British Journal of Occupational Therapy
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British Journal of Occupational Therapy

2016 Impact Factor: 0.601
2016 Ranking: 59/70 in Rehabilitation (SSCI) | 59/65 in Rehabilitation (SCI)
Source: 2016 Journal Citation Reports® (Clarivate Analytics, 2017)
Published in Association with Royal College of Occupational Therapists

Editor-in-Chief
Managing Editor
Katharine Norman Royal College of Occupational Therapists, UK


eISSN: 14776006 | ISSN: 03080226 | Current volume: 80 | Current issue: 6

British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the Royal College of Occupational Therapists and is a monthly peer reviewed publication. Its purpose is to publish articles with international relevance that advance knowledge in research, practice, education, and management in occupational therapy. BJOT aims to be the publication of choice for people to access, disseminate and guide the implementation of occupational therapy knowledge and evidence worldwide so that occupational therapists, service users, and key stakeholders can make informed decisions. 

BJOT publishes research articles, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, Registered RCT protocols and occasional book reviews. It also regularly publishes special issues on topics relevant to occupational therapy. The Editorial Board’s current strategy is to focus on internationally relevant research and critical reviews and in particular those on clinical and client areas, although submissions in all article types and areas are welcomed. The journal will endeavour to provide expedited peer review and publication for significant and funded research where possible.

BJOT is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The journal is offered at a free or reduced price to qualifying countries in developing areas, see https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/developing-world-initiatives.

 

British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the Royal College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles with international relevance that advance knowledge in research, practice, education, and management in occupational therapy. It is a monthly peer reviewed publication that disseminates evidence on the effectiveness, benefit, and value of occupational therapy so that occupational therapists, service users, and key stakeholders can make informed decisions. BJOT publishes research articles, reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor and book reviews. It also regularly publishes special issues on topics relevant to occupational therapy.

BJOT aims to be the publication of choice for people to access, disseminate and guide the implementation of occupational therapy knowledge and evidence worldwide.

The journal has full editorial independence from the Royal College of Occupational Therapists. Final decisions are at the Editor-in-Chief’s discretion. For further information please see the Peer Review Policy in the Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

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    1. Article types
      1.1 Research
      1.2 Review
      1.3 Registered Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT)
      1.4 Practice analysis
      1.5 Opinion
      1.6 Editorials
      1.7 Letters to the Editor-in-Chief
      1.8 Obituaries
      1.9 Summary of article types
    2. Editorial Policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgments
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
      2.7 Clinical Trials
      2.8 Reporting Guidelines
      2.9 Data
    3. Publishing Policies
      3.1 Publication Ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open Access and author archiving
      3.4 Permissions
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Word processing formats
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Journal layout
      4.5 Reference style
      4.6 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 How to submit your manuscript
      5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts
      5.3 Corresponding author contact details
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Access to your published article
      6.3 Online First publication
    7. BJOT Appeals Policy
    8. Further Information

    This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    This journal recommends that authors follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) in conjunction with the journal-specific guidance below.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal. Authors who wish to publish their accepted article as open access may do through SAGE Choice (please see the relevant section below for more details).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the journal’s submission site http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjot to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.
    Cover letter: Please outline in your covering letter any details that you wish to bring to the editor’s attention, including whether you are submitting for a special issue. This letter is not seen by reviewers.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of the British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

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    1. Article types

    BJOT is a monthly peer reviewed journal presenting international research and practice-related articles that contribute to and advance the knowledge and evidence base of occupational therapy and encourage scholarly discussion and debate worldwide. For full information on current strategy and preferred topics, see the journal description at http://bjo.sagepub.com

    Authors are discouraged from submitting multiple-part articles or papers that primarily ‘repackage’ data already presented previously. Papers should offer something new in terms of research.

    Manuscripts should be written in concise, fluent and grammatically correct English and should have been carefully prepared prior to submission using the guidelines below. In particular note the requirements on blinding identifying details and submitting full details as a separate file, and the need to include ‘Key messages’ where specified for each article type.

    The journal considers the following kinds of article for publication:
    1.1 Research 
    1.2 Review 
    1.3 Registered Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT)
    1.4 Practice analysis 
    1.5 Opinion 
    1.6 Editorials 
    1.7 Letters to the Editor-in-Chief
    1.8 Obituaries 
    1.9 Summary of article types

    1.1 Research

    Quantitative, qualitative and mixed method studies are all eligible for submission. Research articles should be original and present an advance in knowledge.

    Abstract: A structured abstract of around 200 words should be supplied under the headings IntroductionMethodResults (or Findings) and Conclusion. Do not include references in the abstract. Avoid abbreviations or acronyms in the abstract unless absolutely necessary. If you have to use an abbreviation you must state it in full the first time, and also restate the full name with abbreviation on the first mention in the main text.

    Article structure: 
    Most submissions will be structured with the following sections:

    Introduction: A brief rationale for the study and an outline of the primary aims, hypotheses or research questions.
    Literature review: A critical appraisal of current relevant literature, identifying limitations in knowledge and a rationale for the study.
    Method: Justification of method(s) of data collection and analysis, described to allow replication of the study, with coherence between methodology, data collection and analysis. Issues concerning validity, reliability, trustworthiness, credibility and ethics must be addressed.
    Results/Findings: The results must be presented in a way that is accessible to readers and clearly linked to the aim(s) of the research and methods employed.
    Discussion and implications: The implications of the study for occupational therapy must be outlined and the contribution of the study to the current state of knowledge stated. Limitations must be addressed and further areas of work outlined.
    Conclusion: A clear summary of the main points of the paper.

    Key messages will be printed in highlighted boxes within the article:
    Key findings – a summary statement of two or three key findings. These should not exceed 30 words in total (10–15 words each).

    What the study has added – a statement of how the study has contributed to the relevant field. This should not exceed 30 words in total.

    Word length and references: Research articles should normally be between 2,000–5,000 words (main text not including references) and should have not more than 35 references. Articles with more than this may be returned at submission. Table text is not generally considered part of the word count unless the table is deemed unnecessary since the text would be more appropriate within the main text.

    Tables and Figures. We normally request a maximum of four in total unless there are special circumstances, which must be approved.
    See 4.4 Journal Style for information on preparation of Tables and Figures.

    Appendices. Please keep these to a minimum and only include where the information is vital and not available elsewhere.

    1.2 Review

    Authors should indicate which kind of review they are submitting, in the title and abstract, and be rigorous in their chosen methodology, citing relevant guidelines.

    Example review types:

    • A systematic review should answer a defined, focused question (for example, questions about intervention effectiveness) using systematic and explicit methods to obtain an unbiased and analytic review of as much of the relevant research as possible.
    • A scoping review provides an overview of a broad field, to map a body of knowledge, summarize existing literature and identify gaps or deficiencies in existing evidence.

    For all reviews, authors are required to use PRISMA reporting guidelines (see 2.8. Reporting guidelines) and must include a PRISMA flow diagram for their search process. Authors submitting reviews are also encouraged to consult The Joanna Briggs Institute Reviewers' Manual (available at http://joannabriggs.org/ ) on the relevant methodology.

    Authors should normally follow the structure below, noting the word and reference limits.

    Abstract: A structured abstract of around 200 words under the headings Introduction, Method, Results (or Findings) and Conclusion. Do not include references in the abstract. Avoid abbreviations or acronyms. If used, you must state it in full the first time, and also restate on the first mention in the main text.

    Article structure:

    Most submissions will be broadly structured as follows:
    Introduction and Literature Review: An explanation of the area or topic. This section should argue why the particular review is necessary, identifying limitations in knowledge and presenting a strong rationale for the study with reference to a review of available and relevant literature.

    Method: The approach taken to search the literature, the databases searched, the search parameters and key terms used, the inclusion and exclusion criteria used to identify key articles, and the criteria used to critically appraise the articles and how key information was extracted.
    Results/findings: Presentation of the main evidence and a summary of its quality.
    Discussion and implications: An outline of the implications of the review for occupational therapy; highlight the methodological limitations of the review, identify any gaps in the literature and make recommendations.
    Conclusion: A clear summary of the main points of the paper and conclusions drawn.

    Key messages are printed in highlighted boxes within accepted articles, please provide this text:

    Key findings – a summary statement of two or three key findings. These should not exceed 30 words in total (10–15 words each).
    What the study has added – a statement of how the review contributes to the relevant field. This should not exceed 30 words in total.

    Word length and references: Reviews should not normally exceed 5,000 words (main text) and should have not more than 20 references, in addition to all the articles included in the review (please include all these in the Reference list). Table text is not generally considered part of the word count unless the table is deemed unnecessary since the text would be more appropriate within the main text. Large tables or other supplementary data can be hosted online only.

    Tables and figures. We normally request a maximum of four in total unless there are special circumstances, which must be explained in your cover letter (or by emailing us to discuss).

    1.3 Registered Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT)

    Protocols should be a maximum of 5,000 words and contain at most 35 references. Tables and figures should not exceed four in total unless by prior arrangement with the journal and should not duplicate material already presented in the main text.

    Study protocols should contain a 200 word structured abstract listing
    Background
    Method/Design
    Discussion
    Trial Registration

    • The protocol can be for proposed or current research.
    • The journal may consider publishing protocols without peer review where the study protocol has already received ethics approval and a grant from a major funder.
    • Please provide details of trial registration in the abstract. Registration should normally meet the requirements of the WHO and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) as well as meeting the policies of your country of organization. For more information: http://www.who.int/ictrp/trial_reg/en/index1.html

    Authors are requested to ensure they have followed the CONSORT checklist for RCT protocols as relevant (http://www.consort-statement.org/checklists/view/32-consort/66-title)

    1.4 Practice analysis

    A practice analysis article should present a brief critical analysis of an instance of occupational therapy that advances practice. It may include work with a client, patient, family or group focusing on a particular assessment, treatment method, educational approach or novel practice. Collaborative work with clients, patients or other professionals is welcome.

    • Where necessary, authors will be required to provide signed consent forms from the participants using the BJOT consent form (available during online submission – click on the Instructions and Forms link on the top right on the ScholarOne webpage).
    • Although formal ethical approval may not be required, authors must explain how ethical principles were adhered to.

    Abstract: A structured abstract of around 100 words should be supplied under the headings Statement of context, Critical Reflection on practice, Implications for practice. Do not include references in the abstract. Avoid abbreviations or acronyms in the abstract unless absolutely necessary. If you have to use an abbreviation you must state it in full the first time, and also restate the full name with abbreviation on the first mention in the main text.

    Tables and Figures. We normally request a maximum of four in total unless there are special circumstances, which must be approved.
    See 4.4 Journal Style for information on preparation of Tables and figures.

    Appendices. Please keep these to a minimum and only include where the information is vital and not available elsewhere.

    Article structure: 
    Statement of context: An outline of the context of the practice.
    Critical reflection on practice: This will describe what took place and will include a critical reflection on either (i) how the practice was informed by relevant policy, occupational therapy
    theory and/or research, or (ii) how the practice contributes to understanding of relevant policy and occupational therapy.
    Summary: A short summary that highlights issues for future consideration.
    Key messages: A summary statement of two or three key messages. This should not exceed 30 words in total.

    Word length and references: Practice analysis articles should normally be a maximum of 2,000 words (main text not including references) and should have not more than 20 references. Articles with more than this may be returned at submission. Table text is not generally considered part of the word count unless the table is deemed unnecessary since the text would be more appropriate within the main text.

    1.5 Opinion

    Opinion pieces are designed to encourage topical debate and an informed exchange of ideas concerning any aspect of advancing knowledge in occupational therapy. Contributors may discuss specific aspects of occupational therapy or debate the impact on the profession of the current political or financial climate. Opinions should be original and relevant, and supported by evidence or theory, but are not expected to be a review of literature. Please note that opinions expressed are not necessarily shared by the BJOT Editorial Board.

    Abstract: Opinion pieces should include an informal abstract of around 100 words. Do not include references in the abstract. Avoid abbreviations or acronyms in the abstract unless absolutely necessary. If you have to use an abbreviation you must state it in full the first time, and also restate the full name with abbreviation on the first mention in the main text.

    Articles should be structured, with headings.

    Word length and references: Opinion pieces should normally be a maximum of 1,500 words (main text not including references) and should have not more than 15 references. Articles with more than this may be returned at submission. Table text is not generally considered part of the word count unless the table is deemed unnecessary since the text would be more appropriate within the main text.

    Tables and Figures. We normally request a maximum of four in total unless there are special circumstances, which must be approved.
    See 4.4 Journal Style for information on preparation of Tables and figures.

    Appendices. Please keep these to a minimum and only include where the information is vital and not available elsewhere.

    1.6 Editorials

    Editorials are invited that raise issues of importance to the profession. They should normally be within 500–700 words, and contain at most 3 references.

    1.7 Letters to the Editor-in-Chief

    Readers' letters should address issues raised by published articles or should report significant new findings that merit rapid dissemination. The decision to publish is made by the Editor-in-Chief, in order to ensure a timely appearance in print. Letters may be edited for publication.

    1.8 Obituaries

    Only obituaries of distinguished colleagues who have made a significant contribution to occupational therapy, practice, research, education or management will be considered. All other obituaries should be submitted to OTnews at editorial@rcot.co.uk 

    1.9 Summary of article types

    Table text is not generally considered part of the word count unless the table is deemed unnecessary since the text would be more appropriate within the main text.

    Category

    Abstract

    Word Count

    References

    Research article

    200 words + a structured abstract

    5,000 maximum

    35 maximum

    Reviews

    200 words + a structured abstract

    5,000 maximum

    20 maximum excluding the number included in the review

    Registered Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT)

    200 words + a structured abstract

    5,000 maximum

    35 maximum

    Practice analysis

    100 words + a structured abstract

    2,000 maximum

    20 maximum

    Opinion

    100 words

    1,500 maximum

    15 maximum

    Editorial

    None

    500-700 words, may be edited for publication

    3, if more the word count will be reduced

    Letters to the Editor

    None

    300-500 words, shorter welcomed

    5 maximum

    Obituary

    None

    please contact BJOTeditorial@rcot.co.uk before submitting as we only publish occasional obituaries (see above)

     

     

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    BJOT employs a double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are concealed from both parties, to avoid bias in any editorial decision. For manuscripts sent to review, suitable reviewers will be selected to evaluate the manuscript’s quality and suitability for publication in the journal.
    Research ethics: Evidence of any required ethical approval is requested at submission, as are any necessary consent forms. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee and an Ethics Committee reference number as relevant. This can be included in your cover letter (which is not seen by reviewers). For further details please see: section 2.6.

    Manuscripts submitted to the journal should represent novel research. They not be simultaneously under consideration by any other publication and should not have been previously published. Authors will be asked to confirm this during submission and at submission of revised papers.

    Submission of a paper is neither a guarantee of publication nor of it being sent to peer review. Final decisions are at the Editor-in-Chief’s discretion.

    Submissions to the journal undergo technical pre-screening to ensure they meet submission requirements. In addition, they are assessed for suitability by the Editor-in-Chief who will consider whether the submission complies with journal scope, is relevant and of interest to readers. A submission may be returned to the author to adjust technical issues or make minor clarifications prior to going to peer review. Articles may be rejected by the Editor-in-Chief prior to peer review if considered unsuitable.

    During submission you have the opportunity to suggest preferred reviewers (with whom there should be no conflict of interest, such as being a colleague, friend or co-researcher) suitable to review the manuscript’s topic. You do not need to approach your suggested reviewers directly or to know them personally. We will not necessarily use these reviewers. You may also request reviewers who should be excluded from the review of your article.

    2.1.1 Editorial Independence

    BJOT is owned by the Royal College of Occupational Therapists (RCOT). The journal is editorially independent of the RCOT, which does not participate in the selection of manuscripts or in the wording of any individual pieces. The Editor-in-Chief has final ruling on manuscript decisions. The Editor-in-Chief is not an employee of the RCOT, and the Editorial Board members are drawn from the international occupational therapy community and other relevant fields of research. The peer review process is confidential to the Editor-in-Chief and editorial team; the RCOT does not participate in or monitor peer review. Content-related decisions are based on quality, importance and relevance to occupational therapy internationally.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who meet the ICJME recommendations:

    1. Made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
    2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
    3. Final approval of the version to be published; AND
    4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

    Authors should meet all four of the criteria above. Contributors who do not meet all these (for instance, data collection only or an academic supervisor) should instead be named and thanked in an Acknowledgements section Please place Acknowledgements in your separate TItle Page at submission. Acknowledgements are published if the paper is accepted.

    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Writing Assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.4 Funding

    BJOT requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of BJOT to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. In your submission please blind any ethics approval information that identifies affiliation. Do not include identifying information in your main paper file. Blind any ethics or funding information and do not insert acknowledgements (these can be included later if published). Instead upload a separate TITLE page as a ‘supplementary file’. This does not go to reviewers. In this Title page include full details of ethics approval (with reference number and date) and full information of any funding and acknowledgements. Also list authors with their affiliations.

     Please include a Research ethics statement in your separately submitted title page (which does not go to reviewers) – see 4.4 Journal Style for the format required in your title page.

    If your paper is published, this will be included at the end of your manuscript after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. You will be contacted again at this stage to check if any of the statements need revising.

    Patient Consent: For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal. If written consent is not obtained, please provide a sentence in the paper clearly explaining why not. 

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    The publication of any personal information about an identifiable living patient requires the signed consent of the person (UK Data Protection Legislation).

    Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published.

    Identifying details should be omitted if they are not essential. Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve, however, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic pedigrees, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and editors should so note. When informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the submitted article.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    2.7 Clinical trials

    BJOT conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract and please state this on the Title Page. Please see reporting guidelines for CONSORT information.

    2.8 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) submitted for publication should include a completed Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flow chart as a cited figure, and a completed CONSORT checklist as a supplementary file. If in doubt, please contact the BJOT Editorial Office.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

    2.9 Data

    BJOT and SAGE acknowledge the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles. All data should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations.

    If an author is considering submitting any primary data used in their research article alongside their article through the online submission stage please contact the editorial office at BJOTeditorial@rcot.co.uk for further information.

    All data will be published with the online version of the article in the journal. Or detailed information will be included in the article on how the date can be obtained (in third-party data repositories or third party data sources).

    Statistical Analysis: Where statistical analyses have been carried out, please ensure that the methodology has been accurately described. In comparative studies power calculations are usually required. In research papers requiring complex statistics the advice of an expert statistician should be sought at the design/implementation stage of the study. Please state in your paper which version of any statistical analysis software was used.

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    3. Publishing policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.  

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    BJOT and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open Access and author archiving

    If you or your funder wish your published article to be freely available online to non-subscribers immediately upon publication (Gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice (an optional open access programme), subject to payment of a publication fee.

    The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice.

    For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    All authors may also self-archive the accepted (not published) version of their article (Green open access) at no cost: see What happens when you have no funding?

    3.4 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

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    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Word processing formats

    Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines . Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online and in print. 

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.

    4.4 Journal layout

    BJOT conforms to the SAGE house style.  Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style.

    Accepted articles will be copy-edited using the SAGE house style, which is based on Harvard.

    Title page 
    Please prepare a separate title page, in Word, that is not part of your main article file. Do not upload a pdf. The title page should contain the full title of the manuscript, a short title, the author(s) name(s), current position (job title) and affiliation(s), and the name, postal and email addresses of the author for correspondence, as well as a full list of declarations on funding, conflict of interest and ethics approval in this format (edited appropriately)

    Research ethics
    Ethics approval was not required for this study. [Or provide details with reference number/date for any ethics approval.]

    Declaration of conflicting interest
    ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. [Or list any conflicts of interest]

    Funding
    This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.  [Or list any funding sources that funded the research]

    You can also include Twitter addresses if you wish.

    Acknowledgements
    The acknowledgements should also be included here — these should state clearly who is being acknowledged and why. It is important that the information in the title page is complete and accurate, as it will be used in your article if accepted for publication. This file will not go to the reviewers.

    Main article
    Please use Word or similar for your main article file; do not upload a pdf. Identifying information about the authors should not be included on any pages of the article file with the exception of reference list items (where redacting author names is more revealing than leaving them in). Figures and tables can be pasted into this file and/or uploaded separately.

    Abstract
    Please follow the requirements of the article type concerned.

    Keywords 
    A maximum of six keywords should be provided to help with article database retrieval. See 5.2 for further advice on appropriate key word choices.

    Tables and Figures
    The main text should clearly identify where each table and/or figure should be placed. Ensure that you refer to the table or figure in your main text, doing so in this format: Figure 1, Table 2 (not abbreviated). We request that you submit a maximum of 4 figures and tables in total, unless you have previously obtained approval for more from the BJOT editorial office.

    Tables
    Submitted tables should be primarily cell based and fully editable. Do not embed tables or provide them as graphics. Please use the Table option in Word (preferred) or similar. Do not use coloured text and avoid cell shading unless absolutely necessary.

    Table captions should be in this format, and be placed above the table:
    Table 1. This is the title of the table.
    Please number tables consecutively and do not use parts (Table 2, Table 3 and not Table 2a, Table 2b)

    Figures
    Figures can be line drawings, graphs, images and photographs (colour or grayscale). Please include a caption that is not embedded in the figure itself, typed above the figure concerned.

    Figure captions should be in this form, and placed above the figure (not embedded in it):
    Figure 1. This is the title of the figure.

    All images and photographs must be supplied at the highest print quality possible (300 dpi or higher).

    Table or figure notes: these should be positioned below the table or figure concerned.

    Table and figure permissions: any tables or figures reproduced from another publication need permission. It is the author’s responsibility to obtain written (email) confirmation from the copyright holder, who may not necessarily be the author of the publication concerned.
     In cases where those publishers listed on the STM permission Guidelines page (http://www.stm-assoc.org/permissions-guidelines/), permission is not required and only the reference number need by present in the caption. Some publishers ask for certain text, e.g. Elsevier.
    In cases where permission is required and has been obtained, this should appear below the table in the following form: Source: reproduced with permission from publisher, author, date, and the full source should be listed in the references.

    Further information on the SAGE house style can be found by visiting this link SAGE UK House Style.

    4.5 Reference style

    BJOT adheres to the SAGE Harvard reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE Harvard to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Harvard output file here.

    Only essential references should be included, and should represent the most recent literature. The Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to require the authors to shorten the reference list if necessary.
    Papers that do not conform to the reference style requested may be returned at submission.

    References should include the names and initials of up to six authors. If there are more than six authors, only the first three should be named, followed by et al.

    Publications for which no author is apparent may be attributed to the organization from which they originate. Simply omit the name of the author for anonymous journal articles – avoid using ’Anonymous’.

    Punctuation in references should be kept to a minimum, as shown in the following examples:
    Journal: Baetz M, Griffin R, Bowen R, Marcoux G (2004) Spirituality and psychiatry in
    Canada: Psychiatric practice compared with patient expectations. Canadian
    Journal of Psychiatry 49(4): 265–271.

    Book: Clark JM and Hockey L (1979) Research for Nursing. Leeds: Dobson Publishers.

    Book chapter: Gumley V (1988) Skin cancers. In: Tschudin V and Brown EB (eds) Nursing the Patient with Cancer.London: Hall House, pp.26–52.

    Website: National Center for Professional Certification (2002) Factors affecting organizational climate and retention. Available at: www.cwla.org./programmes/triechmann/2002fbwfiles (accessed 10 July 2010).

    4.6 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 How to submit your manuscript

    BJOT is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjot to login and submit your article online.

    All submissions must be in English and must be accompanied by a covering letter from the principal author. Electronic copies are required for all submitted manuscripts. The author is advised to retain a copy of the manuscript for reference.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help

    5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

    Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    5.3 Corresponding author contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.

    6.2 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.3 Online First publication

    Online First allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a final journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our Online First Fact Sheet

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    7. BJOT Appeals Policy

    Submissions to BJOT can be rejected prior to review (‘desk reject’) or after review.

    Authors have the right to appeal against an editorial reject decision. A reject decision is normally only overturned if an author makes a strong case for one of the following:

    1. An error or significant misunderstanding by one or more of the reviewers, or the Editor-in-Chief
    2. Specific evidence of bias in a negative reviewer report

    7.1 How to make an appeal

    To make an appeal, please email the Managing Editor in the first instance, clearly stating in detail the reasons for your appeal.  If your appeal concerns specific reviewer comments, please include a rebuttal to each of the relevant review points, outlining exactly why you disagree with the recommendation or views (Word file is preferred).

    Please bear in mind that previous publication of papers on the same topic as yours in the journal is not a guarantee that your paper is of interest to us. BJOT has developed its content strategy, and seeks submissions that advance knowledge further, on novel or relevant areas.

    Your letter will be acknowledged and passed to the Editor-in-Chief for consideration.  Appeal letters are not sent to reviewers and remain confidential to the editorial team, which may include the relevant Subject Editors. All appeals receive a response.

    The Editor-in-Chief may decide one of the following:

    1. Not to allow the appeal, since there are insufficient grounds to do so.
    2. To allow the appeal and reverse or amend the decision.
    3. To allow the appeal and send the paper to re-review, to the same or new reviewers, as appropriate
    4. To invite the authors to submit a significantly revised version of the manuscript as a new submission at a later date

    Appeals do not take priority over new and ongoing submissions and you may need to wait a few weeks
    for a final response, especially if the Editor-in-Chief is consulting with Associate Editors or decides to send to re-review.

    Please contact the Managing Editor (BJOTeditorial@rcot.co.uk) regarding appeals.

    8. Further Information

    For more information please first visit the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    Any subsequent correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office, preferably by email.

    Katharine Norman
    Managing Editor
    British Journal of Occupational Therapy
    106-114 Borough High Street
    London
    SE1 1LB
    Email: BJOTeditorial@rcot.co.uk  

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