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A Brief Introduction to Corrections

A Brief Introduction to Corrections

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January 2020 | 392 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
A Brief Introduction to Corrections is a condensed version of the best-selling Introduction to Corrections by Robert D. Hanser. This new text provides students with an overview of corrections that is both practitioner-driven and grounded in modern research. Experienced correctional practitioner and scholar Robert D. Hanser shows readers how the corrections system actually works, from classification to security and treatment to demonstrating how and why correctional practices are implemented.

INSTRUCTORS: A Brief Introduction to Corrections is accompanied by a complete teaching and learning package! Contact your rep to request a demo.
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Interactive eBook
Digital Resources
CHAPTER 1: Early History of Punishment and the Development of Prisons in the United States
Defining Corrections: A Variety of Possibilities

The Notion of Punishment and Corrections Throughout History

The Enlightenment and Correctional Reform

Punishment During Early American History: 1700s–1800s

The Age of the Reformatory in America

Prisons in America: 1900s to the End of World War II

Modern-Day Systems: Federal and State Inmate Characteristics


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 1.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 2: Ideological and Theoretical Underpinnings to Sentencing and Correctional Policy

Philosophical Underpinnings

Types of Sanctions

Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty

Brutalization Hypothesis

Sentencing Models

Criminological Theories and Corrections


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Key Case

Applied Exercise 2.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 3: Correctional Law and Legal Liabilities

The Hands-Off Doctrine

The Emergence of Inmate Rights

Corrections and the Constitution

Constitutionality of the Death Penalty

A Restrained Hands-On Perspective and Court Deference to Prisons

State and Federal Legal Liabilities

Compliance With Judicial Orders


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Key Cases

Applied Exercise 3.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 4: Jail and Detention Facilities

Jails in the Past

The Modern Jail

Jails as Short-Term Institutions

Jails as Long-Term Facilities

Health Care in Jails

Jail Training Standards

Specialized Types of Jail Sentences

Special Issues in Jails


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 4.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 5: Probation and Intermediate Sanctions

A Brief History of Probation

Contemporary Probation: When the Jail Is Full

Characteristics of Probationers

Probation Officers

Probation Revocation

Types of Intermediate Sanctions


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 5.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 6: Facility Design and Classification in Jails and Prisons

Prison Facility Designs Throughout History

The Rise of the Supermax

Prison Designs

Internal Security

Technology Systems in Prisons

Rationale for Classification

The Goals of Classification Systems

Special Housing Assignments


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Key Cases

Applied Exercise 6.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 7: Prison Subculture and Prison Gang Influence

Theories of Prison Subculture

The Inmate Subculture of Modern Times

The Impact of the Inmate Subculture on Corrections Staff


The Guard Subculture

The Impact of Gangs Upon Prison Subculture

Major Prison Gangs in the United States


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 7.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 8: Female Offenders in Correctional Systems

Female Offenders Behind Bars: A Detailed Look at Percentages and Rates

History of Women Behind Bars

Issues Related to the Modern-Day Female Offender Population

Considerations for Female Offenders

Conditions of Care for Female Offenders

Female Offenders and Treatment Implications


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 8.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 9: Specialized Inmate Populations and Juvenile Correctional Systems

Administrative Considerations

Prison Subculture and Special Needs Offenders

Mentally Ill Offenders

Sex Offenders

Safety, Security, and Assistance for LGBTI Inmates

Elderly Offenders

Juveniles and the Correctional System

Screening and Classification of Juvenile Offenders

Detention Versus Incarceration

Incarceration of Juveniles


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Key Cases

Applied Exercise 9.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 10: Correctional Administration and Prison Programming

Federal Bureau of Prisons Administration

Correctional System Administration

The Corrections Workforce

Prison Programming

Medical Care

Educational Programs

Prison Work Programs

Drug Treatment Programs

Recreational Programs

Religious Programs


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 10.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 11: Parole and Reintegration

Parole and Parolee Characteristics

The Beginning History of Parole

Parole at the State Level

Parole as the Correctional Release Valve for Prisons

The Role of Institutional Parole Officers

Common Conditions of Parole

Reentry Initiatives

Violations of Parole, Parole Warrants, and Parole Revocation Proceedings


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Key Case

Applied Exercise 11.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 12: Program Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practices, and Future Trends in Corrections

Evaluation Research

Focus Topic 12.1: Commonly Used Measures of Reentry Program Performance

Evidence-Based Practice

The Future of Corrections


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 12.1

What Would You Do?

About the Author


Instructor Resource Site
INSTRUCTORS: SAGE Coursepacks and SAGE Edge online resources are included FREE with this text. For a brief demo, contact your sales representative today. 
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With SAGE Coursepacks, you get: 

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  • an intuitive, simple format that makes it easy to integrate the material into your course with minimal effort;
  • assessment tools that foster review, practice, and critical thinking, including:
    • diagnostic chapter coursepack quizzes that identify opportunities for improvement, track student progress, and ensure mastery of key learning objectives;
    • test banks built on Bloom’s Taxonomy that provide a diverse range of test items with ExamView test generation;
    • activity and quiz options that allow you to choose only the assignments and tests you want; 
    • instructions on how to use and integrate the comprehensive assessments and resources provided;
  • assignable SAGE Premium Video (available via the Interactive eBook version, linked through SAGE Coursepacks) that is tied to learning objectives, and produced exclusively for this text to bring concepts to life, featuring: 
    • Corresponding multimedia assessment options that automatically feed to your gradebook;
    • Comprehensive, downloadable, easy-to-use Media Guide in the Coursepack for every video resource, listing the chapter to which the video content is tied, matching learning objective(s), a helpful description of the video content, and assessment questions;
  • chapter-specific discussion questions to help launch engaging classroom interaction while reinforcing important content;
  • editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer flexibility when creating multimedia lectures so you don’t have to start from scratch;
  • lecture notes that summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help you with preparation for lectures and class discussions;
  • integrated links to the Interactive eBook that make it easy for students to maximize their study time with this “anywhere, anytime” mobile-friendly version of the text. It also offers access to more digital tools and resources, including SAGE Premium Video; and
  • all tables and figures from the textbook.
Student Study Site
SAGE edge for students enhances learning, it’s easy to use, and offers:
  • an open-access site that makes it easy for students to maximize their study time, anywhere, anytime;
  • video resources that bring concepts to life are curated exclusively for this text;
  • eFlashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts;
  • eQuizzes that allow students to practice and assess how much they’ve learned and where they need to focus their attention; and
  • exercises and meaningful Web links that facilitate student use of Internet resources, further exploration of topics, and responses to critical thinking questions.
Key features
  • SAGE Premium Video in an accompanying Interactive eBook boosts comprehension and bolsters analysis.
    • Criminal Justice in Practice Videos: Decision-Making Scenarios: Original animations give students the opportunity to apply concepts and check for a deeper understanding of how these concepts play out in real-world scenarios.
    • Prison Tour Videos: These original videos feature inmates and correctional workers from Louisiana State Penitentiary and Richwood Correctional Facility in Louisiana.
    • Career Video: Interviews feature criminal justice professionals discussing their day-to-day work and current issues related to technology, diversity, and cutting-edge developments in the field.
  • Content includes timely legislation, examples, and topics, such as sentencing practices, technological innovations, and offenders with special needs.
  • Chapter-opening vignettes highlight important issues in corrections and allow students to understand the challenges corrections practitioners face each day.
  • Focus Topic boxes reinforce learning objectives by providing additional insight on key points in the chapter, adding depth and detail to the topics that interest students the most.
  • “What Would You Do?” exercises present modern-day correctional scenarios for students to apply and synthesize chapter material to ensure higher-order learning.
  • Applied Exercise Features allow students to demonstrate their understanding by performing activities that integrate the material with the hands-on world of the corrections practitioner.
  • Up-to-date statistics provide students a contemporary snapshot of the status of corrections today.
  • Learning objectives that utilize Bloom’s taxonomy prepare students for forthcoming material and let them know what is critical to the reading.
  • Chapter-ending Discussion Questions prompt students to review and think through chapter content that is relevant to chapter-opening learning objectives.
  • Key Terms/Key Cases at the end of each chapter help supplement information relevant to chapter learning objectives. The terms and cases are in bold throughout the text and are included in the glossary.

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ISBN: 9781071801819

ISBN: 9781544382401