The Scandinavian Journal of Surgery is owned by the Finnish Surgical Society. The journal is published four times a year. Reviews are carried out by members of the Editorial Board and other international reviewers representing various surgical specialties. Articles are published in American English. All contributions should conform to the recommendations stated in the Declaration of Helsinki of the World Medical Association (1964). The journal does not perform linguistic revisions and submissions that do not comply with the journal format or are considered out of scope will be returned to the authors before initiating the review process.
Please read the Instructions for Authors before submitting your paper.
The Scandinavian Journal of Surgery (SJS) is the official peer reviewed journal of the Finnish Surgical Society and the Scandinavian Surgical Society. It publishes original and review articles from all surgical fields and specialties to reflect the interests of our diverse and international readership that consists of surgeons from all specialties and continents.
The main emphasis of the journal is on the rapidly advancing front of clinical surgery but experimental research related to surgical topics is also welcome. In addition to original articles and reviews, a special section entitled “How we do it” aims to publish short reports of practical surgical techniques or innovations with relevant pictures or drawings. SJS regularly publishes themed special issues consisting of a series of invited review articles commissioned by 1-3 guest editors. SJS does not publish case reports.
Electronic Access: sjs.sagepub.com.
|Juan A. Asensio||Creighton University Medical Center, USA|
|Martin Björck||Uppsala University, Sweden|
|Peter Boström||Department of Urology, Turku University Hospital, Finland|
|Erling A. Bringeland||St.Olav University Hospital, Norway|
|Luigi Cataliotti||University of Florence, Italy|
|André D’Hoore||Uz Leuven, The Netherlands|
|Mikael Ekelund||Clinical Sciences Surgery, SUS Lund, Sweden|
|Frank J. Frassica||Johns Hopkins Medicine, USA|
|Finn Gottrup||Copenhagen Wound Healing Center, Copenhagen, Denmark|
|Juha Grönroos||Turku University Hospital, Finland|
|Tomas Gudbjartsson||Landspitali University Hospital, Iceland|
|Ulf Haglund||Uppsala University, Sweden|
|Harri Hakovirta||Turku University Hospital, Finland|
|Leena Halme||Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Helena Isoniemi||Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Tiina Jahkola||Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Hans Jeekel||Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands|
|Outi Kaarela||University of Oulu, Finland|
|Minna Kääriäinen||University of Tampere, Finland|
|Arto Kokkola||Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Gunnar Kratz||Dep. of Plastic Surgery, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden|
|Matti Laato||Turku University, Finland|
|Knut Jørgen Labori||Oslo University Hospital, Norway|
|Rifat Latifi||The University of Arizona, USA|
|Johanna Laukkarinen||Tampere University Hospital, Finland|
|Marjut Leidenius||Comprehensive Cancer Center, Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Anna Lepistö||Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Juhani Leppilahti||Oulu University Hospital, Finland|
|Keith Lillemoe||Massachusetts General Hospital, USA|
|Nina Lindfors||Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Jyrki Mäkelä||Oulu University Hospital, Finland|
|Heikki Mäkisalo||Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Almantas Maleckas||Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania|
|Robert E. Mansel||Cardiff University, UK|
|Hannu Miettinen||Kuopio University Hospital, Finland|
|Agneta Montgomery||Skåne University Hospital, Sweden|
|Antonio Moroni||Private Hospital Villa Laura, Italy|
|Arno Nordin||Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland|
|Lars Nordsletten||Oslo University Hospital, Norway|
|Torsten Olbers||Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden|
|Hannu Paajanen||Kuopio University Hospital, Finland|
|Mikko Pakarinen||Children's Hospital, Pediatric Surgery, Helsinki, Finland|
|Marco Patti||University of Chicago, USA|
|Patrizio Petrone||Westchester Medical Center University Hospital, USA|
|Risto J. Rintala||University of Helsinki, Finland|
|Olav Røise||Oslo University Hospital, Norway|
|Bjorn Rosengren||Dep of Ortopedics, Sus Malmö, Finland|
|Emiel Rutgers||Netherlands Cancer Institute, The Netherlands|
|Jorma Ryhänen||Töölö Hospital, Finland|
|Juha Saarnio||Oulu University Hospital, Finland|
|Jukka Salminen||Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Juhani Sand||Tampere University Hospital, Finland|
|Hannu Savolainen||PKSSK Surgery, Finland|
|J. Rüdiger Siewert||University Heart Center Freiburg, Germany|
|Eero Sihvo||Central Hospital, Finland|
|Kjetil Søreide||Stavanger University Hospital, Norway|
|Magnus Sundbom||Uppsala University, Surgical Sciences, Sweden|
|Kimmo Taari||Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Peep Talving||Tartu Ulikool School of Medicine, Estonia|
|Teuvo Tammela||Dept. of Surgery, Tampere University Hospital and Faculty of Medcine and Health Sciences, Finland|
|Anders Thorell||Ersta Hospital, Sweden|
|Erkki Tukiainen||Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Johanna Turtiainen||University of Eastern Finland, Finland|
|Cornelis J.H. van de Velde||Leiden University Medical Center, President of EURECCA, The Netherlands|
|Chantal van der Horst||Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands|
|Jon van Heerden||Emeritus Prof of Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina , USA|
|Jarkko Vasenius||Omasairaala ltd, Hand Surgery and Therapy, Finland|
|Morten Vetrhus||University of Bergen, Norway|
|Mikael Victorzon||Vaasa Central Hospital, Finland|
|Kimmo Vihtonen||Tampere University Hospital, Finland|
|Petri Virolainen||Turku University Hospital, Finland|
|Arne Wibe||Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway|
|Burchard Wippermann||Helios Hospital Hildesheim, Germany|
Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery
This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.
This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/sjos to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Scandinavian Journal of Surgery will be reviewed.
There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.
- What do we publish?
1.1 Aims & Scope
1.2 Article types
1.3 Writing your paper
- Editorial policies
2.1 Peer review policy
2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
2.7 Clinical trials
2.8 Reporting guidelines
- Publishing policies
3.1 Publication ethics
3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
3.3 Open access and author archiving
- Preparing your manuscript
4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
4.3 Supplementary material
4.4 Reference style
4.5 English language editing services
- Submitting your manuscript
5.2 Information required for completing your submission
- On acceptance and publication
6.1 SAGE Production
6.2 Online First publication
6.3 Access to your published article
6.4 Promoting your article
- Further information
Before submitting your manuscript to Scandinavian Journal of Surgery, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.
We accept for peer review: original research articles, review articles and short reports of practical surgical techniques or innovations.
Original Articles: max 4,500 words and 30 references
Review Articles: max 6,500 words and 70 references
“How We Do It”: max 1,500 words, 6 references, 5 illustrative drawings
Abstracts: All abstracts should be structured (max 250 words), and summarise the essential content of the article. The abstract should be structured with the same headings as the paper:
- Background & Aims
- Materials and Methods
Tables and Figures: maximum 3 in any paper
Keywords: authors must provide at least 6 keywords for their paper
Authors: max 6 per papers (more than 6 authors for multi-institutional studies at the Editor-in-Chief’s discretion)
Letters about published papers, general correspondence and queries should be sent by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Preparing your submission:
Set out first page as follows:
1) title of article (short and specific);
2) short title;
3) initials and surname of each author;
4) name and address of the department(s) or institution(s) to which the work should be attributed, indicating which author is from where;
5) name, address, telephone number and email address of the corresponding author;
7) declaration of conflicting interests;
8) funding statement;
9) Ethical approval details (if required);
10) Details of informed consent (if required).
The second page should consist of a short structured abstract. The abstract should be organised according to the following headings: Background and Aims, Material and Methods, Results and Conclusions. Provide a list of six to ten keywords (according to Index Medicus) after the Abstract.
The main text should begin on the third page and be organised in the following sections: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, References (maximum of 30), Figure Legends.
Figures and Tables should be uploaded as separate files and not included in the manuscript.
The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.
1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.
At least two independent reviews are obtained for each suitable submission. We use a single-blind reviewing process in which reviewers’ identities are concealed. Our reviewers are encouraged to provide substantive, constructive reviews that provide suggestions for improving the work. The editors do not perform linguistic revisions and submitted articles that do not comply with the submission guidelines, or are not written in good Standard American English, will be returned to the authors before initiating the review process. Articles that are clearly outside of the scope of the journal or otherwise considered unsuitable by the editors will be immediately rejected and authors will be notified as soon as the decision is made.
As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:
- The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
- The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
- Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted
Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.
The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.
Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:
- Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
- Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
- Approved the version to be published,
- Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.
2.3.1 Writing assistance
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
Scandinavian Journal of Surgery requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
It is the policy of Scandinavian Journal of Surgery to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.
Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.
For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.
Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.
Please also refer to the ICMJE ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants
All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.
Scandinavian Journal of Surgery expects that clinical trials are registered in one of the recognized clinical trial registries at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract. In general, all publications should follow publications guidelines available at the Equator website (https://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/).
The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.
Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives
SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.
Scandinavian Journal of Surgery requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles if the articles are accepted to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data. The editor can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office.
SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway
Scandinavian Journal of Surgery and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
3.1.2 Prior publication
If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.
Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.
Scandinavian Journal of Surgery offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.
The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.
Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.
This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.
The accuracy of references is the responsibility of the authors. Limit citations to those that are pertinent and essential to your study. References should be numbered in order of appearance in the text using numbers in carved parentheses placed on the writing line, and listed in the following style: names of the first three authors followed by “et al.” if there are more than three authors, full title of the paper, name of journal abbreviated in accordance with Index Medicus, year, volume, first and last page number. Leave out unnecessary periods and commas.
The following example illustrates the form to be used:
1. Rich NM, Leppaniemi A. Vascular trauma: a 40-year experience with extremity vascular emphasis. Scand J Surg 2002; 91: 109–126
Other example references:
Philip Sandblom: Relationship between illness and creativity. In: Philip Sandblom. Creativity and Disease. How Illness Affects Literature, Art and Music. Bohusläningens Boktryckeri AB, Uddevalla, 1991: 15–33
A. Hirshberg, K. Mattox. Top Knife. The Art and Craft of Trauma Surgery. tfm Publishing Ldt, Harley, 2005
Boone J, Livestro DP, Elias SG, Borel Rinkes IH, van Hillegersberg R. International survey on esophageal cancer: part I surgical techniques. Dis Esophagus 2009 Jan 23. [Epub ahead of print]
http://www.sciencegateway.org/rank/index.html [date accessed}
Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.
Scandinavian Journal of Surgery is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/sjos to login and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.
All papers must be submitted via the online system. If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, please refer to the contact details below.
As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities ensuring that their work is recognised.
We encourage all authors to add their ORCIDs to their SAGE Track accounts and include their ORCIDs as part of the submission process. If you don’t already have one you can create one here.
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.
Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.
Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.
SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximize your article’s impact with Kudos.
7. Further information
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Scandinavian Journal of Surgery editorial office as follows: