

    6.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    6.4 Reference style

    Research & Politics adheres to the SAGE Harvard reference style. Please review the guidelines on SAGE Harvard to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Harvard output file here

    6.5 English language editing services

    When the scientific content of the submission is worthy of consideration for acceptance in Research & Politics, but the submission's usage of the English language is not sufficient, the author can be advised to seek help from a native speaker or consider another way to check their paper on English. Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. This is a payable English language editing service that is suggested but not obligatory to submission.

    Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    Back to top

    7. Submitting your manuscript

    Research & Politics is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    7.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    7.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    7.3 Corresponding author contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    7.4 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    Back to top

    8. On acceptance and publication

    If your paper is accepted for publication after peer review, you will first be asked to complete the contributor’s publishing agreement. Once your manuscript files have been check for SAGE Production, your article will be prepared for publication and can appear online within an average of 25 days.

    8.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    8.2 Online publication

    One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an open access journal is the speed to publication. With no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time it will be completely free to view and download for all.

    8.3 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

    Back to top

    9. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Research & Politics editorial office as follows:

    Back to top