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Deviant Behavior
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Deviant Behavior

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January 2020 | 312 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

What makes behavior deviant and who gets to decide what deviance is? Deviant Behavior, First Edition seeks to answer these questions and more. This compelling text is for undergraduate students who are curious about the social forces that shape deviance, the motivations and consequences of deviant behaviors, and how our definition of deviance changes over time. Authors Jack Humphrey and Frank Schmalleger discuss a wide range of deviant behaviors – from criminal acts to extreme forms of typical behavior – and provide the necessary foundation to understand the impact of globalization on traditional and emerging forms of deviance. Students will explore deviance in our modern world using a systematic application of social and criminological theories to a range of deviant behaviors, including cyberdeviance and positive deviance, to help them better understand themselves, others, and their society. 

 


 
1. Introduction to the Study of Deviant Behavior
Introduction  
Defining Deviant Behavior  
Functions of Deviant Behavior  
Globalization and Deviant Behavior  
The Theme of this Book  
A Conceptual Framework for the Study of Deviance  
Book Overview  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
2. Theories of Deviant Behavior: I
Introduction  
Evidence-Based Behavior Analysis  
What Is a Theory  
Criteria for Evaluating a Theory  
The Classical School  
Societal Reaction/Labeling Perspective  
Control Theory  
New Theoretical Approaches  
Chapter Summary  
Key Names  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
3. Theories of Deviant Behavior: II
Introduction  
The Conflict Perspective  
The Functionalist Perspective  
Differential Association/Social Learning  
Ronald Aker's Social Learning Approach to Deviance  
Chapter Summary  
Key Names  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
4. Homicide
Introduction  
Types and Definitions of Homicide, Assault, and Battery  
Global Patterns of Homicide  
Patterns and Trends in Criminal Homicide in the United States  
Age, Gender, and Race Patterns of Homicide in the United States  
Homicde Victim-Offender Relationships  
Theories of Criminal Homicide and Assaultive Behavior  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
5. Domestic Violence
Introduction  
Legal Definitions  
Social Definitions  
Extent and Nature of Domestic Violence  
Costs and Consequences of Domestic/Intimate Partner Violence  
Risk Factors for Domestic Violence  
Corporal Punishment  
Theories of Domestic Violence  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
6. Suicide
Introduction  
Medical/Legal Definitions of Suicide  
Suicide around the World and in the United States  
Patterns of Suicide  
Precipitants of Suicide  
Attempted Suicide  
Mental Illness and Suicide  
Risks for Suicide  
Clues to Suicide  
The Suicide Process  
The Contagion of Suicide  
Special Topics  
Theories of Suicide  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
7. Mental Illness
Introduction  
Nature of Mental Illness  
The Epidemiology and Costs of Mental Illness  
Prevalence of Mental Disorders in the United States  
Theoretical Explanations of Mental Illness  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
8. Alcohol Abuse
Introduction  
Definitions  
Alcohol Use Around the World  
Substance Use in the United States  
Culture and Alcohol Use  
Religion, Spirituality, and Substance Use  
Special Issues  
Explanations of Alcohol Abuse  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
9. Illicit Drug Use
Introduction  
Definitions  
Illicit Drug Use Around the World  
Illicit Drug Use in the United States  
Marginal Populations  
Explanations for Illicit Drug Dependence  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
10. Sexual Offending
Introduction  
Definitions of Criminal Sexual Offending  
Rates of Criminal Sexual Offending  
Characteristics of Criminal Sexual Offending  
Typology of Rapists  
Prostitution  
Online Sexual Solicitation and Child Pornography  
Consequences of Childhood Sexual Victimization  
Explanations for Criminal Sexual Offending  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
11. Property Crimes
Introduction  
Statutory Definitions  
Rates in the United States  
Property Crimes Around the World  
Victims of Property Crimes  
Costs of Property Crime  
Victim-Offender Relationship  
Criminal Decision-Making  
Types of Thieves  
Theoretical Explanations  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
12. White-Collar and Organized Crime
Introduction  
White-Collar, Corporate, and Government Crime  
Definitions and Forms of White-Collar Crime  
Extent of White-Collar Crime  
Extent of Organized Crime  
Theoretical Explanations  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
13. Cyberdeviance
Introduction  
Types of Computer Crimes  
Extent and Patterns of Cybercrime  
Methods of Cyberdeviance  
Typology of Cyberdeviants  
Cyberdeviant Subculture  
Ethics and the Cyberdeviant  
Cyberdeviance Motivation  
Theories of Cyberdeviance  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
14. Positive Deviance
Introduction  
Positive Deviance Defined  
Characteristics of Positive Deviants  
Explanations of Positive Deviance  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
15. Extreme Forms of Everyday Behaviors: Working, Using the Internet, and Exercising
Introduction  
Extreme Forms of Everyday Behavior  
Nature of Overwork  
Computer and Internet Addiction  
Extreme Sports  
Theoretical Understandings of Extreme Forms of Everyday Behavior  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  
 
16. Terrorism
Introduction  
What is Terrorism?  
Terrorism and Crime  
Official Definitions of Terrorism  
Extent of Worldwide Terrorism  
Typology of Terrorism  
Terrorist Organizational Structure  
Terrorist Organizational Dynamics  
Terrorism: Psychopathy Versus Rational Behavior  
Cyberterrorism  
Explanations for Terrorism  
Chapter Summary  
Key Concepts  
Critical Thinking Questions  

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