Scandinavian Journal of Surgery
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Scandinavian Journal of Surgery

2015 Impact Factor: 1.924
2015 Ranking: 74/200 in Surgery
2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data
Published in Association with Finnish Society of Surgery

Editor-in-Chief
Ari Leppäniemi Finland
Assistant Editor
Associate Editors
Heikki Kröger Finland
Hannu Kuokkanen Finland
Jacob Rosenberg Denmark


eISSN: 17997267 | ISSN: 14574969 | Current volume: 106 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Quarterly

The Scandinavian Journal of Surgery is owned by the Finnish Surgical Society. The journal is published four times a year. Reviews are carried out by members of the Editorial Board and other international reviewers representing various surgical specialties. Articles are published in American English. All contributions should conform to the recommendations stated in the Declaration of Helsinki of the World Medical Association (1964). The journal does not perform linguistic revisions and submissions that do not comply with the journal format or are considered out of scope will be returned to the authors before initiating the review process.

Please read the Instructions for Authors before submitting your paper.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

To access journal issues online, visit sjs.sagepub.com.

The Scandinavian Journal of Surgery (SJS) is the official peer reviewed journal of the Finnish Surgical Society and the Scandinavian Surgical Society. It publishes original and review articles from all surgical fields and specialties to reflect the interests of our diverse and international readership that consists of surgeons from all specialties and continents.

The main emphasis of the journal is on the rapidly advancing front of clinical surgery but experimental research related to surgical topics is also welcome. In addition to original articles and reviews, a special section entitled “How we do it” aims to publish short reports of practical surgical techniques or innovations with relevant pictures or drawings. SJS regularly publishes themed special issues consisting of a series of invited review articles commissioned by 1-3 guest editors. SJS does not publish case reports.

Electronic Access:  sjs.sagepub.com.

Editorial Board
Juan A. Asensio USA
August Bakke Norway
Martin Björck Sweden
Peter Boström Finland
Luigi Cataliotti Italy
André D’Hoore The Netherlands
Mikael Ekelund Sweden
Frank J. Frassica USA
Finn Gottrup Copenhagen Wound Healing Center, Copenhagen, Denmark
Juha Grönroos Finland
Tomas Gudbjartsson Iceland
Ulf Haglund Sweden
Harri Hakovirta Finland
Leena Halme Finland
Bertil Hamberger Sweden
Lars Holmberg Denmark
Helena Isoniemi Finland
Tiina Jahkola Finland
Hans Jeekel The Netherlands
Outi Kaarela Finland
Minna Kääriäinen Finland
Arto Kokkola Finland
Gunnar Kratz Sweden
Matti Laato Finland
Knut Jørgen Labori Norway
Sune Larsson Sweden
Rifat Latifi Finland
Johanna Laukkarinen Finland
Marjut Leidenius Finland
Anna Lepistö Finland
Juhani Leppilahti Finland
Keith Lillemoe USA
Nina Lindfors Finland
Börje Ljungberg Sweden
Jyrki Mäkelä Finland
Heikki Mäkisalo Finland
Almantas Maleckas  
Robert E. Mansel UK
Hannu Miettinen Finland
Agneta Montgomery Sweden
Antonio Moroni Italy
Arno Nordin Finland
Lars Nordsletten Norway
Torsten Olbers Sweden
Hannu Paajanen Finland
Mikko Pakarinen Finland
Marco Patti USA
Patrizio Petrone USA
Risto J. Rintala Finland
Olav Røise Norway
Bjorn Rosengren Finland
Fraser D. Rubens Canada
Emiel Rutgers The Netherlands
Jorma Ryhänen Finland
Juha Saarnio Finland
Jukka Salminen Finland
Juhani Sand Finland
Hannu Savolainen Finland
J. Rüdiger Siewert Germany
Eero Sihvo Finland
Kjetil Søreide Norway
Magnus Sundbom Sweden
Kimmo Taari Finland
Peep Talving USA
Teuvo Tammela Finland
Anders Thorell Sweden
Erkki Tukiainen Finland
Johanna Turtiainen Finland
Cornelis J.H. van de Velde The Netherlands
Chantal van der Horst The Netherlands
Jon van Heerden USA
Mikael Victorzon Finland
Kimmo Vihtonen Finland
Petri Virolainen Finland
Arne Wibe Norway
Burchard Wippermann Germany

Please click here to submit to Scandinavian Journal of Surgery

  1. Article types
  2. Editorial Policies
    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgments
    2.3.1 Writing Assistance
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    2.7 Clinical Trials
    2.8 Reporting Guidelines
    2.9 Data
  3. Publishing Policies
    3.1 Publication Ethics
    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
    3.3 Open Access and author archiving 
    3.4 Permissions
    3.5 Plagiarism policy
  4. Preparing your manuscript
    4.1 Word processing formats
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplementary material
    4.4 Journal layout
    4.5 Reference style
    4.6 English language editing services
  5. Submitting your manuscript
    5.1 How to submit your manuscript
    5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts
    5.3 Corresponding author contact details
  6. On acceptance and publication
    6.1 SAGE Production
    6.2 Access to your published article
    6.3 Online First publication
  7. Further Information

This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics
This Journal recommends that authors follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/sjos to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Scandinavian Journal of Surgery will be reviewed.

As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

The Scandinavian Journal of Surgery is the official journal of the Finnish Surgical Society and the Scandinavian Surgical Society. It publishes original and review articles from all surgical fields and specialties to reflect the interests of our diverse and international readership that consists of surgeons from all specialties and continents. The main emphasis is in the rapidly advancing front of clinical surgery. Experimental research of exceptional value and with clinical relevance related to surgical topics is also considered.

In addition to original articles and reviews, a special section entitled “How we do it” aims at publishing short reports of practical surgical techniques or innovations with relevant pictures or drawings. SJS publishes regularly issues built on a special theme consisting of a series of invited review articles collected by 1-3 guest editors. SJS does not publish case reports.

The Scandinavian Journal of Surgery is owned by the Finnish Surgical Society. The journal is issued in one volume, each volume consisting of four numbers. Submitted work is reviewed by the members of our Editorial Board and other international reviewers representing various surgical specialties and countries. Articles are published in American English on condition that they are contributed solely to Scandinavian Journal of Surgery. All contributions should conform to the recommendations stated in the Declaration of Helsinki of the World Medical Association (1964). The journal does not perform linguistic revisions and submitted articles that do not comply with the journal format or instructions will be returned to the authors before initiating the review process. Articles that are clearly out of scope of the journal or otherwise considered unsuitable by the editors will undergo immediate rejection that is notified to the authors as soon as the decision has been taken.

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1. Article types

We accept for peer review: original research articles, review articles and short reports of practical surgical techniques or innovations. All types of submissions should conform precisely to the style and format set out in these guidelines.

Letters about published papers, general correspondence and queries should be sent by email to sjs@sagepub.com

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2. Editorial policies

2.1 Peer review policy

We aim to obtain at least two independent reviews of each suitable submission. We use a single-blind reviewing process in which reviewers’ identities are concealed. Our reviewers are encouraged to provide substantive, constructive reviews that provide suggestions for improving the work. The editors do not perform linguistic revisions and submitted articles that do not comply with the submission guidelines, or are not written in good Standard American English, will be returned to the authors before initiating the review process. Articles that are clearly outside of the scope of the journal or otherwise considered unsuitable by the editors will be immediately rejected and authors will be notified as soon as the decision is made.

As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

  • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
  • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
  • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

2.2 Authorship

Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

  1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
  2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
  3. Approved the version to be published.

Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

2.3 Acknowledgements

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

2.3.1 Writing Assistance

Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communciations company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance”).

It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

2.4 Funding

Scandinavian Journal of Surgery requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

It is the policy of Scandinavian Journal of Surgery to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

2.6 Research ethics and patient consent

Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki

Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorised representative.

Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted.

2.7 Clinical trials

Scandinavian Journal of Surgery expects that clinical trials are registered in one of the recognized clinical trial registeries at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publiation. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract. In general, all publications should follow publications guidelines available at the Equator website (https://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/).

2.8 Reporting guidelines

The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flow chart as a cited figure, and a completed CONSORT checklist as a supplementary file.

Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

2.9 Data

SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

Scandinavian Journal of Surgery requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles if the articles are accepted to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research.

The Editor may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data. The Editor can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the Editorial Office at sjseditorial@gmail.com

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3. Publishing policies

3.1 Publication ethics

SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

3.3 Open Access and author archiving

Scandinavian Journal of Surgery offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

3.4 Permissions

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

3.5 Plagiarism policy

Scandinavian Journal of Surgery and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

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4. Preparing your manuscript

All manuscripts must be written in American English. Contributors with a non-English native language are encouraged to seek the help of a competent linguist who is familiar with medical terminology prior to submission. It is the author's responsibility to have the language revised before submitting the work for publication. Only minor language revisions are provided after submission.

Proprietary (trade) names: Please use non-proprietary names of drugs, suture materials, instruments etc. whenever possible. Give the proprietary name in brackets after the approved name and spell it with a capital letter followed by company name, city, state, country. For example, Axon BX-15 single screw extruder (Axon, Åstorp, Sweden).

Abbreviations: Define an abbreviation when you use it for the first time

Numbers: Spell out one to ten except when used for units of measurement (mass. time, length); for numbers over ten, use numerals except when starting a sentence.

4.1 Word processing formats

Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

4.3 Supplementary material

This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.

4.4 Journal layout

Scandinavian Journal of Surgery conforms to the SAGE house style.  Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style.

4.5 Reference style

The accuracy of references is the responsibility of the authors. Limit citations to those that are pertinent and essential to your study. No more than 30 references may be listed. References should be numbered in order of appearance in the text using numbers in carved parentheses placed on the writing line, and listed in the following style: names of the first three authors followed by “et al.” if there are more than three authors, full title of the paper, name of journal abbreviated in accordance with Index Medicus, year, volume, first and last page number. Leave out unnecessary periods and commas.

The following example illustrates the form to be used:

1. Rich NM, Leppaniemi A. Vascular trauma: a 40-year experience with extremity vascular emphasis. Scand J Surg 2002; 91: 109–126
Other example references:

Book chapter:
Philip Sandblom: Relationship between illness and creativity. In: Philip Sandblom. Creativity and Disease. How Illness Affects Literature, Art and Music. Bohusläningens Boktryckeri AB, Uddevalla, 1991: 15–33

Entire book:
A. Hirshberg, K. Mattox. Top Knife. The Art and Craft of Trauma Surgery. tfm Publishing Ldt, Harley, 2005

Online journal:
Boone J, Livestro DP, Elias SG, Borel Rinkes IH, van Hillegersberg R. International survey on esophageal cancer: part I surgical techniques. Dis Esophagus 2009 Jan 23. [Epub ahead of print]
http://www.sciencegateway.org/rank/index.html [date accessed}

4.6 English language editing services

Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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5. Submitting your manuscript

5.1 How to submit your manuscript

Scandinavian Journal of Surgery is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer >review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/sjos to login and submit your article online.

Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

All papers must be submitted via the online system. If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, please refer to the contact details below.
Preparing your submission:
Set out first page as follows:
1) title of article (short and specific);
2) short title;
3) initials and surname of each author*;
4) name and address of the department(s) or institution(s) to which the work should be attributed, indicating which author is from where;
5) name, address, telephone number and email address of the corresponding author;
6) acknowledgements;
7) declaration of conflicting interests;
8) funding statement;
9) Ethical approval details (if required);
10) Details of informed consent (if required).

* maximum of six authors. Multi-institutional studies with more than six authors are at the Editor-in-Chief's discretion.

The second page should consist of a short structured abstract. The abstract should be organised according to the following headings: Background and Aims, Material and Methods, Results and Conclusions. Provide a list of six to ten keywords (according to Index Medicus) after the Abstract.

The main text should begin on the third page and be organised in the following sections: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, References (maximum of 30), Figure Legends.

Figures and Tables should be uploaded as separate files and not included in the manuscript.

The total length of original articles (all included) must not exceed 4,500 words and 30 references, and maximum of 3 figures and 3 tables. The total word limit for review articles is 6,500 words and the number of references should not exceed 70. “How we do it” -articles are limited to a total of 1,500 words and number of references should not exceed six, illustrative photos and drawings (maximum 5) are encouraged. Review articles and How we do it -articles should have a structured abstract (maximum 250 words) summarizing the essential content of the article; to include Background and Aims, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusion.

5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and six to ten keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

5.3 Corresponding author contact details

Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

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6. On acceptance and publication

6.1 SAGE Production

Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.

6.2 Access to your published article

SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

6.3 Online First publication

Online First allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a final journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our Online First Fact Sheet

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7. Further Information

Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to: sjs@sagepub.com

Submit via the journal's online submission system at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/sjos

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