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Learning and Memory
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Learning and Memory

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Learning | Memory

November 2017 | 368 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Learning and Memory provides students with a clear, balanced, and integrated presentation of major theoretical perspectives foundational to the study of human learning and memory. Author Darrell Rudmann uses an engaging personal writing style appropriate for students with little or no previous background in psychology to discuss topics including the major behaviorism theories of learning, modern cognitive theories of memory, social learning theories, the roles of emotion and motivation in learning, and the well-established neurological underpinnings of these perspectives. A concluding chapter on learning and memory concepts in the real world shows students to how these concepts are applied in various industries, from advertising to education and the media.

 

 
History of Learning & Memory
Learning Objectives  
Overview  
“Buddy O’Dell”  
Early philosophical approaches  
A 20th Century Approach: Behaviorism  
Contemporary approaches  
Themes in the Book  
Chapter Summary  
Reflection Questions  
Further Resources  
 
Common Research Methods in Learning & Memory
Learning Objectives  
Overview  
Common features  
1. Surveys & Interviews  
2. Memory diaries  
3. Experiments  
Issues of quality  
Chapter Summary  
Review Questions  
Further Resources  
 
Neurological Basis of Learning
Learning Objectives  
Neurobiology of Learning  
The Case of H.M.  
How neurons communicate: Neurotransmission  
How neurons adapt to support learning  
Classical conditioning  
Skill learning  
Implicit learning  
Chapter Summary  
Review Questions  
Further Resources  
 
Learning
 
Behavioral Learning
Learning Objectives  
Overview  
Operant conditioning theory  
Strengthening behavior  
Schedules of reinforcement  
Shaping  
Response chains  
Stimulus control  
Biological constraints  
Avoidance conditioning  
Weakening behavior  
Overview of operant conditioning theory  
Chapter Summary  
Reflection Questions  
Further Resources  
 
Social Learning
Learning Objectives  
Overview  
Learning by Watching Others  
Development of Learning  
Social Context of Cognitive Development  
Chapter Summary  
Reflection Questions  
Further Resources  
 
Affect & Motivation in Learning
Learning Objectives  
Overview  
Emotions during learning  
Motivation  
Classic motivational theories  
Modern motivational theories  
Motivation in education  
Chapter Summary  
Review Questions  
Further Resources  
 
Cognitive Learning
Learning Objectives  
Overview  
Short-term memory (STM) store  
Baddeley’s “working memory” model  
Conscious learning  
Forming memories  
Chapter Summary  
Reflection Questions  
Further Resources  
 
Memory
 
Retrieval
Learning Objectives  
Overview  
Retrieving memories  
Feeling of knowing  
Retrieval cues  
Prospective memory  
The biological basis of retrieving memories  
Retrieval to improve learning  
Situational effects on retrieval  
Chapter Summary  
Reflection Questions  
Further Resources  
 
Episodic & Autobiographical Memories
Learning Objectives  
Overview  
Episodic Memories  
Autobiographical memory system  
The structure of autobiographical memories  
Conway’s self-memory system  
Developmental changes in autobiographical memories  
Brain processing underlying autobiographical memories  
Chapter Summary  
Reflection Questions  
Further Resources  
 
Semantic Memory
Learning Objectives  
Overview  
Tulving’s episodic/semantic memory distinction  
Meaning and context  
Knowledge representation  
Associationistic models of knowledge representation  
Holistic approaches of knowledge representation  
Constructivism  
Modern constructivism  
Chapter Summary  
Reflection Questions  
Further Resources  
 
Forgetting
Learning Objectives  
Overview  
Forgetting is normal  
Normal rate of forgetting  
Forgetting over the lifespan  
Causes of forgetting  
Other retrieval errors  
Chapter Summary  
Reflection Questions  
Further Resources  
 
Advanced Topics
 
Learning & Memory in the Real World
Learning Objectives  
Overview  
Learning and Advertising: Consumer Research  
Learning and Education: Classroom Management  
Learning and the Workplace: Employee Training  
Learning and Aggression: Violence and Media  
Memory and the Law: Eyewitness Memory  
Chapter Summary  
Review Questions  
Further Resources  

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides that offer complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • Lecture notes that summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help with preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter.

“This is a good book that students from all disciplines should have no difficulty in understanding. It has an emphasis on learning and memory, but combines concepts with other types of psychology as well.”

Vivian C. Hsu
Penn State Abington

Learning and Memory is comprehensive and engaging.”

Jennifer A. Joy-Gaba
Virginia Commonwealth University
Key features

KEY FEATURES: 

  • Integrated presentation of modern and classic learning theories gives students a more coherent and comprehensive understanding in contrast to other texts that present mostly historical research that stems from one perspective.
  • Each chapter includes an outline, short set of learning objectives, introductory and summary sections, and related resources to help instructors and students with the myriad of important concepts and theories.
  • Descriptions throughout of classic and modern research mixed with real-life stories illustrate applications of concepts and theories.
  • A chapter on neurobiology reflects the latest in the field and up-to-date material on biological changes underlying learning.
  • A concluding chapter on integrated topics demonstrates how learning and memory concepts can be applied to real-world situations.

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ISBN: 9781483374833